Jesus IS

 

the “Gift” of the Holy Spirit

 

Part 3

 

 

 

 

And Peter answered them, Repent (change your views and purpose to accept the will of God in your inner selves instead of rejecting it) and be baptized, every one of you, in the name of Jesus Christ for the forgiveness of and release from your sins; and you shall receive the gift of the Holy Spirit.

Acts 2:38  AMPLIFIED BIBLE

 

 

Section Titles  (Click on a title to go directly to that section or scroll down to begin reading this study.)

 

 

Jesus and the living water of the spirit

 

What Is The Helper (parakletos)?

 

Jesus Is The Comforter (Helper)

 

Jesus Is The Parakletos

 

Who Sends The Parakletos?

 

The Purpose Of The Parakletos

 

 

 

 

Jesus and the living water of the spirit

 

The King James Version

 

·        John 7:37-39 In the last day, that great day of the feast, Jesus stood and cried, saying, “If any man thirst, let him come unto me, and drink.  He that believeth on me, as the scripture hath said, out of his belly shall flow rivers of living water.  (But this spake he of the Spirit, which they that believe on him should receive: for the Holy Ghost was not yet given; because that Jesus was not yet glorified.)  (KJV)

 

The Appropriate Translation

 

·        John 7:37-39 But in the final day, the big festival, Jesus stood and called aloud, saying, "If any person thirsts, come toward me and imbibe.  He that trusts in me, just as the scripture has said, ‘Out of his heart a flowing current of drinkable, living water shall flow.'"  But this he spoke of the locality of the spirit, which they that entrust {themselves into the purpose of} him should take hold of; because {the} spirit did not yet exist because Jesus was not yet glorified. 

 

In this great passage of promise, Jesus addresses the role and identity of the of the holy spirit.  As to identity, he says,  "If any person thirsts, come toward ME and imbibe.  He that trusts in ME… “  Because Jesus uses the personal pronoun “me” in connection with the “living water,” we can be certain Jesus IS the “spirit” given after he was glorified.

 

Jesus is speaking of an event in the future, after his ascension.  At that time, those disciples who trusted in him, and in his plan and purpose, shall have a stream of flowing and drinkable water generated out of their heart to others.  This flow of water is a metaphor for the consecrated (holy) spirit Jesus will assign and give to those who are  trusting in and relying upon him.  Later we will see the living water includes fellowship with God the Father AND His son Jesus Christ.

 

Jesus speaks figuratively when he calls the spirit, “…a flowing current of drinkable, living water.”  This current of flowing water represents purity because it is drinkable; therefore it symbolizes the asimilation of the nature and work of the life-giving spirit of Jesus.  It speaks of those that are “pure in heart” (Matthew 5:8) and those who thirst for righteousness (Matthew 5:6). 

 

·        2 Timothy 2:22 Flee the evil desires of youth, and pursue righteousness, faith, love and peace, along with those who call on the Lord out of a pure heart.  (NIV)

 

The flowing water also represents movement; it is active, and is typical of faith in action.  Faith without works is useless and the living water can only flow continually from a pure heart that is in service of worship to God.  The consecrated believer is he or she who is set apart for the purpose of continually executing the will of God.

 

Pure water is drinkable and free to those who imbibe it.  Those who freely drink of the living water also freely give it in love to others.  If the living water is not given out, the flow stops, and the water becomes stagnant and brackish.

 

·        1 Timothy 1:5-7 Now the purpose of the commandment is love from a pure heart, from a good conscience, and from sincere faith, from which some, having strayed, have turned aside to idle talk, desiring to be teachers of the law, understanding neither what they say nor the things which they affirm.  (NKJ)

 

John 7:39 says, “{the} spirit did not yet exist because Jesus was not yet glorified.”  What does this mean?  It cannot refer to Jesus’ human spirit or God the Father’s divine spirit because these were already in existence.  Logic dictates that it must be a reference to the “holy (consecrated; sanctified) spirit.” 

 

Old time Pentecostal dogma teaches that after Jesus was glorified the disciples were filled with God’s Spirit at Pentecost,.  This seems to make sense, except the word “holy” is glaringly absent from John 7:37-39.  In Acts 2:4, the disciples were filled with the “Holy Spirit,” and spoke with other tongues, as the “spirit” gave them utterence.  While this is the same experience Jesus promises in John 7:37-39, it is a matter of accurately identifying WHO the ‘holy spirit’ is.

 

The consecrated spirit of Jesus is the new way he would minister to his disciples once he had been glorified.  Unlike his first disciples, we cannot see Jesus, but we are aware of his presence through faith.  He is no longer addressed as the son of man, but as the son of God, and the exalted Messiah the Prince (Daniel 9:25), and he is the man through whom God the Father judges the world (Acts 17:31).  Jesus became a life-giving spirit when he received his spiritual body (1 Corinthians 15:45).

 

·        Acts 5:31 “He is the one whom God exalted to His right hand as a Prince and a Savior, to grant repentance to Israel, and forgiveness of sins.” 

 

Jesus gives his consecrated spirit to those who entrust their lives into his hands.  As a result, his followers and disciples receive the spirit that has been “born-again” (birthed from above).

 

·        John 3:3, 6-7 Jesus answered him, I assure you, most solemnly I tell you, that unless a person is born again (anew, from above), he cannot ever see (know, be acquainted with, and experience) the kingdom of God… What is born of [from] the flesh is flesh [of the physical is physical]; and what is born of the Spirit is spirit.  Marvel not [do not be surprised, astonished] at My telling you, You must all be born anew (from above).  AMP

 

It is Jesus, God’s glorified son who brings the “rivers” of life from his Father to us.

 

·        Revelation 22:1 Then the angel showed me the river of the water of life, as clear as crystal, flowing from the throne of God and of the Lamb… (from New International Version)

 

The river of living water flows from the throne of God and the Lamb.  Jesus brings us to the Father, and God the Father is the Author of all life.  Jesus has been glorified, he sits in his new position at the right hand of the Father.  Jesus is also seen in the middle of his Father’s throne, making him one in spirit, heart, mind and soul with his Father. 

 

·        Revelation 5:6 Then I saw a Lamb, looking as if it had been slain, standing in the center of the throne… (from New International Version)

 

The glorified Christ Jesus and his Father are inseparably intertwined in their relationship with the believer.  Throughout Jesus’ final teaching and prayer as he prepared for his death on the cross, he spoke of his union with his Father saying, “WE will come to you (the church).”

 

·        John 14:23 Jesus answered, If a person [really] loves Me, he will keep My word [obey My teaching]; and My Father will love him, and We will come to him and make Our home (abode, special dwelling place) with him.  AMP

 

John 7:37-39 is not the only place in scripture mentioning this promise of living waters.  The woman at the well in Samaria was taught by Jesus regarding the living waters.

 

John 4:10-30

 

10.  Jesus answered her, “If you had only known and had recognized God's gift and Who this is that is saying to you, Give Me a drink, you would have asked Him [instead] and He would have given you living water.”

11.  She said to Him, Sir, You have nothing to draw with [no drawing bucket] and the well is deep; how then can You provide living water? [Where do You get Your living water?]

12.  Are You greater than and superior to our ancestor Jacob, who gave us this well and who used to drink from it himself, and his sons and his cattle also?

13.  Jesus answered her, All who drink of this water will be thirsty again.

14.  But whoever takes a drink of the water that I will give him shall never, no never, be thirsty any more. But the water that I will give him shall become a spring of water welling up (flowing, bubbling) [continually] within him unto (into, for) eternal life.

15.  The woman said to Him, Sir, give me this water, so that I may never get thirsty nor have to come [continually all the way] here to draw.

16.  At this, Jesus said to her, Go, call your husband and come back here.

17.  The woman answered, I have no husband. Jesus said to her, You have spoken truly in saying, I have no husband.

18.  For you have had five husbands, and the man you are now living with is not your husband. In this you have spoken truly.

19.  The woman said to Him, Sir, I see and understand that You are a prophet.

20. 20 Our forefathers worshiped on this mountain, but you [Jews] say that Jerusalem is the place where it is necessary and proper to worship.

21.  Jesus said to her, Woman, believe Me, a time is coming when you will worship the Father neither [merely] in this mountain nor [merely] in Jerusalem.

22.  You [Samaritans] do not know what you are worshiping [you worship what you do not comprehend].  We do know what we are worshiping [we worship what we have knowledge of and understand], for [after all] salvation comes from [among] the Jews.

23.  A time will come, however, indeed it is already here, when the true (genuine) worshipers will worship the Father in spirit and in truth (reality); for the Father is seeking just such people as these as His worshipers.

24.  God is a Spirit (a spiritual Being) and those who worship Him must worship Him in spirit and in truth (reality).

25.  The woman said to Him, I know that Messiah is coming, He Who is called the Christ (the Anointed one); and when He arrives, He will tell us everything we need to know and make it clear to us.

26.  Jesus said to her, I Who now speak with you am He.

27.  Just then His disciples came and they wondered (were surprised, astonished) to find Him talking with a woman [a married woman]. However, not one of them asked Him, What are You inquiring about? or What do You want? or, Why do You speak with her?

28.  Then the woman left her water jar and went away to the town. And she began telling the people,

29.  Come, see a Man Who has told me everything that I ever did! Can this be [is not this] the Christ? [Must not this be the Messiah, the Anointed one?]

30.  So the people left the town and set out to go to Him.  AMP

 

The Samaritan woman who spoke with Jesus while drawing water at the well was surprised that Jesus, a Jew, had even spoken with her.  Jews had no dealings with Samaritans, and even considered them to be the lowest class of people.  What a shock it must have been for her to have a Jewish teacher asking her for a drink of water!

 

In John 4:10 Jesus is first identified as being the gift of the holy spirit.  Jesus answered her, “If you had only known and had recognized God's gift and Who this is that is saying to you, ‘Give Me a drink,’ you would have asked Him [instead] and He would have given you living water.”

 

The words Jesus uses are intentional; he is revealing himself to this woman as the Messiah (i.e. – the anointed one of God sent to be the ruler and deliverer of Israel).  He says, “If you had only known and recognized God’s gift,” because this brief encounter with the Samaritan woman was a favor (gratuity) from God the Father to her.

 

The Greek word for “gift” is defined as follows:

 

·        gift” = (Strong’s number 1431); dorea (do-reh-ah') is a Greek word that means, “a gratuity, a present; specially, a sacrifice.” 

 

Strong’s Dictionary defines the Greek word “dorea” and its derivitive “doorean” as “gratuity” because in the 1800’s this word was defined as, “Something given in return for a favor; an acknowledgment.”  In return for the Samaritan womans drink of water Jesus offered her, “living water.”  Her kindness to Jesus did not go unrewarded.

 

The AMG Complete WordStudy Bible & Reference CD defines “dorea” as follows:

 

·        GIFT” = doreá; to give. A free gift with emphasis on its gratuitous character.

 

A free gift that emphasizes gratuitous character is one that is voluntary; it is not required by justice and can be granted without claim or merit.

 

Though Jesus’ primary work of service was to bring salvation to the Jews, he was not prejudiced toward any person.  Jesus reached out to all ethnic groups, because this was his Father’s will.  By identifying himself as the “gratuity” of God to the Samaritan woman, (through the use of the Greek word “dorea), Jesus becomes synonymous with the “gift (doorean) of the Holy Spirit” mentioned in Acts 2:38.

 

·        Acts 2:38 And Peter {said} to them, "Repent, and let each of you be baptized in the name of Jesus Christ for the forgiveness of your sins; and you shall receive the gift (doorean; the gratuity) of the Holy Spirit.”  (NAS)

 

We know the “living water” in John 4:10 is the same as the “living water” in John 7:37-39.  John 7:39 identifies “living water” as “the spirit” that would be given after Jesus was glorifed.  The use of the same Greek word “dorea” for “gift” John 4:10 and Acts 2:38 and prove that the “rivers of living water” and the “Holy Spirit” are one in the same.

 

·        John 7:38 He that trusts in me, just as the scripture has said, ‘Out of his heart a flowing current of drinkable, living water shall flow.'" (The Appropriate Translation)

 

·        John 4:10 Jesus answered her, “If you had only known and had recognized God's gift and Who this is that is saying to you, Give Me a drink, you would have asked Him [instead] and He would have given you living water.” AMP

 

John 4:14 says the living water Jesus gives, “shall become a spring of water welling up (flowing, bubbling)… unto (into, for) eternal life.”  Water is a metaphor for the “Spirit” and the “Holy Spirit.”  In John 7:38 Jesus uses similar language, “He that trusts in me, just as the scripture has said, ‘Out of his heart a flowing current of drinkable, living water shall flow.'"

 

Thus far we have determined the following facts:

 

1.      Jesus is the one who gives “rivers of living water” in the innermost being of those who believe in him and this water is also referred to as, “a spring of water welling up (flowing, bubbling)… unto (into, for) eternal life.”

 

2.      The “rivers of living water” and “a spring of water” that Jesus gives is the same as “the Spirit” and “the gift of the Holy Spirit.”

 

3.      The word “gift” used by Jesus in John 4:10 ( “the gift of God”) is the same Greek word “dorea” used in Acts 2:38 (the gift of the Holy Spirit”).  This particular Greek word “dorea” is defined as, “a gratuity.”

 

4.      The “gift of God” is Jesus the Christ (anointed one); after he is glorified he gives the “gift of the holy (consecrated) spirit” to believers who will take hold of it.  The “consecrated (holy) spirit” of Jesus could not be given to all who believe until AFTER he was glorifed (see John 7:39).  By combining these ideas, we find that after Jesus the Messiah is glorified, he is anointed to provide the gratuity of the holy (consecrated) spirit. (NOTE: The words “holy” and “consecrated” are interchangable.)

 

5.      Once glorified, and made into a spiritual body, Jesus becomes a “life giving spirit,” providing “rivers of living water” to those who believe and take hold of his gift (see 1 Corinthians 15:45).  By faith in Jesus we can take hold of the “rivers of living water”.  This living water of the spirit flows from the throne of the Father God and of the Lamb (Revelation 22:1).

 

·        1 Corinthians 15:44-49 If there is a natural body, there is also a spiritual body. So it is written: "The first man Adam became a living being"; the last Adam, a life-giving spirit.  The spiritual did not come first, but the natural, and after that the spiritual. The first man was of the dust of the earth, the second man from heaven. As was the earthly man, so are those who are of the earth; and as is the man from heaven, so also are those who are of heaven. And just as we have borne the likeness of the earthly man, so shall we bear the likeness of the man from heaven.  (from New International Version)

 

·        1 Peter 3:18-19 For Christ [the Messiah Himself] died for sins once for all, the Righteous for the unrighteous (the Just for the unjust, the Innocent for the guilty), that He might bring us to God. In His human body He was put to death, but He was made alive in the spirit, in which He went and preached to the spirits in prison.  AMP

 

In John 4:23 Jesus explains to the Samaritan woman that there would come a time (in the future) when, “… the true (genuine) worshipers will worship the Father in spirit and in truth (reality).”  The only way people can worship the Father in truth is through Jesus.  Jesus is the way, the truth, and the life, and no one  comes to the Father but through him.  Jesus is the mediator between God and man (John 14:6; 1 Timothy 2:5).

 

We know that worshipping the Father must be done in spirit and truth, for such worshippers the Father seeks to be His own (John 4:23).  God IS spirit; that is His intrinsic essence and existence.  Spirit is invisible to the human eye and requires faith to experience. 

 

As the last Adam, Jesus became a “life-giving spirit.”  This means he received a spiritual body after he ascended and took his new position at the Father’s right hand.

Jesus is called, “the man from heaven.”  This proves he is not the second person of the Trinity, and also proves that his origin was from God.  God created Jesus in the womb of his mother Mary.  He is the “man” whose origin comes from God; in other words, God created him.

 

Jesus is consecrated and set apart by his Father God for a very specific purpose.  He lived his life as an innocent man, and then suffered a terrible death at the hands of unjust men.  Throughout his thirty-three year life of suffering on earth, he provided an example for us to follow. 

 

Hebrews 5:7-9 During the days of Jesus' life on earth, he offered up prayers and petitions with loud cries and tears to the one who could save him from death, and he was heard because of his reverent submission.  Although he was a son, he learned obedience from what he suffered and, once made perfect, he became the source of eternal salvation for all who obey him.  (from New International Version)

 

Through his suffering, the Author of our faith learned to obey God, and was made perfect (complete).  This cannot be the second person of God in a Triune godhead, or else God would have to learn how to obey Himself!  The doctrine of the Trinity is confusing and contradictory, and is a veil of deception that distorts who God is, and warps the true understanding of who Jesus Christ is.

 

As the glorified son of God, Jesus now exists as a life-giving spirit.  He can come to every single person that calls his name, and he can provide access to the life of his Father God.  Admittedly this process is somewhat of a mystery, because it is difficult to comprehend the spiritual realm with our earthly and carnal minds.  Nonetheless, if we believe that Jesus will come to our aid, and that he will be our teacher, comforter, counselor and especially our mediator, he WILL come!

 

Jesus provides access to the life of his Father God and God is the Author and Creator of life.  Without the Father of spirits, there is no life.  Jesus can do nothing of himself.  Whatever he perceives the Father is doing, he does.

 

·        Hebrews 12:9 Furthermore, we have had human fathers who corrected us, and we paid them respect.  Shall we not much more readily be in subjection to the Father of spirits and live?  NKJV

 

·        John 5:19-21 So Jesus answered them by saying, I assure you, most solemnly I tell you, the Son is able to do nothing of Himself (of His own accord); but He is able to do only what He sees the Father doing, for whatever the Father does is what the Son does in the same way [in His turn].  The Father dearly loves the Son and discloses to (shows) Him everything that He Himself does.  And He will disclose to Him (let Him see) greater things yet than these, so that you may marvel and be full of wonder and astonishment.  Just as the Father raises up the dead and gives them life [makes them live on], even so the Son also gives life to whomever He wills and is pleased to give it.  AMP

 

·        John 5:25-30 Believe Me when I assure you, most solemnly I tell you, the time is coming and is here now when the dead shall hear the voice of the Son of God and those who hear it shall live.  For even as the Father has life in Himself and is self-existent, so He has given to the Son to have life in Himself and be self-existent.  And He has given Him authority and granted Him power to execute (exercise, practice) judgment because He is a Son of man [very man].  Do not be surprised and wonder at this, for the time is coming when all those who are in the tombs shall hear His voice, and they shall come out--those who have practiced doing good [will come out] to the resurrection of [new] life, and those who have done evil will be raised for judgment [raised to meet their sentence]. [Dan 12:2.]  I am able to do nothing from Myself [independently, of My own accord--but only as I am taught by God and as I get His orders]. Even as I hear, I judge [I decide as I am bidden to decide. As the voice comes to Me, so I give a decision], and My judgment is right (just, righteous), because I do not seek or consult My own will [I have no desire to do what is pleasing to Myself, My own aim, My own purpose] but only the will and pleasure of the Father Who sent Me.  AMP

 

 

 

What Is The Helper (parakletos)?

 

Just before Jesus went to his death, he exhorted and consoled his disciples.  He informed them that he was going away

 

·        John 14:2-3 “In My Father's house there are many dwelling places (homes).  If it were not so, I would have told you; for I am going away to prepare a place for you.  And when (if) I go and make ready a place for you, I will come back again and will take you to Myself, that where I am you may be also.”  AMP

 

The disciples were troubled and worried when their Messiah told them he would leave them.  Even though Jesus assured them he would “come back again” these naïve Jews were clueless.  It was inconceivable that Jesus would suffer and die, let alone go somewhere completely unknown to them.

 

 

The question Thomas asks provides Jesus with an opportune moment to reveal his plan for reconciliation between God and man.

 

 

His words have little effect in bringing confidence and consolation to the fearful and troubled minds of these men who have walked with him during his public ministry.  At this time, the Lord unveils the way he will come back again.  The aforementioned background information is preface to his teaching about the “Helper” or “Comforter.”

 

 

Before expounding on the “Holy Spirit” (a mistranslation), it is vital to understand the Greek word Jesus uses for “Helper” (some Bible translations use “Comforter” or Counselor”).  Once we understand what the “Helper” refers to, we can easily determine who the “Holy Spirit” is.

 

The Greek word for Helper is “parákletos” and it means, “to comfort, encourage or exhort.” It is properly a verbal adjective referring to an aid of any kind. In the Greek writers, parákletos was used of a legal advisor, pleader, proxy, or advocate, one who comes forward in behalf of and as the representative of another. Thus, in 1 John 2:1, Jesus Christ is referred to as the “advocate” (parákletos).

 

 

Jesus Christ is like a legal advisor to those that believe in him; he comes forward and stands before the judgment seat of his Father God, and he makes a plea on their behalf.  Jesus functions as both spiritual AND legal advisor; he can advocate on behalf of the believer that repents. 

 

Jesus stands upon solid legal ground in his appeal to the mercy of the great Judge on our behalf.  He sacrificed his own life and body for our redemption; his blood was shed on our behalf, and he is the propitiation for our sins. 

 

Jesus is more than our legal advocate; he paid for our acquittal with one sacrifice.  This would be like an attorney representing a man who has pleaded guilty in court, saying, “Your honor, my client is guilty, and has admitted his guilt, and is truly sorrowful for what he has done.  And your honor, I have already paid the penalty for his transgression, which is recorded in the book of life.”

 

Propitiation is the act of appeasing wrath and conciliating the favor of an offended person.  When we repent and confess our sins, God is faithful and just to forgive us because we have an advocate, Jesus Christ (Read 1 John 1:5-19).  Without Jesus, we would face the wrath of God head-on… yikes!

 

 

Parákletos is a word that describes Jesus, and defines more clearly what our relationship with him can be like.  No one can see Jesus in the flesh now, but we can perceive and recognize him from the attributes ascribed to the parákletos.

 

Parákletos is derived from a masculine noun in the Greek “parakaléo.”  Parakaléo originates from two Greek words: 1. ‘Pará’ (3844), meaning, “to the side of” 

2. ‘Kaléo,’ (2564) meaning, “to call.”  Hence, when we seek Jesus Christ as our helper or our advocate, he is “called to the side” of us or “called alongside” us.  The apostle Paul writes to the church at Rome exhorting them to “call upon” (kaléo) the name of Jesus for righteousness and salvation.

 

·        Romans 10:8-13 But what does it say?  "The word is near you, in your mouth and in your heart"-- that is, the word of faith which we are preaching, that if you confess with your mouth Jesus {as} Lord, and believe in your heart that God raised Him from the dead, you shall be saved; for with the heart man believes, resulting in righteousness, and with the mouth he confesses, resulting in salvation.  For the Scripture says, "Whoever believes in Him will not be disappointed."  For there is no distinction between Jew and Greek; for the same {Lord} is Lord of all, abounding in riches for all who call upon Him; for "Whoever will call upon the name of the Lord will be saved."  (NAS)

 

While other New Testament writers used the Greek word parakaléo (translated: to aid, help, comfort, encourage, exhort, desire, call for, and beseech), ONLY the apostle John uses the specific title “parákletos” in his gospel and in his epistle of First John.  He uses this word four times in his Gospel of John (John 14:16, 26; 15:26; 16:7), and once in his epistle of First John (1 John 2:1).

 

John had a special bond with Jesus; they were kindred spirits.  John is referred to as, “the disciple whom Jesus loved” (John 21:20).  Perhaps it was the closeness and friendship they shared that prompted John to use this specific Greek word parákletos when describing “the Holy Spirit.”  Elsewhere he refers to Jesus as the parákletos by describing him as “the spirit of truth“ (John 14:16-17 & 15:26).

 

Many verses of scripture associate Jesus directly with God’s truth.  A few examples are listed below to further validate that Jesus is indeed, “the spirit of truth.”

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

·        I John 4:3a, 6b And every spirit that does not confess Jesus is not from God; and this is the {spirit} of antichrist… By this we know the spirit of truth and the spirit of error.  (NAS)

 

 

Jesus Is The Comforter (Helper)

 

Jesus is worthy of the descriptive terms used by Bible translators.  He is our “helper” because he helps us in so many different ways, the foremost being a mediator and an advocate between God and man.  He is also our “comforter” who comes to us showing compassion, empathy, mercy and more through the members of his body of believers.

 

Jesus is also our teacher, just as he was to his own disciples over 2000 years ago.  He is the holy (consecrated) one and he anoints our minds and hearts to learn from him and from his Father God.

 

 

The word “anointing” is nearly extant in our English vocabulary.  To anoint something or someone in ancient times meant to pour oil upon them (usually the head); it also meant to smear or rub someone ceremonially with oil or unctuous substances; also to spread over, as withoil.  We say, the man anoints another, or the oil anoints him.

 

Anointing has always been associated with dedication (consecration or sanctification).  It was practiced as a solemn ritual according to the Law of God in the Old Testament (Exodus 29).  Jesus anointed the blind man’s eyes with clay (John 9).

 

The use of oil in the consecrations of kings, of prophets and of priests was a sort of initiation; they were set apart or consecrated to their offices by the use of oil.  Hence the peculiar application of the term “anointed” to Jesus Christ who was consecrated by God as high priest, according to the order of Melchizedek (Hebrews 5:10). 

 

God anointed Jesus when He poured forth the consecrated spirit upon him instead of oil (Luke 4:18).  Mary Magdalene anointed Jesus to prepare him for his death and burial; she used a very expensive ointment of perfume, signifying that his sacrifice was a sweet fragrance, acceptable unto God Almighty (Mark 14:3-9; Luke 7:36-48; John 11:1-2).

 

Since we cannot see Jesus because he is invisible to our eyes, he provides us with unction from his spirit.  John use of the word ‘anointing’ in his epistle of First John would be familiar to Israelites of his time. 

 

Just like a priest or king anointed with ceremonial oil to set him apart for special service, believers in Jesus are also anointed with his presence to dedicate them in service, and to teach them regarding the things in the kingdom of God.

 

Earlier in 1 John 2:1, Jesus Christ is specifically named as being one in the same as the parákletos, “we have an Advocate (parákletos) with the Father, Jesus Christ the righteous.”  He has been set apart for this purpose by God.  Therefore it is more accurate to refer to him as a “consecrated spirit” or “the consecrated spirit” rather than “the Holy Spirit.”

 

The early disciples were all from Israel, and as Jews, they had no concept of a “Holy Spirit.”  In fact, the word “holy” did not exist in their vocabulary, and is a word promulgated by the Roman Catholic Church throughout the ages to make God and Christ seem unapproachable, distant and aloof.  To illustrate this point, below is the text of John 14:26 as it reads from the New King James Version of the Bible:

The King James Version

 

·        John 14:26 "But the Helper, the Holy Spirit, whom the Father will send in My name, He will teach you all things, and bring to your remembrance all things that I said to you.”  (NKJ)

 

It is perplexing and very confusing that nearly all Bible translations have utilized the phrase “the Holy Spirit” in John 14:26.  This translation error transforms the text into a hodgepodge of Trinitarian theological babble.  The King James and other Bible versions translate with their theology, not from the Greek text!  Whether this is done willfully and knowingly is anyone’s guess, but it is certainly an attempt to use this verse to corroborate the “Holy Spirit” as being included as one of three distinct personages in the Triune godhead.  Taken literally (at face value from the King James Bible), John 14:26 would be interpreted as follows:

 

1.      The Father (God) will send the disciples the Holy Spirit in Jesus’ name.  In the Trinity, is this one person of God (the Father) sending another person of God (the Holy Spirit) in the name of a third person of God the son (Jesus)?  If so, then where is the co-equality of the three-headed Trinity so widely espoused?  And if all three persons of the Trinity are one person, then why would one person send another?  Wouldn’t they all just go?

 

2.      The Holy Spirit (whom the Jews cannot even relate to) will teach the disciples all things; furthermore, the Holy Spirit will bring to their remembrance everything Jesus taught them while he was with them.

 

How confusing it is to read John’s gospel in chapters 14, 15 and 16 regarding the “Helper” (aka “the Holy Spirit” and “the Spirit of truth”).  To detoxify the blemished English translations of the Bible, the following is a more in-depth and appropriate translation of the key verses on the topic.  To aid the reader in comparing texts, a popular Bible translation will precede ‘The Appropriate Translation.’

 

This study is not intended to show disrespect to any of the Bible translators.  Rather, in the hope that the truth can be understood and applied to our relationship with God the Father and His son Jesus Christ, all Trinitarian bias has been eliminated.

King James Version

 

·        John 14:16-17 And I will pray the Father, and he shall give you another Comforter, that he may abide with you for ever; even the Spirit of truth; whom the world cannot receive, because it seeth him not, neither knoweth him: but ye know him; for he dwelleth with you, and shall be in you.  KJV

The Appropriate Translation

 

·        John 14:16-17 And I will request the Father that he grant you a different (another of equal quality) one called to your side (to aid) existing for the purpose of accompanying you into the age {even} the spirit the truth, whom the inhabitants of this world, with its’ disposition {ungodly mindset}, cannot possibly take hold of, because it {the world} does not know or look closely enough (with an interest) to acknowledge him {the spirit of Jesus} and his purpose.   You recognize (are acquainted with and love) him because he is a person living near you always, and in the future will exist in you.

 

Jesus assures his disciples that he will request from his Father God another one, who, like him, would accompany and aid them.  This “spirit of truth” is, of course, Jesus himself.  Jesus makes this point clear to them by saying, “You recognize (are acquainted with and love) him because he is a person living near you always.” 

 

Perhaps most perplexing to Jesus’ disciples was the concept of the “spirit of truth” indwelling them in the future.  Jews at that time did not believe that God’s spirit could indwell any man except the Messiah.  The disciples believed Jesus to be the Christ; but they must have been very puzzled when they heard his extraordinary claims. 

 

“Is Jesus really coming back to live inside of us?  No, it couldn’t be,” they mused, “he must be speaking in figurative language.  How could the Master live within each of us?  It is simply impossible!”  More perplexing and distressing to their intellect was the fact they had personally witnessed his mighty works, and they could not deny that whatever he spoke was the truth.  What a dilemma they now faced!

 

Their Teacher and Master had lived with them for 3 ½ years, sharing meals together, ministering to the multitudes while they witnessed his wisdom and saw God perform many miracles through his hands.  They had weathered storms together and watched in amazement as Jesus, time and time again, publicly denunciated the hypocrisy and greed of scribes and Pharisees. 

Jesus mentored each of the disciples, and he revealed to all of them the mysteries of the kingdom of heaven.  He spoke to the multitudes in parables, and then used plain language to explain them to the disciples.  Was this “Helper” another parable?  Would he explain it to them more in the future?  He said he was going away and they would see him no longer, so how will they ever comprehend what he is telling them?

 

Jesus used terms familiar to all in the Roman Empire that spoke Greek.  He said the helper is the parakletos and that he is “of equal quality” with Jesus.  But what man was equal to the Messiah?  On the Day of Pentecost, Jesus’ disciples would learn that the parakletos IS Jesus (See John 14:16 The Appropriate Translation). 

 

In other words, the parakletos is the spirit of Jesus, who returns to the disciples after Jesus’ ascension.  The Teacher wanted to make this point very clear to his disciples because after his ascension, they would be unable to visibly see or touch him as they had the past 3 ½ years.

 

Yes, his disciples knew that Jesus was the spirit of truth, but now the Lord was disclosing even more of what they would experience after he was to leave them.  Jesus knew they would not fully comprehend his teaching about the parakletos, but felt it imperative to advise them ahead of time.  The next series of verses affirm the identity of the Helper:

 

·        John 14:18-21 I will not leave you as orphans [comfortless, desolate, bereaved, forlorn, helpless]; I will come [back] to you.  Just a little while now, and the world will not see me any more, but you will see me; because I live, you will live also.  At that time [when that day comes] you will know [for yourselves] that I am in my Father, and you [are] in me, and I [am] in you.  The person who has my commands and keeps them is the one who [really] loves me; and whoever [really] loves me will be loved by my Father, and I [too] will love him and will show (reveal, manifest) myself to him.  [I will let myself be clearly seen by him and make myself real to him.]  AMP

 

Jesus knew he was going to die, and His Father God had revealed to him that he must go away.  He consoles the disciples with the words; “I will not leave you as orphans… I will come [back] to you.”  Jesus knew he would come back to them in spirit form, and that only his true followers  would be aware of and identify him through his presence, as he said, “Just a little while now, and the world will not see me any more, but you will see me.”

 

The words, “but you will see me,” can read much differently in the Greek language.  The Greek word in John 14:19 for “see” is “theoreo” meaning “to be a spectator of, i.e. discern”; figuratively it means to “experience.”  Theoreo is where the word theorize originates; this proves that the parakletos is an experience one has with Jesus, not something he or she can “see” with their eyes.

 

Jesus is advising his closest followers, “Just a little while now, and the world will not see me any more, but you will experience me.”  Jesus promises them that if they keep his commandments, he will make himself “real” to them (John 14:21).  There is no way possible for the disciples to comprehend what Jesus is telling them.  How could any God-fearing Jew conceive that the glorified spirit of the Messiah would one day come back and live inside of those who obey his word.

 

·        John 14:20 "In that day you shall know that I am in my Father, and you in me, and I in you.” 

 

Another vital element of Jesus coming to his disciples as the parakletos is the relationship with his Father God.  Jesus does not come back to his disciples alone; rather, it is both he and his Father that come to their aid:

 

·        John 14:20 “At that time [when that day comes] you will know [for yourselves] that I am in my Father, and you [are] in me, and I [am] in you.”  AMP

 

·        John 14:21b “… whoever [really] loves me will be loved by My Father… “  AMP

 

Jesus is telling his followers that IF they keep his commandments (i.e. – to love one another) THEN they will understand his position of authority with the Father, and the Father will love them. 

 

Jesus represents his Father to us; he reveals the Father’s will to our hearts and minds.  Jesus is one with his Father, and if we will obey him we will comprehend this.

 

·        John 14:22-24 Judas, not Iscariot, asked Him, “Lord, how is it that you will reveal yourself [make yourself real] to us and not to the world?”  Jesus answered, “If a person [really] loves me, he will keep my word [obey my teaching]; and my Father will love him, and we will come to him and make our home (abode, special dwelling place) with him.  Anyone who does not [really] love me does not observe and obey my teaching.  And the teaching which you hear and heed is not mine, but [comes] from the Father Who sent me.”  AMP

 

Jesus’ dialogue in John 14:22-24 is critical to understanding what the “Helper” (parakletos) is and what function he fulfills in the life of a believer.  Three main points are being revealed:

 

1.      Jesus’ teaching is not his own; whatever he delivers to us comes from his Father God; in this sense, Jesus is the messenger for and in behalf of God.  God the Father is able to speak to us directly, but He has ordained that we interface with Him ONLY through His son Jesus.

 

2.      Our obedience to Jesus’ “word” is the proof or evidence of our love for him, and ultimately our love for his Father God.

 

3.      To those who show their love for Jesus through obedience to his word (teaching) he makes this promise, “My Father will love him, and we will come to him and make our home (abode, special dwelling place) with him.”

 

These three points are preparatory for the Lord’s next discourse about the Helper (the parakletos).  Though Jesus is going away from his disciples, he is not leaving them alone to finish the Father’s work on earth.  His assurance is this: IF they continue to obey him, both he and his Father will come to each of them individually and make their abode (i.e. – residence; home; dwelling place) with (alongside; verse 23) him.

 

In John 14:21 Jesus tells the disciples they must obey his “commandments” and in 14:23 they must obey his “word.”  The Greek word for “commandment” is “entole” meaning, “to charge or command; injunction, i.e. an authoritative prescription.”  The commandments are the authoritative prescriptions given by Jesus during his 3-½ year ministry; to prescribe means to give law; to influence arbitrarily.

 

Jesus was given authority by God to interpret the Law and its application, and to issue new commands.  On the other hand, when Jesus tells the disciples they must also keep his “word” he is referring to his “logos.”  The Greek word logos is the origin of our English word “logic.”

 

This presents the disciples with a new challenge after Jesus departs.  They must follow and obey the commands he gave them, but also listen for his voice in the spirit as he utters his “word” (logos) to them.  The ‘logos’ of Jesus includes his thoughts and reasonings; it is the help and aid he provides to his disciples as the parakletos.  Jesus’ word is what he speaks to our hearts and minds when we call him alongside of us to be of assistance.

King James Version

John 14:25-29

 

25. These things have I spoken unto you, being yet present with you.

26. But the Comforter, which is the Holy Ghost, whom the Father will send in my name, he shall teach you all things, and bring all things to your remembrance, whatsoever I have said unto you.

27. Peace I leave with you, my peace I give unto you: not as the world giveth, give I unto you. Let not your heart be troubled, neither let it be afraid.

28. Ye have heard how I said unto you, I go away, and come again unto you. If ye loved me, ye would rejoice, because I said, I go unto the Father: for my Father is greater than I.

29. And now I have told you before it come to pass, that, when it is come to pass, ye might believe. (KJV)

 

The Appropriate Translation

 

·        John 14:25 These things I have spoken to you while staying near (in proximity) to you.

 

·        John 14:26 But the one called alongside you, the morally blameless spirit, whom the Father will dispatch (on temporary errand) in the name (character, authority and reputation) of me, that one shall instruct (teach) you all manner of things (pertaining to the sum of all my teachings) and shall remind quietly, by hinting or suggesting to the one's own memory, (to aid in gaining a mental grasp; i.e. recollection; by implication to reward or punish), the whole of everything I have said to you.

 

·        John 14:27 A state of prevailing peace (quiet or tranquility; freedom from disturbance or agitation) I shall send forth (from myself) to you.  My prevailing peace I give to you; not in the {same} manner the world {with its disposition} gives, do I give unto you.  Don’t let your heart be stirred up, agitated or troubled nor {be} timid (afraid).

 

·        John 14:28 You have heard how I said to you, ‘I go away (out of sight) and {then} come toward you.  If you loved me (and continued doing so) {I} supposed you would {have been} cheerful, because I go from here toward the Father, because the Father is greater and more than my existence.

 

·        John 14:29 And now I have said it to you prior to it being generated (coming into existence), the result being that whenever it is generated (comes into existence) you might give credence to it {and} be firmly persuaded to entrust yourself to {it}.

Commentary on John 14:25-29

 

John 14:25 – While remaining with his disciples in the flesh, Jesus reaffirms the experience they will have in the future with the parakletos (after he goes away).

 

John 14:26 In contrast to him actually being with the disciples in the flesh, he will come to them in spirit, and as the consecrated, morally pure and blameless spirit.  Jesus informs them that the Father will dispatch the glorified spirit of His only begotten son to be alongside them each time they call; hence the phrase “on temporary errand.”  When Jesus is dispatched to them from the Father and he promises to instruct them by quietly jogging their memory with regard to the teaching he had provided them.  Perhaps this was even a precursor to those disciples who would be inspired by the life-giving spirit of Jesus to pen the gospels and epistles to the church.  This would explain how John, Matthew, Peter, Luke, and Mark had the capability to mentally grasp what was needed to write.  Otherwise, how could the four gospels be so perfectly parallel, and yet not be redundant copies of each other?  How could the apostles possibly remember so many details without aid from Jesus?

Jesus is still the morally blameless and life-giving spirit to us; he is the same today as he was then.  He gently reminds us of the teaching he has provided through the scriptures, and those who seek him, and obey his commands can hear his voice.

 

John 14:27 Perhaps the single most beneficial aspect of having a personal relationship with Jesus is the “state of prevailing peace” he gives to those who rely upon and trust in him.  The peace Jesus gives is unlike what the world with its’ disposition being self-centered offers.  Jesus can and does give a state of tranquility that is firm and lasting because it involves making the conscience right before God.

 

John 14:28 Jesus had supposed his disciples would be more cheerful when he told them he was going to his Father and in turn would come back toward them.  He told them the reason this was the best scenario is because the Father is greater (meaning more; of greater scope and accessibility).  The point Jesus is making is simple: If he goes away, he then unites in spirit with the Father who is also spirit.  This in turn gives all men access to Jesus as the parakletos.  Jesus feels this should be cause for rejoicing on the part of the disciples, and not sorrow.

 

John 14:29 Prior to the parakletos being generated (coming into existence), Jesus informed the disciples it would be so.  This would lend credibility to the consecrated spirit of Jesus(i.e. – the holy spirit) when it came to the disciples on the Day of Pentecost (Acts 2:4).

 

 

Jesus Is The Parakletos

 

The Greek word parakletos was a common term used in Roman culture and society. 

It is properly a verbal adjective referring to an aid of any kind.  In the Greek writers, parakletos was used of a legal advisor, pleader, proxy, or advocate, one who comes forward in behalf of and as the representative of another. Thus, in 1 John 2:1, Christ is termed our substitutionary, intercessory advocate.

 

Jesus designates the Holy Spirit as “Paraclete” (John 14:16), and calls Him “another” Helper.  The Greek word for “another” is “állos” and it means, “another of equal quality” or “a different one of equal (the same) quality.”

 

As mentioned previously, parakletos originates from the Greek word parakaléo; from pará (3844), ‘to the side of,’ and ‘kaléo’ (2564), ‘to call.’  As the parakletos, Jesus is more to us than a legal advisor; he comes to our aid, to help, to comfort, and to encourage us.  The root word parakaléo is also translated, ‘to comfort, exhort, desire, call for, and beseech strongly.’

 

Below are listed a few of many examples in scripture using the root word of parakletos (parakaléo) in the context of calling for help, aid, healing, comfort, exhorting and so from the Lord Jesus.  By understanding the broad usage of this word, we can build upon our own relationship with Jesus as our parakletos (helper).  The italics have been added so that you can distinguish how the Greek word parakaléo was translated into English.

 

·        Matthew 8:5 And when Jesus entered Capernaum, a centurion came to Him, imploring (parakaléo) Him NASU

 

·        Mark 1:40 And a leper came to him, begging (parakaléo) him on his knees and saying to him, “If you are willing, you are able to make me clean.”  AMP

·        Mark 5:22-24 Seeing Jesus, he fell at his feet and pleaded (parakaléo) earnestly with him, “My little daughter is dying.  Please come and put your hands on her so that she will be healed and live.”  So Jesus went with him.  (From New International Version)

 

These examples are in the context of people whose needs were so severe that they were imploring, pleading with, and beseeching Jesus to come to help them.  But parakaléo is also used of exhortation, and as members of Christ’s body, we act on behalf of Jesus when we exhort our brethren in love and truth.

 

·        Hebrews 3:13 But instead warn (admonish, urge, and encourage; parakaléo) one another every day, as long as it is called, ‘Today,’ that none of you may be hardened [into settled rebellion] by the deceitfulness of sin [by the fraudulence, the stratagem, the trickery which the delusive glamour of his sin may play on him].  AMP

 

The force of meaning in this word parakaléo makes us rethink our need for Jesus.  In the gospels people are earnestly pleading, begging, and imploring Jesus to come to their aid.  Then in Hebrews the Amplified Bible gives us a broader sense in words like, ‘warn, admonish, urge, and encourage.’

 

The fifteenth chapter of John gives us more insight than the previous chapter; it shows how persecution will be our ultimate circumstance to bring forth the need for a ‘Helper’ (parakletos).

John 15:20-25

 

20 "Remember the word that I said to you, ' A slave is not greater than his master.' If they persecuted me, they will also persecute you; if they kept my word, they will keep yours also. 

21 "But all these things they will do to you for my name's sake, because they do not know the One who sent me. 

22 " If I had not come and spoken to them, they would not have sin, but now they have no excuse for their sin. 

23 "He who hates me hates My Father also. 

24 " If I had not done among them the works which no one else did, they would not have sin; but now they have both seen and hated Me and My Father as well. 

25 "But they have done this to fulfill the word that is written in their Law, 'THEY HATED ME WITHOUT A CAUSE.' 

NASU

 

Jesus admonishes his disciples about the meaning of servitude.  He warns them that if people (particularly religious folks) persecuted and hated him, then these same people would hate them.  The reason people hated Jesus was because they did not know God the Father.  If they had loved his Father, they would have loved the Father’s son.

 

It is vital to examine the setting in which Jesus taught his disciples.  These men who had followed him were Jews, and they had found their Messiah.  Now, at the end of his public ministry, the disciples discover their Messiah is leaving them, and their hearts sink in despair, and are filled with a fear of what will happen to them. 

 

In this setting Jesus makes a promise to them that would be of greatest assurance once they had experienced it.  They would not grasp the meaning of his words at the time, but afterwards, when the Pharisees, scribes, lawyers, and Sadducees persecuted, imprisoned and punished them, the disciples would appreciate knowing the Helper was one and the same as their Teacher and Master.

King James Version

 

The Appropriate Translation

 

 

The translation above signifies the importance of the function of the parakletos to Jesus’ disciples when they encounter persecution. 

 

The key to understanding John 15:26 is found in the earlier narrative by the Lord, “Remember the word that I said to you, ' A slave is not greater than his master.'  If they persecuted me, they will also persecute you; if they kept my word, they will keep yours also.  But all these things they will do to you for my name's sake, because they do not know the One who sent me.” 

Until Christ was actually beaten and crucified after his arrest, the disciples were unaware of the degree of hostility they would encounter for the name of Jesus.  They witnessed the kind of influence the Jewish leaders had in Roman politics, and realized they too would likely suffer a torturous death if there were a conflict with the Pharisees and scribes.

 

Peter was very bold with his words while Jesus was there by his side; he had promised to stand with the Lord till the death.  But when the reality of Golgotha’s horrendous martyrdom faced him, he fled just like all of the other disciples.  He denied the Lord three times, just as Jesus had predicted, and then hid his face in shame and disgrace… Jesus had known the depth of his commitment all along (Read John 21:15-19).

 

Even though these simple-minded followers of Christ could not fully grasp the essence of the parakletos, Jesus wanted them to know it was him, and that, “As often and repeatedly,” as they called for him in spirit, he would come to them.  Jesus gave them assurance that he was the spirit and the truth, who would unveil the reality of the Father’s divine will to them, particularly in times of persecution and martyrdom.

 

The death of Jesus was his witness to the truth of God; the disciples would die to self so they too could bear witness to the will of God.  With regard to the parakletos Jesus said, “He would bear witness concerning me.”  In other words, the disciple, who, by his death or enduring persecution, bears witness to the truth, also has the spirit of truth, (Jesus) living in him, who confirms the truth together with him.

 

The final mention of Jesus as the parakletos is found in the next chapter of the gospel of John.  Jesus continues his theme by warning the disciples of the specific kinds of persecution they will face in the years to come.  The Lord knows who their adversaries will be from his own personal experience with the Jews.

John 16:1-6

1 I HAVE told you all these things, so that you should not be offended (taken unawares and falter, or be caused to stumble and fall away). [I told you to keep you from being scandalized and repelled.]

2 They will put you out of (expel you from) the synagogues; but an hour is coming when whoever kills you will think and claim that he has offered service to God.

3 And they will do this because they have not known the Father or Me.

4 But I have told you these things now, so that when they occur you will remember that I told you of them.  I did not say these things to you from the beginning, because I was with you.

5 But now I am going to Him Who sent me, yet none of you asks Me, Where are you going?

6 But because I have said these things to you, sorrow has filled your hearts [taken complete possession of them].  AMP

 

In John 16:4 Jesus reveals the reason he had not been teaching his followers about the parakletos from the beginning of his ministry with them, “I did not say these things to you from the beginning, because I was with you.”  Since Jesus was with them in the flesh, there was no need to reveal that he would be leaving them, and that they would no longer be able to behold him.

 

Jesus knew his disciples were troubled in their hearts (15:6) because none of them were asking questions about his going away from them (15:5).  In this context the Lord again mentions the future coming of the parakletos to comfort and help them.

 

 

Who Sends The Parakletos?

King James Version

 

·        John 16:7 Nevertheless I tell you the truth; it is expedient for you that I go away: for if I go not away, the Comforter will not come unto you; but if I depart, I will send him unto you.

 

The Appropriate Translation

 

·        John 16:7 However, I recount the unconcealed truth to you; it is for your benefit {and} purpose I go away; because if, for any reason, I do not go away, the one called alongside will not come toward you.  However, provided I traverse (upward), I will dispatch him (on temporary errand) toward you.

 

There seems to be a contradiction as to whether it is Jesus who dispatches the parakletos (one called alongside) as in 15:26 and 16:7, or whether the Father sends him, as in 14:16 and 14:26. 

 

In 14:16 Jesus says, “And I will request the Father that he grant you a different (another of equal quality) one called to your side.”  In 16:7 Jesus appears to say just the opposite, “However, provided I traverse (upward), I will dispatch him (on temporary errand) toward you.”

 

What appears to be a contradiction is explained by the unique relationship Jesus shares with the Father.  Jesus lives only to do the Father’s will; this is evident from his life example.

 

·        John 4:34-35 Jesus said to them, "My food is to do the will of Him who sent me, and to finish His work.  NKJV

 

Not only did Jesus live to do the Father’s will, but he also knew it was vital for him to finish what the Father had given him to do.

 

·        John 6:38-40 "For I have come down from heaven, not to do my own will, but the will of Him who sent me.  This is the will of Him who sent me, that of all that He has given Me I lose nothing, but raise it up on the last day.  For this is the will of my Father, that everyone who beholds the Son and believes in Him will have eternal life, and I myself will raise him up on the last day."  NASU

 

God’s will is that Jesus loses none any of his disciples.  Therefore the Father granted His son the authority to raise each one on the last day.  This authority is exercised in various ways, but after Jesus ascends and is glorified, the scope of his influence is multiplied immeasurably.  At this time, the authority given to Jesus by his Father is primarily used to come to the aid of everyone who calls upon his name in spirit and truth.  Of course whatever Jesus does is for the glory of God the Father (Romans 15:6; Colossians 3:17).

 

Another reconciliation of the apparent contradiction in the verses mentioned above is understanding the ONLY way God the Father will interact with those who seek Him is by (through) the agency of His only begotten son Jesus the Christ.

 

·        John 14:6 Jesus said to him, "I am the way, and the truth, and the life; no one comes to the Father, but through Me.”  NAS

 

·        Galatians 1:3-5 Grace and peace to you from God our Father and the Lord Jesus Christ, who gave himself for our sins to rescue us from the present evil age, according to the will of our God and Father, to whom be glory for ever and ever. Amen.   (From New International Version)

 

·        Ephesians 2:18 For through Him we both have access by one Spirit to the Father.  NKJV

 

Who sends the parakletos?  Ultimately, it is the Father, because Jesus can only do what the Father authorizes.  In fact, Jesus desires NOTHING but to do the will of the Father.  However, since the Father has given Jesus authority to act in His behalf, Jesus also can be said to have dispatched the parakletos to his disciples.

 

Reread Ephesians 2:18 (above); notice that we have access to the Father through Jesus “by one Spirit.”  The Greek rendering of this verse is greatly altered when translating is done properly.  Below is a more literal version of Ephesians 2:18:

 

The Appropriate Translation

 

·        Ephesians 2:18 For through him {Jesus} (with his help) we both hold in our possession access to an audience with the Father, that has been granted to us by one in a position of high rank, whose aid and intervention comes {to us} in the authority (power) and under the influence of one spirit; one in whom we enjoy a relationship of rest.  TAT

 

We have access to an audience with the Father because one man Jesus, who is higher in rank in God’s kingdom than any other human being, has granted it to us.  His aid and intervention are needed when approaching God the Father; he advocates on our behalf through his God-given authority, and under the influence (help, counsel, comfort & exhortation) of his life-giving, consecrated spirit, we can approach the throne of God’s gracious influence to find His help in time of need (Read Hebrews 4:9-16).

 

It is noteworthy that the authority and power to rule was GIVEN to Jesus.  This proves Jesus is not ‘God-the-son’ as purported by Trinitarian dogma.  Rather, Jesus sought to do whatever was pleasing to the Father, and for this reason the Father could entrust His son to act righteously with divine authority.

 

·        Matthew 28:18 Jesus approached and, breaking the silence, said to them, “All authority (all power of rule) in heaven and on earth has been given to Me.”  AMP

 

·        John 5:26-27 "For just as the Father has life in Himself, even so He gave to the Son also to have life in Himself; and He gave Him authority to execute judgment, because He is the Son of Man.”  NASU

 

The union of God the Father and His son Jesus is a union of will.  Jesus is ALWAYS subservient to the Father, contrary to the doctrine of the Trinity.  The Trinity teaches that all three “persons” of God are eternally co-equal, and none is over the other, and none is greater or less than the other.  Jesus is not the second person of the Trinity as ‘God the Son,’ but he is instead the MAN Christ Jesus, who has been raised up, and seated at the Father’s right hand.

 

·        1 Timothy 2:3-6 This is good, and pleases God our Savior, who wants all men to be saved and to come to a knowledge of the truth.  For there is one God and one mediator between God and men, the man Christ Jesus, who gave himself as a ransom for all men-the testimony given in its proper time.  (From New International Version)

 

The authority given to the man Christ Jesus by God the Father has not changed.  Instead, Jesus ability to exercise his Father’s authority has been expanded because he now exists in the realm known as “heaven” or “the spirit” realm.  When we unite with Christ it is in the “spirit.”  No longer is Jesus known according to the flesh (meaning in his human and mortal body).

 

·        1 Corinthians 6:17 But he who unites himself with the Lord is one with him in spirit.  (From New International Version)

 

·        2 Corinthians 5: 15-16 And He died for all, so that all those who live might live no longer to and for themselves, but to and for Him Who died and was raised again for their sake.  Consequently, from now on we estimate and regard no one from a [purely] human point of view [in terms of natural standards of value].  [No] even though we once did estimate Christ from a human viewpoint and as a man, yet now [we have such knowledge of Him that] we know Him no longer [in terms of the flesh].  AMP

 

God raised Jesus from the dead for two primary reasons.  First, as the means by which He could justify us; that is, the resurrection is evidence that God the Father accepted the sacrificial death of Jesus as the price by which we can be ransomed from the sting of death (sin).  Second, once Jesus had paid the ultimate sacrifice and been raised from the dead, he could be ascended and glorified, giving every person access to him in the spirit.

 

The paragraph above can be rephrased, and the two reasons stated simply as follows:  First, the death and resurrection of Jesus gives us access to a relationship with God the Father in one spirit.  Second, this access to God’s spirit can only be through the mediator between God and man, the man Christ Jesus.

 

·        Ephesians 2:13-18 But now in Christ Jesus you who formerly were far off have been brought near by the blood of Christ. For He Himself is our peace, who made both groups into one, and broke down the barrier of the dividing wall, by abolishing in His flesh the enmity, which is the Law of commandments contained in ordinances, that in Himself He might make the two into one new man, thus establishing peace, and might reconcile them both in one body to God through the cross, by it having put to death the enmity.  And He came and preached peace to you who were far away, and peace to those who were near; for through Him we both have our access in one Spirit to the Father.  NAS

 

 

The Purpose Of The Parakletos

 

The purpose, function and role of the parakletos is the same as it was when Jesus lived on the earth… to reconcile mankind to God.  Those who believe in, rely upon and obey Jesus are his disciples just as if they had lived during the first century following his death and resurrection.  In the gospel of John, the Lord speaks candidly regarding the role and operation of the parakletos in the individual believer’s life.

 

·        John 16:8-12 "And He, when He comes, will convict the world concerning sin and righteousness and judgment; 9 concerning sin, because they do not believe in Me; 10 and concerning righteousness, because I go to the Father and you no longer see Me; 11 and concerning judgment, because the ruler of this world has been judged.  12 "I have many more things to say to you, but you cannot bear them now.  NASU

 

There are three main reasons the parakletos comes; to convict the world concerning sin, righteousness and judgment.  The Greek word for “convict” means “to admonish; to confute; to prove one wrong and thus shame him; to convict.”

 

The parakletos is the spirit of Jesus, also known as the spirit of truth.  The truth is the simple historical fact that Jesus shed his blood for the sins of the world, and those who will not believe this are the same who deny that God raised him from the dead (16:8-9).  Jesus came to save the world, and those who disbelieve are condemned already by their own unbelief (Read John 3:16-21).

 

The parakletos DID convict the disciples of Jesus concerning righteousness, because he was going away from them to the Father and they would no longer see him.  The spirit of truth (Jesus, the parakletos) would work in their hearts to overthrow and confound any arguments they may have concerning their own self-righteousness.

 

This point cannot be understated, given the fact all of Jesus’ followers were Jews.  To the Jew righteousness came by the Law.  After Jesus ratified the new covenant with his death, no Jew could boast that his or her righteousness came by mere adherence to the Law and its ordinances.  The spirit of truth would bears witness to the truth, and that truth being that all have sinned and are in need of a savior.

 

Righteousness can only come by faith in the one (Jesus) who provides the way for us to experience the righteousness of his Father God.  His sacrifice was substitutionary for us, and he became to us a propitiation for our sin.  Propitiation means, “The act of appeasing wrath and conciliating the favor of an offended person.”

 

Because Jesus gave his life as a ransom for the sins of his disciples (those who believe), the wrath of his Father God is appeased, and God’s righteousness is imputed as a favor (Read Romans 5:12-21).

 

·        Romans 3:21-27 211 But now apart from the Law the righteousness of God has been manifested, being witnessed by the Law and the Prophets, 22 even the righteousness of God through faith in Jesus Christ for all those who believe; for there is no distinction; 23 for all have sinned and fall short of the glory of God, 24 being justified as a gift by His grace through the redemption which is in Christ Jesus; 25 whom God displayed publicly as a propitiation in His blood through faith. This was to demonstrate His righteousness, because in the forbearance of God He passed over the sins previously committed; 26 for the demonstration, I say, of His righteousness at the present time, that He might be just and the justifier of the one who has faith in Jesus.  NAS

 

The devil was judged and defeated by Jesus at Calvary.  Satan thought he was the victor when God’s son was crucified, but this was the beginning of the end for the serpent.  Jesus put to open shame the prince of darkness when he commended his spirit into the hands of God, having forgiven those who put him to death.

 

·        Colossians 2:13-15 13 And you who were dead in trespasses and in the uncircumcision of your flesh (your sensuality, your sinful carnal nature), [God] brought to life together with [Christ], having [freely] forgiven us all our transgressions, 14 Having cancelled and blotted out and wiped away the handwriting of the note (bond) with its legal decrees and demands which was in force and stood against us (hostile to us). This [note with its regulations, decrees, and demands] He set aside and cleared completely out of our way by nailing it to [His] cross.  15[God] disarmed the principalities and powers that were ranged against us and made a bold display and public example of them, in triumphing over them in Him and in it [the cross]. AMP

 

King James Version

John 16:13-15

 

·        John 16:13 Howbeit when he, the Spirit of truth, is come, he will guide you into all truth: for he shall not speak of himself; but whatsoever he shall hear, that shall he speak: and he will shew you things to come.

 

·        John 16:14 He shall glorify me: for he shall receive of mine, and shall shew it unto you.

 

·        John 16:15 All things that the Father hath are mine: therefore said I, that he shall take of mine, and shall shew it unto you.

 

 

The Appropriate Translation

John 16:13-15

 

·        John 16:13 But whenever that one, the spirit of unconcealed truth comes, {he} will lead you on the road {that leads} into the whole embodiment of unconcealed truth, because he shall not utter words at random {like someone who is} separated from {God} himself; on the contrary, as much as he hears {from God} (depending on the circumstances), he will lay forth; and he will announce (with intensity or repetition) to you things coming.

 

·        John 16:14 That one {the consecrated spirit} shall give esteem to {my} honorable position {with the Father}, for out of that which is mine, he shall take hold of, and make it known to you.

 

·        John 16:15 The whole {kingdom of believers}, as much as the Father holds (in His possession), they are mine; I said, ‘That thing {the parakletos}, through which things are channeled, he shall take hold of that which comes out of (from) me and make {it} known to you.

 

Jesus is still speaking to his disciples in ambiguous and figurative language; this is an intentional act on the part of Jesus.  Later the disciples will question him about his choice of words, but for now we will explain what the Lord Jesus is saying in John 16:13-15.

 

Commentary on John 16:13-15

 

John 16:13 - Jesus explains that, at whatever time in the future he comes to his disciples as the Helper (the parakletos; the spirit of unconcealed truth), he will lead them on the pathway of unconcealed truth.  The words “unconcealed truth” are an antithesis to the many kinds of enigmatic and figurative language he used to teach them regarding his return as the consecrated life-giving spirit.  The parakletos, who is Jesus, (in the future), will come back in spirit form, and will makes things plain, and he will pull back the veil of mystique.  The Lord Jesus wants them to know the spirit of truth will not utter random words to them, but will speak whatever he hears from God.  In this sense the parakletos acts as the mediator between God and man.

 

John 16:14 – Even though Jesus knows he is the one who will become the parakletos, his explanation to his carnal minded Jewish disciples is done by speaking to them in the third person.  Hence his words to them, “That one {the consecrated spirit} shall give esteem to {my} honorable position {with the Father}.”  How else could Jesus portray a spiritual body to carnal minded Jews?  Jesus knew that when they experienced the presence of the Parakletos, they would recognize it as being their Master.  They would sense the same feelings and inspiration that they had borne witness to when walking throughout Palestine with Jesus.  To make certain he was not scaring them with this strange new doctrine, Jesus assures them the Parakletos will give esteem to his honorable position with the Father.  In every way possible, to men whose minds were trained to think in the material world, Jesus elaborates on the function of the spirit of truth (parakletos).  He wants them to know that even though they will be unable to see his spirit (once he has been glorified), his spirit will disclose to them whatever belongs to him in the kingdom of God.

 

John 16:15 – Whatever the Father holds in His possession concerning the heavenly kingdom He has delegated to Jesus.  As the parakletos, Jesus is the one through which things are channeled.  This would be of particular importance to the disciples because it shows that Jesus is still the Christ (Messiah) even when he works invisible to their eyes.

 

·        John 16:16-18 “A little while, and you will no longer see Me; and again a little while, and you will see Me.”  Some of His disciples then said to one another, “What is this thing He is telling us, ‘A little while, and you will not see Me; and again a little while, and you will see Me’; and, ‘because I go to the Father’?”  So they were saying, “What is this that He says, ‘A little while’?  We do not know what He is talking about.”

 

At this point, the disciples do not comprehend the meaning of Jesus’ discourse on the parakletos.  They were listening and looking with carnal ears and eyes.  The teaching given to them by the Lord was going to benefit them more in the future, but it was still necessary to affirm its content as being true. 

 

Jesus wanted the disciples to understand that, in the future, the working of the consecrated spirit was directly related to him.  This teaching he gave them would be critical information for their own understanding of the new and living way the Messiah would operate.  When Jesus returned as the Parakletos, he would gently remind them of these words (Read Hebrews 10:19-25).

 

·        John 16:19-22 Jesus knew that they wished to question Him, and He said to them, "Are you deliberating together about this, that I said, 'A little while, and you will not see Me, and again a little while, and you will see Me'?  Truly, truly, I say to you, that you will weep and lament, but the world will rejoice; you will grieve, but your grief will be turned into joy.  Whenever a woman is in labor she has pain, because her hour has come; but when she gives birth to the child, she no longer remembers the anguish because of the joy that a child has been born into the world.  Therefore you too have grief now; but I will see you again, and your heart will rejoice, and no one will take your joy away from you.”

 

The biggest unknown in the minds in Jesus’ disciples was, “What is this thing He is telling us, ‘A little while, and you will not see Me; and again a little while, and you will see Me’; and, ‘because I go to the Father’?” 

 

The Lord is bringing them a knockout punch of truth.  He reveals his impending death, resulting in their loss, and producing in them grief, lamentation and weeping.  But true to his character, the Lord never leaves them without hope, and comforts them with words like, “Truly, truly, I say to you, that you will weep and lament, but the world will rejoice; you will grieve, but your grief will be turned into joy,” and again, “Therefore you too have grief now; but I will see you again, and your heart will rejoice, and no one will take your joy away from you.”

 

Notice how carefully Jesus chooses his words, “but I will see you again, and your heart will rejoice.”  This means there will be a drastic change in his relationship with them.  These chosen twelve would be visited time and time again by their Lord after he ascended, and though they would not see him, he would see them, and their hearts would rejoice at his presence.

 

·        John 16:23-33 “In that day you will not question me about anything. Truly, truly, I say to you, if you ask the Father for anything in my name, He will give it to you.  Until now you have asked for nothing in my name; ask and you will receive, so that your joy may be made full.  These things I have spoken to you in figurative language; an hour is coming when I will no longer speak to you in figurative language, but will tell you plainly of the Father.  In that day you will ask in my name, and I do not say to you that I will request of the Father on your behalf; for the Father Himself loves you, because you have loved me and have believed that I came forth from the Father.  I came forth from the Father and have come into the world; I am leaving the world again and going to the Father."  His disciples said, "Lo, now you are speaking plainly and are not using a figure of speech.  Now we know that you know all things, and have no need for anyone to question you; by this we believe that you came from God."  Jesus answered them, "Do you now believe?  Behold, an hour is coming, and has already come, for you to be scattered, each to his own home, and to leave me alone; and yet I am not alone, because the Father is with me.  These things I have spoken to you, so that in me you may have peace. In the world you have tribulation, but take courage; I have overcome the world."  NASU

 

This is the conclusion of the teaching about the parakletos.  Jesus speaks of the role of his glorified spirit in a few other places, but not as in-depth.  History records tales of tribulation and martyrdom for nearly all of the twelve apostles, and yet each of them would find a state of tranquility and peace as they looked to the invisible and glorified Messiah to overcome the world. 

 

While it was second nature for the apostles of Jesus and the first converts in the early church to relate to Jesus as the Parakletos, and as the consecrated (holy) spirit, it would not take long for the devil to use religion to twist the meaning of scriptures.  Greek philosophy, Gnosticism, Stoicism and a host of other enemies of truth converged upon God’s truth through the Roman Catholic church, and gave re-birth to the ancient pagan worship of a polytheistic deity (i.e. – the Trinity).

 

God said in the last days there would be a famine in the land for hearing the words of truth from Him.  The famine is here, and people are starving for the kind of food that will sustain them for eternal life.  This series of studies is dedicated to Jesus, and to knowing him, and understanding his role and interaction in our lives.  The truth will set you free; free to know him and love him; freedom then to know and love His Father, and in your hearts cry aloud, “Abba (MY) Father!”

 

·        Amos 8:11-12 “Behold, the days are coming,” says the Lord God, “when I will send a famine in the land, not a famine of bread, nor a thirst for water, but [a famine] for hearing the words of the Lord.  And [the people] shall wander from sea to sea and from the north even to the east; they shall run to and fro to seek the word of the Lord [inquiring for and requiring it as one requires food], but shall not find it.”  AMP 

 

Seek, and keep on seeking, and you will find the truth.  It isn’t important what others think of you or what others teach you, as it is to be tried and tested by God, and to have Him say, “Well done, good and faithful servant.”

 

 

 

 

SELAH…Pause and reflect

 

 

Continued in Part Four

 


Links to the Entire "Jesus is the Gift of the Holy Spirit” Series:

Part 1

Part 2

Part 3

Part 4

Part 5

Part 6

Part 7

Part 8

Part 9

Addendum (Quick Reference Guide)

 


 

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