Jesus IS

the “Gift” of the Holy Spirit

Part 5

 

 

And Peter answered them, Repent (change your views and purpose to accept the will of God in your inner selves instead of rejecting it) and be baptized, every one of you, in the name of Jesus Christ for the forgiveness of and release from your sins; and you shall receive the gift of the Holy Spirit.

Acts 2:38  AMPLIFIED BIBLE

 

 

 

Section Titles: 

 

The Holy Spirit & the Birth of Jesus

Who Really Descended Upon Jesus At His Baptism?

The Angel Of The LORD In The Life Of Jesus

Summary of the Facts Concerning Jesus’ Baptism

Simeon Looked For The Paraklesis Of Israel

Jesus Receives The Sanctified Spirit For Ministry

Does Jesus baptize with the Holy Spirit, or with a morally clean spirit?

Baptized in the authority of the Father, and the son, and the morally blameless spirit?

 

 

The Holy Spirit & The Birth of Jesus

 

The first mention of the Holy Spirit in the gospels is found in Matthew118 & 20 and Luke 1:35; these are the accounts of how God procreated Jesus in the womb of his mother Mary.  Because western Bible translators have a doctrinal bias, their translation of the words “Holy Spirit” do not represent what was really being said.

 

Below is a comparison; first is the New International Version (NIV) of the scripture verse, followed by what is labeled, “The Appropriate Translation” (TAT)  You will see a tremendous discrepancy.  In all of the texts mentioning the procreation of Jesus, the mention of “holy spirit” is in the anarthrous construction (omitting a definite article).  The NIV translators erroneously translated ‘Pneúmatos Hagíou’ as “the Holy Spirit” whereas The Appropriate Translation may read, “a consecrated life (spirit).”

 

(Interlinear Transliterated Bible. Copyright (c) 1994 by Biblesoft)

 

The New International Version

 

 

The Appropriate Translation

 

 

The New International Version

 

 

The Appropriate Translation

 

 

The New International Version

 

 

The Appropriate Translation

 

 

There you have it; all of the scriptures dealing with the role of God in creating Jesus in Mary’s womb, and NOT ONE OF THEM refer to the “Holy Spirit.”

 

There is no question the supernatural work of God’s spirit created the child Jesus in Mary’s womb; this is indesputable.  What IS called into question is WHY the translators deliberately mistranslated the verses above, when the Greek equivalent is not even close to what they produced.

 

In Greek grammar a word group that omits the use of definite articles preceding adjectives and nouns in known as Anarthrous Construction.  In all of the verses in question, each of them omits the definite article preceding the words “holy spirit.”  While the use of a definite article in Greek grammar can have a completely different function, the omission of the definite article (i.e. – “the, this or that”) almost always implies that an indefinite article should be used (e.g. – “a, an”).

 

The illustrate, in the first example, Matthew 1:18, the verse would more appropriately reads, “… before they came together, she was found to be with child through ‘A’ Holy Spirit (Not THE Holy Spirit).

 

If the definite article is omitted in the Greek text, as is the case with most of the New Testament verses that contain the words, “Holy Spirit,” the interpretation of these words is subject to scrutiny and change.  Using a definite article “the” means two things in Greek: 1) It is emphasizing the importance of the noun it precedes  2) It identifies a particular noun.

 

In The Appropriate Translation (TAT) of Matthew 1:18 the interpretation of this verse is dramatically altered when translated without the definite article.  This verse infers that, prior to sexual relations with her husband Joseph, Mary was found to be holding within her a, “consecrated life (spirit).”  That is, she had in her womb a new life, the zygot being the union of Mary’s female egg with the sperm cell created by God. 

 

The fact the scripture refers to this zygot as a “consecrated life” or “spirit” proves that life DOES begin from the very stages of conception.  This should be proof enough to convict all those who promote abortion as a means of destroying a mere blob of lifeless flesh instead of murder of an unborn child.

 

 

Elizabeth greeted her cousin Mary as Mary approached her house.  Mary was going there to stay with Elizabeth so as not to be ostracized in shame by the community of people in her own town; after all, who would believe that God had created the Messiah in her womb?  Therefore Mary and Joseph decided she should go to the hill country, because they wanted no disgrace to come to the character of the unborn Messiah.

 

When Elizabeth heard Mary’s greeting, her own baby leaped in her womb.  At that very moment Elizabeth was “filled with the Holy Spirit.”  This is a mistranslation and below is The Appropriate Translation of Luke 1:41.

 

 The Appropriate Translation

 

·        Luke 1:41 And it came to pass after Elizabeth heard Mary's personal greeting, the unborn infant moved (as the quickening of a fetus) in her abdomen, and Elizabeth was imbued with sacred breath (i.e. – what she spoke was influenced by God)

 

Elizabeth experienced a quickening of her human spirit by God when she heard Mary’s greeting.  What a sight this must have been!  Elizabeth was old and past childbearing years, and here she was greeting her cousin, as both of them were pregnant with two infants that would change the faith of Israel and the world.

 

When Elizabeth was “imbued” it means her entire being was tinctured with a sacred presence, and her words (below) were a “sacred breath.”  Pneúma means, “breath” and in this case refers to the air in motion proceeding from Elizabeth’s mouth.  She then prophesied of the Messiah and his role:

 

·        Luke 1:42-56 And she cried out with a loud voice, and said, “Blessed among women are you, and blessed is the fruit of your womb!  And how has it happened to me, that the mother of my Lord should come to me?  For behold, when the sound of your greeting reached my ears, the baby leaped in my womb for joy.  And blessed is she who believed that there would be a fulfillment of what had been spoken to her by the Lord.”  And Mary said: “My soul exalts the Lord, and my spirit has rejoiced in God my Savior.  For He has had regard for the humble state of His bondslave; for behold, from this time on all generations will count me blessed.  For the Mighty One has done great things for me; and holy is His name.  And His mercy is upon generation after generation toward those who fear Him.  He has done mighty deeds with His arm; He has scattered those who were proud in the thoughts of their heart.  He has brought down rulers from their thrones, and has exalted those who were humble.  He has filled the hungry with good things; and sent away the rich empty-handed.  He has given help to Israel His servant, in remembrance of His mercy, as He spoke to our fathers, to Abraham and his offspring forever.”  And Mary stayed with her about three months, and then returned to her home. NAS

Who Really Descended Upon Jesus At His Baptism?

 

King James Version

 

·        Luke 3:22 And the Holy Ghost descended in a bodily shape like a dove upon (epi) him, and a voice came from heaven, which said, “Thou art my beloved Son; in thee I am well pleased.”

 

The Appropriate Translation

 

·        Luke 3:22 And the perfect (consecrated) spirit descended physically {in full} view, a dove upon him, and a voice from out of the sky came into being, “You are my son, the beloved, in you I approve (think well of).”  TAT

 

When Jesus was baptized in the River Jordan, it was the beginning of his public ministry.  This was the time in history when God the Father dedicated His only begotten son into service.  Most likely it was not the “Holy Ghost” or “Holy Spirit” that descended upon Jesus, but the “perfect spirit” sent by God to consecrate him for the work of service.  It was the spirit of his Father God, but He was likely using an angelic messenger to prepare Jesus for the work he was to finish at the cross.

 

The proof that this was not the “Holy Spirit” descending upon Jesus is evidenced by what the followers of John the Baptist said years after this event when the apostles came to them.  They denied ever hearing about a holy spirit, as would be the case with any Jew.  The concept of the Holy Spirit simply did not exist amongst the followers of Yahweh.

 

·        Acts 19:1-6 And it came about that while Apollos was at Corinth, Paul having passed through the upper country came to Ephesus, and found some disciples, and he said to them, “Did you receive the Holy Spirit when you believed?”  And they said to him, “No, we have not even heard whether there is a Holy Spirit.”   And he said, "Into what then were you baptized?" And they said, "Into John's baptism." And Paul said, "John baptized with the baptism of repentance, telling the people to believe in Him who was coming after him, that is, in Jesus." And when they heard this, they were baptized in the name of the Lord Jesus. And when Paul had laid his hands upon them, the Holy Spirit came on them, and they began speaking with tongues and prophesying.  NAS

 

John the Baptist was the forerunner of Jesus; he was the messenger sent to prepare the hearts of Israel for their Messiah.  Jesus allowed himself to be baptized by John in preparation for what God would send him to do.  This was a baptism of repentance, and the Greek word for repentance originates from two root words meaning, “to think differently afterwards.”

 

Afterwards, when his baptism was complete, and John announced him as the Messiah, Jesus thought and acted differently than before.  He had been given a consecrated spirit, and he was set apart (dedicated; devoted) and equipped for what his Father God wanted him to do.  He would do miracles, and glorify his Father by the works God did through him.

 

·        John 5:36 “But I have as My witness something greater (weightier, higher, better) than that of John; for the works that the Father has appointed Me to accomplish and finish, the very same works that I am now doing, are a witness and proof that the Father has sent Me.”  AMP

 

·        John 10:25 Jesus answered them, I have told you so, yet you do not believe Me [you do not trust Me and rely on Me].  The very works that I do by the power of My Father and in My Father's name bear witness concerning Me [they are My credentials and evidence in support of Me].  AMP

 

·        John 10:37-38 If I am not doing the works [performing the deeds] of My Father, then do not believe Me [do not adhere to Me and trust Me and rely on Me].  But if I do them, even though you do not believe Me or have faith in Me, [at least] believe the works and have faith in what I do, in order that you may know and understand [clearly] that the Father is in Me, and I am in the Father [one with Him].  AMP

 

The visible dove that descended in full view of all who witnessed Jesus’ baptism was significant.  God sent a “perfect spirit” around (epi) Jesus; he was encircled with the angel of Yahweh, who would aid him in the work that God wanted Jesus to do.

 

·        Psalms 34:6-8 This poor man cried and the LORD heard him, and saved him out of all his troubles.   The angel of the LORD encamps (circles) around those who fear Him, and rescues them.  O taste and see that the LORD is good; how blessed is the man who takes refuge in Him!   NAS

 

Turtledove offerings were common among the throngs of poor people that had followed John.  If someone was too needy to bring a lamb to sacrifice, he could bring two doves; one for sin, the other a burnt offering. 

 

Only one dove descended upon Jesus, symbolizing he would be the offering for the poor in spirit.  Jesus is being consecrated as the one dove dedicated to be the sin offering, because he will give his life for the sins of many. 

 

Jesus, as one man (dove) was meek in spirit like the nature of a dove.  He was pure in heart and blameless, and would therefore represent the second turtledove as well, because he would offer his life up to God to atone for the sins of many.  Jesus represents two doves because he is the sacrifice and he is also the high priest and mediator.

 

Leviticus 5:5-10

 

5 When a man is guilty in one of these, he shall confess the sin he has committed.

6 He shall bring his guilt or trespass offering to the Lord for the sin, which he has committed, a female from the flock, a lamb or a goat, for a sin offering; and the priest shall make atonement for his sin.

7 But if he cannot afford a lamb, then he shall bring for his guilt offering to the Lord two turtledoves or two young pigeons, one for a sin offering and the other for a burnt offering.

8 He shall bring them to the priest, who shall offer the one for the sin offering first, and wring its head from its neck, but shall not sever it;

9 And he shall sprinkle some of the blood of the sin offering on the side of the altar, and the rest of the blood shall be drained out at the base of the altar; it is a sin offering.

10 And he shall prepare the second bird for a burnt offering, according to the ordinance; and the priest shall make atonement for him for his sin which he has committed, and he shall be forgiven.

AMP

 

There are only two other gospel accounts that record the baptism of Jesus, and each has a unique message in the original Greek language.

 

King James Version

 

·        Matthew 3:16-17 And Jesus, when he was baptized, went up straightway out of the water: and, lo, the heavens were opened unto him, and he saw the Spirit of God descending like a dove, and lighting upon him: And lo a voice from heaven, saying, This is my beloved Son, in whom I am well pleased. 

 

The Appropriate Translation

 

·        Matthew 3:16-17 And Jesus, when he was baptized, went up from a horizontal position {and} away from the water, and lo, unto him the sky was opened up, and he saw the spirit of God descending as if a dove and falling all around him.  And lo, a voice from out of the sky saying, “This is my son, the dearly beloved, of whom I approve (think well of).  TAT

 

In Matthew’s account, the spirit of God descends upon (epi; circling or around) Jesus.   This does not contradict the Luke account, because wherever God sends His angel, He too is there.  More important in reconciling these two verses is to note that in Luke 3:22 God the Father speaks directly to Jesus, while in Matthew 3:16-17 he does not.  Compare the two dialogues below:

 

·        Luke 3:22 “You are my son, the beloved, in you I approve (think well of).”

 

·        Matthew 3:17 “This is my son, the dearly beloved, of whom I approve (think well of).”

 

The Luke account shows direct face-to-face communication from God to Jesus, whereas in the Matthew account, it is though God is speaking to and for the benefit of others who are witnesses of this event.  Also note the Matthew account speaks of God’s spirit descending “like” a dove; the Luke account says the, “spirit descended physically {in full} view, a dove upon him.” 

 

Luke portrays a visible, physical manifestation of the spirit in the literal form of a dove.  This differs from the other two accounts because neither mentions the dove as being physical and tangible.  Matthew and Mark use the movement of a dove descending to symbolically represent how God’s spirit gently descends.

 

Lastly we will examine the account of Jesus’ baptism in the gospel of Mark.

 

King James Version

 

·        Mark 1:10-12 And straightway coming up out of the water, he saw the heavens opened, and the Spirit like a dove descending upon him: and there came a voice from heaven, saying, Thou art my beloved Son, in whom I am well pleased.  And immediately the Spirit driveth him into the wilderness. 

 

The Appropriate Translation

 

·        Mark 1:10-12 And coming up out of the water from a horizontal position he saw the sky divided (split and opened), and the spirit, in the manner of a dove descending into him.  And a voice came into being from out of the sky, “You, you are my son, the dearly beloved, in whom I approbate (approve by acting in your favor).”  And at once the spirit threw him out of {this environment} into the wilderness (lonely place).  TAT

 

Mark’s account is similar to Matthew, except in Mark the spirit descended “into” Jesus, not merely upon, or around him.  This is significant, because it demonstrates the time when the spirit of God actually indwells Jesus, preparing him for his ministry and his immediate time of temptation in the wilderness.  Furthermore, this account is similar to Luke’s because God is speaking directly to Jesus and not merely for the benefit of those witnessing the event.

The Angel Of The LORD In The Life Of Jesus

 

Throughout the Old Testament and in parts of the New Testament, the angel of the LORD (literally ‘the messenger of Yahweh’ in Hebrew) was dispatched to men of God who were set apart for special use by the Lord.  The uniqueness of the angel of Yahweh is that he speaks in the first person for God when communicating with mortals.

 

The reason for mentioning the angel of the Lord is of particular importance in this study, especially where the words “holy spirit” appear in various NT texts.  Since the angel of Yahweh speaks as the mouthpiece for the Almighty Himself, and is dispatched to assist men whom God has consecrated (dedicated) for His use in specific ways, this angel could be referred to as “the holy (meaning perfect or consecrated; set apart or dedicated) spirit.”

 

To illustrate this point, we again examine Luke 3:22 where the angel of Yahweh comes upon Jesus after his baptism in water by John.

 

·        Luke 3:22 And the perfect (consecrated) spirit descended physically {in full} view, a dove upon him, and a voice from out of the sky came into being, “You are my son, the beloved, in you I approve (think well of).”

 

Notice carefully that as soon as the “perfect spirit” (the angel of Yahweh) descends upon Jesus, a voice from out of the sky speaks directly to Jesus saying, “You are my son, the beloved {and} in you I approve (think well of).”  For comparison, we now examine a similar type of communication by Yahweh through His angel to Abraham (italics added to isolate specific conversation with Yahweh via the angel of the Lord):

 

Genesis 22:10-18

 

10 And Abraham stretched out his hand, and took the knife to slay his son. 11 But the angel of the LORD called to him from heaven, and said, "Abraham, Abraham!" And he said, "Here I am." 12 And he said, "Do not stretch out your hand against the lad, and do nothing to him; for now I know that you fear God, since you have not withheld your son, your only son, from Me." 13 Then Abraham raised his eyes and looked, and behold, behind him a ram caught in the thicket by his horns; and Abraham went and took the ram, and offered him up for a burnt offering in the place of his son. 14 And Abraham called the name of that place The LORD Will Provide, as it is said to this day, "In the mount of the LORD it will be provided." 15 Then the angel of the LORD called to Abraham a second time from heaven, 16 and said, "By Myself I have sworn, declares the LORD, because you have done this thing, and have not withheld your son, your only son, 17 indeed I will greatly bless you, and I will greatly multiply your seed as the stars of the heavens, and as the sand which is on the seashore; and your seed shall possess the gate of their enemies. 18 And in your seed all the nations of the earth shall be blessed, because you have obeyed My voice."  NAS

 

The standout phrase connecting the angel of Yahweh with the LORD God Himself is found in 22:15-16, “Then the angel of the LORD called to Abraham a second time from heaven, and said, "By Myself I have sworn, declares the LORD…” If God would manifest Himself to Abraham through this unique angel, and would render aid to him through His angelic messenger, how much more would He provide the same help for His only begotten son Jesus?

 

There are many references to the angel of the LORD in the OT where God speaks directly to people in the first person singular; here are some other examples to look up and read: Exodus 3:1-6; Judges 2:1-5; 6:11-18, 21-22; 13:2-25; 2 Samuel 24:16-17; 2 Kings 1:3-4, 15-16; 1 Chronicles 21:9-30; Zechariah 3:1-10 (this is symbolic of Jesus the Messiah who is led by Yahweh through the angel of the LORD; also see 12:8).

 

In the NT we see the angel the LORD from the beginning of the creation of Jesus. 

 

·        Matthew 1:19-25 19Then Joseph her husband, being a just an, and not wanting to make her a public example, was minded to put her away secretly.  But while he thought about these things, behold, an angel of the Lord appeared to him in a dream, saying, "Joseph, son of David, do not be afraid to take to you Mary your wife, for that which is conceived in her is of the Holy Spirit.  And she will bring forth a Son, and you shall call His name JESUS, for He will save His people from their sins."  So all this was done that it might be fulfilled which was spoken by the Lord through the prophet, saying: "Behold, the virgin shall be with child, and bear a Son, and they shall call His name Immanuel," which is translated, "God with us."  Then Joseph, being aroused from sleep, did as the angel of the Lord commanded him and took to him his wife, and did not know her till she had brought forth her firstborn Son. And he called His name JESUS.  NKJV

 

That which descended upon Jesus in visible form as a dove need not be limited to only one interpretation.  This visual appearance was seen by John the Baptist, and is the primary reason he acknowledged his cousin Jesus to be the Messiah to Israel.

 

·        John 1:32-36 And John bore witness saying, "I have beheld the Spirit descending as a dove out of heaven, and He remained upon Him.  And I did not recognize Him, but He who sent me to baptize in water said to me, 'He upon whom you see the Spirit descending and remaining upon Him, this is the one who baptizes in the Holy Spirit.'  And I have seen, and have borne witness that this is the Son of God."  Again the next day John was standing with two of his disciples, and he looked upon Jesus as He walked, and said, "Behold, the Lamb of God!" NAS

 

God is the One who sent John to baptize and He told John, 'He upon whom you see the Spirit descending and remaining upon Him, this is the one who baptizes in the Holy Spirit.'  We must allow for one of two different interpretations of Luke 3:22 in light of John’s words:

 

1.      When John saw “the spirit” descending and resting upon Jesus, he would know he is the Christ, the Lamb of God.  If John’s words were intended to convey the fact that God’s spirit was descending on Jesus, why didn’t God relate this to John by saying, ‘'He upon whom you see MY Spirit descending and remaining?’  Instead, God chooses to use a definite article preceding spirit, saying, “He upon whom you see THE Spirit descending…”  Because God uses a definite article “the” and not a personal pronoun, “My” it is indicating an angelic spirit was sent to consecrate and set Jesus apart for his ministry.

 

2.      The second interpretation of Luke 3:22 is that this was the spirit of God descending in visible form as a dove.  However, there is no other precedent in scripture for God appearing in such manner without using one of His angelic messengers to manifest His presence in visible form.  In other words, if this is God’s spirit descending, why doesn’t He make this known by descending upon Jesus in radiant and inexpressible light instead of as a dove (or more likely, in the Greek, a pigeon).  Besides, only John sees this manifestation of the dove, and for him this is positive confirmation to publicly announce Jesus as the Messiah.

 

There is one final proof that Luke 3:22 is referring to an angel descending upon Jesus, and that is what God tells John ABOUT Jesus, ‘this is the one who baptizes in the Holy Spirit.'  In CONTRAST to water baptism, Jesus is the one who immerses in spirit.  As shown in previous studies, Jesus baptizes (i.e. – overwhelms; influences) people with his unblemished and morally blameless and undefiled life.

 

As pointed out earlier, John’s disciples never knew or witnessed a “Holy Spirit.”  In fact, once Jesus appeared, John’s ministry decreased, and eventually Jesus would change John’s baptism from one of mere repentance to one that cleanses the conscience from the guilt of sin.

 

Moral purity and cleanness are necessary for service to God, ESPECIALLY as the “Lamb of God.”  John is focused on Jesus’ character and attitude, because he knows the Messiah must be pure and undefiled to become the sacrifice for the sins of the world.

 

Summary of the Facts Concerning Jesus’ Baptism

 

1.      In Luke 3:22 God sends the “perfect spirit” (the angel of the Lord) to consecrate Jesus for his public ministry as Messiah (Christ); the spirit descends upon him in physical form of a dove, and John, seeing it, bears witness that Jesus is the “Lamb of God.”

 

2.      The dove is symbolic of the turtledove offering given by the poor man that could not afford a lamb offering under the terms of the Law (see Leviticus 5:5-10).  Jesus represents both doves; one for sin, the other for atonement with God.  Like the dove offering, the blood of Jesus is sprinkled upon the altar of our hearts.  Jesus, the one who is meek as a dove, comes to offer his life to all who are poor in spirit.

 

3.      John’s disciples never witnessed the “Holy Spirit” at Jesus’ baptism (Acts 19:1-6).  If John never mentions the “Holy Spirit” as descending on Jesus, then these words have been erroneously translated.  God told John, “'He upon whom you see THE Spirit descending and remaining upon Him… “ (John 1:32-36)

 

4.      In Matthew 3:16-17 Jesus saw the spirit of God descending as if a dove and falling all around him.  This is quite different than the account in Luke 3:22 because it is NOT a physical dove descending; rather, it is God’s own spirit descending in the manner of a dove.  Also, in Matthew’s gospel, Jesus sees his Father’s spirit descending, whereas in Luke’s account, no mention is made of Jesus actually seeing the dove.  Later, in John 1:32-36 the Baptist affirms he is the one who saw the dove, making his account align with Luke 3:22.

 

5.      The account in Mark 1:10-12 is similar to Matthew 3:16-17 because Jesus sees his Father’s spirit descending.  Mark adds two other elements however, and each is vital to the text.  First, Mark uses a different preposition to show the Spirit of God going “into” Jesus (indwelling him); the text reads, “in the manner of a dove descending into him.”  Jesus would need the power of God to help him, because it was at this time he faced Satan himself in a battle of temptation, “And at once the spirit threw him out of {this environment} into the wilderness (lonely place).”

 

6.      There need not be a conflict between the Spirit of God and the angel of the Lord.  Throughout the OT the angel of the Lord was a messenger sent to speak for God in the first person.  The fact God uses an angel to manifest in physical form as a dove merely proves the Almighty need not represent His own awesome greatness on such a menial level.  Many OT scriptures illustrate God speaking directly through the angel of the Lord.

 

7.      Finally, and perhaps most important, is the fact the scriptures clearly state that God gave His angels charge concerning Jesus.  For example, after Jesus was tempted in the wilderness, the angels ministered to him (Matthew 4:11; Mark 1:13).  Even when Satan tempted Jesus, he tried to use the fact that God would use angels to protect Jesus (Matthew 4:6; Luke 4:10-11).  When Peter cut off the ear of the high priest’s servant, Jesus rebuked and told him he could ask the Father and He would dispatch twelve legions of angels (Matthew 26:53).

 

Simeon Looked For The Paraklesis Of Israel

 

This section is somewhat out of sequence because it discusses events that happened at the birth of the Christ.  However, it is yet another example of how God worked through Gabriel (the angel of the LORD) in the affairs of men.  In this example the angel of the LORD was working to bring forth the parakletos to Israel.

 

·        Luke 2:25-26 And behold, there was a man in Jerusalem whose name was Simeon; and this man was righteous and devout, looking for the consolation (parákleesin) of Israel; and the Holy Spirit (Pneúma eén Hágion) was upon him.  And it had been revealed to him by the Holy Spirit (toú Pneúmatos toú Hagíou) that he would not see death before he had seen the Lord's Christ.

 

Simeon was a righteous and devout man in Jerusalem who anticipated the comfort and aid that would come to Israel through the Messiah.  God brought this man to Mary to confirm the word that had first been brought to her by the angel Gabriel.  According to the Law, every word had to be confirmed in the mouth of two or three witnesses.

 

Simeon was looking for the parákleesin (consolation) of Israel; he knew in the spirit that Messiah would be that one called alongside God’s people to bring comfort, consolation and exhortation.  Jesus refers to himself as the “Helper” in John 14:16, 26; 15:26; 16:7 and 1 John 2:1. The Greek word for Helper in is “parákletos” and it means, “One called alongside to comfort, encourage or exhort.”

 

The Appropriate Translation of Luke 2:25-26 reveals it was not “the Holy Spirit” upon Simeon (2:25) but rather “the spirit of consecration” (most likely the angel of the Lord.  As Simeon remained under (Greek = hupo) this spirit (2:26), it was revealed to him he would not see death until he witnessed the Lord’s Christ (anointed Messiah).

 

The Appropriate Translation

 

·        Luke 2:25 - And behold, there was a man in Jerusalem whose name was Simeon; and this man had a disposition to execute justice and being watchful on all sides; examining carefully all the circumstances that may affect {his} determination, for he was waiting (with confidence & patience) for the invitation {of the Messiah} to come alongside Israel; and a spirit of consecration was resting upon and around him.

·        Luke 2:26 - And it had been divinely intimated to him, as he remained under the purpose(s) of the consecrated spirit hat he would not experience death prior to him seeing the Lord's Anointed (one).

 

Parákletos was used by the Greek writers of a legal advisor, pleader, proxy, or advocate, one who comes forward in behalf of and as the representative of another.  Jesus is he who came forward to represent Israel before God; he was their legal advocate and the mediator between God and man.

 

Both parákletos and parákleesin are derived from a masculine noun in the Greek “parakaléo.”  Parakaléo originates from two Greek words: 1) pará (3844), meaning, “to the side of” 2) “kaléo,” (2564) meaning, “to call.”  Parakaléo means, “to call near, i.e. invite, summon (by earnest supplication, for advice intended to encourage or comfort).”  Jesus Christ is Israel’s helper and advocate; Jesus is “called to the side” of those in Israel who call upon his name by faith. 

 

To those who mourn and grieve, Jesus is the one they can summon for comfort (Matthew 5:4).  Jesus also works through the members of his spiritual body of believers to bring advice and encouragement (Hebrews 3:13-15).

In Luke 2:25 the Greek text says that a “sacred spirit” (Hágion Pneúma) was around (epi) Simeon.  This sacred (or consecrated) spirit refers to Gabriel, the angel of Yahweh.  Gabriel had been set apart (consecrated) by God and devoted to being His messenger.

 

Gabriel’s message was to people that played a role in bringing forth the Messiah.  Simeon had been a man devoted to the kingdom of God; as such, he longed for the time when the Messiah would be born in Israel.  In the literal Greek text Luke 2:26 says, “And it had been revealed to him through the agency of the consecrated spirit (toú Pneúmatos toú Hagíou) that he would not see death before he had seen the Lord's Christ.”

 

Gabriel is the (toú) agent of God; Yahweh appropriated him for sacred use.  Gabriel delivered God’s message through Simeon to Mary while she and Joseph and Anna the prophetess were in the temple.

 

·        Luke 2:27-39 And he came in the Spirit into the temple; and when the parents brought in the child Jesus, to carry out for Him the custom of the Law, then he took Him into his arms, and blessed God, and said, “Now Lord, Thou dost let Thy bond-servant depart In peace, according to Thy word; for my eyes have seen Thy salvation, which Thou hast prepared in the presence of all peoples, a light of revelation to the Gentiles, and the glory of Thy people Israel.”  And His father and mother were amazed at the things, which were being said about Him.  And Simeon blessed them, and said to Mary His mother, "Behold, this Child is appointed for the fall and rise of many in Israel, and for a sign to be opposed-- and a sword will pierce even your own soul-- to the end that thoughts from many hearts may be revealed.”   And there was a prophetess, Anna the daughter of Phanuel, of the tribe of Asher.  She was advanced in years, having lived with a husband seven years after her marriage, and then as a widow to the age of eighty-four.  And she never left the temple, serving night and day with fastings and prayers.  And at that very moment she came up and began giving thanks to God, and continued to speak of Him to all those who were looking for the redemption of Jerusalem.  And when they had performed everything according to the Law of the Lord, they returned to Galilee, to their own city of Nazareth. NAS

Jesus Receives The Sanctified Spirit For Ministry

 

From Jesus’ birth until his death by crucifixion angels were an integral part of God’s design and blessing for him.  The shepherds were directed to Bethlehem after receiving a message from an angel of the Lord (Luke 2:8-20).

 

When Jesus was calling his disciples to service, he told Nathanael, “You shall see the heavens opened, and the angels of God ascending and descending on the Son of Man” (John 1:48-51).  In Hebrews 1:6-14 the angels are referred to as “ministering spirits” sent out on Christ’s behalf.

 

It should be no surprise to us that Jesus needed to have the assistance of angels in his work on earth.  After all, Hebrews 2:9 says he was, “made for a little while lower than the angels” during his time on earth.  Unfortunately, the doctrine of the Trinity has warped the concept of Jesus in the minds of believers and portrayed him as the ‘God-Man.”

 

Those Christians espousing a Jesus who is ‘fully God and fully man’ can never fully understand why he would need angels to sanctify him and help set him apart for the work of the ministry.  However, if Jesus is seen as a man, he is no less deserving of angelic help than the prophets of old. 

 

Peter writes of those OT servants of Yahweh bore witness to the sanctified and anointed life.  These Old Testament seers were rendered help by angels; these angels themselves longed to see what God had promised as well.  God even sent His chief messenger, the angel of Yahweh to guide, direct, counsel and empower His servants.  In one narrative, the apostle Peter demonstrates these men of old were forerunners of the true Messiah to Israel… Jesus the Christ.

 

1 Peter 1:7 mentions the revelation of Jesus as Messiah that comes through suffering.  Then, in 1 Peter 1:8 we find one of the most apt descriptions of Jesus as the parakletos (one called alongside) to the believer:

 

·        1 Peter 1:8 Without having seen Him, you love Him; though you do not [even] now see Him, you believe in Him and exult and thrill with inexpressible and glorious (triumphant, heavenly) joy. AMP

 

Jesus exists as a life giving spirit now that he is glorified, and he brings God’s anointing to those who trust in and rely upon him.  But the prophets in the OT sought to understand of whom they were prophesying when the “spirit of anointing” came to them via God’s angels.  In other words, OT men and women experienced an anointing for service to God, and the vehicle by which this anointing came was God’s angel (s).  When this happened, they made inquiry to God to determine when Messiah would come, and who he would be.

 

·        1 Peter 1:10-11 The prophets, who prophesied of the grace (divine blessing) which was intended for you, searched and inquired earnestly about this salvation.  They sought [to find out] to whom or when this was to come which the Spirit of Christ working within them was indicating when He predicted the sufferings of Christ and the glories that should follow [them].  AMP

 

Like the prophets of the OT, Jesus experienced a unique anointing from God, who set him apart and consecrated him for the work of service at the age of thirty years.  The spirit of God came upon Jesus via the angel of Yahweh, who would accompany Jesus until his Father’s work was finished.

 

The first time Jesus experienced this sanctified angelic spirit was at his water baptism.  The second encounter with God’s consecrated messenger was as his forty-day temptation approached.

 

·        Luke 4:1-2 And Jesus, full of the Holy Spirit (anarthrous; Pneúmatos Hagíou), returned from the Jordan and was led about by the Spirit in the wilderness for forty days, being tempted by the devil. And He ate nothing during those days; and when they had ended, He became hungry.  NAS

 

Notice the Greek does not say Jesus was “full of the Holy Spirit.”  The Greek text is anarthrous and omits the definite article.  Below is The Appropriate Translation of Luke 4:1a:

 

The Appropriate Translation

 

·        Luke 4:1a But Jesus, being covered by a consecrated spirit, returned from the Jordan…TAT

 

Jesus needed to be “covered” by God, and it is clear from the gospel text that it was an angel who provided Jesus with the strength he needed to resist the devil’s taunting, enticements, ability to beguile, and power to tempt.  The anarthrous construction using pneúmatos shows the purpose of the angel sent to Jesus.  This angel was a consecrated (devoted) spirit set apart by God to make Jesus complete for his temptation.  The Greek word for “filled” is pleres meaning, “replete, covered, or by analogy complete.”  God the Father gave Jesus angelic help against the powerful devil to even the odds.

 

Trinitarian doctrine asserts that Jesus could not sin because he was fully God.  If this is true, why then does Jesus, as God, need angels to strengthen him at the end of his 40-day trial?

 

·        Matthew 4:11 Then the devil left Him, and behold, angels came and ministered to Him.  NKJV

 

Further proof that it was an angel with Jesus and not “the Holy Spirit” is the fact this angelic spirit led him about in the wilderness for forty days.  God does not lead His children into temptation; neither does He tempt any man (James 1:13).  Also, when Jesus’ disciples asked him how to pray, part of his admonition to them included these words, “And {Father} lead (bring) us not into temptation, but deliver us from the evil one.”  (Matt 6:13; AMP)

 

God the Father is holy, and He does not lead His only begotten son into temptation.  On the other hand, He DOES furnish Jesus with divine assistance through the agency of His angel.

 

·        Acts 10:38 "You know of Jesus of Nazareth, how God anointed Him with the Holy Spirit (anarthrous; Pneúmati Hagíoo) and with power, and how He went about doing good and healing all who were oppressed by the devil, for God was with Him.”  NASU

 

Peter was one of Jesus’ closest disciples, and as such he understood things about the Lord that others did not.  In his speech to the Jews in Jerusalem above, he says that God anointed with “Pneúmati Hagíoo” (a spirit of consecration).  There is no definite article in the Greek text, and Acts 10:38 has been mistranslated as “the Holy Spirit” to reflect the doctrinal prejudice of the translators.

 

It is a given that God was with Jesus, but an important distinction must be made between God being with Jesus and what God used to anoint him.  Anointing was a ceremonial ritual to dedicate someone or something.  Usually a king or ruler was anointed by having a small flask of expensive oil and/or perfume poured upon his head.  King David is a type of Christ as Messiah, and at age thirty he was anointed as king of Israel:

 

·        2 Samuel 5:3-4 So all the elders of Israel came to the king at Hebron, and King David made a covenant with them before the LORD at Hebron; then they anointed David king over Israel.  David was thirty years old when he became king, and he reigned forty years.  NAS

 

·        Luke 3:23 And when He began His ministry, Jesus Himself was about thirty years of age, being supposedly the son of Joseph, the son of Eli…  NAS

 

Just as David was anointed as king over Israel, so too Jesus was anointed by God as the one who would proclaim freedom for those captive to sin, and bring healing to those sick and brokenhearted.

 

·        Luke 4:17-21 And the book of the prophet Isaiah was handed to Him.  And He opened the book, and found the place where it was written; "The Spirit of the Lord is upon me, because He anointed me to preach the gospel to the poor.  He has sent me to proclaim release to the captives, and recovery of sight to the blind, to set free those who are downtrodden, to proclaim the favorable year of the Lord."  And He closed the book, and gave it back to the attendant, and sat down; and the eyes of all in the synagogue were fixed upon Him.  And He began to say to them, "Today this Scripture has been fulfilled in your hearing."  NAS

 

It is as important to recognize and acknowledge the distinction between the consecrated spirit (angel) God used to anoint Jesus and set him apart for ministry, as it is to recognize and acknowledge the consecrated spirit of Jesus as being distinct and separate from the Father God.  When Jesus commissioned his disciples with authority over evil spirits, he told them not to rejoice because they had power over demons, but because their names were recorded in heaven.

 

·        Luke 10:19-22 "Behold, I have given you authority to tread upon serpents and scorpions, and over all the power of the enemy, and nothing shall injure you.  Nevertheless do not rejoice in this, that the spirits are subject to you, but rejoice that your names are recorded in heaven."  At that very time He rejoiced greatly in the Holy Spirit (toó Pneúmati toó Hagíoo), and said, "I praise Thee, O Father, Lord of heaven and earth, that Thou didst hide these things from the wise and intelligent and didst reveal them to babes. Yes, Father, for thus it was well-pleasing in Thy sight. All things have been handed over to Me by My Father, and no one knows who the Son is except the Father, and who the Father is except the Son, and anyone to whom the Son wills to reveal Him."  NAS

 

There is a significant manuscript variant in Luke 10:21a.  Nestles Greek text omits the name “Jesus” and also adds two more words; another definite article preceding the adjective “Holy” (toó Hagíoo).  Nestles’ is the Greek text used to translate popular modern translations such as the New American Standard (NAS), The New International Version (NIV) and The Amplified Bible (AMP).

 

The Textus Receptus is the Greek text used to translate the King James Version (KJV) and The New King James Version (NKJV).  This Greek text ADDS the name “Jesus” to the text and OMITS the words “Holy” (toó Hagíoo) found in Nestles’ text.

 

Ordinarily this author leans towards Nestles’ text, but in this verse, to add the Greek words “toó Hagíoo” (translated as “Holy”) seems to violate the context of the passage.  Jesus rebukes the disciples for rejoicing that demons are subordinate to them.  The demons are subject to them because of the delegated authority given them. 

 

Jesus would not turn around and contradict himself by rejoicing in the consecrated angelic spirit given to him for the purpose of working in the ministry.  Rather, he would rejoice in the spirit of his Father God, as evidenced by the nature of his prayer, which begins, “"I praise Thee, O Father, Lord of heaven and earth…”

                          

Also, the fact that Nestles’ Greek text omits the name of Jesus from a verse in which he is obviously the one speaking seems a bit odd.  However, to its’ credit, Nestles’ text implies that Jesus is speaking by adding a personal pronoun “he” in the translated Greek text (while omitting it in the actual Greek text).

 

Of course this point is splitting hairs since the verb “rejoiced” in Luke 10:21 is in the Aorist Middle Voice (AOM).  In Greek the Middle Voice represents the subject as acting in some way upon himself or concerning himself.  Since the context of Luke 10:19-22 shows one person speaking, we can safely assert it is Jesus, as he prays directly to the Father.

 

Does Jesus baptize with the Holy Spirit, or with a morally clean spirit?

 

King James Version

 

·        Matthew 3:11 “I indeed baptize you with water unto repentance: but he that cometh after me is mightier than I, whose shoes I am not worthy to bear: he shall baptize you with the Holy Ghost, and with fire.” 

 

The Appropriate Translation

 

·        Matthew 3:11 "I baptize you with water for repentance.  But after me will come one who is more powerful than I, whose sandals I am not fit to carry.  He will immerse you in a morally blameless (undefiled) spirit and fire.”  TAT

 

In the KJV translation, not only is the context of Matthew 3:11altered, but also, our interpretation of this verse becomes different than intended by God.  We would assume the King James Version relates to the baptism in the Holy Spirit, whereas The Appropriate Translation portrays Jesus as one who comes to purify the human spirit and purge it with fire. 

 

In Part 6 a more in-depth study will be done on the spirit baptism of Jesus.  This is different than water baptism, which is a ceremonial act whereby the disciple is immersed in water for the remission (removal) of sins.  Water baptism is a public witness of one’s devotion to service under the lordship of Jesus Christ.  There is only one baptism in water, albeit John’s disciples were rebaptized in the name of Jesus acknowledging Jesus as the ransom for sin, and accepting him as the Messiah of Israel.

 

Baptism in the spirit has nothing to do with the ceremonial water baptism; rather, it is to be repeatedly experienced.  Baptism in the spirit is being drenched in the presence of God and of His Christ.  Baptism in the spirit is having Jesus, the parakletos (one called alongside), come to the disciple’s aid.  Through Jesus, he or she is sanctified (set apart) and purified (prepared as undefiled), and given the strength and force by God the Father to be a witness for His name’s sake.

 

Baptism in the spirit opens the believer to the “promise of the Father.”  This promise includes Jesus coming to one’s aid in prayer.  Christ is the anointed one who makes intercession for us, even giving us the language of a tongue (known or unknown) to clearly enunciate the will of God as we supplicate before Him.

 

Baptized in the authority of the Father, and the son, and the morally blameless spirit?

 

King James Version

 

·        Matthew 28:19 "Go therefore and make disciples of all the nations, baptizing them in the name of the Father and the Son and the Holy Spirit.

 

The Appropriate Translation

 

·        Matthew 28:19 Therefore, go from one place to another making disciples of all the races and non-Jewish (Gentile) tribes, submerging and overwhelming them into the belief, profession and observance of the name, for the purpose of knowing the character & authority of the Father, and of the son, and of the morally blameless (undefiled) life.”  TAT

 

“In the name of someone” means to be identified with what the name of that one stands for.  “In the name of the Father” means identification with the Father’s name and delegated authority He has given to His son Jesus.

 

 “In the name of the son” is identifying with the authority of the son, which is being given to the disciples to bring the gospel to the pagan nations.  This would include the ceremonial immersion in water, in the name and authority given to Jesus, for the remission of sins.

 

In the name of “the Holy Spirit” is a mistranslation, and should read instead, “In the character and authority associated with the morally blameless life (spirit).”  The disciples had been previously taught about taking hold of a morally blameless spirit, which included forgiving the sins of others.  In Matthew 28:19 Jesus is affirming he will come back and they will be immersed and imbued by his undefiled, consecrated, morally blameless and life giving spirit.

 

Later in Part 9 of this series it will be shown that another distinct possibility for translating Matthew 28:19 is, “In the character and authority associated with purpose of the consecrated life.”  In other words, after Jesus’ death, resurrection and ascension, he comes to his disciples as the Helper to aid them in developing the godly character associated with “the consecrated life.”  Jesus comes alongside to assist them in becoming his disciples and workmanship.  Consecrated implies being devoted to and for sacred, divine use, having first been made holy, through the faith in the sacrificial blood of the spotless Lamb of God.

 

 

 

 

SELAH…Pause and reflect

 

 

Continued in Part Six

 


Links to the Entire "Jesus is the Gift of the Holy Spirit” Series:

Part 1

Part 2

Part 3

Part 4

Part 5

Part 6

Part 7

Part 8

Part 9

Addendum (Quick Reference Guide)

 


 

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