Jesus IS

the “Gift” of the Holy Spirit

Part 9




And Peter answered them, Repent (change your views and purpose to accept the will of God in your inner selves instead of rejecting it) and be baptized, every one of you, in the name of Jesus Christ for the forgiveness of and release from your sins; and you shall receive the gift of the Holy Spirit.





Section Titles  (Click on a title to go directly to that section or scroll down to begin reading this study.)



The Definite Article Identifies Jesus As The Holy Spirit


Grammatical Possibilities For Translating


Jesus IS The Consecrated Spirit In The Gospels


Jesus IS The Consecrated Spirit In The Book Of Acts


Jesus IS The Consecrated Spirit In The Epistles


The Most Unusual Holy Spirit Scriptures





The Definite Article Identifies Jesus as the Holy (Consecrated) Spirit (Life)


Thus far this series of studies have focused primarily on the anarthrous construction of scripture verses translated as “the Holy Spirit.”  The anarthrous construction refers to grammatical structure of sentences where no definite article precedes the Greek words “Hágion Pneúma.”  In the English translation of Hágion Pneúma without a definite article it might read, “an undefiled spirit” or perhaps “a sanctified spirit” or “a consecrated life.”


When the anarthrous construction is used, the application of Hágion Pneúma is more subjective in its’ application.  By subjective it means the context of the passage of scripture is the determining factor in how the words Hágion Pneúma should be translated.


For example, in the context of John 20:21-23 Jesus gives his disciples a command to “receive the Holy Spirit.”  Since the Greek construction of verse 20 is anarthrous, and the context of the passage deals with the disciples’ attitude of forgiveness toward others, the words “Lábete Pneúma Hágion” should be translated as, “Take hold of an undefiled life.”


When the definite article is used preceding “Pneúma Hágion” and the variations of these Greek words (see below), Jesus is being emphasized and identified as “THE holy spirit.”  Of course ‘holy spirit’ is an inadequate translation of the Greek words because  ‘Hágion’ connotes any matter of religious awe, expiation, or sacrifice.   To be holy means one is “set apart” (sanctified) or “consecrated” for devoted service to God.


The root word origin of Hágion is hágos meaning, “chaste, pure, undefiled, morally and physically blameless.”  Its fundamental idea is separation, consecration, and devotion to the service of Deity, sharing in God’s purity and abstaining from earth’s defilement.


Jesus is the only human that can be identified as truly pure and completely undefiled.  He is the spotless Lamb of God.  He was sacrificed in death and made atonement to God for the transgressions of those who trust in and rely upon him.  God raised him from the dead for our justification, and he sits at the right hand of the Almighty as the one through whom the world and its inhabitants are judged.  Jesus is the magistrate (theoú); he is the man through whom God will judge the world (Acts 17:31).


Jesus is the parakletos (one called alongside to aid) who acts as advocate and mediator between God and man. 

Jesus is the head of the church of God, which he calls his own body of believers.  He guides and counsels the church, and instructs the individual believer in the affairs concerning the kingdom of his Father.  His two-fold role on behalf of God and man is multifaceted.  In other words, Jesus has many functions and purposes in the life of his disciples.


For example, as justifier of God’s people, Jesus advocates and mediates on behalf of the repentant sinner.  Jesus expiates for those who call upon his name, making atonement for their sin through his vicarious blood sacrifice.  Jesus also makes the way possible for men to be partakers of God’s righteousness.  He directs the steps of those who desire to partake in the divine nature, and he works through truth and love (2 Peter 1:1-8).


Jesus is the Christ (anointed one) of God and he gives the believer access to the throne of his Father God.  Through him we can experience the presence of his Father, and he also brings God’s anointing and power to us.  This helps to accomplish the work of God’s spirit such as evangelism, exhortation, consolation and reconciliation within the body of Christ.


The man Christ Jesus no longer dwells on earth in a body of flesh.  Like his early disciples, we cannot see him, but through faith we know he is present and working in our lives.  Jesus is our high priest forever and he has done away with the old priesthood, since it was inadequate, and could never make the believer complete (Hebrews 8:13).


·        Hebrews 4:14-16 Since then we have a great high priest who has passed through the heavens, Jesus the Son of God, let us hold fast our confession.  For we do not have a high priest who cannot sympathize with our weaknesses, but One who has been tempted in all things as we are, yet without sin.  Let us therefore draw near with confidence to the throne of grace, that we may receive mercy and may find grace to help in time of need.  NAS

Hebrews 4:14-16 reveals to us a high priest who can sympathize with our weaknesses because he too has been tempted.  Jesus comes alongside us when we call and helps us draw near with confidence to the throne of grace, that we may receive mercy and may find grace to help in time of need.


Because Jesus is unique, both in his identity as the one to whom God has given all authority and in his function and capacity as the one who is sanctifier and he who sanctifies, the Greek uses definite articles preceding his title as “the” Pneúma Hágion (consecrated or sanctified spirit).


Pneúma is a noun in Greek, and Hágion is the adjective used to describe Pneúma.  There are variations of Pneúma Hágion, and each particular word is used for a reason. 

For example, the genitive ‘Pneúmatos’ (the most popular variation of the Greek word Pneúma) generally indicates the purpose of the sanctified spirit of Jesus.  This variation is found in the context of scripture passages where the consecrated spirit of Jesus is working in the lives of believers to direct their work for the kingdom of God.  With the definite article in place, this form may appear in the Greek as, “toú Hagíou Pneúmatos.”


Another common variation of the Greek noun Pneúma is ‘Pneúmati.’  This word generally appears in the context of scripture passages that represent position of relationship.  In Greek it would appear with the definite article as “toó Pneúmati toó Hagíoo.”


Below is a list of various ways the Greek uses the definite article tó, toú or toó (variations of the same word; the equivalent of the English the, this (one), or that (one).


·        toú Pneúmatos toú Hagíou

·        toú Hagíou Pneúmatos  

·        tó Pneúma tó Hágion 

·        toó Pneúmati toó Hagíoo   

·        tó Hágion Pneúma

·        Pneúmatos Hagíou


The Greek language differs greatly in its use of definite articles.  This is apparent from the list above where two definite articles are used in the construction, with one article preceding the adjective Hágion and the other preceding the noun Pneúma (e.g. - tó Pneúma tó Hágion OR toú Pneúmatos toú Hagíou OR toó Pneúmati toó Hagíoo).


In such cases, the dual use of articles is for emphatic identification.  God’s word was inspired in this language of the Hellenized Roman Empire to emphatically identify THE consecrated spirit as being one and the same as His glorified son Jesus.  One of the most obvious texts of NT scripture that illustrates this is in Acts 20:17-35:


Acts 20:17-35


17 And from Miletus he sent to Ephesus and called to him the elders of the church. 18 And when they had come to him, he said to them,


"You yourselves know, from the first day that I set foot in Asia, how I was with you the whole time, 19 serving the Lord with all humility and with tears and with trials which came upon me through the plots of the Jews; 20 how I did not shrink from declaring to you anything that was profitable, and teaching you publicly and from house to house, 21 solemnly testifying to both Jews and Greeks of repentance toward God and faith in our Lord Jesus Christ. 22 "And now, behold, bound in spirit, I am on my way to Jerusalem, not knowing what will happen to me there, 23 except that the Holy Spirit (tó Pneúma tó Hágion) solemnly testifies to me in every city, saying that bonds and afflictions await me. 24 "But I do not consider my life of any account as dear to myself, in order that I may finish my course, and the ministry which I received from the Lord Jesus, to testify solemnly of the gospel of the grace of God. 25 "And now, behold, I know that all of you, among whom I went about preaching the kingdom, will see my face no more. 26 "Therefore I testify to you this day, that I am innocent of the blood of all men. 27 "For I did not shrink from declaring to you the whole purpose of God. 28 "Be on guard for yourselves and for all the flock, among which the Holy Spirit (tó Pneúma tó Hágion) has made you overseers, to shepherd the church of God which He purchased with His own blood. 29 "I know that after my departure savage wolves will come in among you, not sparing the flock; 30 and from among your own selves men will arise, speaking perverse things, to draw away the disciples after them. 31 "Therefore be on the alert, remembering that night and day for a period of three years I did not cease to admonish each one with tears. 32 "And now I commend you to God and to the word of His grace, which is able to build you up and to give you the inheritance among all those who are sanctified. 33 "I have coveted no one's silver or gold or clothes. 34 "You yourselves know that these hands ministered to my own needs and to the men who were with me. 35 "In everything I showed you that by working hard in this manner you must help the weak and remember the words of the Lord Jesus, that He Himself said, 'It is more blessed to give than to receive.'"   NAS


The apostle Paul’s exhortation to the elders of the church from Ephesus comes directly from “tó Pneúma tó Hágion” who “testifies” to him in every city he goes to (Acts 20:23).  To identify the consecrated spirit, Paul follows with a statement that calls attention to Jesus, “…that I may finish my course, and the ministry which I received from the Lord Jesus, to testify solemnly of the gospel of the grace of God” (Acts 20:24). 


Paul’s discourse even includes a quote from the teachings of the Master when he says, “and remember the words of the Lord Jesus, that He Himself said, 'It is more blessed to give than to receive.” (Acts 20:35)


The most emphatic description of Jesus is found in Acts 20:28.  Once again the scripture uses two definite articles to identify the consecrated or sanctified spirit of the Lord Jesus (i.e. - tó Pneúma tó Hágion).  However, an even stronger proof for Jesus’ identity is found in the context of verse twenty:


·        Acts 20:28 "Be on guard for yourselves and for all the flock, among which the Holy Spirit (tó Pneúma tó Hágion) has made you overseers, to shepherd the church of God which He purchased with His own blood.


The text above specifies it is “the Holy Spirit” who purchased the church, “with His own blood.”  Jesus Christ is clearly specified in numerous passages of scripture as the ONLY one who purchased the church with his own blood.  God cannot shed blood because he is spirit and He has no human body (i.e. -flesh and blood).  It was the man Christ Jesus who redeemed our lives and reconciled us to God through his blood.


·        Romans 5:8-10 But God demonstrates His own love toward us, in that while we were still sinners, Christ died for us.  Much more then, having now been justified by His blood, we shall be saved from wrath through Him.  NKJV


·        Colossians 1:13-14, 20 He has delivered us from the power of darkness and conveyed us into the kingdom of the Son of His love, in whom we have redemption through His blood, the forgiveness of sins… and by Him to reconcile all things to Himself, by Him, whether things on earth or things in heaven, having made peace through the blood of His cross.  NKJV


·        Hebrews 9:11-12 When Christ came as high priest of the good things that are already here, he went through the greater and more perfect tabernacle that is not man-made, that is to say, not a part of this creation.  He did not enter by means of the blood of goats and calves; but he entered the Most Holy Place once for all by his own blood, having obtained eternal redemption.  (From New International Version)


·        Hebrews 13:12 And so Jesus also suffered outside the city gate to make the people holy through his own blood.  (From New International Version)


·        1 Peter 1:18-19 For you know that it was not with perishable things such as silver or gold that you were redeemed from the empty way of life handed down to you from your forefathers, but with the precious blood of Christ, a lamb without blemish or defect.  (From New International Version)


·        1 John 1:7 But if we walk in the light, as he is in the light, we have fellowship with one another, and the blood of Jesus, his Son, purifies us from all sin. (From New International Version)


Jesus was set apart by God because of his obedient life and because he never allowed himself to be defiled by the world’s enticements.  God anointed His son with power and authority, and then called Jesus to respond to the ultimate sacrifice… his own life. 


In Jesus we have redemption through the blood of His cross, the forgiveness of sins.  His blood justifies us and we are saved from wrath through Him.  When Christ came as high priest he did not enter a man-made tabernacle, but he entered the Most Holy Place once for all by his own blood.  It was the MAN Christ Jesus who purchased the church of God with is own blood (Acts 20:28).

Trinitarian theology says that Acts 20:28 speaks of divine blood as the means by which Jesus purchased the church of God.  Their theologians purport that the blood of a mere man could never be counted as worthy enough to redeem.  They are at a loss to explain how the “human side” of Jesus (as they call it) could die without his blood being mortal.


The whole point of Jesus’ sacrifice is that he IS a sinless man, which qualifies him to be the spotless Lamb sacrifice.  Sin entered the world through one man Adam, and redemption entered the world through one man Jesus.


·        Romans 5:12-15 Therefore, just as through one man sin entered into the world, and death through sin, and so death spread to all men, because all sinned-- for until the Law sin was in the world; but sin is not imputed when there is no law.  Nevertheless death reigned from Adam until Moses, even over those who had not sinned in the likeness of the offense of Adam, who is a type of Him who was to come.  But the free gift is not like the transgression.  For if by the transgression of the one the many died, much more did the grace of God and the gift by the grace of the one Man, Jesus Christ, abound to the many.  NAS


Even wicked Caiaphas, who was high priest the year Jesus died, prophesied that it was expedient that, “One MAN should die for the people, and that the whole nation should not perish.”  God gave this message of His own son’s death by the hands of the Jews, and He is not mistaken regarding Jesus’ identity.


·        John 11:48-53 “If we let Him go on like this, all men will believe in Him, and the Romans will come and take away both our place and our nation.”  But a certain one of them, Caiaphas, who was high priest that year, said to them, “You know nothing at all, nor do you take into account that it is expedient for you that one man should die for the people, and that the whole nation should not perish.”  Now this he did not say on his own initiative; but being high priest that year, he prophesied that Jesus was going to die for the nation, and not for the nation only, but that He might also gather together into one the children of God who are scattered abroad.  So from that day on they planned together to kill Him. NAS


·        John 18:12-14 So the Roman cohort and the commander, and the officers of the Jews, arrested Jesus and bound Him, and led Him to Annas first; for he was father-in-law of Caiaphas, who was high priest that year.  Now Caiaphas was the one who had advised the Jews that it was expedient for one man to die on behalf of the people.  NAS


Jesus took the place of the OT high priest permanently, and there is no longer a need for the priest to mediate of behalf of the people before God.  Jesus introduced both Jew and Gentile into a new covenant and a better one than the old.  The old covenant has been done away with, and the MAN Christ Jesus is the mediator.


·        1 Timothy 2:5-6 For there is one God, and one mediator also between God and men, the man Christ Jesus, who gave Himself as a ransom for all, the testimony borne at the proper time.  NAS


The church is redeemed with the precious blood of Christ, a Lamb without blemish or defect.  Jesus also suffered outside the city gate to make the people holy through his own blood.  Now he comes to us in spirit and works in and through us to strengthen and establish us as a church without spot or blemish.


·        2 Peter 3:14 Therefore, beloved, since you look for these things, be diligent to be found by Him in peace, spotless and blameless.  NASU


·        1 Timothy 6:14 To keep all His precepts unsullied and flawless, irreproachable, until the appearing of our Lord Jesus Christ (the Anointed one).  AMP


·        Ephesians 5:27 That He might present the church to Himself in glorious splendor, without spot or wrinkle or any such things [that she might be holy and faultless].  AMP


If we walk in the light, as he is in the light, we have fellowship with one another, and the blood of Jesus, his Son, purifies us from all sin.  The Appropriate Translation of Acts 20:28 illustrates and emphasizes Jesus as THE sanctified messenger of God who acquired the called out ones with the price of his own blood.


The Appropriate Translation


·        Acts 20:28 Give preeminent attention toward yourselves and the whole flock in whom the sanctified spirit {of Jesus} has placed you {to act} as a watchman over {it}; to shepherd the called out ones (i.e. – the church) of God, which he has acquired for himself through his own blood. TAT


As THE sanctified spirit Jesus is qualified to sanctify those who are willing to be obedient to his commands.  His commandments are not complex, but simply require love from a pure (undefiled) heart and an ongoing desire to follow the truth.


·        1 Timothy 1:5 Whereas the object and purpose of our instruction and charge is love, which springs from a pure heart and a good (clear) conscience and sincere (unfeigned) faith.  AMP


Grammatical Possibilities For Translating


In English definite articles are used to particularize a noun, such as “this virtuous life.”  Definite articles used are ‘the, this, or that’; the context of the scripture passage determines which word is more appropriate.


When the Greek uses definite articles it is for emphasis on the noun.  When two definite articles are used, and one precedes the noun, while the other precedes the adjective, (e.g. - tó Pneúma tó Hágion or toú Pneúmatos toú Hagíou), this is to identify a specific person, place or thing. 


This is one of the ways Greek and English differ greatly, because the literal English equivalent of tó Pneúma tó Hágion might read, “the consecrated the spirit.”  This sounds funny, and does not accurately portray what the Greek writer is conveying.  The Greek uses two definite articles because it is identifying a very specific (unique) spirit.


Part 8 of this series listed possible ways the anarthrous construction of ‘Hágion Pneúma’ could be translated (using indefinite articles).  Since the written Greek has no indefinite articles like the English language, indefinite articles must be inserted by the translator based on the text and its’ setting (or context). 


Below is a list of possibilities for grammatical construction WITH the definite article when translating from Greek to English. 


1.      The morally blameless spirit OR the morally blameless life.

2.      The undefiled spirit OR the undefiled life.

3.      The sanctified spirit or the consecrated spirit or the purpose (intent) of the consecrated spirit.

4.      The sanctifying spirit OR the consecrating spirit.

5.      The sanctified life.

6.      The consecrated life.

7.      This devoted life OR this life devoted to service.

8.      The morally pure life or the set apart life.

9.      That sacred life OR the sacred spirit.

10. The spirit of religious awe OR the life of reverential awe.

11. The pure or chaste affection.

12. This devoted mental disposition OR that morally clean disposition.

13. This sacrificial attitude OR the expiated outlook.

14.  The sacred purpose.

15.  The perfect spirit OR the perfect life.

16.  This unblemished life OR the unblemished spirit.

17.  The respectful attitude.

18.  The sanctified counsel.

19.  This virtuous life.

20.  That sacrificial determination.

21.  The pure devotion


NOTE: In translating the scripture verses in this section, great liberty was used for clarification.  For example, most all the verses use two definite articles in the grammatical construction translated, “the consecrated spirit” (e.g. - toú Pneúmatos toú Hagíou).  These passages of scripture clearly identify Jesus as the consecrated spirit.  Therefore liberty as been taken to insert {of Jesus} as follows:


·        The consecrated spirit {of Jesus}


The words in brackets {of Jesus} do not exist in the original Greek text, but help with continuity and breaking paradigms with regard to the identity of the Holy Spirit.



Jesus IS The Consecrated Spirit In The Gospels


Disclaimer: Generally the New American Standard (NAS) Version is used, and all words that appear in bold italics have been added by the author, and in no way reflect the view, decision, judgment, ruling, rendition, version or NAS translation provided by the Lockman Foundation.  The NAS version does not agree with nor should it be construed to reflect the insertion of words in bold italics or italics.  These insertions are merely study tools for comparison of translations.  The NAS text that reads “the Holy Spirit” has been left intact so as not to alter it, and to fairly compare translations.


·        Matthew 12:30-32 "He who is not with Me is against Me; and he who does not gather with Me scatters.  Therefore I say to you, any sin and blasphemy shall be forgiven men, but blasphemy against the Spirit shall not be forgiven.  And whoever shall speak a word against the Son of Man, it shall be forgiven him; but whoever shall speak against the Holy Spirit (toú Pneúmatos toú Hagíou), it shall not be forgiven him, either in this age, or in the age to come.”  NAS


·        Mark 3:28-30 “Truly I say to you, all sins shall be forgiven the sons of men, and whatever blasphemies they utter; but whoever blasphemes against the Holy Spirit (tó Pneúma tó Hágion) never has forgiveness, but is guilty of an eternal sin” -- because they were saying, “He has an unclean spirit.”   NAS


The accounts in Matthew 12:32 and Mark 3:29 are parallel each other; both involve events surrounding Jesus’ teaching on blasphemy of the Holy Spirit.  The use of two definite articles in each text shows emphasis on the nature and identity of the sanctified (consecrated) spirit of Jesus.  Parallels to the teaching in Matthew and Mark’s gospels are listed below (Luke 12:8-12).


The Greek word ‘blasfeemíai’ for ‘blasphemes’ means “vilification (especially against God).”  It comes from a root word ‘blasphemos’ meaning “low indecency or abuse; mean; foul; vile; obscenely jocular; as scurrilous language.”


When the Greek word blasphemos is language directed against men it infers language that is slanderous and injurious to one’s reputation.  When this same Greek word is used for language against God it means infers language that is

impious and irreverent towards Him; proceeding from or manifesting a contempt for Him as the Supreme Being and dishonoring His laws and bringing them into contempt.  Furthermore ‘blasphemos’ also implies being irreverent towards and wanting in veneration for God and his authority; that is, being irreligious and profane.


In Matthew 12:31 Jesus says, “… any sin and blasphemy shall be forgiven people, but blasphemy against the Spirit shall not be forgiven.”  This refers to impiety and contempt for God, because it is based upon the overall context. 


The Pharisees had accused Jesus of casting out demons by Beelzebul, the lord of the flies (meaning excrement).  Jesus responded to this accusation saying, “But if I cast out demons by the Spirit of God, then the kingdom of God has come upon you” (Matthew 12:24-28).


In Matthew 12:32 Jesus refers to blasphemy against himself once he has been glorified and sits at God’s right hand:

The Appropriate Translation


·        Matthew 12:32 “And whoever says something, which is an expression of his thoughts against the son of man, it shall be sent away from (forgiven) him; but whoever has a desire to speak against the consecrated spirit {of the glorified Messiah}, it shall not be sent away from (forgiven) him, not even in this Messianic age nor in that about to be suffered.” TAT


Jesus had healed a demon-possessed man who was blind and dumb, and all the multitudes following him began to ask if he was the “son of David” (i.e. – the Messiah; Matthew 12:22-23).  Everyone, including the Pharisees, bore witness this miracle was God working through and on behalf of Jesus.  Jesus’ works confirmed what the prophet Isaiah said about him, “Behold, My Servant whom I have chosen; My Beloved in whom My soul is well-pleased; I will put My Spirit upon Him, And He shall proclaim justice to the Gentiles.” (Matthew 12:18; NAS)


To show contempt for Jesus after he would be crucified, resurrected, ascended and glorified would be, in essence, to show contempt and complete irreverence for God’s authority.  Jesus was not only God’s son, but also His servant.


In Matthew 12:32 the construction is “toú Pneúmatos toú Hagíou” and in Mark 3:29 the grammatical construction is, “tó Pneúma tó Hágion.”  The reason pneumatos is used is because it is a form of pneúma that shows the agency and purpose of the sanctified spirit of Jesus.  Pneúma on the other hand is the basic form of the noun and reflects his essence (spirit) and nature.  Two definite articles used in the grammatical construction of tó Pneúma tó Hágion is for emphasis on the identity.


To blaspheme the sanctified pneúmatos means to vilify and abuse the purpose and role of Jesus.  We see this happening today with self-righteous religionists who abuse the name of Jesus to obtain wealth, status and control over the lives of others.


To blaspheme the sanctified pneúma of Jesus is to disregard and display irreverence for the authority given to him by his Father God.  Jesus has been given a name above every other name, and God has set him as head over the church.


The scribes who came down from Jerusalem were saying, "He is possessed by Beelzebul."  The scripture says these were guilty of an eternal sin "-- because they were saying, "He has an unclean spirit" (Mark 3:29-30).  They witnessed what God did through Jesus when he healed the sick, but fueled by jealousy, religious pride and greed they made comments that were indecent, vile, mean and foul.


There are kinds of scribes that exist today who speak derogatory and abusive things about those who do the works of God.  On so-called Christian radio programs self-proclaimed heresy hunters speak contemptuously about the children of light because they are mean spirited and arrogant.  To fight against the members of Christ’s body is to fight against Christ; to fight against Christ and his anointed ones is to fight against God Himself.


·        Luke 12:8-12 "And I say to you, everyone who confesses Me before men, the Son of Man shall confess him also before the angels of God; but he who denies Me before men shall be denied before the angels of God.  And everyone who will speak a word against the Son of Man, it shall be forgiven him; but he who blasphemes against the sacred spirit (tó Hágion Pneúma) the Holy Spirit, it shall not be forgiven him.  And when they bring you before the synagogues and the rulers and the authorities, do not become anxious about how or what you should speak in your defense, or what you should say; for the consecrated spirit {of Jesus} (tó Hágion Pneúma) the Holy Spirit will teach you in that very hour what you ought to say. "   NAS


Blasphemy against ‘the sacred spirit’ implies being irreverent towards and wanting in veneration for God and his authority.  God gives His authority to His son Jesus to judge the affairs of men in His kingdom.  When contempt is manifested towards those who obey the commands of Jesus, this is the spirit of antichrist; it is being contemptuous of Jesus Christ and his Father God.


·        Mark 13:10-11 "And the gospel must first be preached to all the nations.  And when they arrest you and deliver you up, do not be anxious beforehand about what you are to say, but say whatever is given you in that hour; for it is not you who speak, but it is the consecrated spirit {of Jesus} (tó Pneúma tó Hágion) the Holy Spirit.”  NAS


Part 3 of this series demonstrated Jesus as the Parakletos (one called alongside) to aid the believer.  In John 14:26 Jesus said he would bring to “remembrance” the things he had taught his disciples after he went away (ascended).  This concept is parallel to what Jesus is teaching in Mark 13:11 and further reinforces the interpretation that Jesus IS the Holy Spirit.


·        John 14:26 “But the Helper, the Holy Spirit, whom the Father will send in My name, He will teach you all things, and bring to your remembrance all that I said to you.”  NAS


The final scripture reference from the gospels regarding the Holy Spirit is found in Matthew 28:19-20:


·        Matthew 28:19-20 "Go therefore and make disciples of all the nations, baptizing them in the name of the Father and the Son and the purpose of the consecrated life (toú Hagíou Pneúmatos) the Holy Spirit, teaching them to observe all that I commanded you; and lo, I am with you always, even to the end of the age. "   NAS


Jesus gave his final instructions to the disciples by sending them out to the Gentile nations.  They were told to baptize (imbue; immerse; influence) all ethnic groups by observing ALL the things Jesus had commanded them.  The Greek word for baptize infers the idea of influencing others in an overwhelming manner, as one would do when immersing something.


The influence of the “name” in their culture meant more than merely a title by which a person is called.  The “name” carried with it one’s character and authority; the Greek word for name is ónomá, and it is used for everything that the name covers, everything the thought or feeling of which is roused in the mind by mentioning, hearing, or remembering the name.


Jesus was sent in his Father’s name to bring reconciliation and redemption to mankind.  He associated glory and honor and reverence with the name the one true God.  His life commitment was to vindicate God’s name, which had been shamed by the behavior of the self-righteous leaders of the Jews (e.g. – Pharisees and Sadducees).


Since Jesus came to the world in his Father’s name, it behooves us to understand what God’s name represents.  God told Moses His name is, “I AM THAT I AM.”  This is how English versions of the Bible have translated the Hebrew text of Exodus 3:14, “Ehyeh Asher Ehyeh.” 


Ehyeh is the Hebrew verb that comes from a root word ‘hayah’ meaning, “to exist, to be; to become, to come to pass; to be done, to happen, to be finished.”  The Hebrew word for “THAT” is 'asher; it is a relative pronoun (of every gender and number); who, which, what, that; also (as an adverb and a conjunction) when, where, how, because, in order that.”  (Biblesoft's New Exhaustive Strong's Numbers and Concordance with Expanded Greek-Hebrew Dictionary. Copyright (c) 1994, Biblesoft and International Bible Translators, Inc.)


“I AM THAT I AM” could be translated “I am He who is,” or “I am He who exists.”  In the text of Exodus 3:14 ehyeh is constructed in the Hebrew grammar what is known as Qal Imperfect; Qal Imperfect is an active voice showing simple, imperfect action.  The Qal in Hebrew Old Testament is a verbal stem that can be divided into two main classes: verbs that represent action (fientive) and verbs that describe a state of being (stative); in Exodus 3:14 the Qal could be construed to represent both.  That would translate as, “I am He who actively exists.”


 The Active Voice represents the subject of the verb as accomplishing the action described by the verb. The Imperfect in Hebrew conveys incomplete and primarily future events. The imperfect indicates imperfective action, viewing a part of a whole event from within the event or situation. Since its only focus is a part of the whole, it never takes into account whether an act has been completed or not. This fact led early grammarians to the traditional view that the conjugation represented incomplete action.  As such, the imperfect conjugation is often used for repeated or contingent action, and is often translated by the English future tense. The imperfect is sometimes used to convey capability, possibility, and obligation.  (From The AMG WordStudy Bible & Reference CD)


Combining all of the grammatical notations above, ‘Ehyeh Asher Ehyeh’ (I AM THAT I AM) might read, “I am actively existing continuously Who actively exists continually.”  This shows that God’s name reveals His true character; He is the One who always exists in an active state.  That means God is and always has been perpetually active; He is like no one else, and exists in a capacity rivaled by none.  He is the self-existing One who continuously works, particularly in the affairs of His creation (i.e. – mankind).

The Hebrew word “Yahweh” is more familiar to most Christians, though few truly understand its’ meaning.  Yahweh is the third person singular form of the Hebrew verb “Ehyeh.”  It is the word that human being use to speak of God, and it means, “He (who) exists” or “He (who) is.”


Jesus came in his Father’s name; actively accomplishing the works God gave him to do.  When the Jews asked him if he was the Christ, his reply pointed to his Father’s name:


·        John 10:25-31 Jesus answered them; I have told you so, yet you do not believe me [you do not trust me and rely on me].  The very works that I do by the power of my Father and in my Father's name bear witness concerning me [they are my credentials and evidence in support of me].  But you do not believe and trust and rely on me because you do not belong to my fold [you are no sheep of mine].  The sheep that are my own hear and are listening to my voice; and I know them, and they follow me.  And I give them eternal life, and they shall never lose it or perish throughout the ages. [To all eternity they shall never by any means be destroyed.]  And no one is able to snatch them out of my hand.  My Father, Who has given them to me, is greater and mightier than all [else]; and no one is able to snatch [them] out of the Father's hand.  I and the Father are one.  Again the Jews brought up stones to stone Him.  AMP


 When Jesus taught his disciples to baptize in his Father’s name, it meant to continue influencing the inhabitants of the world by bearing witness to the voice of Jesus.  Thus he who follows and obeys the voice of Jesus is following and obeying the voice of God.  This is an entire study in itself, but suffice it to say that if we love one another as Christ loves us, we are baptizing (influencing) others and bringing them into relationship with the Father’s name (character and authority).


·        Matthew 10:40-42 “He who receives you receives me, and he who receives me receives Him who sent me.  He who receives a prophet in the name of a prophet shall receive a prophet's reward; and he who receives a righteous man in the name of a righteous man shall receive a righteous man's reward.  And whoever in the name of a disciple gives to one of these little ones even a cup of cold water to drink, truly I say to you he shall not lose his reward.”  NAS


Baptizing into the name of Jesus is more than water baptism (for the remission of sins).  Certainly water baptism is a part of Matthew 28:19, but more important than the ceremonial act of water baptism is how we live our life after making the commitment to follow Jesus.  This is where the last part of verse nineteen is evident; to baptize others through our lives; to influence through the life that is consecrated.


The Appropriate Translation


·        Matthew 28:19 Therefore, go from one place to another making disciples of all the races and non-Jewish (Gentile) tribes, submerging and overwhelming them into the belief, profession and observance of the name, for the purpose of knowing the character & authority of the Father, and of the son, and of the consecrated life (toú Hagíou Pneúmatos).”  TAT


The consecrated life is that which operates with a clear conscience.  It is seen and witnessed through obedience to the truth, and fully recognized when we love one another as Jesus loves us.  People bear witness to the truth of the name of God the Father through His son Jesus Christ, and they bear witness to the character and authority of Jesus Christ through the actions of true disciples.


·        1 Peter 3:21-22 And baptism, which is a figure [of their deliverance], does now also save you [from inward questionings and fears], not by the removing of outward body filth [bathing], but by [providing you with] the answer of a good and clear conscience (inward cleanness and peace) before God [because you are demonstrating what you believe to be yours] through the resurrection of Jesus Christ.  [And He] has now entered into heaven and is at the right hand of God, with [all] angels and authorities and powers made subservient to Him.  AMP



Jesus IS The Consecrated Spirit In The Book Of Acts


·        Acts 1:4-8 And gathering them together, He commanded them not to leave Jerusalem, but to wait for what the Father had promised, "Which," He said, "you heard of from Me; for John baptized with water, but you shall be baptized with the Holy Spirit not many days from now. "  And so when they had come together, they were asking Him, saying, "Lord, is it at this time You are restoring the kingdom to Israel?"  He said to them, "It is not for you to know times or epochs which the Father has fixed by His own authority; but you shall receive power when the consecrated spirit (toú Hagíou Pneúmatos) the Holy Spirit has come upon you; and you shall be My witnesses both in Jerusalem, and in all Judea and Samaria, and even to the remotest part of the earth. "  NAS


In Acts 2:33 we find a very clear proof text for asserting Jesus as being one and the same as the holy (consecrated) spirit.  Below is the Appropriate Translation of Acts 2:33.




The Appropriate Translation


·        Acts 2:33 "Therefore having been exalted to the right hand of God, and having received from the Father the promise of the consecrated spirit (toú Pneúmatos toú Hagíou) He has poured forth this which you both see and hear.  TAT


Look carefully at the pronouns used in Acts 2:33; “He has poured forth this” refers back to Jesus, who has been “exalted to the right hand of God.”  It is not God the Father pouring out but Jesus who pours forth his own consecrated and sanctified spirit upon the disciples.


·        Acts 2:38-40 And Peter said to them, "Repent, and let each of you be baptized in the name of Jesus Christ for the forgiveness of your sins; and you shall receive the gift of the consecrated spirit (toú Hagíou Pneúmatos) the Holy Spirit.  For the promise is for you and your children, and for all who are far off, as many as the Lord our God shall call to Himself."  And with many other words he solemnly testified and kept on exhorting (parekálei) them, saying, "Be saved from this perverse generation!"  NAS


Once again the internal evidence from the text proves Jesus is the consecrated spirit.  Peter speaks forth the words given to him by Jesus, because the Greek word for exhorting is parekálei and Jesus IS the parakletos!


·        Acts 4:29-31 "And now, Lord, take note of their threats, and grant that Your bond-servants may speak Your word with all confidence, while You extend Your hand to heal, and signs and wonders take place through the name of Your holy servant Jesus."  And when they had prayed, the place where they had gathered together was shaken, and they were all filled with the consecrated spirit {of Jesus}(toú Hagíou Pneúmatos) the Holy Spirit and began to speak the word of God with boldness.  NASU


The context of Acts 4:29-31 is the disciples’ prayer that God would extend His hand to heal “through the name of Your holy servant Jesus.”  The “name” implies both character and authority.  As they prayed with authority in Jesus’ name, they were all filled with the sanctified and consecrated spirit (life) of Jesus the Christ.  Once again the context proves this spirit is Jesus, and not the third person of the Trinity.


·        Acts 5:3 But Peter said, "Ananias, why has Satan filled your heart to lie to the sacred spirit (tó Pneúma tó Hágion) the Holy Spirit, and to keep back some of the price of the land?”  NAS


Acts 5:3 was translated “the sacred spirit” because Ananias had made a sacred vow to God when he dedicated the money from land he sold to help the church.  We cannot and must not become so rigid in our interpretation of scripture to limit applications and violate the context.  In Acts 5:4 Peter rebukes Ananias and says, “…you have not lied to men, but to God (toó Theoó)."


God (Theoó) the Father (Páter) is spirit (John 4:23-24) and what is devoted to Him is sacred.  In Matthew 6:9 Jesus teaches his disciples how to pray saying, “Pray, then, in this way: ‘Our Father who art in heaven, Hallowed be Thy name.’” 


The Greek word for “Hallowed” is ‘hagiastheétoo’ which originates from ‘hagiazo’ meaning, “to render or declare sacred or holy, consecrate; to acknowledge to be venerable, to hallow; to separate from things profane and dedicate to God, to consecrate.”


Hagiazo originates from hágios and therefore to translate Acts 5:3 as “the sacred spirit” is appropriate, and is most likely a reference to the sacred spirit of God (not Jesus).  Certainly the Father of us all should be considered as sacred and venerable, and His name (Greek = ónomá) is sacred and set apart from that which is profane.  A similar use of tó Pneúma tó Hágion to refer to the Father is found in the context of Acts 28:25-28:


·        Acts 28:25-28 And when they did not agree with one another, they began leaving after Paul had spoken one parting word, " the sacred spirit (tó Pneúma tó Hágion) the Holy Spirit, rightly spoke through Isaiah the prophet to your fathers, saying, 'Go to this people and say, "You will keep on hearing, but will not understand; and you will keep on seeing, but will not perceive; for the heart of this people has become dull, and with their ears they scarcely hear, and they have closed their eyes; lest they should see with their eyes, and hear with their ears, and understand with their heart and return, and I should heal them. "'  Let it be known to you therefore, that this salvation of God has been sent to the Gentiles; they will also listen."  NAS


The context of Acts 28 is a reference back in time to the days of Isaiah before Jesus the Messiah had been born.  Paul had been trying to reason with the Jews in Rome by using the Law of Moses and the books of the OT Prophets to prove Jesus was the long awaited Messiah.  When some of the Jews departed Paul’s presence, being unwilling to listen to the truth, he rebuked them from the words of Isaiah.


There is another possible interpretation of Acts 28:25-28, and it is the fact that Jesus, Israel’s Messiah, rebuked the Jews by reading from the Book of Isaiah, and in this way, the fathers of the Jews that Paul rebuked were formerly chastised by Jesus.  The particular portion of Isaiah quoted by Paul is found in Isaiah 6:8-13, with emphasis on 6:9-10 (below):


·        Isaiah 6:9-10 And He said, "Go, and tell this people: ‘Keep on listening, but do not perceive; keep on looking, but do not understand.'  Render the hearts of this people insensitive, their ears dull, and their eyes dim, lest they see with their eyes, hear with their ears, understand with their hearts, and return and be healed." 


More than once Jesus quotes from Isaiah’s text; sometimes quoting it verbatim, and other times adding revelation to its’ content.  The following are but a few of the examples of Jesus’ quoting Isaiah the prophet:


·        Matthew 15:7-9 “You hypocrites, rightly did Isaiah prophesy of you, saying, ‘This people honors me with their lips, but their heart is far away from me.  But in vain do they worship me, teaching as doctrines the precepts of men.’”  KJV


·        Matthew 13:10-17 And the disciples came and said to Him, “Why do you speak to them in parables?”  And He answered and said to them, “To you it has been granted to know the mysteries of the kingdom of heaven, but to them it has not been granted.  For whoever has, to him shall more be given, and he shall have an abundance; but whoever does not have, even what he has shall be taken away from him.  Therefore I speak to them in parables; because while seeing they do not see, and while hearing they do not hear, nor do they understand.  And in their case the prophecy of Isaiah is being fulfilled, which says, 'You will keep on hearing, but will not understand; and you will keep on seeing, but will not perceive; for the heart of this people has become dull, and with their ears they scarcely hear, and they have closed their eyes lest they should see with their eyes, and hear with their ears, and understand with their heart and return, and I should heal them.’  But blessed are your eyes, because they see; and your ears, because they hear.  For truly I say to you, that many prophets and righteous men desired to see what you see, and did not see it; and to hear what you hear, and did not hear it.”  NAS


Acts 5:32 is yet another proof text demonstrating that Jesus, in his exalted position and life giving existence is the sanctified spirit (tó Pneúma tó Hágion). 


·        Acts 5:30-32 "The God of our fathers raised up Jesus, whom you had put to death by hanging Him on a cross.  He is the one whom God exalted to His right hand as a Prince and a Savior, to grant repentance to Israel, and forgiveness of sins.  And we are witnesses of these things; and so is the sanctified spirit {of Jesus} (tó Pneúma tó Hágion) the Holy Spirit, whom God has given to those who obey Him."  NAS


The context says, “God exalted to His right hand as a Prince and a Savior.”  Jesus was certainly one of the “witnesses” to his own death, as were the disciples.


·        Acts 7:51-57 "You men who are stiff-necked and uncircumcised in heart and ears are always resisting the consecrated spirit {of Jesus} (toó Pneúmati toó Hagíoo); the Holy Spirit you are doing just as your fathers did.  Which one of the prophets did your fathers not persecute?  And they killed those who had previously announced the coming of the Righteous One, whose betrayers and murderers you have now become; you who received the law as ordained by angels, and yet did not keep it. "   Now when they heard this, they were cut to the quick, and they began gnashing their teeth at him.  But being full of purpose in a consecrated disposition (Pneúmatos Hagíou) the Holy Spirit, he gazed intently into heaven and saw the glory of God, and Jesus standing at the right hand of God; and he said, "Behold, I see the heavens opened up and the Son of Man standing at the right hand of God."  NAS


Acts 7:51 specifies Jesus as “the consecrated spirit,” whom the self-righteous Jewish leaders were resisting.  The proof that it is Jesus is found in 7:52, which says, “And they killed those who had previously announced the coming of the Righteous One, whose betrayers and murderers you have now become.”


Further proof that Jesus is the consecrated spirit mentioned by Stephen can be located in the earlier portion of the context in Acts 6:13-14:


·        Acts 6:13-14 And they put forward false witnesses who said, “This man incessantly speaks against this holy place, and the Law; for we have heard him say that this Nazarene, Jesus, will destroy this place and alter the customs which Moses handed down to us.”  NAS


Who were the Jewish Council and the high priest speaking against?  According to Acts 6:14 they were resisting, “this Nazarene, Jesus.”  Stephen was resolute in his commitment to die for the truth, being full of, “purpose in a consecrated disposition.”


·        Acts 9:31 So the church throughout all Judea and Galilee and Samaria enjoyed peace, being built up; and, going on in the fear of the Lord and in the comfort (parakleései) of the sanctified counsel {of Jesus} toú Hagíou Pneúmatos the Holy Spirit, it continued to increase.  NAS


In Acts 9:26-30 the church in Jerusalem reacted in fear when Peter presented Paul (formerly the persecutor Saul) to them.  The believers were fearful that Saul may be there to use trickery to ensnare them and persecute them.  After being convinced Paul’s conversion was genuine, and witnessing his boldness to preach Jesus to the Hellenized Jews, “the church throughout all Judea and Galilee and Samaria enjoyed peace, being built up; and, going on in the fear of the Lord and in the comfort (parakleései) of the sanctified counsel {of Jesus} (toú Hagíou Pneúmatos)


The Greek word for comfort (parakleései) originates from the root word parakaléo meaning, “to call near, i.e. invite, invoke (by imploration, hortation or consolation).  In Part 3 of this series we learned that Jesus is the Helper (parakletos).  In Acts 9:31 the church in Jerusalem received comfort from the assurance given through the “sanctified counsel” of the glorified spirit of Jesus.


The translation, “the sanctified counsel” is a viable one because the Greek word ‘pneuma’ is used at times of the ‘intellect’ or ‘will’ of the spirit.  While counsel should not be thought of as a substitution for Jesus, rather it represents one of his key roles as “Counselor” to the church.


·        Acts 10:44-48 While Peter was still speaking these words, the sanctifying spirit {of Jesus} (tó Pneúma tó Hágion) the Holy Spirit fell upon all those who were listening to the message.  And all the circumcised believers who had come with Peter were amazed, because the gift of the sanctified life (toú Hagíou Pneúmatos) the Holy Spirit had been poured out upon the Gentiles also.  For they were hearing them speaking with tongues and exalting God.  Then Peter answered, "Surely no one can refuse the water for these to be baptized who have received the consecrated spirit {of Jesus} (tó Pneúma tó Hágion) the Holy Spirit just as we did, can he?"  And he ordered them to be baptized in the name of Jesus Christ.  Then they asked him to stay on for a few days.  NAS


The circumcised Jewish believers were amazed when they witnessed the spirit of Jesus descending around and upon the Gentiles.  Jews normally thought of Gentiles as less than human, and had no association with them.  In fact, Gentiles were also considered unclean, and to even touch a Gentile was thought to be a defilement of one’s person.


To get an understanding of just how strong Jewish sentiment against Gentiles really was, consider how modern-day Islamic fundamentalists in countries like Iraq, Iran, Egypt, Saudi Arabia and Pakistan hate the people of Israel.  No consider how the rabbinic Jews in modern Jerusalem must feel towards the Arab nations, particularly the extremist Islamic Palestinian terrorists who have constantly terrorized Israel with suicidal bombings and other acts of terror.


Can you see how the ancient Jews felt about Gentiles?  This sentiment is an age-old clash between these ethnic groups, and so imagine how Peter and John and the other Jewish believers felt when they saw Gentiles speak in tongues and glorify God!


When Peter, John and the others saw the Gentiles speak with tongues, they knew it was Jesus interceding on their behalf.  It was apparent that Jesus had cleansed the Gentiles, and he made no distinction between them and the Jews.  They embraced these Gentile converts as part of Christ’s body by baptizing them in the name, character, and authority of Jesus the Messiah.


It is appropriate that the word “the Holy Spirit” have been retranslated as, “the sanctifying spirit {of Jesus}” and “the consecrated spirit {of Jesus}.”  Jesus had consecrated the Gentiles because of their sincere faith and sacred devotion to him, and to his Father God.


As you read the passage below, it is important to note Peter’s choice of words in describing what the Gentiles received, “the consecrated spirit {of Jesus}” and “a sanctified life.”  This translation and the one above is much more fitting than “the Holy Spirit” because it shows the uniqueness of the Gentile’s conversion and sanctification by the life-giving spirit of Jesus.


·        Acts 11:15-18 "And as I began to speak, the consecrated spirit {of Jesus} (tó Pneúma tó Hágion) the Holy Spirit fell upon them, just as He did upon us at the beginning.  And I remembered the word of the Lord, how He used to say, 'John baptized with water, but you shall be baptized with a sanctified life (anarthrous; Pneúmati Hagíoo) the Holy Spirit.'  If God therefore gave to them the same gift as He gave to us also after believing in the Lord Jesus Christ, who was I that I could stand in God's way?"  And when they heard this, they quieted down, and glorified God, saying, "Well then, God has granted to the Gentiles also the repentance that leads to life."  NAS


In Acts 11:15-18 we see Peter recalling the event he and the other Jewish believers witnessed to the church and its’ leaders in Jerusalem.  This was very important testimony because it came from Peter and John, especially considering they were the original disciples of Jesus the Messiah.


Peter’s words about the Gentiles are echoed once more in Acts 15:7-9 (below):


·        Acts 15:7-9 And after there had been much debate, Peter stood up and said to them, "Brethren, you know that in the early days God made a choice among you, that by my mouth the Gentiles should hear the word of the gospel and believe.  And God, who knows the heart, bore witness to them, giving them the consecrated spirit {of Jesus} (tó Pneúma tó Hágion) the Holy Spirit just as He also did to us; and He made no distinction between us and them, cleansing their hearts by faith.”  NAS


Later in the history of Gentiles in the church, their conduct and practices were called into question.  Judaizers were scrutinizing what the Gentile converts ate, and demanded they have their males circumcised.  The apostles and elders in Jerusalem, having been counseled by the spirit of Jesus wrote these words to the Gentile converts of the church in Corinth and other regions:


·        Acts 15:28-29 "For it seemed good to the consecrating purposes of the spirit {of Jesus} (toó Pneúmati toó Hagíoo) the Holy Spirit and to us to lay upon you no greater burden than these essentials: that you abstain from things sacrificed to idols and from blood and from things strangled and from fornication; if you keep yourselves free from such things, you will do well.  Farewell. "   NAS


Next we will look at scripture passages that tell of Saul’s conversion to Jesus as Messiah.  Acts 13:2-4 (below) is a repetition of what Jesus first began when he called Saul (later renamed Paul). 


·        Acts 13:1-4 Now there were at Antioch, in the church that was there, prophets and teachers: Barnabas, and Simeon who was called Niger, and Lucius of Cyrene, and Manaen who had been brought up with Herod the tetrarch, and Saul.  And while they were ministering to the Lord and fasting, the consecrated spirit {of Jesus} (tó Pneúma tó Hágion) the Holy Spirit said, "Set apart for Me Barnabas and Saul for the work to which I have called them."  Then, when they had fasted and prayed and laid their hands on them, they sent them away.  So, being sent out by means of and for the purpose of the consecrated spirit (toú Hagíou Pneúmatos) by the Holy Spirit, they went down to Seleucia and from there they sailed to Cyprus.  NAS


On the road to Damascus Saul was first called and set apart for the work of the ministry by means of the sanctified spirit of Jesus.  Jesus appeared to Saul (Paul) because an apostle of Christ had to be an eyewitness of the Messiah and be set apart for service by him. 


In the accounts below (Acts 9:3-6 with 26:14-18), Jesus told Paul, “For this purpose I have appeared to you, to appoint you a minister and a witness…” Jesus sent Paul to the Jews and Gentiles alike, and became the sanctifying spirit to both groups; hence Jesus’ words to Paul, “in order that they may receive forgiveness of sins and an inheritance among those who have been sanctified by faith in me.”


·        Acts 9:3-6 with 26:14-18 And it came about that as he journeyed, he was approaching Damascus, and suddenly a light from heaven flashed around him; and he fell to the ground, and heard a voice saying to him, "Saul, Saul, why are you persecuting Me?  It is hard for you to kick against the goads.”    And he said, "Who art Thou, Lord?"  And He said, "I am Jesus whom you are persecuting, but rise, and enter the city, and it shall be told you what you must do.   For this purpose I have appeared to you, to appoint you a minister and a witness not only to the things which you have seen, but also to the things in which I will appear to you; delivering you from the Jewish people and from the Gentiles, to whom I am sending you, to open their eyes so that they may turn from darkness to light and from the dominion of Satan to God, in order that they may receive forgiveness of sins and an inheritance among those who have been sanctified by faith in me.’  NAS


Jesus continues his sanctification of Paul by assigning Barnabas to travel with him and preach the gospel (see above Acts 13:2).  This happened as prophets and teachers in Antioch, including Barnabas, Simeon, Lucius of Cyrene, and Manaen, and Saul were praying, and the spirit of Jesus spoke to them.  This is consistent with how Jesus had sent out the seventy two-by-two:


·        Luke 10:1-3 Now after this the Lord appointed seventy others, and sent them two and two ahead of Him to every city and place where He Himself was going to come.  And He was saying to them, "The harvest is plentiful, but the laborers are few; therefore beseech the Lord of the harvest to send out laborers into His harvest.  Go your ways; behold, I send you out as lambs in the midst of wolves.”  NAS


Paul also journeyed with other apostles, including Timothy, whom Paul acted as a mentor.  In one of the most poignant scripture passages of the New Testament, Acts 16:6-9 present absolute and irrefutable proof that Jesus IS the “holy Spirit!”  The text below illustrates Paul and Timothy making their way to various cities and regions to proclaim the gospel and encourage the churches:


·        Acts 16:6-9 They (Paul & Timothy) passed through the Phrygian and Galatian region, having been forbidden by the purpose (intent) of the consecrated spirit (toú Hagíou Pneúmatos) the Holy Spirit to speak the word in Asia; and after they came to Mysia, they were trying to go into Bithynia, and the Spirit of Jesus did not permit them; and passing by Mysia, they came down to Troas.  A vision appeared to Paul in the night: a man of Macedonia was standing and appealing to him, and saying, "Come over to Macedonia and help us."  NASU 


This scripture PROVES Jesus is the Holy Spirit because 16:6 says Paul and Timothy were “forbidden by the Holy Spirit to speak the word in Asia” and the VERY NEXT VERSE (16:7) says, “the spirit of Jesus” would not permit them to go into Bithynia.


In Acts 16:6 the Greek words toú Hagíou Pneúmatos emphasize the purpose of the spirit of Jesus more than emphasizing his identity.  The identity is a given, because the next verse (Acts 16:7) clearly identifies him as, “the spirit of Jesus” (Greek = tó Pneúma Ieesoú). 


Acts 19:1-6 is another text illustrating how the spirit of Jesus came to those yet unfamiliar with his life-giving sanctification.


·        Acts 19:1-6 And it came about that while Apollos was at Corinth, Paul having passed through the upper country came to Ephesus, and found some disciples, and he said to them, "Did you receive an undefiled (sanctified) life (anarthrous construction; no definite article; Pneúma Hágion) the Holy Spirit when you believed?” And they said to him, "No, we have not even heard whether there is an undefiled (sanctified) life” (anarthrous construction; no definite article; Pneúma Hágion) a Holy Spirit.  And he said, "Into what then were you baptized?"  And they said, "Into John's baptism."  And Paul said, "John baptized with the baptism of repentance, telling the people to believe in Him who was coming after him, that is, in Jesus."  And when they heard this, they were baptized in the name of the Lord Jesus.  And when Paul had laid his hands upon them, the consecrated spirit {of Jesus} (tó Pneúma tó Hágion) the Holy Spirit came on them, and they began speaking with tongues and prophesying.  NAS


In Part 7 we learned that Paul encountered some of John the Baptist’s disciples when he came to Ephesus.  In Acts 19:2 he asks these uninformed disciples if they had taken hold of an undefiled (or sanctified) life since they believed.  The Greek word translated “received” in 19:2 is ‘elábete’ meaning, “to take hold of; to get.”


Though devout, John’s disciples had obviously never heard of the sanctification available through the redemption in Jesus.  John’s was a baptism of repentance, but it was insufficient to cleanse the soul and conscience of sin.  That is why John’s disciples responded to Paul’s question, saying, “"No, we have not even heard whether there is an undefiled (sanctified) life.”    


Paul’s explanation to them revealed that John had been telling the people to believe in him who came after him, that is, in Jesus.  After embracing the gospel of Jesus, they were baptized in his name, and then experienced the consecrated spirit {of Jesus} as Paul laid his hands on them, and they began speaking in tongues and prophesying.


Because John’s disciples experienced the same thing as the 120 at Pentecost, and the Gentiles who also spoke in tongues (Acts 10:44-46), It is logical to conclude the same spirit of Jesus is interceding on their behalf.


·        Acts 21:10-11 As we were staying there for some days, a prophet named Agabus came down from Judea.  And coming to us, he took Paul's belt and bound his own feet and hands, and said, “This is what the consecrated spirit {of Jesus} (tó Pneúma tó Hágion) the Holy Spirit says: ‘In this way the Jews at Jerusalem will bind the man who owns this belt and deliver him into the hands of the Gentiles.’”  NASU


Agabus is one of the few NT prophets seen in the Book of Acts; in Acts 21:10-11 he prophesies of Paul’s inevitable imprisonment.  The proof that the spirit of Jesus forewarns Paul through Agabus can be seen from Jesus’ own experience with the Jews in Jerusalem.  Judas had betrayed Jesus into the hands of the chief priests and the elders of the people took counsel against him to put him to death. 


·        Matthew 27:1-2 Now when morning had come, all the chief priests and the elders of the people took counsel against Jesus to put Him to death; and they bound Him, and led Him away, and delivered Him up to Pilate the governor.  NAS


Out of love for his disciple Paul the consecrated spirit of Jesus provides him with information about the persecution he will face in Jerusalem.  There is no better witness than one who has already experienced martyrdom.


Jesus IS The Consecrated Spirit In The Epistles


·        2 Corinthians 13:11-14 Finally, brethren, rejoice, be made complete, be comforted, be like-minded, live in peace; and the God of love and peace shall be with you.  Greet one another with a holy kiss.  All the saints greet you.  The grace of the Lord Jesus Christ, and the love of God, and the fellowship of the unblemished life (toú Hagíou Pneúmatos) the Holy Spirit, be with you all.  NAS


This is Paul’s third message to the Corinthian church.  The context of chapter 13 reveals another strong exhortation from the apostle Paul, and a warning that he will not tolerate the kind of immorality and sin exhibited earlier.


·        2 Corinthians 13:1-2, 5-6 This is the third time I am coming to you. Every fact is to be confirmed by the testimony of two or three witnesses.  I have previously said when present the second time, and though now absent I say in advance to those who have sinned in the past and to all the rest as well, that if I come again, I will not spare anyone… Test yourselves to see if you are in the faith; examine yourselves!  Or do you not recognize this about yourselves, that Jesus Christ is in you-- unless indeed you fail the test?  NAS


There are three things Paul closes his epistle to the Corinthians with.  First, the “grace” (influence) of the Lord Jesus.  Second, the love of God.  Third, purity and sanctification (e.g. – a holy kiss & an unblemished life).


·        Ephesians 4:30 And do not grieve the Holy Spirit of God (tó Pneúma tó Hágion toú Theoú), by whom you were sealed for the day of redemption.  NAS


While the text of Ephesians 4:30 seems straightforward, a more literal translation provides a different interpretation.

The Appropriate Translation


·        Ephesians 4:30 And do not bring sorrow to the sanctified life, to the magistrate, in whom you remain in a fixed position of rest, preserved into a time of deliverance from the sting of death. TAT


The Greek for Ephesians 4:30 reads, “tó Pneúma tó Hágion toú Theoú.”  While this could easily be translated as, “the Holy Spirit of God,” (as done in the NAS), it can just as viably be translated as, “the sanctified life, to the magistrate.”


The context of Ephesians chapter four speaks primarily of Jesus Christ and his body of believers, and contains admonitions to act and be Christ-like (see 4:7-16, 20-22, 25, 32).  The words “by whom” in 4:30 should be translated, “in whom you remain in a fixed position of rest.”  It is in Jesus Christ that we remain in a fixed position of rest.


This leads us into the next text of scripture, which also mentions the idea of “rest” through the consecrated spirit of Jesus.  In the narrative of Hebrews 3:5-4:16, Jesus is seen as a faithful son over God’s house, just as Moses was in his time.


In order to present the Hebrews narrative in its’ context, the NAS version below is segregated into sections, and between each segment of scripture verses are comments to help understand the interpretation of the text.


Hebrews 3:5-4:16


·        Hebrews 3:5-6 Now Moses was faithful in all his house as a servant, for a testimony of those things which were to be spoken later; 6 but Christ was faithful as a Son over his house whose house we are, if we hold fast our confidence and the boast of our hope firm until the end. NAS


Verses 5-6 illustrate Jesus as the head of a spiritual household for those who hold steadfast to him until the end.  On this basis, verse 7 points to what the consecrated spirit of Jesus says (NOT what ‘the Holy Spirit says).


·        Hebrews 3:7 Therefore, just as the consecrated spirit {of Jesus} tó Pneúma tó Hágion the Holy Spirit says, “Today if you hear His voice,


The PROOF 3:7 refers to Jesus and not the Holy Spirit (i.e. – God’s spirit) is found in the pronoun “His.”  If it were the Holy Spirit of God speaking, He would have said, “Today if you hear MY voice” instead of, “Today if you hear HIS voice.”


The original Greek text of Hebrews 3:7 uses the personal pronoun “autoú” and therefore it has to be someone other than God speaking.  Therefore tó Pneúma tó Hágion has been translated as “the consecrated spirit” and {of Jesus} has been inserted to clarify who the consecrated spirit is.  If this were not proof enough, the context agrees with the interpretation.


·        Hebrews 3:8-11 8 Do not harden your hearts as when they provoked Me, As in the day of trial in the wilderness, 9 Where your fathers tried Me by testing Me, And saw My works for forty years. 10 "Therefore I was angry with this generation, And said, 'They always go astray in their heart; and they did not know my ways'; 11 as I swore in my wrath, ‘They shall not enter my rest.' " 


Why did Jesus come to the human race?  Why did God create His only begotten son in Mary’s womb, and then offer him up as the sacrificial Lamb?  The primary reason for Jesus, and the number one purpose of his ministry was to bring us TO THE FATHER!  Jesus gave his own life as a ransom to reconcile men to God, in order that men could HEAR THE FATHER’S VOICE!  This is the main point being made in Hebrews 3:8-11 and the remainder of the Hebrews text.


·        Hebrews 3:12-19 12 Take care, brethren, lest there should be in any one of you an evil, unbelieving heart, in falling away from the living God. 13 But encourage one another day after day, as long as it is still called "Today," lest any one of you be hardened by the deceitfulness of sin.  14 For we have become partakers of Christ, if we hold fast the beginning of our assurance firm until the end; 15 while it is said, "Today if you hear His voice, do not harden your hearts, as when they provoked Me."  16 For who provoked Him when they had heard? Indeed, did not all those who came out of Egypt led by Moses? 17 And with whom was He angry for forty years? Was it not with those who sinned, whose bodies fell in the wilderness? 18 And to whom did He swear that they should not enter His rest, but to those who were disobedient? 19 And so we see that they were not able to enter because of unbelief.


Note that 3:15 is yet another quote by the consecrated spirit of Jesus, and is uttered the anointed penman of the epistle to the Hebrews (most likely the apostle Paul), saying, “Today if you hear His voice…”


This interpretation may seem contradictory when you examine 3:15 in the NAS version, which reads, “Today if you hear His voice, do not harden your hearts, as when they provoked Me.”  Grammatically, the NAS version makes no sense at all; it is improper to use the first person singular pronoun “His” in the same construction as the pronoun, “Me.”


The NAS version makes verse 15 sound like the third person of the Trinity (God the Holy Spirit) is talking about one of the other two persons of the Trinity.  No wonder people are questioning the doctrine of the Trinity!


In context, 3:14 is speaking about Christ, and therefore we can continue that theme into verse 15, and conclude it is the consecrated spirit of Jesus speaking.  In fact, there are several translations that omit the pronoun “Me” in 3:15 to be consistent with the Greek text.  For example, here is how the New International Version (NIV) and New King James Version NKJV) translate Hebrews 3:15 (below):


·        Hebrews 3:15 While it is said: “Today, if you will hear His voice, do not harden your hearts as in the rebellion.”  NKJV


·        Hebrews 3:15 As has just been said: “Today, if you hear his voice, do not harden your hearts as you did in the rebellion.”  (From New International Version)


We safely conclude it is the spirit of Jesus speaking to the church here, because the epistle says, ““Today, if you hear his voice, do not harden your hearts…”


·        Hebrews 4:1-5 Therefore, let us fear lest, while a promise remains of entering His rest, any one of you should seem to have come short of it. 2 For indeed we have had good news preached to us, just as they also; but the word they heard did not profit them, because it was not united by faith in those who heard. 3 For we who have believed enter that rest, just as He has said, "As I swore in my wrath, they shall not enter my rest," although His works were finished from the foundation of the world. 4 For He has thus said somewhere concerning the seventh day, "And God rested on the seventh day from all His works"; 5 and again in this passage, "They shall not enter my rest."


The verses above refer back to 3:15 and 3:19; it is an admonition to the Hebrew church to enter the rest provided by the sanctified spirit of Jesus (3:15), and 4:2 compares the rest of Yahweh to Israel with the rest available to the NT believer in Jesus, saying, “For indeed we have had good news preached to us, just as they also…”


The theme of rest in Jesus in continued for the remainder of Hebrews 4:6-13, particularly 4:6-7 (below) which speak of Jesus in his Messianic role as “David” (meaning “love”) to spiritual Israel (the church):


·        Hebrews 4:6-7 6 Since therefore it remains for some to enter it, and those who formerly had good news preached to them failed to enter because of disobedience, 7 He again fixes a certain day, "Today," saying through David after so long a time just as has been said before, "Today if you hear His voice, Do not harden your hearts."


All Jews knew that David was symbolic for the Messiah, and often referred to the Christ as, “the son of David.”  It was through David’s line that God made a promise of one (Messiah) who would ascend the throne of Israel and reign forever.


Before examining the next verse, here is a reminder of what was said about Jesus earlier.  Jesus came to bring us to the Father, in order that through him the Father’s voice would become accessible.  Below are some proof texts that tie the rest of Jesus and the voice of his Father God together.


·        John 5:36-40 “I have testimony weightier than that of John.  For the very work that the Father has given me to finish, and which I am doing, testifies that the Father has sent me.  And the Father who sent me has himself testified concerning me.  You have never heard his voice nor seen his form, nor does his word dwell in you, for you do not believe the one he sent.  You diligently study the Scriptures because you think that by them you possess eternal life.  These are the Scriptures that testify about me, yet you refuse to come to me to have life.  (From New International Version)


·        Matthew 11:28-30 Come to me, all you who labor, and are heavy-laden and overburdened, and I will cause you to rest. [I will ease and relieve and refresh your souls.]  Take my yoke upon you and learn of me, for I am gentle (meek) and humble (lowly) in heart, and you will find rest (relief and ease and refreshment and your souls. [Jeremiah 6:16.]  For recreation and blessed quiet) for my yoke is wholesome (useful, good--not harsh, hard, sharp, or pressing, but comfortable, gracious, and pleasant), and my burden is light and easy to be borne.  AMP


There are two other places in the Book of Hebrews that we find Jesus in his role and function as the consecrated spirit.  Below the scriptures are set in their context to demonstrate the connection between Jesus as both high priest of God to the church, and as the one who sanctifies and consecrates through his blood atonement.


·        Hebrews 9:7-12 But only the high priest entered the inner room, and that only once a year, and never without blood, which he offered for himself and for the sins the people had committed in ignorance.  The consecrating spirit (and its purpose) (toú Pneúmatos toú Hagíou) the Holy Spirit was showing by this that the way into the Most Holy Place had not yet been disclosed as long as the first tabernacle was still standing.  This is an illustration for the present time, indicating that the gifts and sacrifices being offered were not able to clear the conscience of the worshiper.  They are only a matter of food and drink and various ceremonial washings-external regulations applying until the time of the new order.  When Christ came as high priest of the good things that are already here, he went through the greater and more perfect tabernacle that is not man-made, that is to say, not a part of this creation.  He did not enter by means of the blood of goats and calves; but he entered the Most Holy Place once for all by his own blood, having obtained eternal redemption.  (From New International Version) 


The passage above (Hebrews 9:7-12) is an exhortation to the Hebrew church from the man who wrote the epistle (most likely Paul).  He prefaces his mention of the consecrated spirit with dialogue concerning what the high priest did in the old covenant.  Once a year, after offering up sacrifices for himself and for the nation of Israel, he would enter the most holy place, known also as the holy of holies.


Paul is admonishing the Hebrew church by telling them “the consecrated spirit” of Jesus had a purpose (hence the use of the Greek ‘toú Pneúmatos’ instead of ‘toú Pneúma.’  At the VERY MOMENT Paul was writing the Book of Hebrews, the consecrating spirit of Jesus was fulfilling his purpose by showing him the way into the Most Holy Place.


The spirit of Jesus is he that revealed to Paul, and to the Hebrew church, that the Most Holy Place was NOT found in the tabernacle, or in the Jewish temple.  Jesus came alongside Paul as the Parakletos, and gave him counsel and aid to comprehend what the holy of holies represented.


Paul now understood that when Jesus Christ came to the church after his ascension and glorification, he came, as high priest of the good things that already existed.  Jesus finished his redemptive work when he gave his own body as the sacrifice, and he went through the greater and more perfect tabernacle that is not man-made.  The greater tabernacle, with its Most Holy Place was really being in the very presence of his Father God.


The blood of bulls and goats, as ordained by the Law, could never take away sins and cleanse the conscience of man.  In Hebrews 10:5 Christ is mentioned as “the body” prepared by God as a sacrifice.  The man Jesus knew the Law, and in Hebrews 10:7 we have a record of what Jesus said to God as it was revealed to him that he was the offering for sin, as he said, ‘Here I am-it is written about me in the scroll- I have come to do your will, O God.’


Gethsemane was the sacred place of preparation for Jesus to consecrate himself as a living sacrifice, saying, “Father, if you are willing, take this cup from me; yet not my will, but yours be done.” (Luke 22:42-43)


In Hebrews 10:9-10 we find that the compliant exercise of Jesus’ will to conform to God’s will ushered in a new covenant, and did away with the terms of the old.  His sacrifice made those who believe “holy” (Hágion; sacred; set apart; consecrated; pure or chaste).


·        Hebrews 10:9-10 Then he said, "Here I am, I have come to do your will."  He sets aside the first to establish the second.  And by that will, we have been made holy through the sacrifice of the body of Jesus Christ once for all.  NIV


In this setting we find the next reference translated “the Holy Spirit”; as you read, it will become apparent that it should be rendered, “


·        Hebrews 10:14-18 For by one offering He has perfected for all time those who are sanctified. And The consecrated spirit {of Jesus} (tó Pneúma tó Hágion) the Holy Spirit also bears witness to us; for after saying, “This is the covenant that I will make with them after those days, says the Lord: I will put My laws upon their heart, and upon their mind I will write them,” he then says, “And their sins and their lawless deeds I will remember no more.”  Now where there is forgiveness of these things, there is no longer any offering for sin.  NAS


The context of Hebrews chapter ten that precedes verse 15 is clearly defining Jesus Christ as the sacrifice for sin, and the man who has come to do God’s will.  Furthermore, the sacrifice of Jesus’ body is the means by which all who believe are consecrated.  Jesus is the one who “sets aside” the first covenant and ushers in the second.  In light of these facts, it only makes sense to translate 10:15 as, “the consecrated spirit” and not “the Holy Spirit.”


Jesus Christ is the mediator of the new covenant, and it is his blood that God accepts as the only sacrifice able to make men holy (see Hebrews 8:6; 9:15; 12:24; 1 Timothy 2:5-6). Jesus IS (present tense) our great high priest, and he mediates on our behalf in “a new and living way.” 


Having offered his body of flesh as the sacrifice for sin, Jesus is now ascended to God’s right hand, and works as “the consecrating spirit” (Not as “the Holy Spirit”).  He continues to sanctify and set us apart unto his Father God and makes a way for us to draw near to God with a sincere heart in full assurance of faith, having our hearts sprinkled to cleanse us from a guilty conscience.


·        Hebrews 10:19-22 Therefore, brothers, since we have confidence to enter the Most Holy Place by the blood of Jesus, by a new and living way opened for us through the curtain, that is, his body, and since we have a great priest over the house of God, let us draw near to God with a sincere heart in full assurance of faith, having our hearts sprinkled to cleanse us from a guilty conscience and having our bodies washed with pure water. (from New International Version)


The Most Unusual Holy Spirit Scriptures


There are a few NT scriptures that have an unusual construction in the original Greek text.  The first of these is found in Ephesians 1:13.


·        Ephesians 1:13-14 In Him, you also, after listening to the message of truth, the gospel of your salvation--having also believed, you were sealed in Him with the Holy Spirit of promise, who is given as a pledge of our inheritance, with a view to the redemption of God's own possession, to the praise of His glory.  NAS


Before we interpret the meaning of this verse, it is necessary to retranslate it.  The Greek reads much differently than other texts thus far, “esfragístheete toó Pneúmati teés epangelías toó Hagíoo.”


The Appropriate Translation


·        Ephesians 1:13-14 In whom you also, having a relationship of rest, after you heard with attentiveness, the discourse of truth, the good news of your deliverance, having also trusted, your life was authenticated by offering {yourself} for consecrated service; which is given as a security deposit of our possession, in anticipation of its full redemption and our complete acquiring of it--to the praise of His glory.  TAT


Ephesians 1:13-14 is not eluding to the Holy Spirit, or even to the consecrated spirit of Jesus.  Rather, the grammatical construction of the Greek when properly translated refers to a believer’s life and how God recognizes it as genuine (authentic). 


This verse refutes the notion promulgated by Calvinists that salvation is “guaranteed” without works.  One’s life must be offered to God in sanctified, or consecrated service.  This is the down payment (so to speak) of one’s eternal inheritance.  In other words, heaven is not guaranteed unless you are devoted to serving the One who makes it available.  It’s that simple.


·        1 Thessalonians 4:7-8 For God has not called us for the purpose of impurity, but in sanctification.  Consequently, he who rejects this is not rejecting man but the God who gives His Holy Spirit (tó Pneúma autoú tó Hágion to you).  NAS


Our final verse in this series embellishes what the entire series has been dedicated to… sanctification.  God has called us out of the darkness of sin’s impurity to a life that is set apart as sacred and untarnished by the world.  Many so-called Christians in America reject what is holy for the profane, and continue in their lukewarm state of existence living like the world.


1 Thessalonians 4:8 has been retranslated below to reflect what the Greek text says:

The Appropriate Translation


·        1 Thessalonians 4:8 Consequently, the one that sets this aside is not rejecting man, but God and the one {Jesus} that gives his sanctified spirit to you.  TAT


Jesus’ final prayer before he faced Golgotha and the cross was that we could be as one with him, and with His Father God.  Jesus sanctified himself; he was set apart of his own will to do God’s will.  His blood sacrifice cleanses us from sin, gives us access to the holy presence of his God and Father, and paved the way for him to come to us as the life-giving consecrated spirit.  Now it is our turn, to sanctify ourselves, and be set apart for the Father’s own will.  WE can only do this as Jesus, our Parakletos, comes alongside to aid, counsel, comfort and exhort us on the path to eternity… SELAH.


John 17:17-21


17 Sanctify them [purify, consecrate, separate them for Yourself, make them holy] by the Truth; Your Word is Truth.


18 Just as You sent Me into the world, I also have sent them into the world.


19 And so for their sake and on their behalf I sanctify (dedicate, consecrate) Myself, that they also may be sanctified (dedicated, consecrated, made holy) in the Truth.


20 Neither for these alone do I pray [it is not for their sake only that I make this request], but also for all those who will ever come to believe in (trust in, cling to, rely on) Me through their word and teaching,


21 That they all may be one, [just] as You, Father, are in Me and I in You, that they also may be one in Us, so that the world may believe and be convinced that You have sent Me.





SELAH…Pause and reflect



Click here to go to the Addendum (Quick Reference Guide)


Links to the Entire "Jesus is the Gift of the Holy Spirit” Series:

Part 1

Part 2

Part 3

Part 4

Part 5

Part 6

Part 7

Part 8

Part 9

Addendum (Quick Reference Guide)



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