James 1:12-15 explains the mechanics of temptation. Verse 14 emphasizes an aspect of enticement of particular importance, and helps solve the long-asked question, “Why didn’t Jesus sin like other men?” We know Jesus was tempted in the desert, but was he tempted as described in James 1:14?
The purpose of this study is to solve the age-old question why Jesus did not sin. In so doing, the more important issue is addressed, which is the manner in which he chose good and refused evil (Read Isaiah 7:14-16). It is important to understand how each individual believer can purpose, and then make every effort in and with God’s ability to become like Jesus in character and walk blamelessly as he walked. Below is the most accurate rendering of the text in James 1:14-15; it helps describe the intended meaning of the text:
James 1:14 But each one, individually, experiences testing to prove his or her character, being enticed and entrapped with bait, subject to what his or her heart desires and is set upon.
James 1:15 Then, in logical order of succession, the longing for what is forbidden is taken hold of as a personal possession, thus germinating a failure to hit the mark; and this failure to hit the mark, when it is entirely completed and brought to an end, gives birth to death.
The tempter is the devil, or Satan. He is the one who entices or “baits” man with a decoy, luring them to his trap of sin. The devil understands mankind’s self-centered tendency. He plays off the human preference to gratify self, enticing and soliciting man to indulgence. He uses his creative powers to “generate” (or plant a seed) using whatever appeals to the eyes, or gratifies the flesh, or helps inflate the boastful ego and pride of man. He looks to and fro for the mind set upon anything other than the will of God. He is a liar, and the father of lies.
One should always love God the Father hate the devil. To best express our love for God and our hatred for the devil we obediently serve the Lord by being obedient to His commandments. To love God and be obedient to Him is to hate Satan and despise the tempter.
Temptation is the devil’s tool and it is what he uses to appeal to mankind’s craving or desire for evil. When one is tempted, he or she is drawn away from God, and lured in a direction opposite to what is morally blameless. The devil is the traducer, a slanderer and a calumniator. To calumniate is to condemn, to vilify, to defame and willfully to misrepresent as blamable.
As long as men are malicious and manipulative, they will be traducing. One of the best stratagems that Satan has is defaming prayer in God's church. The self-righteous “Oh God” prayers offered up publicly in churches, on television and radio are designed to sound “right” but usually do not stem from a tenderness and desire to please the Father in love and obedience to His will.
Satan’s schemes are exemplified by the self-appointed “heresy hunters” in Christianity today, such as one well-known radio program host with a nationwide daily broadcast, claiming to be the “man” with all the Bible answers. This individual is often slanderous, touting his ill-founded censure and defamation of other Christians simply because they disagree with his orthodox Trinitarian theology and Christology. His traditional communication over the radio waves is a rhetorical traduction of truth. He makes out to be the champion of truth, because his twisting of scripture appeals to the arrogant, egotistical believer that has swallowed Satan’s bait. This man makes disciples that are twice sons of hell, because their tongues are set aflame with harsh criticism and judgmental attitudes, condemning anyone with differing opinions and/or doctrines than theirs.
The devil entices us to participate in whatever is morally distorted and ends in ruin and death. Once Satan’s evil seed is planted in the soil of one’s heart and mind, it is nurtured with greed. This evil tare then grows in the heart until a man or woman takes hold of it as his or her own possession. Firmly rooted in the heart and prized as a personal possession, sin causes a person to miss the center mark of God’s will. In fact, the Greek word translated as “sin” in the NT is “hamartia” and it is literally defined as, “missing the mark.”
The “mark” we are SUPPOSED to hit is the Lord Jesus Christ; he is the center of what we aim for, and anything short of his standard is unrighteousness. His standard is doing the will of God. Always doing what is pleasing to the Father is the accurate mark to aim for. Satan tempts us by using his legions of imps, or demons. Satan is an unseen entity, yet VERY real. Satan is just as real as God; if a person believes in God, they must, of necessity believe there is also a devil.
Lucifer was anointed and ordained by God to be a covering or guardian cherub (Ezekiel 28:16); his job or assignment was to watch over the tree of the knowledge of good and evil, and deter man from eating its fruit. Lucifer and was so named because of his role as God’s light (truth) bearer.
Lucifer is NOT a translation from the Hebrew; it is derived from two Latin words, “lux,” or, “lucis,” meaning, “light,” and “fero,” meaning, “to bring.” Combining these two Latin words spells, “lucis-fero,” or the modern English transliteration from the Latin, “Lucifer.” Combining the MEANING of these two Latin words is, “to bring light.”
We derive our English word, lucid,” from the Latin, “ lucidus, from luceo,” meaning, “to shine.” This meaning correspond to the Hebrew definition of what has been translated in the KJV as, “Lucifer,” and in other Bible translations as, “star of the morning,” (NASB), “light-bringer and daystar,” (Amplified), “morning star,” (NIV), and, “Lucifer,” (NKJV). None of these translations accurately conveys the meaning of the Hebrew text below:
“Lucifer” = OT: 1966; used only once in the OT; heylel (hay-lale'); from OT: 1984 in the sense of brightness; to flash forth light; figuratively, it means to praise or boast. Heylel finds it origin from a OT: 1984 a primitive root word, halal (haw-lal'); this Hebrew word means to be clear (originally of sound, but usually of color); to shine; hence, to make a show, to boast; and thus to be (clamorously) foolish; to rave; causatively, to celebrate; also to stultify. (Biblesoft's New Exhaustive Strong's Numbers and Concordance with Expanded Greek-Hebrew Dictionary. Copyright (c) 1994, Biblesoft and International Bible Translators, Inc.)
The reason translators have indicated the “morning star” for heylel is because only the brightest star continues to shine as the dawn break, and the context of Isaiah 14:12 mentions Lucifer in context as the son of the dawn. Hence, one who shines forth light as the most lucid of stars in the morning; for example, the planet Venus is sometimes called, ‘Lucifer,’ for its intensity and brightness.
More important than what Bible translators have done in their various renderings of this word is to comprehend what GOD intends to convey. God inspired Isaiah’s selection of terms. Ironically, Noah Webster’s 1828 Dictionary definitions of Latin words associated with lucidity actually capture the essential meaning of the Hebrew text (see below). In particular, compare the Webster Dictionary definitions of the English word, “lucid,” with Biblesoft's Expanded Greek-Hebrew Dictionary definitions of “heylel; halal,” (above); the parallels are nearly exact.
LUCID - [L. lucidus, from luceo, to shine.]
1. Shining; bright; resplendent; as the lucid orbs of heaven.
2. Clear; transparent; pellucid; as a lucid stream.
3. Bright with the radiance of intellect; not darkened or confused by delirium or madness; marked by the regular operations of reason; as the lucid intervals of a deranged man.
4. Clear; distinct; presenting a clear view; easily understood; as a lucid order or arrangement.
Lucifer was ordained by Elohim to be resplendent and to be a reflection of His own glory, His own light. Lucifer was clear, transparent, and according to Ezekiel 28:15 he was blameless in his ways when first anointed as the guardian cherub in Eden, the garden of God. The word luciform, from the Latin lux (light), and forma, (form) aptly describes Lucifer as having the form of light or resembling light. Webster’s example of luciform relates to us as believers, “The water prepares us, and purifies our luciform spirit to receive the divinity.” This gives us insight to the meaning of the text of Genesis 1:26, “Let US make man in OUR image, after OUR likeness…” Initially Lucifer was inaugurated into God’s plan to make man in his (Lucifer’s) image; that is, he was to prepare man’s heart, as water prepares us, and PURIFIES THE HUMAN SPIRIT to receive the love, fellowship and glory of God.
Revelation 2:7 “He who is able to hear, let him listen to and give heed to what the Spirit says to the assemblies (churches). ‘To him who overcomes (is victorious), I will grant to eat of the fruit of the tree of life, which is in the paradise of God.’” AMP
Elohim intended men to consume the fruit of the tree of life, because while both the tree of life and the tree of the knowledge of good and evil grew up from the ground, the pure waters streaming from the throne of God nurtured only one of them.
Revelation 22:1-2 Then He showed me the river whose waters give life, sparkling like crystal, flowing out from the throne of God and of the Lamb 2 Through the middle of the broadway of the city; also, on either side of the river was the tree of life with its Twelve varieties of fruit, yielding each month its fresh crop; and the leaves of the tree were for the healing and the restoration of the nations. [Genesis 2:9.] AMP
Plants and trees are only as good as the water that supplies nutrients to them. The tree of life flowing out from God’s throne in Revelation 22:1 was, “sparkling.” This word comes from the Greek, meaning, “radiant, pure, clear, or transparent.” It stems from a root meaning, “to beam, i.e. radiate brilliancy.” The waters of God’s river give “life” that is pure, clean and transparent in nature; when we eat of the tree of life, the fruit will make us transparent with God, our family, friends, and brethren in Jesus.
God uses a tree to represent our need to “eat” its fruit on a habitual basis; each month it yields a “fresh crop.” We can’t store this fruit because it will turn rotten and moldy; God wants us to GROW as the TREE of live; He likens His kingdom to a tree. The leaves of the tree indicate the season in which fruit is grown, matured, and harvested. This fruit must shine forth as radiant light to others, that they too might desire to partake of its life changing and healing leaves!
Just as Webster’s definition of lucidity, we are to shine bright with the radiance of understanding; not darkened or confused by sin’s delirium or the madness of pride, but marked by the regular operations of reason. God says, “Come, let us reason together…” He wants our hearts and minds to communicate with HIM. In so doing, we will be presenting a clear view of Him to others; His will and word will be easily understood; as a lucid order or arrangement.
Genesis 2:9-12 And out of the ground the LORD God caused to grow every tree that is pleasing to the sight and good for food; the tree of life also in the midst of the garden, and the tree of the knowledge of good and evil. 10 Now a river flowed out of Eden to water the garden; and from there it divided and became four rivers. 11 The name of the first is Pishon; it flows around the whole land of Havilah, where there is gold. 12 And the gold of that land is good; the bdellium and the onyx stone are there. NAS
Gold and onyx flowed out of Eden to water the garden of God. Gold speaks of what God puts inside us when our tree is planted by the water. Onyx speaks of the way we refract His light and truth to others. Both of these elements were found in Lucifer before he sinned, and before unrighteousness was found in him.
Ezekiel 28:12-19 and Isaiah 14:12-13 are descriptive of Lucifer before he sinned, at the time he sinned, how God judged him for his sin, and WHY he sinned. These essentials equip us to do battle with our adversary, and issue a sober warning that simply existing with a free will entails tremendous responsibility. The prophet Ezekiel’s words begin with a taunt of the king of Tyre, but quickly shift into a more definite purpose by using this wicked king as a symbol of the prince of darkness.
Ezekiel 28:12-19 "You had the seal of perfection, full of wisdom and perfect in beauty. 13 You were in Eden, the garden of God. Every precious stone was your covering: the ruby, the topaz, and the diamond; the beryl, the onyx, and the jasper; the lapis lazuli, the turquoise, and the emerald; and the gold, the workmanship of your settings and sockets, was in you. On the day that you were created they were prepared. 14 you were the anointed cherub who covers, and I placed you there. You were on the holy mountain of God; you walked in the midst of the stones of fire. 15 You were blameless in your ways from the day you were created, until unrighteousness was found in you. 16 By the abundance of your trade you were internally filled with violence, and you sinned; therefore I have cast you as profane from the mountain of God. And I have destroyed you, O covering cherub, from the midst of the stones of fire. 17 Your heart was lifted up because of your beauty; you corrupted your wisdom by reason of your splendor. I cast you to the ground; I put you before kings, that they may see you. 18 By the multitude of your iniquities, in the unrighteousness of your trade, you profaned your sanctuaries. Therefore I have brought fire from the midst of you; it has consumed you, and I have turned you to ashes on the earth in the eyes of all who see you. 19 All who know you among the peoples are appalled at you; you have become terrified, and you will be no more.” NAS
Isaiah 14:12-13 "How you are fallen from heaven, O Lucifer, son of the morning! How you are cut down to the ground, you who weakened the nations! 13 For you have said in your heart: 'I will ascend into heaven, I will exalt my throne above the stars of God.’” NKJV
Ezekiel 28:12 say Lucifer was full of wisdom and perfect in beauty. Webster’s definitions 3 & 4 (above) describe lucid as, “Bright with the radiance of intellect; not darkened or confused by delirium or madness; marked by the regular operations of reason; clear; distinct; presenting a clear view; easily understood.” With this in mind, it becomes obvious why Elohim ordained and anointed him to be the guardian cherub at the site of the tree of the knowledge of both good and evil.
The Father knew He would need to assign one of His well-established and tried cherubs to convince man not to disobey the command. God knew the temptation to want to “know” was going to be an enormous hurdle for the man BECAUSE he was CREATED in the image AND likeness of God Himself.
Lucifer was bright with the radiance of intellect; in fact, the Hebrew word for “wisdom” in Ezekiel 28:12 actually means, “intellect.” Lucifer could think and reason with great clarity, a necessary attribute to persuade man without actually violating his autonomy. He would be able to present man with a clear view that was easily understood. The Hebrew word, “halal,” from whence the word Lucifer originates, is more often than not translated into English as, “praise or glory.”
2 Samuel 22:4 "I call upon the LORD, who is worthy to be praised…” NASU
1 Chronicles 16:10 Glory in His holy name; let the heart of those who seek the LORD be glad. NASU
The irony of this particular Hebrew word is that it can also be translated as, “to be clamorously foolish; to rave or boast foolishly; to blur, deaden, stultify, stifle or dull.” This demonstrates that if the light that is in us becomes darkness, it becomes nothing more than the delirious blathering of a foolish heart darkened by the arrogance of pride; what once reflected the light and glory of God then reflects the dim vision of a madman (Matthew 6:19-25).
Psalm 10:3 For the wicked man boasts (sings the praises) of his own heart's desire, and the one greedy for gain curses and spurns, yes, renounces and despises the Lord. AMP
Psalm 75:4 I said to the arrogant and boastful, “Deal not arrogantly; do not boast,” and to the wicked, “Lift not up the horn of personal aggrandizement.” AMP
Lucifer was actually one cherub of a select few mentioned in the scripture, who, like his constituents, had been chosen for their “blameless” ways. This indicates they may have lived a life previous to this creation, as God has always been in the creating business.
Some people think the Almighty began His creating days starting with this universe. This view is narrow-minded because it presumes God remained in a state of inactivity for all eternity up until the actual time He makes this present universe… absurd.
God describes Lucifer in Ezekiel 28:15a, “You were blameless in your ways.” A more literal rendering of this text reveals Lucifer BECAME blameless over a long period of time; just like us, he had to be found blameless through trials and testing.
Ezekiel’s portrayal of Lucifer in Eden corresponds with the description of a select few other cherubim mentioned in the Hebrew Old Testament. Lucifer must have lived in one of God’s prior creations, having been tried, tested, and proven worthy to participate in this relatively new creation; that is, in the cosmos as we know it.
The Hebrew word for, “blameless,” (OT: 8549; tamiym) in Ezekiel 28:15 is used elsewhere in the OT, proving it represents character development and a process that takes time. The definition of tamiym reveals a heart and mind that has remained in subjection to the will of God. Below are a few examples of this Hebrew word, and the English translation is highlighted to identify the Hebrew, “tamiym.”
Genesis 6:9 This is the history of the generations of Noah. Noah was a just and righteous man, blameless in his evil generation; Noah walked in habitual fellowship with God. AMP
Genesis 17:1-2 When Abram was ninety-nine years old, the Lord appeared to him and said, “I am the Almighty God; walk and live habitually before Me and be perfect (blameless, wholehearted, complete). 2 And I will make My covenant (solemn pledge) between Me and you and will multiply you exceedingly. AMP
Exodus 12:5 Your lamb or kid shall be without blemish, a male of the first year; you shall take it from the sheep or the goats. AMP
*NOTE: 1 Peter 1:19,20 speak of Jesus as being the Lamb of God without any moral blemish or defect, quoting Exodus 12:5 as a type of Christ.
2 Samuel 22:1, 24, 26, 31 David spoke to the Lord the words of this song…24 I was also blameless before Him and kept myself from guilt and iniquity… 26 Toward the loving and loyal You will show Yourself loving and loyal, and with the upright and blameless You will show Yourself upright and blameless (AMP)… 31 As for God, His way is blameless; the word of the LORD is tested; He is a shield to all who take refuge in Him (NASU)…33 God is my strong Fortress; He guides the blameless in His way and sets him free. AMP
Psalm 15:1-3 O LORD, who may abide in Your tent? Who may dwell on Your holy hill? 2 He who walks with integrity, and works righteousness, and speaks truth in his heart. 3 He does not slander with his tongue, nor does evil to his neighbor, nor takes up a reproach against his friend. NASU
Psalm 18:23 I was also blameless with Him, and I kept myself from my iniquity. NASU
Of the numerous scripture passages that use the Hebrew word “tamiym” to describe man being blameless or having moral integrity, the example of Noah stands out. Noah was a just and righteous man, blameless in his evil generation; Noah walked in habitual fellowship with God. Because his blameless walk was seen in his works (obeying the voice of God, and constructing the ark), we can be certain that Lucifer’s works are what made him “blameless” in his moral integrity.
By His very nature God is life and creativity in action. The primary reason for speculation about previous creations is to understand how Lucifer’s sin and treachery is not unique to him; we can take this same path if we don’t guard our own heart with all diligence (Proverbs 4:23-27). In combat training troops are taught principles of reconnaissance, because knowing where your enemy is and what his strategy for attack is gives the soldier an edge (2 Timothy 2:4).
It matters not that we know and understand any previous creations made by God because He only commands us to live our lives in the here and now. Jesus taught his disciples, “Take no thought for tomorrow… “ (Read Matthew chapter six). Lucifer’s sin and subsequent demise gives us some insight as to our role in the future, particularly the next thousand or so years of this creations’ future existence. God wants HIS clear, transparent, brilliant and multifaceted wisdom made known, through the church TO principalities and powers that stand with the Lord and that stand in opposition to His spiritually discerned truth.
Ephesians 3:9-10 Also to enlighten all men and make plain to them what is the plan regarding the Gentiles and providing for the salvation of all men of the mystery kept hidden through the ages and concealed until now in the mind of God Who created all things by Christ Jesus. 10 The purpose is] that through the church the complicated, many-sided wisdom of God in all its infinite variety and innumerable aspects might now be made known to the angelic rulers and authorities (principalities and powers) in the heavenly sphere. AMP
Once we exit this mortal life, we don’t float around on clouds and sing songs to Jesus with harps in our arms. The work of putting together, planning and preparing for a “new heaven and new earth” begins the other side of eternity. And while there is no longer the same struggle between our corruptible body of flesh and the eternal dwelling we receive in glory, from the scenario of Lucifer in Eden, we see that free will and the ability to choose pride or humility extends into the next life, so to speak… a sobering thought indeed!
The fact is, according to Ephesians chapter three, is that what we do in THIS LIFE impacts the outcome of the battles raging in the heavenly sphere. Just because we cannot see it, nevertheless it continues, and our life, our works and the expression of our relationship with God and His creation are THE determining factor! (Ephesians 6:12, 18)
Lucifer was blameless in his ways, UNTIL the day “unrighteousness” was found in him.
The Hebrew word for “unrighteousness” in Ezekiel 28:15 is `awªlaataah and conveys the meaning of moral evil, injustice, withholding from another merited praise, or ascribing unmerited blame for iniquity; wrong; any violation of another, such as the use of fraud to withhold what is due. It has a particular reference to an unequal distribution of rights, property or privileges among persons who have equal claims. This Hebrew word `awªlaataah originates a primitive root word `aval, which means, “to distort morally.”
There is an age-old theory about the fall of Satan, and many theologians and scholars believe Lucifer “fell” from “heaven” sometime before man was created in the garden. There is no basis in scripture for such a viewpoint. Ezekiel’s prophecy in chapter 28 is the most extensive account of the creation and fall of Lucifer. He is found to have “unrighteousness” within him IN THE GARDEN, and NOT PRIOR to his being placed there by God.
At this point, it is necessary to provide a literal and expanded translation of Ezekiel 28:15, because this will provide foundational understanding of when Lucifer sinned (in Eden) and the MEANS by which he sinned. That is, he used fraud to withhold merited praise from God; he bent his moral integrity in the directed of self, and profaned his sanctuaries.
The account in Ezekiel 28:17 shows the Lord speaking to Lucifer in Eden, the garden of God saying, “I cast you to the ground…” The account in Isaiah 14:12 the LORD says to him, "How you are fallen from heaven, O Lucifer, son of the morning! How you are cut down to the ground.” This does not mean Lucifer fell from heaven down to earth, because we already know God placed him in Eden. Rather, it shows HOW he fell from his lofty and heavenly position to that of a lower state and form of existence.
Further proof the devil did not get cast down to the earth literally is found in the Book of Revelation, many years in the future:
Revelation 12:7-17 And there was war in heaven, Michael and his angels waging war with the dragon. And the dragon and his angels waged war,
8 and they were not strong enough, and there was no longer a place found for them in heaven. 9 And the great dragon was thrown down, the serpent of old who is called the devil and Satan, who deceives the whole world; he was thrown down to the earth, and his angels were thrown down with him. 10 And I heard a loud voice in heaven, saying, "Now the salvation, and the power, and the kingdom of our God and the authority of His Christ have come, for the accuser of our brethren has been thrown down, who accuses them before our God day and night. 11 "And they overcame him because of the blood of the Lamb and because of the word of their testimony, and they did not love their life even to death. 12 "For this reason, rejoice, O heavens and you who dwell in them. Woe to the earth and the sea, because the devil has come down to you, having great wrath, knowing that he has only a short time." 13 And when the dragon saw that he was thrown down to the earth, he persecuted the woman who gave birth to the male child. 14 And the two wings of the great eagle were given to the woman, in order that she might fly into the wilderness to her place, where she was nourished for a time and times and half a time, from the presence of the serpent. 15 And the serpent poured water like a river out of his mouth after the woman, so that he might cause her to be swept away with the flood. 16 And the earth helped the woman, and the earth opened its mouth and drank up the river which the dragon poured out of his mouth. 17 And the dragon was enraged with the woman, and went off to make war with the rest of her offspring, who keep the commandments of God and hold to the testimony of Jesus. NAS
Many facts about the devil emerge from the text above. We find him lose a final battle in heaven against Michael and his angels. We learn that serpent is called the dragon AND the devil, and that he has some sort of angelic host that help him wage an unholy war toward the end of 6000 years of this earth’s history. The devil and his angels LOSE the battle IN HEAVEN and then, at THAT TIME he is cast out of heaven, and down to the earth, where he wages another war against the “woman” and her offspring who had given birth to the male child. This woman and her offspring likely refer to the remnant of the church that was not seized toward the throne of God.
In Genesis 3:14, after the serpent tempts the woman through deception, and the man eats of the tree of the knowledge of good and evil and sins, God pronounces the following judgment upon Lucifer, addressing him as the serpent, "Because you have done this, cursed are you on your belly you will go, and dust you will eat all the days of your life.” This proclamation by God parallels the accounts in Ezekiel chapter 28 and Isaiah chapter 14.
When first ordained by God, and anointed as guardian cherub, Lucifer was full of intelligence, probably had unparalleled attractiveness among God’s cherubs, and made known his magnificence and brilliance. Precious stones and gold are also referred to in the text of Ezekiel 28:13 as Lucifer’s “covering.” God speaks to Lucifer about these precious stones as though they are animate, saying to him, “On the day that you were created they were prepared.” The word “prepared” is of particular interest here; in the Hebrew, it is in Piel Perfect, and therefore means, “to set up, to establish; to constitute, to make; to fix; to direct; to be established; to be prepared.”
God established precious gems for His church, and for individual believers in particular, long before we were created anew in Jesus Christ. It is both reward and responsibility for those who choose to walk in them... Reward because the jewels reflect God’s truth in the light of His spirit and presence to those seeking Him… responsibility, because even in a position of great splendor and glory, it is possible to corrupt one’s wisdom. This is why it is essential we choose not to bend or distort the morality described in scripture (Acts 10:40-42; Romans 1:1-7; 9:22-24; Galatians 3:8-9; Ephesians 2:10; 2 Peter 3:2, 11).
These precious gems were established as Lucifer’s “covering” on the day he was created. Again, there are no details or specifics as to the exact time of his creation, but we do know Lucifer’s glory was that which comes from God, and these gems and gold speak of a life that has been tried and tested, and shows itself worthy of God’s glory. Therefore, it is not a stretch to say that Lucifer most likely had an existence outside the realm of this universe, and was found worthy to be involved in God’s plan for our creation and world.
The precious stones might also represent other cherub created at the same time as Lucifer. It is also possible the stones are not meant to convey animated beings, but rather an inanimate ornamental appendage… more on this later.
Stones are often used in scripture to symbolize living persons (read Zechariah 9:16). New Testament believers are called “living stones” (1 Peter 2:5) and referred to as precious gems and metals, (1 Corinthians 3:12). The precious gems of Ezekiel 28:13 symbolize the cherub stature, and proof the connection between both gem and gold and cherubs is found by comparing the text of Ezekiel 28:13 with that of Genesis 2:12. The IDENTICAL HEBREW WORDS are used in both texts, and both texts specify Eden as being the same location, the garden of God. Below are comparisons from Ezekiel and Genesis with Strong’s Numbers included (e.g. - is gold is Strong’s #2091).
Strong’s is a Hebrew/Greek Concordance that uses a system of numbers to identify all the words in the Bible. For example, the word translated from Hebrew into English as “gold” is categorized as Strong’s #2091. Another set of concordances called Englishman’s Hebrew & Englishman’s Greek Concordances then indicates where identical Hebrew and Greek words are used throughout the Bible, even though the English translation of those words may vary.
Genesis 2:9-12 And out of the ground the Lord God made to grow every tree that is pleasant to the sight or to be desired--good (suitable, pleasant) for food; the tree of life also in the center of the garden, and the tree of the knowledge of the difference between good and evil and blessing and calamity. 10 Now a river went out of Eden to water the garden; and from there it divided and became four riverheads. 11 The first is named Pishon; it is the one flowing around the whole land of Havilah, where there is gold (#2091). 12 The gold (#2091) of that land is of high quality; bdellium (pearl?) and onyx (#7718) stone (#68) are there. AMP
Ezekiel 28:13 You were in Eden, the garden of God; every precious stone was your covering, the carnelian, topaz, jasper, chrysolite, beryl, onyx (#7718), sapphire, carbuncle, and emerald; and your settings and your sockets and engravings were wrought in gold (#2091). On the day that you were created they were prepared. AMP
These brilliant stones do not receive the accolade of “stones of fire” but are nonetheless brilliant, radiant and beautiful. Could it be… is it possible… are these stones in Ezekiel 28:13 in fact the fallen angels that, after sinning (a process still taking place) remain underneath Satan’s command? Are they the ones, which, like Lucifer, follow the path of iniquity, abandoning their first estate or habitation as covering cherubs and being relegated to a lower rank and an eternal doom?
Jude 6-7 And angels who did not keep (care for, guard, and hold to) their own first place of power but abandoned their proper dwelling place--these He has reserved in custody in eternal chains (bonds) under the thick gloom of utter darkness until the judgment and doom of the great day. 7 just as Sodom and Gomorrah and the adjacent towns--which likewise gave themselves over to impurity and indulged in unnatural vice and sensual perversity--are laid out in plain sight as an exhibit of perpetual punishment to warn of everlasting fire. AMP
There are some translation variables with Jude 6; the words, “first place of power,” (Amplified), or, “their own domain,” (NAS), or, “proper domain” (NKJV), or, “their positions of authority,” (NIV) originate from archeé (defined below):
“First place of power” = NT: 746 archeé (ar-khay'); from NT:756; (properly abstract) a commencement, or (concretely) chief (in various applications of order, time, place, or rank); NT:756 archomai (ar'-khom-ahee); middle voice of NT:757 (through the implication of precedence); to commence (in order of time); NT:757archo (ar'-kho); a primary verb; to be first (in political rank or power) (Biblesoft's New Exhaustive Strong's Numbers and Concordance with Expanded Greek-Hebrew Dictionary. Copyright (c) 1994, Biblesoft and International Bible Translators, Inc.)
Archeé means commencement, inauguration, initiation; the Amplified Bible and NIV do the best job of translating, but they still don’t convey the exact meaning, which is critical to understanding what role angels played in the beginning, particularly Lucifer, who was a guardian cherub, and who later masqueraded as an, “angel (messenger) of light,” (2 Corinthians 11:14). In the context of Jude 6, archeé is descriptive of the “initial rank of power” angels possessed, as seen in the literal translation below:
The position of the angels spoken of in Jude 6 has serious implications with respect to Lucifer. God had a specific purpose for Lucifer and the other cherubim assigned to work together in God’s economy, as He sought to make man in His own image and likeness.
In Eden the garden of God every precious stone was Lucifer’s covering. The Hebrew word translated as “covering” in Ezekiel 28:13 is atypical, and it is used ONLY here. The word is “mecukkah” and it means, “a covering, i.e. garniture.” The word originates from a primitive root word cakak, meaning, “to entwine as a screen; by implication, to fence in, cover over,” and when used figuratively means, “to protect.”
The meaning of this Hebrew word “mecukkah” corresponds to the meaning of the Hebrew word for, “garden,” as in Garden of Eden. The word for “garden” means, “a garden (as fenced),” and originates from a root word meaning, “to hedge about, i.e. (generally) protect.” Combining the two concepts above, we have Lucifer ordained and anointed as a guardian cherub, and given onyx and other precious stones as his garniture to protect, to, “fence in,” the dangers involved with the tree of the knowledge of good and evil.
Lucifer is placed in God’s beautiful (Eden) garden, or more literally, His “hedge or protection.” The whole plan of the garden was to protect man from knowing evil.
Of noteworthy mention are three precious items found in the text of Ezekiel 28:13 that match IDENTICALLY to the precious items in the account of the garden in Eden in Genesis 2:11-12. The following is a list of matches and the texts of Genesis 2:12 & Ezekiel 28:13:
· #7718 - beryl, onyx, or sapphire
· #68 stone (for building)
· #2091 gold
Gold and sapphire are the two most costly of metals and gems and in ancient Egypt archaeologists have determined that adventurers on expeditions into the Eastern Desert or south into Nubia, brought back gold, ebony, ivory, and rare stone for statues. Also in the Arabian Desert deposits of turquoise, phosphate rock, nitrates, petroleum, salt, and building stone are have been found.
The colors signified by gold (a glistening yellowish color) and onyx or sapphire (a deep iridescent green, blue or even purple color) and stone (Hebrew = ‘eben; perhaps where the word ebony originates; possibly a dark brownish-black colored stone quarried for various types of building purposes) are important to make special mention here… remember them for later in this study during the temptation of the woman in Eden, the garden of God.
God mentions a greenish gem onyx or sapphire, and stone as the ornamental appendage for Lucifer. These represent his appearance and purpose… to protect. Lucifer can only fence in evil’s knowledge if he remains in the light of Elohim, because only IN THE LIGHT is a gem’s true beauty manifested.
1 John 1:5-10 And this is the message the message of promise, which we have heard from Him and now are reporting to you: God is Light, and there is no darkness in Him at all no, not in any way. 6 So if we say we are partakers together and enjoy fellowship with Him when we live and move and are walking about in darkness, we are both speaking falsely and do not live and practice the Truth. 7 But if we really are living and walking in the Light, as He Himself is in the Light, we have true, unbroken fellowship with one another, and the blood of Jesus Christ His Son cleanses (removes) us from all sin and guilt keeps us cleansed from sin in all its forms and manifestations. 8 If we say we have no sin refusing to admit that we are sinners, we delude and lead ourselves astray, and the Truth, which the Gospel presents, is not in us does not dwell in our hearts. 9 If we freely admit that we have sinned and confess our sins, He is faithful and just (true to His own nature and promises) and will forgive our sins dismiss our lawlessness and continuously cleanse us from all unrighteousness everything not in conformity to His will in purpose, thought, and action. 10 If we say (claim) we have not sinned, we contradict His Word and make Him out to be false and a liar, and His Word is not in us the divine message of the Gospel is not in our hearts. AMP
It was inevitable man would partake of the knowledge of evil; it is the nature of all who are created in God’s likeness to want to “know” more. This concept should be a no-brainer, but unfortunately Christianity has fallen prey to the wiles of the serpent, and he has misrepresented the Genesis account through theologians and scholars. The emphasis most Christian ministers put is on Adam’s eating of the fruit, and yet this was NOT NOT NOT the reason Lucifer was stationed the forbidden tree!
Lucifer was a cherub, and cherubs are designated as messengers of God; they influence man by trying to lead him to God’s mercy seat. When God gave instructions to build the Ark of the Covenant, He positioned cherubim facing each other, with their wings covering the mercy seat. This indicates Lucifer was to lead the man to Elohim AFTER he disobeyed His commandment, and CONFESS his iniquity to the Lord. If Adam had done this, God would have forgiven his transgression and cleansed him from all unrighteousness.
Exodus 25:20-22 And the cherubim shall spread out their wings above, covering the mercy seat with their wings, facing each other and looking down toward the mercy seat. 21 You shall put the mercy seat on the top of the ark, and in the ark you shall put the Testimony that I will give you. 22 There I will meet with you and, from above the mercy seat, from between the two cherubim that are upon the ark of the Testimony; I will speak intimately with you of all, which I will give you in commandment to the Israelites. AMP
Instead of repenting and confessing his sin, Adam tried to hide it, and lied to God, and blamed the woman for his own failure to obey. The lying, deceit, and attempt to conceal his sin IS WHAT THE KNOWLEDGE OF EVIL PRODUCES! Remember the passage from 1 John 1:5-10? It says God is light, and in Him is no darkness. So if we say we are partakers together and enjoy fellowship with Him when we live and move and are walking about in darkness, we are both speaking falsely and do not live and practice the truth.
If we say we have no sin by refusing to admit that we are sinners, we delude and lead ourselves astray. If we claim we have not sinned, we contradict His Word and make Him out to be false and a liar, and His Word is not in us. This is what happened with Adam, and it is his demise, not the fact he failed to obey God’s commandment not to eat. God would never have given the man the commandment not to eat if He didn’t think there was a possibility he would. So God made provision by anointing and ordaining His protective cherub to lead man to the mercy seat if he failed.
At creation Lucifer’s angelic host reflected the light of God, and would therefore be a glorious cover for Lucifer. However, now they reflect the pseudo-light that emanates from the son of the morning… Lucifer. This is why scripture specifies they masquerade an “angels of light” as mentioned in 2 Corinthians 11:13-15. It is important to understand they still have the capacity to reflect a captivating and enticing brilliance, because this is what makes sin so attractive.
2 Corinthians 11:13-15 For such men are false apostles, deceitful workers, disguising themselves as apostles of Christ. 14 And no wonder, for even Satan disguises himself as an angel of light. 15 Therefore it is not surprising if his servants also disguise themselves as servants of righteousness; whose end shall be according to their deeds. NAS
No greater example exists today to demonstrate the glitz of demonic influence than the Las Vegas strip. It is arrayed with the most spectacular display of “lights” one can imagine. People go there and are mesmerized by the ambiance of the lighting and how colors and lights are used as a “lure” to draw unsuspecting visitors into the gambling halls, where they lose their money, integrity, and souls.
In Ezekiel 28:14 Lucifer is described as being, “the anointed cherub” who, “walked in the midst of the stones of fire.” One who is “anointed” is christened or consecrated by God to fulfill a particular role or purpose, such as a king who is anointed to serve as ruler or magistrate over the people. Jesus is called the “Christ” (meaning “anointed”) because he was inaugurated by his Father God to be Israel’s messiah (Isaiah 61:1; Luke 4:18).
Lucifer was created to be THE anointed cherub to cover, and he walked in the “midst of stones of fire.” The “stones of fire” is a colloquialism likening them to a diamond or other precious gem that would sparkle when reflecting and refracting light. The stones of fire are likely a reference to other angels of God (Read Ezekiel 1:22-28; 10:1-22). God Himself is called a “consuming fire” (Deuteronomy 4:24; Hebrews 12:29). God’s angels are also called, “flames of fire.”
Hebrews 1:7, 14 Referring to the angels He (God) says, “Who makes His angels winds and His ministering servants flames of fire… Are not the angels all ministering spirits (servants) sent out in the service of God for the assistance of those who are to inherit salvation?” AMP
The meaning of the Hebrew for, “stones of fire,” in Ezekiel 28:14 &16 reads, “build stones of fire.” What can one build with fire? The angel of the LORD appeared to Moses in a flame of fire in the burning bush, and yet the bush was not burned.
Exodus 3:2-3 The Angel of the Lord appeared to him in a flame of fire out of the midst of a bush; and he looked, and behold, the bush burned with fire, yet was not consumed. 3 And Moses said, “I will now turn aside and see this great sight, why the bush is not burned.” AMP
God’s fire does not singe and destroy, but it purifies and cleanses. The stones of fire speak are used for constructing a dwelling for the LORD by using His holiness to purge the contaminants of sin. Job said when he was tried in the “fire” he would emerge as purified gold (Read Job 23:10). Job spoke of miners who dig deep for precious gems and veins of gold, but these all speak of things, which are eternal.
Job 28:5-7, 9-28 Job said, “The earth, from which food comes, is transformed below as by fire; 6 sapphires come from its rocks, and its dust contains nuggets of gold…9 Man's hand assaults the flinty rock and lays bare the roots of the mountains. 10 He tunnels through the rock; his eyes see all its treasures. 11 He searches the sources of the rivers and brings hidden things to light. 12 But where can wisdom be found? Where does understanding dwell? 13 Man does not comprehend its worth; it cannot be found in the land of the living. 14 The deep says, 'It is not in me'; the sea says, 'It is not with me.' 15 It cannot be bought with the finest gold, nor can its price be weighed in silver. 16 It cannot be bought with the gold of Ophir, with precious onyx or sapphires. 17 Neither gold nor crystal can compare with it, nor can it be had for jewels of gold. 18 Coral and jasper are not worthy of mention; the price of wisdom is beyond rubies. 19 The topaz of Cush cannot compare with it; it cannot be bought with pure gold. 20 Where then does wisdom come from? Where does understanding dwell? 21 It is hidden from the eyes of every living thing, concealed even from the birds of the air. 22 Destruction and Death say, 'Only a rumor of it has reached our ears.' 23 God understands the way to it and he alone knows where it dwells, 24 for he views the ends of the earth and sees everything under the heavens. 25 When he established the force of the wind and measured out the waters, 26 when he made a decree for the rain and a path for the thunderstorm, 27 then he looked at wisdom and appraised it; he confirmed it and tested it. 28 And he said to man, 'The fear of the Lord-that is wisdom, and to shun evil is understanding.'" (From New International Version)
It is GOD’S FIRE that “transforms the earth,” and His hand makes man able to shine, as he walks in the light of God. This kind of fire, this kind of building stone comes only from the fear of the LORD and shunning evil. Those who treasure God’s will and His word more than their own will and words will understand its value. Lucifer let go of that understanding, and he convinced Adam to do the same. He rebelled against his God-assigned role as a revealer of truth in mercy, and blinded himself and all who hide their sin and follow his ways. Lucifer’s lamp was put out, and the fire no longer burned within him, but those who seek God’s mercy will burn brighter each day.
Job 18:5 Yes, the light of the wicked shall be put out, and the flame of his fire shall not shine. AMP
Proverbs 13:9 The light of the uncompromisingly righteous is within him--it grows brighter and rejoices, but the lamp of the wicked furnishes only a derived, temporary light and shall be put out shortly. AMP
Deuteronomy 4:23-24 Take heed to yourselves, lest you forget the covenant of the Lord your God which He made with you, and make for yourselves a graven image in the form of anything which the Lord your God has forbidden you. 24 For the Lord your God is a consuming fire, a jealous God. AMP
Isaiah 4:4-6 After the Lord has washed away the moral filth of the daughters of Zion; pride, vanity, haughtiness and has purged the bloodstains of Jerusalem from the midst of it by the spirit and blast of judgment and by the spirit and blast of burning and sifting. 5 And the Lord will create over the whole site, over every dwelling place of Mount Zion and over her assemblies, a cloud and smoke by day and the shining of a flaming fire by night; for over all the glory shall be a canopy (a defense of divine love and protection). 6 And there shall be a pavilion for shade in the daytime from the heat, and for a place of refuge and a shelter from storm and from rain. AMP
God’s flaming fire was intended to be a covering; a canopy of love, and a defense against pride and a place of refuge. He created Lucifer’s beauty to reflect His glorious mercy in TRUTH as no other, and this was the serpent’s ruin. The onyx stone could build nothing but an empire of ego. It was just another worthless stone, and the gold was darkened, and lay hidden from the fire and light of God.
Jeremiah 23:29 "Is not My word like fire?" declares the LORD, "and like a hammer which shatters a rock?” NASU
Lucifer’s gems are shattered, and so are those whose gems shine only for their ministry and for their own glory and purposes. His fire burns within they who treasure the eternal One, and they cannot help but speak it, though rejected by the church as heretics.
Jeremiah 20:9 But if I say, "I will not remember Him Or speak anymore in His name," Then in my heart it becomes like a burning fire shut up in my bones; and I am weary of holding it in, and I cannot endure it.” NASU
SELAH…Pause and reflect
Links to the Entire " Rethinking The Fall Of Lucifer” Series: