Genetics studies how heredity works, particularly the study of genes. A gene is a section of a long deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) molecule, and it carries information for the production of a protein or part of a protein. Through the collection of proteins they code for, genes influence or determine such characteristics as eye, skin, hair color and texture and even personality and behavioral characteristics. Genetics also influence weaknesses and defects in the body; this makes one’s offspring predisposed to certain diseases, such as glaucoma and heart failure.
As in all other life forms, the DNA found in human cells encodes the proteins that are essential for reproduction, survival, and growth. The creation of a human requires an estimated 50,000 genes. If the DNA in a single human cell could be unraveled, it would form a single thread about five feet long and about 50 trillionths of an inch thick. To prevent this fine string of DNA from becoming knotted like a big tangle of yarn, parts of the strand are wrapped around proteins, very much like a thread is wound around wooden spools. These units of wrapped DNA are called nucleosomes, and they coil and fold into structures called chromosomes.
Humans have 23 pairs of chromosomes. In each pair, one chromosome comes from the mother and the other from the father. Twenty-two of the pairs are the same in both men and women, and these are called autosomes. The twenty-third pair consists of the sex chromosomes, so called because they are the primary factor in determining the gender of a child.
The sex chromosomes are known as the X and Y-chromosomes. Females have two X chromosomes (XX) and males have one X and one Y chromosome (XY). The Y chromosome is about one-third the size of the X chromosome. A sperm, the reproductive cell produced by the male, can carry either one X or one Y chromosome.
An egg, the reproductive cell produced by the female, can carry only the X chromosome.
In the 21st century a great deal of scientific research is being invested in hopes of learning more about DNA, particularly mitochondria cells (aka mitochondria DNA) and their function and effect in the human body and other living species. Mitochondria enable the body to aerobically respirate and without mitochondria human tissue would be unable to sustain its metabolic pathway.
Living cells constantly multiply and divide through a series of complex conversions and each cellular change generates considerable heat in the body. Without adequate mitochondria, these living cells would rapidly overheat during the millions of metabolic changes taking place at any given moment in time, generating enough heat to literally boil our blood.
Mitochondria make up an estimated 31,000 of the nearly 50,000 cells in each human body. During intercourse and conception, male mitochondria are stored in the tail of the male sperm cells; female mitochondria are stored inside the female ova (egg).
A sperm cell resembles a tiny tadpole and the tail of the sperm cell is where mitochondrial DNA is located. During the process of insemination hundreds of tiny sperm cells swim down the woman’s fallopian tubes in hopes of finding fertile a ova (egg) to penetrate. Once the head of the sperm cell penetrates the outer wall of the ova, the tail of the sperm break off and dies.
When the sperm’s tail breaks off the male mitochondria stored inside the tail dies. Only the head of the sperm cell makes its way through the outer membrane of the woman’s egg. If the egg is fertile, life immediately begins, as the sperm cell and egg join and then begin to multiply and divide into living cells of human tissue, and a zygote is formed, which eventually develops into a baby in the womb. The baby will only possess the mitochondria inherited from the woman, but will possess the alleles from both male and female.
This explains why the genetic pathway of DNA (mitochondria) can only be traced through the woman and not through the man, a well-known fact in forensic science. Adam’s wife was given the name, “Eve,” which means, “life giver.” At the time she received her name, only the Creator who formed Eve from the man’s side knew that, “her seed,” referred to female mitochondrial DNA (See Genesis 3:15).
Eve is the life giver because only her female seed (ova) passes on the mitochondria DNA cells. Think of mitochondria as the “life” cells of the body; without these cells the human race would have died out altogether. The man’s mitochondria is not passed on, as described earlier; it dies together with the severed tail of the sperm cell that penetrates the female egg.
Both the man and the woman pass on hereditary characteristics to their offspring through DNA cells known as alleles, which play an integral part in determining things like skin, eye and hair color. Alleles are one of two or more alternative forms of a gene, occupying the same position (locus) on paired chromosomes and controlling the same inherited characteristic; alleles are also called allelomorph.
Alleles another important influence on genetics by providing the building blocks for individual behavioral characteristics. For example, people that inherit alleles from Germanic ancestry tend to be hard and industrious workers. Of course even inbred behavior must be cultivated and developed by external stimuli. The hard-working genetics of the German child is triggered as he or she observes the parents assiduous lifestyle.
To behave means to restrain, govern or to subdue one’s own self. To behave one's self, is really, to govern one's self and to have “self” in command. We associate behaving with a person’s conduct or their actions. Behavior then is the outward expression of one’s inner goodness or badness; it reflects their moral character.
An example of inbred behavior can easily be detested observing the nature of the British aristocracy. In fact, a timeworn adage for the allelomorphic behavior of royalty is, “He was born with blue blood.” Blue blood symbolizes the regal stature of king and queen, prince and princess. And yet, the genetics are not sufficient for the proper development of kingly behavior; the child must be tutored from an early age how to refine the inherent qualities or else blue blood quickly digresses to that of commoners.
God the Father does not have blood, and there is no such thing as divine blood. It is popular amongst Christian authors and theologians to refer to the blood of Jesus as being divine in origin. A great percentage of Christendom believes and promulgates the notion that unless Christ shed the blood of Deity, his sacrifice is altogether worthless, and is no better than that of a mere mortal.
Jesus’ blood was every bit as human as yours; he was made like his brethren in all ways (Hebrews 2:17-18). Just as we partake of flesh and blood, so did Jesus. His sacrifice WAS that of a human; his blood spilled was that of the spotless (unblemished) Lamb of God. As a MAN Jesus lived a sinless life, and as a man, he offered himself as a perfect sacrificial atonement.
Hebrews 2:14 Since then the children share in flesh and blood, He (Jesus) Himself likewise also partook of the same, that through death He might render powerless him who had the power of death, that is, the devil. NAS
God chose to implant Mary, a virgin, with a Y chromosome; in so doing He bypassed the genetic weakness passed on through the Adamic male alleles (heredity genes). Since allelomorph is that part of DNA that affects behavioral heredity, one could speculate that a mutation took place within the alleles of Adam when God said, “Cursed is the ground because of you.”
Romans 5:12,15-17, 19, 21 Therefore, as sin came into the world through one man, and death as the result of sin, so death spread to all men, no one being able to stop it or to escape its power because all men sinned... many died through one man's falling away (his lapse, his offense)… For the sentence following the trespass of one man brought condemnation… because of one man's trespass (lapse, offense) death reigned through that one… by one man's disobedience (failing to hear, heedlessness, and carelessness) the many were constituted sinners… sin has reigned in death. AMP
When the ground was cursed because of Adam’s willful act of disobedience, the Y chromosome was negatively impacted. The male gene no longer held its prominence in the genetic structure and it became a meager 1/3 the size of the female chromosome. Geneticists believe that the male gene is continually decreasing in size, a theory fueled in large part to the theory of evolution, holding that the human species is slowly evolving into some different kind of life form.
The THEORY of evolution is an attempt by the atheist secular community to take God out of the equation and in the last ten years it is rapidly declining in popularity amongst TRUE scientists. The more we learn about the intricate and complex construction and function of the human body, the more it points to intelligent origin (I.E. – God).
Evolutionists look everywhere but at the facts to substantiate their “faith” hoping to find the “origin” of species. Through genetics and medical science, a growing number of scientists and physicians are routinely confirming the existence of a sovereign Creator at the core of our cellular existence.
After Lucifer betrayed Him, the LORD told him the woman’s seed would “bruise” his ugly head. This is evidence confirming an alteration in the human genes thru the introduction of evil.
Genesis 3:14-15 And the Lord God said to the serpent, “Because you have done this, you are cursed above all domestic animals and above every wild living thing of the field; upon your belly you shall go, and you shall eat dust and what it contains all the days of your life. 15 And I will put enmity between you and the woman, and between your offspring (seed) and her Offspring (seed); He will bruise and tread your head underfoot, and you will lie in wait and bruise His heel.” AMP
The New Testament confirms Jesus as the “seed” of the woman but includes the role of the Father God in his conception, birth, life, death and resurrection.
Galatians 3:13-16 Christ redeemed us from the curse of the Law, having become a curse for us-- for it is written, "Cursed is everyone who hangs on a tree"-- 14 in order that in Christ Jesus the blessing of Abraham might come to the Gentiles, so that we might receive the promise of the Spirit through faith. 15 Brethren, I speak in terms of human relations: even though it is only a man's covenant, yet when it has been ratified, no one sets it aside or adds conditions to it. 16 Now the promises were spoken to Abraham and to his seed. He does not say, "And to seeds," as referring to many, but rather to one, "And to your seed," that is, Christ. NAS
Abraham received a promise from God for a son, through whom he would become a father of many nations (ethnic groups). The Jews looked for the fulfillment of God’s promise to Abraham in the genetic line of Aaron (i.e. – the Levites and priests). The leaders of the Jews boasted in their bloodline and claimed Abraham as their “father.”
However, God’s promise to Abraham included grafting in the Gentiles and people from many tribes, tongues and nations (Romans 4:1-25). Abraham’s “seed” included all those who came to God by FAITH, not seeking a righteousness of their own making, but that, which is derived from trusting the LORD.
The “seed” of the woman (i.e. - Eve the “life-giver”) materialized genetically by being passed on to generations through the female gender in mitochondrial DNA… until the fulness of time came. In other words, God used the woman’s mitochondrial DNA (i.e. – Eve’s seed) to continue the human lifeline, which enabled Him to eventually procreate in the womb of Mary.
Ephesians 1:10 He planned for the maturity of the times and the climax of the ages to unify all things and head them up and consummate them in Christ, both things in heaven and things on the earth. AMP
Galatians 4:4 But when the proper time had fully come, God sent His Son, born of a woman, born subject to the regulations of the Law. AMP
At the predetermined time God’s promise of a “seed” (singular) that would bruise the head of the serpent, found its TRUE mark through the work of the Spirit. The power of the Most High enveloped the virgin Mary in a haze of brilliancy, procreating in her a son.
God created a sperm cell with a Y chromosome and alleles untainted with Adamic behavioral traits.
God may have even taken procreation to the next level by restoring this one sperm cell’s mitochondria and locating it in the head of the sperm instead of the tail. This is only a theory, but it is not outside the bounds of scientific possibility. In fact, since mitochondria are the “life” cells of the human body, and God the Father is the very Author of “life” it is HIGHLY PROBABLE Jesus was the byproduct of both female AND male mitochondria.
Since scientists have no way of genetically duplicating (cloning) male and female mitochondria to produce human offspring, such a theory will remain a hypothesis until we get to the other side of eternity or until more knowledge emerges according to God’s plan. He has said in the last days knowledge will increase.
Daniel 12:3-4 And the teachers and those who are wise shall shine like the brightness of the firmament, and those who turn many to righteousness (to uprightness and right standing with God) shall give forth light like the stars forever and ever. 4 But you, O Daniel, shut up the words and seal the Book until the time of the end. Then many shall run to and fro and search anxiously through the Book, and knowledge of God's purposes as revealed by His prophets shall be increased and become great. AMP
As noted previously mitochondria DNA is vital in humans to maintain the metabolic pathway, enabling the cells of human tissue to aerobically respirate. However, the original function of Adam’s mitochondria DNA prior to his willful introduction of evil into the human gene pool was tied in some way to his interactive intimacy with the “life” of God’s spirit.
Like all humans, at conception, Jesus inherited the mitochondrial DNA of his mother Mary. Unlike any other human conceived Jesus also received the male mitochondria during the insemination of Mary’s ova. God the Father insured the male mitochondria would be stored in the HEAD of the unique sperm cell He created in Mary’s fallopian tubes.
The combination of both male and female mitochondria during conception would supply Jesus with a sense of “life” within that enhanced the connection between his human spirit and his human flesh. Having both sets of mitochondrial DNA made Jesus a complete human being, not lacking anything the first Adam had before he sinned.
This unique conception by God the Father furnished His only begotten son with a hypersensitivity to the things of the spirit. With the proper guidance from his earthly parents, particularly Joseph, who would teach him about the Scriptures and spiritual things, Jesus could and would develop and maintain an intimate connection between his human spirit and God’s spirit.
Just as Adam talked with God in the Garden of Eden, Jesus did likewise. His genetic make up enabled him to have vibrant interaction between his human soul and spirit and his human body, including his feelings and emotions. Being whole and complete genetically gave Jesus the innate ability to perpetually sense (i.e. – feel) the presence of his Father God.
To rephrase the paragraph above and make it more understandable, the mitochondrial DNA created by God the Father united with the mitochondria supplied by Mary’s egg, thereby conceiving Jesus and giving him unique sensitivity in his physical body to feel (sense) the life of God’s spirit and presence.
John 5:26-27, 30 “For even as the Father has life in Himself and is self-existent, so He has given to the son to have life in himself and be self-existent. 27 And He has given him authority and granted him power to execute (exercise, practice) judgment because He is a Son of man… 5:30 I am able to do nothing from myself independently, of my own accord--but only as I am taught by God and as I get His orders. Even as I hear, I judge I decide as I am bidden to decide. As the voice comes to Me, so I give a decision, and My judgment is right (just, righteous), because I do not seek or consult My own will; I have no desire to do what is pleasing to Myself, My own aim, My own purpose, but only the will and pleasure of the Father Who sent Me.” AMP
To bolster his innate abilities Jesus inherited the alleles of his mother, a godly woman and the alleles created by his Father, who is God. Alleles determine hair, skin and eye color and also behavioral characteristics. Jesus could feel his Father’s presence due to being whole in his mitochondrial make-up and behaviorally he would have a definite bent toward righteousness and adherence to the desires and will of God.
God gave His only begotten son Jesus an “edge” in the very literal sense he was not subject to the allelomorphic (hereditary) behavioral characteristics (i.e. – the bent toward & preference for sin). Allelomorphic heredity involves both physical and behavioral characteristics and could be described as the key factor, which gave Jesus the innate desire to listen for and immerse himself in the things of the spirit. This is not some far-fetched theory that cannot be substantiated with the scripture. All of the prophets and seers in the Bible were men and women born with a keen sense or inner ability to move with liberty in the realm of the spirit.
Samuel was called by God as a child, and was attentive to hear the Spirit’s voice. In the context of 1 Samuel 3:1-21, the young boy Samuel hears the voice of Yahweh speak to him. This would be unusual for anyone, let alone a boy, because according to 3:1, “The word of the Lord was rare and precious in those days; there was no frequent or widely spread vision.”
God called to Samuel on his bed on three separate occasions, and each time the boy consulted with Eli, the high priest. Finally, God spoke a message thru the boy Samuel of impending judgment to Eli and his house, indicating certain death and destruction for him and his two wicked sons Hophni and Phinehas. How do we account for such a young boy being this “in tune” with the voice of God? This is a far cry from all the “prophetic” nonsense carried on in the charismatic churches today!
The point here is that Samuel’s parents passed on their hereditary traits to their son Samuel; this included more than just his skin and eye color, or the color and texture of his hair. It must also have included his sensitivity to the Lord, and his inclination to “hear” when God speaks. Remember, alleles are the DNA that affect such traits, so much of Samuel’s bent toward spiritual things came through the bloodline of Elkanah and Hannah.
This hypothesis is strongly substantiated by looking at the life of Samuel’s father Elkanah, and the life of his mother Hannah (Read 1 Samuel 2). Both of them were very godly and served the Lord with all their heart; in fact, so much so, they dedicated and left their only son together in the temple to minister there, recognizing he was strong in spirit.
Hannah’s womb was barren and she pleaded in prayer with God for a son. Many women throughout time have offered up similar prayers, so why does God answer Hannah’s prayer, and why does Samuel seem to be so predisposed to spiritual things in his pre-adolescent years? Even stranger, God is the one that had closed Hannah’s womb (1 Samuel 3:5), while Elkanah’s other wife Penninah, (he had two wives), had born several children to him.
Hannah’s character is defined by the prayer she says, promising Yahweh that she would devote her son under vow as a Nazarite, that no razor should touch his head, and that the child would serve in the temple all the days of his life. Can you imagine any mother devoting her only male offspring to a life apart fro0m her own?
Elkanah, Hannah’s husband, himself a devout man of God, agreed with his wife, vowing also to dedicate Samuel to the service of the temple. The child was just weaned from the breast when he was taken into the temple service, and this fact adds a greater weight of evidence that genetics play an important role in shaping the spiritual POTENTIAL in some people, particularly those who will become God’s prophets (Read 1 Samuel 1:10-11; 1:20-28). In other words, Samuel was simply TOO YOUNG to have formed this type of character through parental training; God knew the boy was born with the right combination of alleles, and would be good raw material for Him to work with in molding and shaping Samuel’s life.
The God that had closed Hannah’s womb, and then made it fruitful, is the SAME God that conceived a sperm to penetrate the ova in Mary’s womb. He created the alleles necessary to generate a male offspring that, like Samuel, would have the natural inbred inclination toward spiritual insight. This does NOT mean however, that Jesus did not need the parental training and guidance from Joseph and Mary. God handpicked this married couple BECAUSE of their character and BECAUSE He knew they would listen to and obey His instructions and commandments to them.
Jesus was also taught directly by his Father, particularly during the days of his role as Messiah, as the Christ or anointed one. His authority came from God and he emphasized the fact he had “life” in himself as the Father had “life” in Him… BECAUSE he was the “son of man.” John 5:30 (above) says it all; Jesus could do nothing without first hearing from his Father, and as the Father’s voice spoke to him, Jesus responded, and did His Father’s bidding.
When a sperm with an X chromosome unites with an egg, the result is a child with two X chromosomes… a female. When a sperm with a Y chromosome unites with an egg, however, the result is a child with one X and one Y chromosome… a male. Thus, the father determines the gender of the child.
God allowed this aspect of dominion to remain in the genetic structure of the man; his sperm would be the determining factor as to whether his offspring would be male or female. He carried both X AND Y chromosome, but in so doing, he also spread the defect that weakens the ability for humankind to resist that strong craving for what appeals to the eyes, or the flesh or the ego.
We know something changed when Adam invited evil into his life and the lives of all that lived. Prior to his disobedience the LORD God had given him dominion over every living thing that moves upon the earth. The Hebrew word translated “dominion” in Genesis 1:26 & 28 is, “radah” and it is literally, “to tread down, i.e. subjugate; specifically, to crumble off.”
Brown Driver & Briggs Hebrew Lexicon’s definition of “dominion” in Genesis 1:26 & 28, (radah; OT: 7287), in the Qal Imperfect is, “to scrape, to scrape out.” Radah is used in this same manner in Judges 14:9, when Samson “scraped” out honey from the lion’s carcass, and portioned it so that he could eat it first, and then give portions to his parents.
Adam was given the authority by God to scrape out (radah) and subdue every living thing upon the earth. He had the intellect and wisdom needed to procreate according to the commandment given him by in Genesis 1:28: God blessed them, and God said to them,” Be fruitful and multiply; fill the earth and subdue it.” NKJV
When God the Father created His only begotten son Jesus in the womb of the virgin named Mary, He did not leave the genetic selection typically random, as in normal procreation, wherein hundreds of sperm cells compete for entry into the embryo. Instead, God the Father designated a Y gene that was free from any defect (mutation) in the alleles, which are the genes that determine behavior.
The unique structure and behavior of DNA ensures that human traits are passed from generation to generation and accounts for why parents, children, and grandchildren often have similar facial features, hair color, height, and athletic or artistic abilities; this is commonly referred to as heredity. Yet each of us inherits a unique genetic heritage from our parents and more distant ancestors.
With the exception of identical twins, no two people have the exact same combination of alleles for the estimated 31,000 human genes. Alleles are one of two or more alternative forms of a gene, occupying the same position (locus) on paired chromosomes and controlling the same inherited characteristic; alleles are also called allelomorph.
Alleles differ in the degree to which they determine traits. If a person inherits the alleles for Type A blood, for example, they have Type A blood from birth to death. Traits associated with some alleles, however, show up only under certain circumstances. For example, a specific allele might place a person at risk for developing diabetes mellitus, but only if they suffer a particular viral infection.
Alleles that influence depression may make an individual more likely to become depressed, but only if they encounter life experiences that enhance the allele’s effects. Researchers increasingly find evidence that many alleles are associated only with a tendency toward particular traits. The expression of these alleles can vary during a person’s lifetime. Some alleles appear to be involved in an interplay with the environment: triggers such as toxins, light, certain nutrients, or stress may “turn on” an allele, resulting in expression of the trait.
Psychologists and biologists have long debated whether interaction with the environment—a person’s family and culture, for instance—is more important than genes in shaping disease, character, and behavior.
It is becoming more obvious that environment and genes have different degrees of influence, depending on the trait. Some traits such as eye color appear to depend on only a genetic component with little or no environmental input. However, others such as muscle strength or musical achievement seem to require contributions from both genes and the environment.
If a person is born with the alleles for great athletic or musical potential, for example, those talents will not develop without practice. A child may be born with the alleles for potentially high academic intelligence, but lack of stimulation and limited exposure to new experiences in early childhood may keep the child from realizing that potential.
God circumvented the defect and/or mutation in the alleles of the sperm cell He created in Mary. God the Father gave Jesus unique alleles that could and would be triggered by the external influence of his environment, particularly the influences of Joseph and Mary.
Jesus was born with an allelomorphic aptitude and behavioral characteristic that provided him with inbred potential for great moral strength and character. By combining Jesus’ unique allelic heredity with the environment that Joseph and Mary provided for him as he was growing up, enabled Jesus to realize and achieve his morally blameless potential.
Luke 2:51-52 And He went down with them and came to Nazareth and was habitually obedient to them; and his mother kept and closely and persistently guarded all these things in her heart. 52 And Jesus increased in wisdom (in broad and full understanding) and in stature and years, and in favor with God and man. AMP
Because Catholicism’s dogma permeates so much of the doctrine of the Christian church, far too much emphasis has been given to the role of Mary, Jesus’ mother, and not enough to Joseph, Jesus’ earthly father. Roman Catholic Church espouses Mariology, which is the worship and deification of a sinful woman. They do this by giving her a position of stature greater than Jesus, assigning to Mary the title, “Mother-Of-God.”
The Catholic Church single-handedly promoted the celebration of the annual ‘The Mass Of Christ,’ now referred to as, ‘Christ-MASS,’ or its shortened version, ‘Christmas.’ The history of this Roman holy-day (now called ‘holiday’) shows almost universal acceptance of December 25th as the day that Christ was born. By celebrating the birth of Christ, referring to him as, “God made flesh,” Catholicism succeeded in getting the populace to embrace Mary as “God’s mother.” Great emphasis is placed upon the Virgin Mary, and Joseph’s importance in molding Jesus’ character is diminished.
The Great Reformation insured that Christianity rejected Mary as being the so-called, “mother of God,”; however, her role as the woman that gave birth to the Messiah is accentuated every year in Christmas stories, plays, and church services. Thus the weightier influential role of Joseph as Jesus’ father is practically ignored altogether.
Joseph was a very righteous man and unless he had obediently hearkened to God’s message thru the angel, history may have told an entirely different story of the Messiah. After all, how many men would truly believe their newlywed wife, whom they had not had intercourse with, was carrying the offspring conceived by the Spirit of God?
Matthew 1:18-25 Now the birth of Jesus Christ took place under these circumstances: When His mother Mary had been promised in marriage to Joseph, before they came together, she was found to be pregnant through the power of the Holy Spirit. 19 And her husband Joseph, being a just and upright man and not willing to expose her publicly and to shame and disgrace her, decided to repudiate and dismiss (divorce) her quietly and secretly. 20 But as he was thinking this over, behold, an angel of the Lord appeared to him in a dream, saying, “Joseph, descendant of David, do not be afraid to take Mary as your wife, for that which is conceived in her is of (from, out of) the Holy Spirit. 21 She will bear a Son, and you shall call His name Jesus, for He will save His people from their sins.” 22 All this took place that it might be fulfilled which the Lord had spoken through the prophet, 23 ‘Behold, the virgin shall become pregnant and give birth to a Son, and they shall call His name Emmanuel--which, when translated, means, God with us.’ 24 Then Joseph, being aroused from his sleep, did as the angel of the Lord had commanded him: he took her to his side as his wife. 25 But he had no union with her as her husband until she had borne her firstborn Son; and he called His name Jesus. AMP
Joseph’s righteous and morally blameless character is again seen when he takes Mary as his wife, but has no sexual relations with her until after the child is born. This was a class act, and he was more than qualified to raise Jesus. Joseph would teach Jesus the Law and the Prophets, and help him to develop a personal relationship with his TRUE Father. Thus the allelomorphic tendencies innate within Jesus, from a combination of Mary’s alleles and the alleles God the Father created were stimulated and nurtured to help Jesus become a man of God.
Current research indicates that the manifestation of alleles in certain individuals may also depend on their unique internal setting; that is, things like heir nervous system, hormone balance, or other aspects of their biochemistry. Hence, we see the importance of God choosing the right female mitochondria, knowing Mary’s mitochondrial DNA will be passed on to her offspring.
Psalms 139:13-17 For You did form my inward parts; You did knit me together in my mother's womb. 14 I will confess and praise You for You are fearful and wonderful and for the awful wonder of my birth! Wonderful are Your works, and that my inner self knows right well. 15 My frame was not hidden from You when I was being formed in secret and intricately and curiously wrought as if embroidered with various colors in the depths of the earth; a region of darkness and mystery. 16 Your eyes saw my unformed substance, and in Your book all the days of my life were written before ever they took shape, when as yet there was none of them. 17 How precious and weighty also are Your thoughts to me, O God! How vast is the sum of them! AMP
Because God is the Creator and we did not “evolve” (as secular scientists assert), it is simple to conclude that He was more than able to understand Mary’s genetics strengths and weaknesses. His understanding and selection of her to be Jesus’ mother insured His only begotten son would be born with the necessary metabolism to provide adequate health until the time he was offered up as a perfect sacrifice, without blemish.
1 Peter 1:19 But you were purchased with the precious blood of Christ the Messiah, like that of a sacrificial lamb without blemish or spot. AMP
Do not make the mistake of assuming Jesus’ sacrifice was without blemish or spot because of genetic perfection. This is, in fact, quite opposite of what is true. He was a man of sorrows, pain, grief, and endured much suffering (See Isaiah chapter 53). It was Jesus’ willingness to DO GOD’S WILL that qualified him to be the unblemished sacrifice for the sins of the world. His morally blameless character, behavior and speech set him apart as unique, making the sacrifice of his life different from the blood of lambs, bulls and goats. God required physical perfection of Israel’s animal sacrifice; He required moral perfection of the human sacrifice.
Hebrews 10:5-7,10, 19-20 Hence, when Christ entered into the world, He said, “Sacrifices and offerings You have not desired, but instead You have made ready a body for Me to offer; 6 In burnt offerings and sin offerings You have taken no delight.” 7 Then I said, “Behold, here I am, coming to do Your will, O God--to fulfill what is written of Me in the volume of the Book.”…10:10 And in accordance with this will of God, we have been made holy consecrated and sanctified through the offering made once for all of the body of Jesus Christ the Anointed one… 10:19 Therefore, brethren, since we have full freedom and confidence to enter into the Holy of Holies by the power and virtue in the blood of Jesus, 20 By this fresh (new) and living way which He initiated and dedicated and opened for us through the separating curtain (veil of the Holy of Holies), that is, through His flesh. AMP
A great number of Christian theologies say that Jesus’ sacrifice was vicarious only because he was divine. In other words, orthodox doctrine teaches the blood Jesus shed was “God’s blood,” or else it was ineffectual… nothing is more ludicrous and preposterous, yet it remains one of the dominant doctrines in Christianity today.
Hebrews 9:26-28 disproves the notion that “God died” on the cross.
Hebrews 9:26-28 Then Christ would have had to suffer many times since the creation of the world. But now he has appeared once for all at the end of the ages to do away with sin by the sacrifice of himself. 27 Just as man is destined to die once, and after that to face judgment, 28 so Christ was sacrificed once to take away the sins of many people; and he will appear a second time, not to bear sin, but to bring salvation to those who are waiting for him. (From New International Version)
The Father God accepted Jesus’ blood and He furnished proof of His acceptance by raising Jesus from the dead. If God died on the cross and was buried in the tomb, how would He raise Himself from the dead? The benefit of Jesus’ sacrifice is that it is that which a MAN can do. As his disciples, we do not follow a “God-man,” (aka in India as a, “Guru”), otherwise we could not become “united with him in the likeness of his death.”
Romans 6:4-11 Therefore we have been buried with Him through baptism into death, so that as Christ was raised from the dead through the glory of the Father, so we too might walk in newness of life. 5 For if we have become united with Him in the likeness of His death, certainly we shall also be in the likeness of His resurrection, 6 knowing this, that our old self was crucified with Him, in order that our body of sin might be done away with, so that we would no longer be slaves to sin; 7 for he who has died is freed from sin. 8 Now if we have died with Christ, we believe that we shall also live with Him, 9 knowing that Christ, having been raised from the dead, is never to die again; death no longer is master over Him. 10 For the death that He died, He died to sin once for all; but the life that He lives, He lives to God. 11 Even so consider yourselves to be dead to sin, but alive to God in Christ Jesus. NASU
When humans conceive offspring, each human parent creates sex cells, or gametes that contain half the parent’s genetic information. Human sex cells, sperm and eggs, contain 23 single, unpaired chromosomes rather than the 23 paired chromosomes found in all other body cells, or somatic cells.
When egg and sperm unite in the process called fertilization, they form one cell that contains 23 pairs of chromosomes, the normal number for human body cells. The cell develops into a child that has a mixture of genetic information from both parents. As a result, the child is similar to each of the parents but not identical to either of them.
Since every one of us has his or her sex determined by the male, the corruptible legacy of Adam has been passed on to all human beings. There are no exceptions, save Jesus only. The scripture is replete with graphic description of sin’s effect on our DNA. The triage of verses woven together below… here a little, there a little… reveals the effects of sinful behavior as it has been genetically passed on from one generation to the next.
What is born of the flesh is flesh of the physical is physical… Man who is born of a woman is of few days and full of trouble… Who can bring a clean thing out of an unclean? The body that is sown is perishable and decays… It is sown in dishonor and humiliation… It is sown a natural (physical) body… The first man was from out of earth, made of dust (earthly-minded)… Now those who are made of the dust are like him who was first made of the dust (earthly-minded)… we have borne the image of the man of dust… the perishable; that which is decaying… we, as well as you, once lived and conducted ourselves in the passions of our flesh; our behavior governed by our corrupt and sensual nature, obeying the impulses of the flesh and the thoughts of the mind; our cravings dictated by our senses and our dark imaginings. We were then by nature children of wrath and heirs of indignation, like the rest of mankind… this perishable part of us… this mortal part of us, this nature that is capable of dying… AMP
The chromosomes located in the cell nucleus contain the vast majority of the DNA. But another structure in the cell, called a mitochondrion, also holds a chromosome. he DNA in this chromosome is referred to as mitochondrial DNA. While both sperm and egg contain mitochondria, only the egg’s mitochondria are transmitted to the offspring.
Mitochondria tend to follow a pattern of maternal inheritance. When a cell divides, the mitochondria replicate independently of the nucleus. The two daughter cells formed after cell division each receive half of the mitochondria as the cytoplasm divides.
As noted previously in this study, when a sperm fertilizes an egg, the sperm's mitochondria are left outside the egg. The sperm’s mitochondria are contained in the sperm’s tail, which never penetrates the egg. The fertilized zygote inherits only the mother's mitochondria.
Since mitochondrial DNA is inherited only from the mother, a category of birthright known as maternal inheritance, these genes can be traced from one generation to the next, a simpler task than tracing genes that might come from either the mother or the father. This maternal inheritance creates a family tree that is not affected by the typical shuffling of genes that occurs between a mother and father.
On this note, we again find that God is less concerned with the fleshly origins of man, and looks to the spiritual birthright for significance. An example of this is clearly seen in the lineage of Jesus the Christ given in two differing gospels. In both gospel accounts (Matthew & Luke) the genealogy (that’s GENE-A-logy) has nothing to do with maternal inheritance because both are traced thru the family line of Joseph. The reason for this is because God wants us to see that in spite of the allelomorphic advantages inherent in Jesus, it would have mattered little if not for being raised in a godly home.
Matthew’s account appears to be more genetically accurate than Luke’s account and there are obvious distinctions. For example, Luke says when Jesus was about thirty; he started his public ministry, “being, as was supposed, the son of Joseph, the son of Eli.” This appears to contradict Matthew’s account, which says Joseph’s father was as follows, “Jacob was the father of Joseph the husband of Mary, by whom Jesus was born, who is called the Messiah.”
The Greek text reveals that Luke is not emphasizing the genetic line, because the entire context never uses the Greek words that the Bible translators erroneously added, which are “the son of” used from Luke 3:23-38. Matthew’s account DOES use the Greek word “gennao” (NT: 1080) meaning, “to procreate; of the father,” which Bible translators accurately translate as, “the father of,” from Matthew 1:2-16.
Thus we conclude Luke’s account targets primarily the spiritual heritage, whereas Matthew’s account targets the genetic AND spiritual heritage. When God pronounced judgment upon Lucifer (i.e. – the serpent) for what he did in using his powers to tempt the woman to sin, he said in Genesis 3:15, “And I will put enmity between you and the woman, and between your seed and her seed; he shall bruise you on the head, and you shall bruise him on the heel. " Eve’s seed, that is, her mitochondrial DNA would provide half of the genetic make-up of the only begotten Son of God, whereas the Father (God) would furnish the other half. Haha Satan… take that!
As it turns out, the “seed” of Abraham’s wife (Sarah), to whom was given the child of promise (Isaac), turned out to be the ancestral lineage of Jesus as well, giving the devil an additional kick to the groin.
Galatians 3:16 Now the promises (covenants, agreements) were decreed and made to Abraham and his seed (his offspring, his heir). He, God does not say, “And to seeds (descendants, heirs),” as if referring to many persons, but, “And to your seed (your descendant, your heir),” obviously referring to one individual, who is none other than Christ (the Messiah). AMP
God defeated Satan at his own distorted game by doing the following:
1. The LORD God fulfilled His promise to Eve, that from her genetic “seed” (maternal inheritance) would come the Messiah, who would bruise the serpent’s head. God used the woman’s mitochondrial DNA to keep her “seed” available for His redemptive plan, in which He would unite a virgin’s ovum (egg) with male sperm (i.e. – Y chromosome) that had the ability to permeate the ovum with male mitochondria. By conceiving the zygote in this manner (i.e. – containing both male & female mitochondria DNA), God insured His only begotten son Jesus would be born with inherent capacity and ability to feel and sense the “life” of His Spirit presence continually, thus restoring the POTENTIAL for relationship that Adam first had with God.
2. Uniting male and female mitochondria was only the first step in the process; God also included a set of chromosomes (alleles) to unite with Mary’s alleles. Mary’s alleles would be perhaps the dominant factor in determining Jesus’ hair, eye, and skin color, and other physical traits. However, since God is not flesh and blood, the alleles He generated when overshadowing Mary were mainly for Jesus to possess the innate behavioral characteristics (i.e. – personality & temperament) necessary to develop his morally blameless life J.
3. The third vital factor in the process God set in motion to prepare Jesus to be the propitiation for sin involved selection of the appropriate and qualified parents to raise him and guide him in the ways of the Lord. Genetics alone are insufficient and God waited until all the right players (so to speak) were in place. This included choosing Mary, a righteous young virgin, and Joseph, a man of high moral standard, and one who knew more than just the Law. God needed to select a man to be the earthly father of Jesus who would teach him the heart of the Father, prayer and intercession and the correct application of the Law, with an emphasis on mercy, love and compassion. Joseph was just such a man, as demonstrated in the way he treated Mary from the beginning of her encounter with God, and his obedience to the words of the angel, God’s messenger, sent to direct him with heavenly commands.
In 1967 scientists confirmed that one gene, a section of DNA, is a code for one protein or part of a protein. Researchers have developed the capability of inserting genes from one organism into another, a breakthrough that ushered in the field of biotechnology. In the not-too-distant future, scientists may perfect the technology for inserting or removing genes from an egg, sperm, or embryo. This development may drastically alter the traditional principles of heredity, opening the door to a new array of rules governing the transmission of traits from parent to offspring. * Microsoft® Encarta® Reference Library 2002. © 1993-2001 Microsoft Corporation. All rights reserved.
This is a case of man playing God and tampering with genetics to create the “perfect human.” Only God has the right to transmit one trait from parent to child, and even He has not interfered with the normal course of life, even though the world is filled with defects and disease. Scientists are still eating from the tree of the knowledge of good and evil; they continue to justify their tampering with God’s creation, saying the “end justifies the means.” Altering the biochemical structure of DNA will not make mankind more moral or virtuous.
It is possible, even probable that God renewed a process of life that was lost when Adam was judged at the fall. We have no lineage traceable to Mary’s ancestors in the scripture; the record only reflects the line of Joseph, paternal stepfather of Jesus. All human beings can be traced genetically back in time to one woman… Eve.
Jesus is the ONLY exception to this rule, making him truly unique. To do this, one hypothesis is… God caused the male sperm’s mitochondria to actually penetrate the female egg, utilizing the DNA from both male AND female mitochondria.
With limited information, this is only hypothesis, but perhaps it is the one element that Adam lost when he sinned. Perhaps the male mitochondria are that biochemical component necessary to have a complete and perfect procreation process, which allows man to make his sons and daughters in the “image” and “likeness” of God.
God interrupted the long chain of defective genetic procreation in humans to create one man, His only begotten son, to level the unequal playing field Satan had created. This made it possible, though by human standards, highly improbable, for that one man to walk in obedience and compliance with the will of God.
Jesus bore the genetic mitochondrial DNA of the woman (Eve), and his Y chromosome came directly from God. Thus he is and forever will be the ONLY begotten Son of God. However, what geneticists will NEVER be able to do by tinkering with God’s creation, Jesus did when he offered himself as a living sacrifice to atone for man’s sin, and reconcile mankind to God. He enabled us to bear his “likeness” and his spiritual heredity, having been born, not of corruptible DNA, but an incorruptible seed!
1 Peter 1:21-25 Through Him you believe in (adhere to, rely on) God, Who raised Him up from the dead and gave Him honor and glory, so that your faith and hope are centered and rest in God. 22 Since by your obedience to the truth through the Spirit you have purified your hearts for the sincere affection of the brethren, see that you love one another fervently from a pure heart. 23 You have been regenerated (born again), not from a mortal origin (seed, sperm), but from one that is immortal by the ever living and lasting Word of God. 24 For all flesh (mankind) is like grass, and all its glory (honor) like [the] flower of grass. The grass withers and the flower drops off, 25 But the Word of the Lord (divine instruction, the Gospel) endures forever. And this Word is the good news, which was preached to you. [Isaiah 40:6-9.] AMP
Another more important element at creation was the impartation of life to the human being by God via the human spirit. God gave Jesus his human spirit, and there may have been a transfer of likeness in the procreation process linked in some way to mitochondrion. If this is true, it explains why both Adam and Jesus had a perfect type of communion with God. When Adam communed with God in the Garden of Eden, the Lord’s voice was AUDIBLE to him. He no longer had this kind of verbal communication with Yahweh.
Genesis 1:27-30 And God created man in His own image, in the image of God He created him; male and female He created them. 28 And God blessed them; and God said to them, "Be fruitful and multiply, and fill the earth, and subdue it; and rule over the fish of the sea and over the birds of the sky, and over every living thing that moves on the earth." 29 Then God said, "Behold, I have given you every plant yielding seed that is on the surface of all the earth, and every tree which has fruit yielding seed; it shall be food for you; 30 and to every beast of the earth and to every bird of the sky and to every thing that moves on the earth which has life, I have given every green plant for food,” and it was so. NAS
The procreation of Jesus resulted in the restoration of direct, audible verbal communication between man and his Creator. Ironically, this audible exchange first appears when Jesus is about age thirty, at the same time he is being baptized.
Luke 3:22 And the Holy Spirit descended upon Him in bodily form like a dove, and a voice came from heaven, saying, “You are My Son, My Beloved! In You I am well pleased and find delight!” AMP
Proverbs 20:27 The spirit of man; that factor in human personality which proceeds immediately from God, is the lamp of the Lord, searching all his innermost parts. AMP
Thus says the Lord, Who stretches out the heavens and lays the foundation of the earth and forms the spirit of man within him:
1 Corinthians 2:11 For what person perceives (knows and understands) what passes through a man's thoughts except the man's own spirit within him? Just so no one discerns (comes to know and comprehend) the thoughts of God except the Spirit of God. AMP
Those who believe in and rely upon Jesus as the mediator between God and man also have, in measure, the restoration of communion with God. The scripture says that we are born again (regenerated), not from a corruptible, mortal origin (seed, sperm, DNA), but from one that is immortal… by the ever living and lasting Word of God!
Zechariah 4:6 Then he answered and said to me, "This is the word of the LORD to Zerubbabel saying, 'Not by might nor by power, but by My Spirit,' says the LORD of hosts. NAS
SELAH…Pause and reflect
Links to the Entire " Rethinking The Fall Of Lucifer” Series: