The Alpha and The Omega

Contrasting God and Jesus in Revelation Chapters 1 through 5

By Craig Bluemel

Dedicated to my Aussie friend Ranvir Kumar

 

 

Sections:

Introduction

The Son Of Man Is Not God

Comparisons Between God & The Man Jesus In Revelation 1:1-9

Translation Variations & The Dishonesty Of The King James Version

Alpha & Omega Is Idiomatic For Stages Of God’s Redemptive Plan

The ‘First Voice’ Differs From The Voice Of Jesus

Contrasting The Almighty And The Lamb In Revelation Chapters 4 & 5

 

Introduction

The Book of Revelation contains many simple comparisons that show a distinct difference between God the Father and the man Christ Jesus, the Son of God.  When we refer to the “Father God” we are speaking of the one and only true God, the Almighty, Yahweh, the Great “I Am THAT I AM,” who is the Creator of all creation.  When we refer to Jesus, the “Son of God” we are speaking of the man Christ Jesus, conceived by God, who created a sperm cell (i.e. “seed”) in the womb of a virgin named Mary, born nine months later as a human baby, becoming the only “begotten” son of God.

 

Typically, Christians have been taught that the apostle John’s mention of the “Alpha and Omega” in the Book of Revelation is a reference to Jesus as “God.”  Further, they have been taught Jesus that Alpha and Omega means Jesus is the “Creator” (Alpha is a designation in Greek for the beginning of something) and they believe Jesus is the eternal God (because of their perception of the word Omega, which is a designation in Greek for the ending of something)

 

To define Jesus as “God” those whose view of him is as second person of the Triune God, Jesus is referred to as, “God the Son.”  The obvious contradiction in terms between “God” and “the Son” is simply accepted by the majority of Christianity because they believe it is so and will not accept any challenge that opposes this notion, even if it is clearly proven from scripture to be oxymoronic.

 

Even Oneness Pentecostals believe that references to Alpha and Omega are statements of Christ as Deity, in spite of the fact the context clearly proves to the contrary.  Jesus is not “God the Son” as many Trinitarian theologians have assumed, nor is he Jehovah in human form, as the Oneness theologians assert.  Basic facts from the text of scripture, both Old and New Testaments teach us that Jesus cannot be one and the same as the Creator God.

 

For example, God cannot be born, nor can He die, yet Jesus was both; he was born, and he died.  Christian theologians teach that Jesus as God left His eternal throne in heaven for 33 ½ years, came down here to planet earth, which He created, and humbled Himself, and became a man.  How bizarre is that? 

The Son Of Man Is Not God

Is it logical or biblical to believe the Almighty God, Creator of heaven and earth, and all that is in them, would leave heaven, becomes a sperm cell, then develop into a fetus, then a baby, then be born?  this is a ridiculous portrayal of God, the Father, yet Christian theologians add insult to injury by saying Jesus as God died on the cross!

 

The scriptures teach very plainly that God cannot become a man, nor can he become the ‘son of man.’  When Jesus was on this earth he refers to himself as, “the son of man,” more times in the four gospels than he calls himself the son of God!  Jesus is the son of man because Mary is his mother, and he is the son of God because God is his Father.  In this light, consider the following verse, which speaks of the God, the Father who is Elohim of the Old Testament:

 

·          Numbers 23:19  God is not a man, that He should lie, nor a son of man, that He should repent; has He said, and will He not do it? Or has He spoken, and will He not make it good?”  (NAS)

 

Now consider the following statements made by other MEN including the MAN Christ that refer to their existence on earth as, “the son of man.”  There are too many examples in the scripture to list them all, but these examples below clearly illustrate that the term, “the son of man,” is a reference to HUMANITY and therefore Jesus cannot be described as, “God.”  First is a list of passages relating the term ‘son of man’ to other mortal humans, followed by a brief list of the many NT scripture passages that refer to Christ as a mortal human being, proving beyond any doubt there is a valid contrast between his Father who IS “God” and Jesus who is human.

Job Called Himself The Son Of Man - Job 25:4-6

4 "How then can a man be just with God? Or how can he be clean who is born of woman?

5 "If even the moon has no brightness and the stars are not pure in His sight,

6 How much less man, that maggot, And the son of man, that worm!"  NAS

King David Called Himself The Son Of Man -
 Psalms 8:1-5 (A Psalm Of David)

1 O LORD, our Lord, how excellent, majestic and glorious is Your name in all the earth! You have set Your glory above the heavens.

2 Out of the mouths of babes and unweaned infants You have established strength because of Your foes, that You might silence the enemy and the avenger.

3 When I view and consider Your heavens, the work of Your fingers, the moon and the stars, which You have ordained and established,

4 What is man that You are mindful of him, and the son of man that You care for him?

5 Yet You have made him but a little lower than God and You have crowned him with glory and honor. AMP

Psalms 144:3 (A Psalm Of David)

3 Lord, what is man that You take notice of him? Or the son of man that You take account of him? AMP

Asaph Called Himself The Son Of Man - Psalms 80:17-19

17 Let Your hand be upon the man of Your right hand, upon the son of man whom You have made strong for Yourself.

18 Then will we not depart from You; revive us and we will call upon Your name.

19 Restore us, O Lord God of hosts; cause Your face to shine in pleasure, approval, and favor on us, and we shall be saved!  AMP

Isaiah Is Called The Son Of Man - Isaiah 51:11-13

11 So the ransomed of the LORD will return and come with joyful shouting to Zion, and everlasting joy will be on their heads. They will obtain gladness and joy, and sorrow and sighing will flee away.

12 "I, even I, am He who comforts you. Who are you that you are afraid of man who dies and of the son of man who is made like grass,

13 That you have forgotten the LORD your Maker, Who stretched out the heavens And laid the foundations of the earth, that you fear continually all day long because of the fury of the oppressor, as he makes ready to destroy? But where is the fury of the oppressor?  NASU

Jesus Called Himself The Son Of Man:

Matthew 26:1-2 And it came about that when Jesus had finished all these words, he said to his disciples, “You know that after two days the Passover is coming, and the son of man is to be delivered up for crucifixion.”  (NAS)

 

Matthew 8:20 Jesus said to him, "The foxes have holes and the birds of the air have  nests, but the son of man has nowhere to lay his head."  NASU

 

Matthew 11:19"The son of man came eating and drinking, and they say, 'Behold, a gluttonous man and a drunkard, a friend of tax collectors and sinners!' Yet wisdom is vindicated by her deeds."  NASU

 

Matthew 16:13-17

13 Now when Jesus came into the district of Caesarea Philippi, he was asking his disciples, "Who do people say that the son of man is?"

14 And they said, "Some say John the Baptist; and others, Elijah; but still others, Jeremiah, or one of the prophets."

15 He said to them, "But who do you say that I am?"

16 Simon Peter answered, "You are the Christ, the son of the living God."

17 And Jesus said to him, "Blessed are you, Simon Barjona, because flesh and blood did not reveal this to you, but my Father who is in heaven.  NASU

 

Matthew 17:22-23

22 And while they were gathering together in Galilee, Jesus said to them, "The Son of Man is going to be delivered into the hands of men;

23 and they will kill Him, and He will be raised on the third day." And they were deeply grieved.  NASU

 

These proofs are convincing, if you want to seek the truth; the son of man is a man, a human, like you and me, except for one difference, God was his literal Father because He created the sperm cell in the womb of Mary, from whence Jesus was born.

 

Comparisons Between God and the Man Jesus
 in Revelation 1:1-9

Having established the difference between God the Father and Jesus, the son of God, let us now contrast the differences as seen in the Book of Revelation.  Comparisons between God and Jesus in the Book of Revelation are especially important, because at the time it was written, Jesus had already ascended into heaven, and was seated at the Father’s right hand for many years.

God Gave Jesus (the man) the Revelation

·          Revelation 1:1 The Revelation of Jesus Christ, which God gave Him to show to His bond-servants, the things which must shortly take place; and He sent and communicated {it} by His angel to His bond-servant John,  (NAS)

 

Note that “God gave” Jesus Christ the “Revelation.”  If Jesus is God in heaven, then why does he need another God to give him the revelation?  Obviously this proves God is different than Jesus Christ.

The Word Of God and Testimony Of Jesus Are Separate

·          Revelation 1:2 who bore witness to the word of God AND to the testimony of Jesus Christ, even to all that he saw.  (NAS)

 

The contrast in Revelation 1:2 is seen with the use of the conjunction, “AND,” because the word “AND” separates the phrase, “the word of God” from the phrase, “the testimony of Jesus.”  The apostle John, who received the revelation, bore witness to two separate beings.

He ‘Who Is And Who Was And Who Is To Come’ Is Separate From Jesus

·          Revelation 1:4-6 John to the seven churches that are in Asia: Grace to you and peace, from Him (God the Father) who is and who was and who is to come; and from the seven Spirits who are before His throne; AND from Jesus Christ, the faithful witness, the first-born of the dead, and the ruler of the kings of the earth.  To him (Jesus) who loves us, and released us from our sins by his blood, AND he (Jesus) has made us to be a kingdom, priests to his God and Father; to him be the glory and the dominion forever and ever.  Amen. (NAS)

 

John writes his apocalypse in very clear terms; he addresses the “seven churches” in Asia, and then qualifies exactly from WHOM the message was given.  First he gives supreme recognition to God the Father by addressing Him as, “Him who is and who was and who is to come.”  Many Christians mistake this phrase as referring to Jesus without carefully reading the grammatical structure of the paragraph.  The paragraph reads, “…Him who is and who was and who is to come AND from Jesus Christ.”  The word, “and,” is a conjunction, which divides and separates.  This alone PROVES Jesus is not the same as God, and later, in Revelation 1:8, this is verified. 

 

God the Father, who is also known as Yahweh in the OT, is the One, “who is,” because in Exodus 3:14 He tells Moses His name, saying, “I AM THAT I AM.”  This is an incomplete translation of the Hebrew wording, “Ehyeh Asshur Ehyeh.”  This Hebrew term is more accurately translated as, “I exist {present tense} as what I AM, and what I have always existed as {in the past tense}, and what I will continue to exist as {in the future}.”  This Hebrew phrase matches the Greek equivalent description in Revelation 1:4 perfectly as, “Him who is {in the present} and who was {in the past} and who is to come {in the future}.”  .

Jesus Cannot Be God If He Is The Firstborn From Among The Dead

Secondly, in order of rank and importance, John writes concerning Jesus by calling him, “the faithful witness, the first-born of the dead,” who, “released us from our sins by his blood.”  Again as mentioned earlier, God cannot die, nor does He have blood like a man. 

Jesus Is Not God If He Made A Kingdom Of Priests To, “HIS God”

Jesus has made his church to be a kingdom, priests, “to his God and Father.”  How could Jesus be “God” in heaven if his kingdom belongs to, “his God and Father?”  John says that Jesus released us from our sins through his blood, and made us to be “priests” to “his God.”  A “priest” is someone that mediates or reconciles men to God, therefore a priest cannot be God.

Jesus Was Pierced In The Side & God Cannot Be Pierced

·          Revelation 1:7 Behold, he is coming with the clouds, and every eye will see him, even those who pierced him; and all the tribes of the earth will mourn over him. Even so.  Amen.  (NAS)

 

Revelation 1:7 refers to Jesus Christ as a man, not as God, because 1:6 says Jesus released us from our sins, “by his blood” (an obvious reference to his crucifixion).  The kingdom of “God” is NOT flesh and “blood,” which means this passage refers to Jesus as a man.  Also, the text deals with Christ’s future “coming” in which “every eye will see him, even those who pierced him.”  Jesus is not God because God cannot be pierced, primarily because God is a Spirit being and He does not have a body of flesh and bones that can be punctured by nails or spears.  Proof?  The following verses help clarify and punctuate this point:

 

·          John 4:23-24  “But an hour is coming, and now is, when the true worshipers shall worship the Father in spirit and truth; for such people the Father seeks to be His worshipers.  God is spirit, and those who worship Him must worship in spirit and truth.”  (NAS)

 

·          John 1:18  No one has seen God at any time.  The only begotten Son, who is in the bosom of the Father, He has declared Him.  (NKJV)

 

·          Genesis 1:1-2 In the beginning God created the heavens and the earth. 2 And the earth was formless and void, and darkness was over the surface of the deep; and the Spirit of God was moving over the surface of the waters.  NAS

 

If Jesus is God and every eye will see him, doesn’t that contradict John 1:18 that says, “No one has seen God at any time?”  Obviously God has been a “Spirit,” since the very beginning, as illustrated in Genesis 1:1.  Jesus reveals the Father to us, because he is a man in submission to the SPIRIT of God, and therefore we learn of the invisible God’s character or likeness (i.e. – What God is “like” such as His compassion, mercy, forgiveness, etc.) through the example of the MAN.

Jesus Is Not The Almighty & Therefore He’s Not Alpha & Omega

·          Revelation 1:8  “I am the Alpha and the Omega,” says the Lord God, “who is and who was and who is to come, the Almighty.”  (NAS)

 

This verse refers to God the Father, not Jesus Christ because the words, “Alpha and Omega,” (the first and last letters of the Greek alphabet) are attached to, “the Lord God…the Almighty.”  Jesus Christ is NEVER referred to anywhere in scripture as the “Almighty.”  Revelation 1:8 is a reference to God the Father (Yahweh) as the Creator, the beginning and end of everything which has been created, including the creation of His son Jesus (read Genesis. 1:1). 

 

Many Christians play scripture tiddlywinks here by jumping over to John 1:1 and saying, “See, Jesus is the Word, and the Word was in the beginning with God, and the Word was God!”  Even if John 1:1 referred to Jesus as “God” (which it doesn’t) that still would not explain how Revelation 1:8 is a reference to Jesus as, “The Almighty.”  These tactics are common, and shows the ignorance and unwillingness of Christians to read the CONTEXT carefully, and be honest.

 

The words, “Alpha and Omega” are different Greek words than “the first and the last.”  Alpha and Omega are defined as follows:

 

·          Alpha (al'-fah); the first letter of the Greek alphabet, sometimes signifying the value of 1; used as a symbolic letter, with omega (See 5598 meaning the end);

 

·          Omega (o'-meg-ah); the last letter of the Greek alphabet, i.e. (figuratively) the finality.

 

The Greek words for “first and last” spoken by Jesus the son of man are defined as follows:

 

·          First” - 4413 protos (pro'-tos); contracted superlative of 4253; foremost (in time, place, order or importance): Jesus is foremost in rank or order of importance in the plan of God for man’s redemption.  The Father is Supreme and holds no rank because He alone exists as God.

 

·          Last” - 2078 eschatos (es'-khat-os); a superlative probably from 2192 (in the sense of contiguity); farthest, final (of place or time): Jesus is of foremost importance in the realm of time; even unto the finality of time (as we know it), or the earth and heavens (as we know them).  For further reading regarding this concept, read 1 Corinthians 15:20-28 & 38-49.

 

Further proof is found in the Greek text of Revelation 1:8; God the Father, and not referring to Jesus, is He, “who is and who was and who is to come, the Almighty,” because the Greek word for Almighty is Pantokrátoor. The Strong’s reference number for Pantokrátoor 3841 and is defined as follows:

 

·          ALMIGHTY = NT:3841 pantokratoor, pantokratoros, ho; he who holds sway over all things; the ruler of all; almighty: used of God, 2 Corinthians 6:18 (From Thayer's Greek Lexicon, Electronic Database. Copyright (c) 2000 by Biblesoft)

 

·          ALMIGHTY = NT:3841 pantokrátœr; gen. pantokrátoros, masc. noun from pás (3956), all, every, and krátos (2904), power, strength, dominion. Ruler over all, omnipotent, almighty, spoken only of God as in 2 Corinthians 6:18; Revelation 1:8; 4:8; 11:17; 15:3; 16:7,14; 19:6,15; 21:22; Sept.: 2 Samuel 5:10; 7:25,27; Job 5:17; 8:5.  (From The Complete Word Study Bible and The Complete Word Study Dictionary: New Testament Copyright © 1991, 1992, 1994, 2002 AMG International, Inc.)

 

Because Revelation 1:4 uses the identical phrase as 1:8, “who is and who was and who is to come,” when referring to God, neither of these applies to the MAN Christ Jesus.  Revelation 1:8 simply embellishes the phrase with further details as to the IDENTITY of Him who is and who was and who is to come with the words, highlighted in red below.  Compare the two verses and you will see how accurate this conclusion is:

 

Revelation 1:8  I am the Alpha and the Omega,” says the Lord God, “who is and who was and who is to come, the Almighty.”  NAS

 

Revelation 1:4 From Him who is and who was and who is to come and from the seven Spirits who are before His throne.  NAS

 

We now conclude the following based on the contexts already studied:

 

1.      Him who is and who was and who is to come is the Alpha and the Omega

2.      Him who is and who was and who is to come is the Lord God, the Almighty, owner of the throne

Contrasting The Word Of God With The Testimony Of Jesus

·          Revelation 1:9 I, John, your brother and fellow partaker in the tribulation and kingdom and perseverance which are in Jesus, was on the island called Patmos, because of the word of God AND the testimony of Jesus.  (NAS)

 

Many Christians today believe that Jesus Christ is the “word” spoken of in the NT.  They use John 1:1 as their supposed proof.  Yet here in Revelation 1:9 John makes a distinction by dividing Deity i.e. “the word of God” from humanity i.e. “the testimony of Jesus” by the use of the conjunction, “AND.”   By referring back to Revelation 1:2, we can see that this distinction was made before in the context.  Compare Revelation 1:2 and Revelation 1:9 side by side:

 

·          Revelation 1:9 I John, who also am your brother, and companion in tribulation, and in the kingdom and patience of Jesus Christ, was in the isle that is called Patmos, for the word of God, AND for the testimony of Jesus Christ.  (KJV)

 

·          Revelation 1:2 Who bare record of the word of God, AND of the testimony of Jesus Christ, and of all things that he saw.  (KJV)

 

These two phrases are separated by the conjunction “AND.”  In addition, the Greek word for “word” in the phrase, “word of God” is defined as follows:

 

·          Word” - 3056 logos (log'-os); from 3004; something said (including the thought); by implication a topic (subject of discourse), also reasoning (the mental faculty) or motive; by extension, a computation.

 

The “word” of God refers to what God said or communicated, to John (Revelation 1:1).  God communicated to John through a messenger of some sort (perhaps an angel, but not for certain); the message from God (the Father) was sent by the direction of Jesus Christ.  Jesus Christ received what God gave him (see Revelation 1:1).  That which God “said” (including God’s thoughts and the topics spoken about) is distinguished from the “testimony” of Jesus.  The Greek word for “testimony” is defined as follows:

 

·          Testimony” - 3141 marturia (mar-too-ree'-ah); from 3144; evidence given (judicially or genitive case); here in Revelation 1:9 it is in the genitive case, and therefore means, “a witness.”  Marturia comes from the root Greek word martus (mar'-toos); meaning, a witness (literally it is used judicially or figuratively it is used in the genitive case); by analogy, a “martyr.”   Our English word for “martyr” is derived from the Greek root martus.

 

God cannot be a martyr, since God cannot die!  Thus we see the exact nature of the distinction between the “word of God” and the “testimony of Jesus.”   Furthermore, in Revelation 1:2, 9, “the testimony of Jesus” is the announcement of the gospel; the preaching of Christ as determined by the apostle’s testimony (v. 2, “all things that he saw”).  This testimony especially concerns Christ and is based upon a personal knowledge of him (Revelation 12:17; 19:10; 20:4). 

 

It is believed that the apostle John was Jesus’ closest friend during his ministry years.  Many believe John is the apostle, “whom Jesus loved” (John 13:23; 20:2; 21:7, 20).  If John was this close to Jesus, don’t you think he would know if Jesus was in fact “God” Almighty?  His descriptions of Jesus throughout the Book of Revelation leave no room for doubt that Jesus is a man and not Deity.

Translation Variations & the Dishonesty
of The King James Version

KJV differs from other translations

Below is the King James Version of Revelation 1:10-11 followed by four other credible versions of the same two verses.  Highlighted in red are words that have been ERRONEOUSLY ADDED by the King James Version, and this was done for theological purposes, not translation purposes:

 

King James Version - Revelation 1:10-11

10 I was in the Spirit on the Lord's day, and heard behind me a great voice, as of a trumpet,

11 Saying, “I am Alpha and Omega, the first and the last: and, What thou seest, write in a book, and send it unto the seven churches which are in Asia; unto Ephesus, and unto Smyrna, and unto Pergamos, and unto Thyatira, and unto Sardis, and unto Philadelphia, and unto Laodicea.” KJV

 

New American Standard Bible - Revelation 1:10-11

10 I was in the Spirit on the Lord's day, and I heard behind me a loud voice like the sound of a trumpet,

11 saying, "Write in a book what you see, and send it to the seven churches: to Ephesus and to Smyrna and to Pergamum and to Thyatira and to Sardis and to Philadelphia and to Laodicea."  NAS

 

New International Version - Revelation 1:10-11

10 On the Lord's Day I was in the Spirit, and I heard behind me a loud voice like a trumpet,

11 which said: "Write on a scroll what you see and send it to the seven churches: to Ephesus, Smyrna, Pergamum, Thyatira, Sardis, Philadelphia and Laodicea." (From New International Version)

 

American Standard Version - Revelation 1:10-11

10 I was in the Spirit on the Lord's day, and I heard behind me a great voice, as of a trumpet

11 saying, What thou seest, write in a book and send (it) to the seven churches: unto Ephesus, and unto Smyrna, and unto Pergamum, and unto Thyatira, and unto Sardis, and unto Philadelphia, and unto Laodicea.  ASV

 

New American Standard Updated Bible - Revelation 1:10-11

10 I was in the Spirit on the Lord's day, and I heard behind me a loud voice like the sound of a trumpet,

11 saying, " Write in a book what you see, and send it to the seven churches: to Ephesus and to Smyrna and to Pergamum and to Thyatira and to Sardis and to Philadelphia and to Laodicea."  NASU

 

All versions except the KJV omit the words in Revelation 1:11, “I am Alpha and Omega, the first and the last.”  The best manuscripts do not have this phrase, and therefore it should be omitted from any credible translation.  The KJV also adds "the beginning and end" to Revelation 1:11 in some versions.  In both cases the KJV translators were following the Textus Receptus.  Later manuscript discoveries demonstrated the clause is not original here (probably some scribe earlier for whatever reason transposed the clause from chapter 22 both here and in verse 11).  In fairness to the translators of the KJV perhaps we should assume they were just following the Textus Receptus, which has hundreds if not thousands of problems.

 

One can only speculate, but it appears the KJV translators wanted to make a clear connection between the phrases “Alpha and Omega” and “the first and the last,” and whatever the individual theological position of the translators on the King James committee, the KJV certainly corroborates the view that Christ was “God.”  Trinitarian influences no doubt played some role, since the Church of England espouses Jesus Christ as, ‘God the son’ (i.e. - the second person of the Trinity; a co-equal God person, along with the person of the Father & the Holy Spirit).  A ridiculous notion indeed! 

 

What the KJV translators did by adding the words, “I am Alpha and Omega, the first and the last,” was to give credence to the idea that Jesus Christ is somehow the God-man, who mysteriously created of the universe.  This is an outlandish doctrine, since we can clearly prove the very day of Jesus was conceived and his birth in a manger (Matthew 1:17-20; Luke 2:4-16).  Some theologians have gone so far as to say that the Almighty God became a baby! (See Chuck Swindoll’s book, “When God Became A Man.”)

 

Today, it is the bias of Christian theologians which defines, “the Alpha and Omega,” in Revelation 1:11 as, ‘the first and the last.’  There are enough credible manuscripts and study tools available for a person to find the correct answers.  Throughout its dark and sordid past, the Roman Catholic Church concealed the scriptures from the masses, and few people had the passion, drive and the courage to challenge doctrinal prejudices.

 

Nowadays, people ARE beginning to ask questions.  No longer does everyone accept status quo and the advent of Bible software have made comparing Bible translations much easier and quicker. 

 

It is important to note the discrepancies, “the first and the last,” in Revelation 1:11 because the addition of this phrase in Revelation 1:11 corroborates the “Jesus is God” doctrine, since a similar phrase is used in Revelation 22:13, which does speak of Jesus as, “Alpha and Omega, the first and the last.”  However, since I mentioned it, let’s show the doctrine for what it is, a lie of the devil to rob the Father of all the glory due His holy Name!  Read the entire text below, and note the red highlights that point out once again how Jesus worships God, thereby negating any claims to Deity by theologians.

 

·          Revelation 22:8-16 And I, John, am the one who heard and saw these things. And when I heard and saw, I fell down to worship at the feet of the angel who showed me these things. 9 And he said to me, "Do not do that; I am a fellow servant of yours and of your brethren the prophets and of those who heed the words of this book; worship God." 10 And he said to me, "Do not seal up the words of the prophecy of this book, for the time is near. 11 Let the one who does wrong, still do wrong; and let the one who is filthy, still be filthy; and let the one who is righteous, still practice righteousness; and let the one who is holy, still keep himself holy.  12 Behold, I am coming quickly, and my reward is with me, to render to every man according to what he has done. 13 I am the Alpha and the Omega, the first and the last, the beginning and the end."  14 Blessed are those who wash their robes, that they may have the right to the tree of life, and may enter by the gates into the city. 15 Outside are the dogs and the sorcerers and the immoral persons and the murderers and the idolaters, and everyone who loves and practices lying. 16 I, Jesus, have sent my angel to testify to you these things for the churches. I am the root and the offspring of David, the bright morning star."  NAS

 

Without going into a great amount of detail, certain facts once again testify to the man Christ Jesus and AGAINST the, “Jesus is God” doctrine.  In Revelation 22:9 we see the IDENTITY of the voice speaking to John, and saying to him, “… I am a fellow servant of yours and of your brethren the prophets and of those who heed the words of this book; worship God.”  Since this voice is the same as in Revelation 22;13, it certainly cannot be God; rather, it is someone subservient to the Almighty admonishing the apostle John to “worship God” just as he does.

 

Worship God?  If Jesus was “God” (as Trinitarian theologians claim), then why does his voice (apparently the same voice that claimed to be “Alpha the Omega, the first and the last”) say to “worship God?”  This verse by itself proves Jesus is not God, but there is further proof for those who deny the truth.  To further prove it is the voice of Jesus, just a few verses later in the context of Revelation 22:16 he says, “I, Jesus, have sent my angel to testify to you these things for the churches. I am the root and the offspring of David, the bright morning star.”  For more information, please check out this study, Jesus, Descendent Of David, Resurrected Seed Of God

 

Alpha & Omega is Idiomatic
for Stages of God’s Redemptive Plan

 

The phrase, “Alpha and Omega,” is idiomatic for the beginning and the ending of something; it is a Greek euphemism, and need not be automatically applied to “God.”  I am still amazed after 30 years of study that Christians so naively swallow certain teachings without searching the matter out to determine if it is the truth.

 

To determine whether Alpha and Omega has application to humanity or Deity, the objective student of scripture must use the CONTEXT of a particular passage to make his or her final determination.  The phrase, “Alpha and Omega,” is used is Revelation 1:8 in reference to the “Lord God… the Almighty,” and therefore applies to Deity.  This context made it easy to determine the use of Alpha and Omega because of the wording.

 

In the true faith of a believer, there is only ONE God; He is aka “the Lord God Almighty,” and is known in the Hebrew Old Testament as, “Yahweh Elohim.”   Elohim alone created this universe in the first chapter of Genesis and He will finish His design for us in this universe.  For this reason Elohim ALONE is called, “the Almighty,” (in Revelation 1:8), because only God the Father can be called the “Pantokrátœr,” or literally, “All Ruling One.”  Thus He is the “Alpha” because He is the Creator and He is the “Omega” because He directs His son Jesus, who is at His right hand, until the end of this heaven and earth (as we know it) is terminated.

 

Jesus Christ is NEVER called by the term, “Almighty,” in scripture, but instead he calls himself, “the son of man” numerous times in the synoptic gospels.  It seems almost comical that Christians would believe Jesus is “God-and-man” at the same time; it’s like having a schizophrenic Jesus; you never really know if you’re listening to God speak, or the man Jesus speak.

 

If this damnable “Jesus is God” doctrine did not destroy our perception of the Father, we might have a good laugh, but the sad reality is that Christians are trying to follow the example of Jesus Christ, believing all the while he is the, “God-Man.”  So it seems quite impossible to attain to the same level of character and walk in the same footsteps as servants of the Most High if we believe our Messiah is Divine!

 

Jesus is called the Alpha and the Omega in Revelation 22:13 because it is at the end of the Book of Revelation and presenting the man Christ Jesus to be the summation of God’s plan for this earth, before He (God) creates a new heaven and a new earth. 

 

In Revelation 22:13, Jesus is not referred to as, “the Almighty!”  Rather, he is called, “the offspring of David.”  God cannot be the “offspring” of any man.  How can anyone read this with an honest and true perspective and still believe the “Jesus is God” viewpoint?  This shows the power of Satan to deceive even the very elect.

 

Also, the context varies greatly between Revelation 22:13 and Revelation 1:17-18.  In Revelation 1:17-18 Jesus says, “Do not be afraid; I am the first and the last, and the living One; and I was dead, and behold, I am alive.”  Jesus omits the ‘Alpha and Omega’ phrase in chapter One of Revelation, because the end of his part in God’s plan has not yet been completed. 

 

Also, as the “first and THE LAST,” Jesus says of himself,  I WAS DEAD, and behold, I am alive.”   Remember, GOD CANNOT DIE.  Jesus makes the same claim of being the “first and last” later in Revelation 2:8:

 

·          Revelation 2:8  “And to the angel of the church in Smyrna write: The FIRST and the last, WHO WAS DEAD, and has come to life, says this...”    (NAS)

 

Thus Alpha and Omega can and is used figuratively to represent something other than deity, since these are merely the first and last letters of the Greek alphabet.  Therefore, alpha and omega signifies the beginning and ending of a particular age, or period of time.  The FIRST or ALPHA part of the plan for Jesus was his being DEAD (i.e. when he sacrificed his life at Calvary). 

 

Thank God the FATHER that Jesus did not remain in the “Alpha” stage; God raised Jesus from the dead, which is why Jesus said in Revelation 2:8 he, “…HAS COME TO LIFE.” Coming back from the dead thru the power of the Father’s spirit enabled Jesus to enter into the “OMEGA” or the “LAST” stage of life and begin enacting the remainder of God’s plan for the atonement of man.

 

In the English language it is very common to speak of the beginning and ending of one’s life, the start and finish of a race, etc.  As indicated in the definitions above, the word, “omega” has a figurative meaning of “finality.”  Jesus is called the beginning and end (i.e. - finality) of God’s plan for the redemption of mankind in Revelation 22:13.  Jesus has been delegated with certain authority from God, which he implements in differing ways, depending upon the era that we live in.

 

For example, in Hebrews 2:6-7, written long after Jesus had ascended into the heavens, and was seated at the right hand of the Almighty, it says of the Christ, “What is man that You (God) are mindful of him (Jesus), the son of man that you care for him?  You (God) made him (Jesus) a little lower than the angels; You (God) crowned him (Jesus) with glory and honor and put everything under his feet." 

 

If the writer of Hebrews (likely Paul) had stopped there, we would wonder what Christ’s role in our future was!  To demonstrate there are eras (eons, ages) in which God’s plan is still in the “Omega” stage, Hebrews 2:8-12 explains:

 

·          Hebrews 2:8-12 In putting everything under him (Jesus), God left nothing that is not subject to him (Jesus). Yet at present we do not see everything subject to him (Jesus). 9 But we see Jesus, who was made a little lower than the angels, now crowned with glory and honor because he suffered death, so that by the grace of God he (Jesus) might taste death for everyone. 10 In bringing many sons to glory, it was fitting that God, for whom and through whom everything exists, should make the author (Jesus) of their salvation perfect through suffering. 11 Both the one who makes men holy and those who are made holy are of the same family.  So Jesus is not ashamed to call them brothers.  12 He (Jesus) says, "I will declare your (God’s) name to my (Jesus’) brothers; in the presence of the congregation I (Jesus) will sing your (God’s) praises."  13 And again, "I (Jesus) will put my trust in him (God)."  And again he (Jesus) says, "Here am I (Jesus), and the children God has given me."  14 Since the children have flesh and blood, he too shared in their humanity so that by his death he might destroy him who holds the power of death-that is, the devil- 15 and free those who all their lives were held in slavery by their fear of death. 16 For surely it is not angels he helps, but Abraham's descendants. 17 For this reason he had to be made like his brothers in every way, in order that he (Jesus) might become a merciful and faithful high priest in service to God, and that he might make atonement for the sins of the people. 18 Because he (Jesus) himself suffered when he was tempted, he (Jesus) is able to help those who are being tempted.  (From New International Version)

 

This text of Hebrews leaves absolutely zero tolerance for doubt as to the identity of Jesus, and why he says that he is the Alpha and Omega of God’s redemptive plan.  It is only the context that properly determines what the Alpha and Omega refers to. 

 

When we see the word “Almighty” attached to the words, “alpha and omega,” then we can safely deduce it is a reference to God as the Creator and the One who ends this universe (as we know it); otherwise, it refers to the man Christ Jesus.

 

The ‘First Voice’ Differs From The Voice Of Jesus

The very “first voice” which John heard in Revelation 1:8 said, “I am the Alpha and the Omega,” says the Lord God, “who is and who was and who is to come, the Almighty.”  This first voice was obviously from God. 

 

The second voice John heard speaking to him was that of the man Jesus Christ, saying in Revelation 1:18, “Do not be afraid; I am the first and the last, and the living One; and I was dead, and behold, I am alive forevermore.”  In chapter four of the Book of Revelation, a very clear distinction is made between the first voice John heard (God’s voice) and the second voice John heard (Jesus’ voice):

 

·          Revelation 4:1 After these things I looked, and behold, a door {standing} open in heaven, and the first voice which I had heard, like {the sound} of a trumpet speaking with me, said, “Come up here, and I will show you what must take place after these things.”  NAS

 

John distinguishes between the two voices.  The first voice in Revelation 4:1 is the same as the voice in Revelation 1:8; this was the voice of the Almighty God, as noted above.  The other voice speaking in Revelation 1:18 is the voice of the man Jesus, saying, “Do not be afraid; I am the first and the last, and the living One; and I was dead, and behold, I am alive forevermore.”

 

God would never say, “I was dead.”  God is immortal and He cannot die; therefore, Revelation 1:18 is the glorified son of man speaking.  When Jesus says he was “dead” it is translated from the Greek word, “nekrós,” which means, “a corpse.”  Our English word, “necrotic,” is derived from nekrós.  Jesus died while being crucified.  Afterwards, his body was laid in a tomb.  Jesus uses the word “dead” in Revelation 2:8 because he is saying, “I was a corpse.”  By using such terminology, not only does he say that he was dead, but adds emphasis to death by saying he was a dead body of flesh (i.e. nekrós; a corpse). 

 

Only humans have a body of flesh that becomes a corpse when they die; God does not have a body of flesh and blood.  God cannot die, nor can He become a dead “corpse.”  Other scriptures testify of Jesus’ death as well:

 

·          John 19:33 But when they came to Jesus, and saw that he was dead already, they brake not his legs.  (KJV)

 

The usual Greek word for “dead” used in John 19:33 is thnesko (thnay'-sko); it is a strengthened form of a simpler primary thano (than'-o); thnesko means, “to die” (literally or figuratively).  This verse helps us understand that Jesus died, literally, and later became a corpse.  As mentioned before, God is immortal, and therefore Jesus cannot be called “God.”

 

Scriptures, which prove God cannot die, are as follows:

 

·          1 Timothy 1:17 Now to the King eternal, immortal, invisible, the only God, {be} honor and glory forever and ever.  Amen.  (NAS)

 

·          1 Timothy 6:15-16 He who is the blessed and only Sovereign, the King of kings and Lord of lords; who alone possesses immortality and dwells in unapproachable light; whom no man has seen or can see.  To Him be honor and eternal dominion!  Amen.  (NAS)

 

NOTE:  The two verses above also show God to be “invisible.”  Jesus was a “corpse.”  A corpse can be seen.  Another proof Jesus is not God.

 

Jesus, in heaven calls himself, ‘the son of God,’ therefore he cannot be “God.”

 

·          Revelation 2:18 And to the angel of the church in Thyatira write: The son of God, who has eyes like a flame of fire, and His feet are like burnished bronze, says this:  (NAS)

 

Why doesn’t Jesus address himself as “God” here if he is the Almighty?  It is because there is only one God, and one mediator between God and man:

 

·          1 Timothy 2:5 For there is one God, and one mediator also between God and men; {the} man Christ Jesus.   (NAS)

 

God gave Jesus his authority; if Jesus actually was God, he would have no need for anyone to give him authority because he would possess all authority.

 

·          Revelation 2:26-28  ‘And he who overcomes, and he who keeps my deeds until the end, to him I will give authority over the nations; and he shall rule them with a rod of iron, as the vessels of the potter are broken to pieces, as I also have received authority from my Father; and I will give him the morning star.’  (NAS)

 

CONTRAST:  How could Jesus be called “God” when, from heaven, he says he will give the church “authority” just as he has “received” from his Father?  Would this be God giving authority to him?  An absurd conclusion, but it is what most theologians today believe to be true.

 

There are many other scriptures where Jesus mentions receiving authority from his Father.  Understanding the principle of delegated authority, from God the Father to Jesus, is the key to understanding who Jesus really is.  He is a man, the son of God, and the son of man, who has been given authority by God, His Father:

 

·          Matthew 9:6-8 “But in order that you may know that the Son of Man has authority on earth to forgive sins”-- then He said to the paralytic-- “Rise, take up your bed, and go home.”  And he rose, and went home.  But when the multitudes saw this, they were filled with awe, and glorified God, who had given such authority to men.  (NAS)

 

·          John 5:26-27  “For just as the Father has life in Himself, even so He gave to the Son also to have life in Himself; and He gave him (Jesus) authority to execute judgment, because he (Jesus) is the son of man.  (NAS)

 

·          John 17:1-3 After Jesus said this, he looked toward heaven and prayed: “Father, the time has come. Glorify your son, that your son may glorify you.  For You granted him authority over all people that he might give eternal life to all those you have given him.  Now this is eternal life: that they may know you, the only true God, and Jesus Christ, whom you (God) have sent.  (NIV)

 

Already the overwhelming proof texts given testify to the fact Jesus is a man and not God.  We observed the distinction between the first and the second voices heard by John.  Adding even more weight of evidence, in his message to the seven churches, Jesus calls the Almighty, “My God.”

 

·          Revelation 3:2  ‘Wake up, and strengthen the things that remain, which were about to die; for I have not found your deeds completed in the sight of my God.’  (NAS)

 

This phrase, “my God,” is seen again and again in the Book of Revelation.  How could Jesus be “God” in any sense when, from his position in heaven, he refers to the Father as, “my God?”

 

·          Revelation 3:12  ‘He who overcomes, I will make him a pillar in the temple of my God, and he will not go out from it anymore; and I will write upon him the name of my God, and the name of the city of my God, the new Jerusalem, which comes down out of heaven from my God, and my new name.   (NAS)

 

Any Christian who claims Jesus is “God” is at a total loss to explain Revelation 3:12.  Not only does Jesus refer to his God, but mentions God in light of some profound truths:

 

·          “… in the temple of my God.”

 

·          “… the name of my God.”

 

·          “… the city of my God, the new Jerusalem.”

 

·          “… which comes down out of heaven from my God.”

 

The temple of my God?  The name of my God?  The city of my God?  Out of heaven, from my God?  Can there be any room left for doubt?  Jesus has a God, and his God is the only true God.  It is the same God that Jesus knew since his birth, and is it the same God that he had previously called “my God?”

 

·          Matthew 27:46  And about the ninth hour Jesus cried out with a loud voice, saying, “Eli, Eli, lama sabachthani?” that is, “My God, my God, why have You forsaken me?” (NKJ)

 

If Jesus is God, who is he calling out to?  If Jesus is God, has he forsaken himself?

 

·          Mark 15:34 And at the ninth hour Jesus cried out in a loud voice, “Eloi, Eloi, lama sabachthani?”-- Which means, “My God, my God, why have you forsaken me?”  (NIV)

 

·          John 20:16-17 Jesus said to her, “Mary!”  She turned and said to Him in Hebrew, “Rabboni!” (Which means, Teacher).  Jesus said to her, “Stop clinging to me, for I have not yet ascended to the Father; but go to my brethren, and say to them, ‘I ascend to my Father and your Father, and my God and your God.’”  (NAS)

 

Jesus felt that God had forsaken him on the cross; does this sound like a “God” talking?  Of course not, and anyone that teaches to the contrary is teaching false doctrine and misrepresenting the nature of God and of Christ.  Jesus says he will confess the names of overcomers before his Father in HEAVEN.  Therefore, no one can claim that Jesus was a man just during his 33 ½ years upon the earth.  As looney as it sounds, theologians teach that Jesus as God left heaven, became a man, died, raised himself (as God) from the dead, and then ascended back to His eternal throne!  Some teachers go even further out into space by saying that “God died upon the cross!”  Where does this madness end???

 

·          Revelation 3:5  ‘He who overcomes shall thus be clothed in white garments; and I will not erase his name from the book of life, and I will confess his name before my Father, and before His angels.  (NAS)

 

Jesus confesses the overcomers in the church of Sardis before, as he says, “my Father,” and “His angels.”  Clearly a distinction between Father and son exists and an acknowledgment by the son that the “angels” of heaven belong to God and not to him.  If Jesus were God, wouldn’t the angels be acknowledged as belonging to Jesus?  Furthermore, there are numerous verses which are compatible with Revelation 3:5 whereby Jesus says there is a Higher Authority above him.  How can he be “God” and have someone higher in authority than him?

 

·          Matthew 7:21 “Not everyone who says to me, ‘Lord, Lord,’ will enter the kingdom of heaven; but he who does the will of my Father who is in heaven.”  (NAS)

 

·          Matthew 10:32-33 “Everyone therefore who shall confess me before men, I will also confess him before my Father who is in heaven.  But whoever shall deny me before men, I will also deny him before my Father who is in heaven.”  (NAS)

 

·          Matthew 16:15-17 He said to them, “But who do you say that I am?”  And Simon Peter answered and said, “Thou art the Christ, the Son of the living God.”  And Jesus answered and said to him, “Blessed are you, Simon Barjona, because flesh and blood did not reveal {this} to you, but my Father who is in heaven.”  (NAS)

 

·          Matthew 26:38-39 Then he said to them, “My soul is overwhelmed with sorrow to the point of death.  Stay here and keep watch with me.”  Going a little farther, he fell with his face to the ground and prayed, “My Father, if it is possible, may this cup be taken from me. Yet not as I will, but as you will.”  (NIV)

 

·          Luke 22:29-30  And just as my Father has granted me a kingdom, I grant you that you may eat and drink at my table in my kingdom, and you will sit on thrones judging the twelve tribes of Israel.”  (NAS)

 

·          John 8:18-19  “I am he who bears witness of myself, and the Father who sent me bears witness of me.  And so they were saying to him, “Where is your Father?”  Jesus answered, “You know neither me, nor my Father; if you knew me, you would know my Father also.”  (NAS)

 

·          John 8:39-42 They answered and said to Him, “Abraham is our father.”  Jesus said to them, “If you are Abraham's children, do the deeds of Abraham.  But as it is, you are seeking to kill me, a man who has told you the truth, which I heard from God; this Abraham did not do.  You are doing the deeds of your father.”  They said to Him, “We were not born of fornication; we have one Father, even God.”  Jesus said to them, “If God were your Father, you would love me; for I proceeded forth and have come from God, for I have not even come on my own initiative, but He sent me.”  (NAS)

 

Jesus is the creation of God and he is a man; even now, Jesus is a man, albeit he is a glorified human being.  Why does the Christian church feel so compelled to make him into their “God?”  Typically, in today’s Christian culture, if a believer denies the “Jesus is God” doctrine, immediately they are labeled as being Jehovah’s Witnesses.  Instead of a willingness to examine their theology in light of the plain text of scripture, it seems a whole lot easier to get into the name-calling.  In law and logic, this deceptive tactic is known as ad hominem. Slander the messenger enough and you don’t have to deal with the truth presented before you; this won’t stand the test in eternity, and one day every one of us

 

·          Revelation 3:14  “And to the angel of the church in Laodicea write: The Amen, the faithful and true Witness, the Beginning of the creation of God, says this:”  (NAS)

 

God is the Creator, not the creation.  Jesus is called, “the beginning of the creation of God.”  He is therefore a created being.  Why is that so difficult for Christians to acknowledge?  Maybe the devil doesn’t want them to grasp hold of the truth.  Maybe Satan is dangling the same temptation before them that he did before Adam and Eve, “You shall be wise, like God.”  Think about it; if you believe Jesus is “God” and you are seeking to be like Jesus, aren’t you in effect trying to become like God?

 

Some theologians twist Revelation 3:14 to mean that, in the very beginning, Jesus was “eternally begotten” by God.  There are even creeds of Christendom (which I politely refer to as heretical) that use this exact language.  The Athanasian and Nicean Creeds both contain wording to the effect that Jesus is, “eternally begotten.” However, regarding the "eternal generation of the son," the idea was actually first developed earlier by Origen in the Third Century.  Origen is probably more accurately associated with the tradition that became the Greek Orthodox Church.  Some good number of years after his death, Origen was condemned as a heretic by a later church ruling though the "church" certainly did not therefore reject his idea of eternal generation.

 

 The historical development of the doctrine of “eternal generation” is intricately tied to the doctrine of the Trinity.  To say that Christ is “eternally begotten” is oxymoronic and by using absurd language like this to justify the incarnation of Christ as “God,” theologians have used convoluted words that make no sense whatsoever.  The terms “eternally” and “begotten” are diametrically opposed to one another.  Eternally implies without beginning or end.  Begotten implies procreation, and a definite beginning.

 

So, what does it mean in Revelation 3:14, when Jesus calls himself, “the beginning of the creation of God?”  It refers to Jesus, as the mediator of a new covenant, being the beginning of the “new creation” of God.  The redemption found through Jesus Christ, results in the beginning of a new creation:

 

·          Galatians 6:14-16  But may it never be that I should boast, except in the cross of our Lord Jesus Christ, through which the world has been crucified to me, and I to the world.  For neither is circumcision anything, nor uncircumcision, but a new creation.  And those who will walk by this rule, peace and mercy be upon them, and upon the Israel of God. (NAS)

 

·          2 Corinthians 5:16-19 So from now on we regard no one from a worldly point of view.  Though we once regarded Christ in this way, we do so no longer.  Therefore, if anyone is in Christ, he is a new creation; the old has gone, the new has come!  All this is from God, who reconciled us to Himself through Christ and gave us the ministry of reconciliation: that God was reconciling the world to himself through Christ, not counting men's sins against them.  And he has committed to us the message of reconciliation.  (NIV)

 

·          Hebrews 9:11-12 But when Christ appeared as a high priest of the good things to come, he entered through the greater and more perfect tabernacle, not made with hands, that is to say, not of this creation; and not through the blood of goats and calves, but through his own blood, he entered the holy place once for all, having obtained eternal redemption.  (NAS)

 

As a human being, the MAN Christ Jesus had to become an overcomer; that is, he had to overcome temptation, the devil, his own fleshly desires, and so on.  If Jesus were “God” he would not be required to overcome anything!

 

·          Revelation 3:21  ‘He who overcomes, I will grant to him to sit down with me on my throne, as I also overcame and sat down with my Father on His throne.’  (NAS)

 

Jesus had to become an overcomer to sit upon his Father’s throne.  If Jesus were God, why would he need to overcome to sit upon his own throne?  This truth becomes more evident by the very text itself.  Jesus says, “He who overcomes, I will grant him to sit down with me,” AS I ALSO OVERCAME.

 

Jesus overcame, just like his brethren and he faced temptation and sin, and he overcame it.  He left us an example in himself, not as some sort of “God-man,” but as a man, who was tempted like we are.  The following scripture passages show Jesus, as a man, being tempted, and overcoming the temptation by obedience to his God:

 

·          Matthew 4:1-11 Then Jesus was led by the Spirit into the desert to be tempted by the devil.  After fasting forty days and forty nights, he was hungry.  The tempter came to him and said, “If you are the son of God, tell these stones to become bread.”  Jesus answered, “It is written: ‘Man does not live on bread alone, but on every word that comes from the mouth of God.’”  Then the devil took him to the holy city and had him stand on the highest point of the temple.  “If you are the Son of God,” he said, “throw yourself down.  For it is written: ‘He will command his angels concerning you, and they will lift you up in their hands, so that you will not strike your foot against a stone.’”  Jesus answered him, “It is also written: ‘Do not put the Lord your God to the test.’”  Again, the devil took him to a very high mountain and showed him all the kingdoms of the world and their splendor.  All this I will give you,” he said, “if you will bow down and worship me.”  Jesus said to him, “Away from me, Satan!  For it is written: ‘Worship the Lord your God, and serve him only.’”  Then the devil left him, and angels came and attended him.  (NIV)

 

If Jesus was “God” why could the devil lead him into the wilderness to be tempted?  In James 1:12-18, the scripture specifies that GOD CANNOT BE TEMPTED!  Jesus grew hungry, and yet God does not eat food like fleshly humans.  When Satan tempted him to make bread, Jesus said, “MAN does not live on bread alone.”  Jesus again and again calls himself a MAN.

 

·          James 1:12-18 Blessed is the man who endures temptation; for when he has been approved, he will receive the crown of life which the Lord has promised to those who love Him.  Let no one say when he is tempted, “I am tempted by God”; for God cannot be tempted by evil, nor does He Himself tempt anyone.  But each one is tempted when he is drawn away by his own desires and enticed.  Then, when desire has conceived, it gives birth to sin; and sin, when it is full-grown, brings forth death.  Do not be deceived, my beloved brethren.  Every good gift and every perfect gift is from above, and comes down from the Father of lights, with whom there is no variation or shadow of turning.  Of His own will He brought us forth by the word of truth, that we might be a kind of firstfruits of His creation.  (KJ)

 

·          Romans 8:3 For what the Law could not do, weak as it was through the flesh, God did: sending His own son in the likeness of sinful flesh and {as an offering} for sin, He condemned sin in the flesh.  (NAS)

 

Jesus was led into the wilderness, and was tempted by the devil.  God cannot be tempted.  Therefore Jesus cannot be God.  When tempted, Jesus said (referring to himself), “Man does not live on bread alone, but on every word that comes from the mouth of God.”  Jesus, as man, was dependent on the words he heard from his God.  He therefore cannot be God.  The devil acknowledged Jesus was not God when he tempted him saying, “If you are the Son of God...” Jesus responded to this temptation by saying it is foolish to put God to a test by calling upon Him for assistance to appease Satan.  Jesus told the devil, “Do not put the Lord your God to the test.”  Jesus would not put his God to the test foolishly.  This is yet another proof he is not God.

 

The last temptation in the wilderness was when the devil offered Jesus a position of worship.  Jesus overcame this temptation as well, saying to the devil, “Away from me, Satan!  For it is written: ‘Worship the Lord your God, and serve him only.’”  Why would Jesus tell Satan to worship God alone, if he himself were God?  The devil couldn’t tempt God to worship himself, could he? 

 

Contrasting The Almighty And The Lamb
In Revelation Chapters 4 & 5

Chapter Is Four Devoted To The Almighty & Not To Jesus
 

·          Revelation 4:2, 8-11 Immediately I was in the Spirit; and behold, a throne was standing in heaven, and One sitting on the throne... And the four living creatures, each one of them having six wings, are full of eyes around and within; and day and night they do not cease to say, “Holy, holy, holy, is the Lord God, the Almighty, who was and who is and who is to come.”  And when the living creatures give glory and honor and thanks to Him who sits on the throne, to Him who lives forever and ever, the twenty-four elders will fall down before Him who sits on the throne, and will worship Him who lives forever and ever, and will cast their crowns before the throne, saying, “Worthy art Thou, our Lord and our God, to receive glory and honor and power; for Thou didst create all things, and because of Thy will they existed, and were created.”  (NAS)

 

These verses speak solely of God the Father who is the Almighty.  The verses in no way point to Jesus.  The indicators are clear:

 

·          A throne was standing in heaven, and One sitting on the throne (God alone owns the throne, even though He shares it with Jesus)

 

·          The Lord God, the Almighty, who was and who is and who is to come (only God can be called ‘Almighty’; Jesus has limitations.  Jesus was tempted, slain, etc.)

 

·          Glory and honor and thanks to Him who sits on the throne, to Him who lives forever and ever… and will worship Him who lives forever and ever... saying, “Worthy art Thou, our Lord and our God, to receive glory and honor and power; for Thou didst create all things, and because of Thy will they existed, and were created.”  (God is worshipped here for one primary reason and it is because He created ALL things.  Jesus did not create all things.  In fact, Jesus, as we have mentioned before, was a created being)

 

Chapter Five Honors The Lamb But Not As God

·          Revelation 5:5-14 And one of the elders said to me, “Stop weeping; behold, the Lion that is from the tribe of Judah, the Root of David, has overcome so as to open the book and its seven seals.”  And I saw between the throne (with the four living creatures) and the elders a Lamb standing, as if slain, having seven horns and seven eyes, which are the seven Spirits of God, sent out into all the earth.  And he came, and he (Jesus) took it out of the right hand of Him (the Lord God, the Almighty) who sat on the throne.  And when he (Jesus) had taken the book, the four living creatures and the twenty-four elders fell down before the Lamb, having each one a harp, and golden bowls full of incense, which are the prayers of the saints.  And they sang a new song, saying, “Worthy art Thou to take the book, and to break its seals; for Thou wast slain, and didst purchase for God with Thy blood men from every tribe and tongue and people and nation.  And Thou (Jesus) hast made them to be a kingdom and priests to our God; and they will reign upon the earth.”  And I looked, and I heard the voice of many angels around the throne and the living creatures and the elders; and the number of them was myriads of myriads, and thousands of thousands, saying with a loud voice, “Worthy is the Lamb that was slain to receive power and riches and wisdom and might and honor and glory and blessing.”  And every created thing which is in heaven and on the earth and under the earth and on the sea, and all things in them, I heard saying, “To Him (the Lord God, the Almighty) who sits on the throne, AND to the Lamb, be blessing and honor and glory and dominion forever and ever.”  And the four living creatures kept saying, “Amen.”  And the elders fell down and worshipped.  (NAS)

 

·          The Lion that is from the tribe of Judah...has overcome (as mentioned previously, Jesus is a man who overcame.  God would not have anything, or anyone to overcome)

 

·          A Lamb standing, as if slain (Jesus, as man, was the Lamb of God who was slain.  Remember, God is immortal, and cannot die).

 

·          And He came, and He took it out of the right hand of Him who sat on the throne (notice here that Jesus comes to the throne, to take the book out of the right hand of someone else on the throne... that someone else, as mentioned earlier, is the one and only God)

 

·          The twenty-four elders fell down before the Lamb...And they sang a new song, saying, “Worthy art Thou to take the book, and to break its seals; for Thou wast slain, and didst purchase for God with Thy blood men from every tribe and tongue and people and nation. Notice they don’t worship Jesus, the lamb, like they do the Father.  Rather, they give the Lamb honor for being, “slain” and for making “purchase for God with Thy blood.”  This is proof that even in heaven, Jesus is not God.  He is recognized in heaven as the one who died and shed his blood to purchase men, “for God.”  This also proves he is not Deity because God cannot die to purchase men for Himself.

 

·          “And Thou hast made them to be a kingdom and priests to our God… “  The wording specifies Jesus as the man (i.e.  “Thou”) who made these people a kingdom & priests to “our God.”  The person referred to as “Thou” is Jesus the Lamb and he is distinctly separate from the one referred to as “our God.”

 

·          “Worthy is the Lamb that was slain to receive power and riches and wisdom and might and honor and glory and blessing... To Him who sits on the throne, and to the Lamb, be blessing and honor and glory and dominion forever and ever.”  Although theologians are quick to use these verses claim Jesus receives worship as deity, at the same time they fail to acknowledge the Lamb, “was slain.”  Jesus received power, riches, wisdom, might, honor and blessing because God gave it to him.  In other words, the reward that God the Father, the Almighty Creator of heaven and earth GAVE to Jesus was the PRIVILEGE of SHARING His eternal throne, because Jesus purchased men for Him with his own blood when he was slain.

 

This concludes this study and opens the way for a more accurate view of God Almighty and His son, the man Christ Jesus.  Unfortunately there are several Bible translation errors that make Christian theology seem inconsistent, but these few incompatible Bible verses are easily reconciled if we use proper guidelines for study, such as context, verifying passages and words with the original Greek text, and most important of all, keeping an open and unbiased heart and mind that seeks only the truth, with a willingness to let go of whatever does not conform to scripture.

 

Selah

 


 

 

For more information, read the related study:

 

The Alpha and The Omega: Contradictions of UPC & Trinity Doctrines

 

 


 

Return to BAS Homepage   ·   Craig's Bible Studies   ·   E-mail Craig   ·   Write Us   ·   Writings & Links to BAS Friends   ·   Q & A   ·   Return to Top of This Page