The Alpha and The Omega

Contradictions of UPC & Trinity Doctrines

 

By Craig Bluemel

 

PART 1 – What Most Christians Believe

 

The majority of the “Christian” faith believes in two principle doctrines:

 

The doctrine of the Trinity, which asserts there are three distinct and separate persons of God that are mystically joined or united as “One God.”  The Roman Catholic Church established this doctrine in AD 323 at the Council of Nicea, and formally written in a body of text known as The Athanasian Creed.  Embraced by the Reformers, the doctrine of the Trinity has usurped the scriptures in defining who God is, and who Jesus is.  The Trinity asserts there is one Person called God the Father, one Person called God the Son, and one person called God the Holy Spirit.  All three persons of God in the Triune Godhead are said to be co-equal, co-eternal, co-omniscient, co-omnipotent, co-Creators, and neither is said to before or after the other.  In the Trinity, Jesus is said to be “uncreated” just as the Father is uncreated and the Holy Spirit is uncreated.

 

In the 4th Century the Roman Catholic and Eastern Church produced the Nicene Creed, which asserts the full deity of Jesus Christ.  This creed takes the concept of deity to the extreme, referring to Jesus Christ as, “very God of very God.”

 

Given the two creeds above, and the content concerning Jesus, it is no wonder most Christians interpret the “Alpha and Omega” in the Book of Revelation as being one and the same as Jesus Christ.  Careful reading and scrutiny of the passages not only refute the claim that Jesus is “fully God” but declare his humanity as absolute, and make a clear distinction between him, and his Father “God” who is, in fact, the Almighty.

 

Part 2- The Alpha & Omega

 

Revelation 1:8 addresses two Greek transliterations "Alpha" and "Omega."  These two words are simply the beginning and ending letters of the Greek alphabet.  The letter alpha is akin to the English letter “A” and the letter omega is akin to the English alphabet letter “w” (see chart below).  The use of alpha and omega does not, by itself, imply deity.  Rather, it is a Greek colloquialism to show the beginning (alpha) and ending (omega) of something, someone, or a combination of both.  Below is a chart from the AMG WordStudy Bible & Reference CD (a very good PC Bible study program):

Guide To Transliteration—From Greek To English With Modern Greek Pronunciation

 

 Capital Letter                 Small Letter        Greek Name      Transliteration 

 Phonetic Sound              Example

A       a                              alpha                      a a                      as in father

B       b                              beta                        b v                      as in victory

G      g                              gamma                   g y                       as in yell (soft guttural)

D      d                              delta                       d th                      as in there

E      e                              epsilon                    e e                       as in met

Z      z                              zeta                         z z                       as in zebra

H      h                              eta                          e ee                     as in see

Q     q                               theta                       th th                     as in thin

I       i                                iota                         i i                          as in machine

K     k                               kappa                     k k                         as in kill (soft accent)

L      l                               lambda                    l l                          as in land

M    m                              mu                          m m                      as in mother

N     n                              nu                            n n                        as in now

X     x                               xi                             x x                        as in wax

O     o                             omicron                   o o                         as in obey

P     p                              pi                             p p                         as in pet (soft accent)

R     r                               ro                            r r                           as in courage

S     s,"*                          sigma                      s  s                         as in sit

T     t                               tau                           t t                           as in tell (soft accent)

U     u                             upsilon                     u ee                       as in see

F     f                               phi                           ph ph                     as in graphic

C    c                              chi                            ch  h                        as in heel

Y    y                               psi                           ps ps                      as in ships

W   w                              omega                     o o                         as in obey

  

  *At end of words

 

In the context of Revelation 1:8, these words “Alpha” and “Omega” are applied to God, who is the Almighty.  The context of Revelation 1:1 begins with God the Father being the One that “gave” the “Revelation” to His son, the man Jesus Christ.  In the passage below, taken from the NAS translation, italics have been added to clarify and identify what each personal noun or pronoun.

Revelation 1:1-8

1:1 The Revelation of Jesus Christ, which God gave Him to show to His bond-servants, the things which must shortly take place; and He (Jesus) sent and communicated {it} by His angel to His bond-servant John,


1:2 who bore witness to the word of God and to the testimony of Jesus Christ, {even} to all that he saw.


1:3 Blessed is he who reads and those who hear the words of the prophecy, and heed the things which are written in it; for the time is near.


1:4 John to the seven churches that are in Asia: Grace to you and peace, from Him (God) who is and who was and who is to come; and from the seven Spirits who are before His (God’s) throne;


1:5 and from Jesus Christ, the faithful witness, the first-born of the dead, and the ruler of the kings of the earth. To Him (Jesus) who loves us, and released us from our sins by His blood,


1:6 and He (Jesus) has made us {to be} a kingdom, priests to His God and Father; to Him (God the Father) {be} the glory and the dominion forever and ever. Amen.


1:7 Behold, He (Jesus) is coming with the clouds, and every eye will see Him (Jesus), even those who pierced Him (Jesus); and all the tribes of the earth will mourn over Him (Jesus). Even so. Amen.


1:8 "I am the Alpha and the Omega," says the Lord God, "who is and who was and who is to come, the Almighty."
(NAS)

Commentary on Revelation 1:1-8

 

CONTRADICTION #1: In Revelation 1:1, the passage begins by saying, “The Revelation of Jesus Christ, which God gave Him.”  Most Christians profess Jesus Christ is “fully God.”  If Jesus is fully God, then by definition, he must needs have the same equal amount of revelation that God possesses, wouldn’t he? 

 

With that thought in mind, how can “God” be the one who “gave” the revelation TO Jesus Christ” if Jesus is, in fact, “fully” God?  That’s like saying, “The revelation of the GOD Jesus Christ, which THE GOD the Father gave to him…”  Why would GOD need to give GOD a revelation , IF Jesus as GOD already HAS the revelation?

 

CONTRADICTION #2: In Revelation 1:2, John says he bore witness to, “the word of God AND to the testimony of Jesus Christ.”  John makes another distinction between “God” and Jesus.  Why would he make ANY distinction at all, if in fact Jesus is God?

 

CONTRADICTION #3: In Revelation 1:4-5 the Lord God, the Almighty, is clearly distinguished as being totally different than Jesus Christ; the verse reads as follows: 

 

"Him who is and who was and who is to come," AND "from Jesus Christ, the faithful witness, the first-born of the dead..."

 

The conjunction “AND” is added for the purpose of separation and distinction, (this is basic grammar folks); the phrase reading as, “Him who is and who was and who is to come” is being separated from the person of, “Jesus Christ, the faithful witness, the first-born of the dead..."  This is POSITIVE PROOF that Jesus is NOT the same Personage as God, whom John describes as, “Him who is and who was and who is to come.” 

 

This point becomes more emphatic when we examine Revelation 1:8, which is a direct link to Revelation 1:4. 

 

Revelation 1:4 from Him (God) who is and who was and who is to come; and from the seven Spirits who are before His (God’s) throne

 

Revelation 1:8 "I am the Alpha and the Omega," says the Lord God, "who is and who was and who is to come, the Almighty."

 

It has already been proven that verse four refers to God, not Jesus, as the one who is, who was, and who is to come.  Jesus is made distinct from God in 1:5 by the insertion of the conjunction, “and,” as, “and from Jesus Christ, the faithful witness, the first-born of the dead.”  This point being established, we compare 1:4 with 1:8 in its characteristics that are the same, but also in its dynamics, because verse eight adds these highlighted words below:

 

Revelation 1:8, “"I am the Alpha and the Omega," says the Lord God, "who is and who was and who is to come, the Almighty."

Summarizing, the Lord God Almighty IS the Alpha & Omega mentioned in these texts, not Jesus.  Also, the Lord God Almighty is He who is, and who was, and who is to come, not Jesus.

 

CONTRADICTION #4: In Revelation 1:5 these words, “first-born of the dead,” prove Jesus is a mortal human being, because he died, and was then raised from the dead BY GOD (Read Galatians 1:1).  The mortality of Jesus is emphasized by the final words of Revelation 1:5, “and released us from our sins by His blood.  If Jesus is God, then we must conclude God has blood, and is a mortal human like other men, which contradicts Numbers 23:19, John 4:23-24, and Luke 24:36-49.

 

Numbers 23:19 "God is not a man, that He should lie, nor a son of man, that He should repent.”  NKJV

 

John 4:24God is spirit, and those who worship Him must worship in spirit and truth."  NKJV

 

Luke 24:36-39 And while they were telling these things, Jesus himself stood in their midst.  But they were startled, frightened, and thought that they were seeing a spirit.  And Jesus said to them, "Why are you troubled, and why do doubts arise in your hearts?  See my hands and my feet, that it is I myself; touch me and see, for a spirit does not have flesh and bones as you see that I have."  NAS

 

CONTRADICTION #5: In Revelation 1:4 we find, “Him who is and who was and who is to come,” as being the possessor of the throne, stated clearly in the phrase, “who are before His throne.”  It is vital this fact be established from the very beginning of the Book of Revelation because the remainder of the chapters, which mention a “throne,” will include Jesus as sharing in a position of rulership from his FATHER’S throne.  It is GOD’S throne, and Jesus is authorized to share it.  For other throne references, see Revelation 3:21; 4:2-11; 5:1, 6-7, 13; 6:16; 7:9-11, 15-17; 8:3-4; 12:5; 14:1-3; 16:17; 19:4-10; 20:6, 11-12; 21:2-7, 22; 22:1-3, 5-6, 13.

 

In all of the throne references the contexts that include Jesus, or mention him as the “Lamb” ALWAYS distinguish him as being separate from the person of “God.”

 

CONTRADICTION #6: In Revelation 1:8 the, "Alpha and Omega," is clearly the same Personage as the, “Lord God,” and, “the Almighty.”  It is also clearly stated in verse 8 that the, "Almighty," is one and the same as, "He who is and who was and who is to come."  This completely eliminates Jesus as being any of the following: "Alpha and Omega" or “Lord God,” or as, “the Almighty.” 

 

CONTRADICTION #7: In Revelation 1:6 the text reads, “and He (Jesus) has made us to be a kingdom, priests to His God and Father.”  If Jesus was fully God, why then does this verse say he (Jesus) made us to be a kingdom of priests to, HIS God?”  This is contradictory, and is further proof of the absurdity of the creeds and the doctrine of the Trinity, and the doctrine which assets Jesus as Deity.

 

CONTRADICTION #8: The Greek word for, "Almighty," is the word, "Pantokrátor," and this term Pantokrátor is never used in reference to Jesus, only to God the Father. 

 

Revelation 1:8 "I am the Alpha and the Omega," says the Lord God, "who is and who was and who is to come, the Almighty (Pantokrátor)."

 

There cannot be two Almighties, even though this is what is stated in the Catholic Athanasian Creed, which is the very cornerstone of Trinitarian dogma.  It seems apparent that the, "Lord God," is the same as Him, "who is and who was and who is to come, the Almighty."  The fact that the terms, "Alpha and Omega," are added, do not, in and of themselves, prove that verse 8 applies to Jesus, especially in light of the fact that the verse clearly says it is the, "Lord God," and, "the Almighty." 

 

As mentioned above, Jesus is never called by the term, "Almighty."  The Greek word pantokrátor is defined by Strong's Dictionary of Old Testament words as:

 

Almighty” = pantokrátor (pan-tok-rat'-ore); from 3956 and 2904; the all-ruling, i.e. God (as absolute and universal sovereign).

 

Another proof that Revelation 1:8 refers to God the Father is a comparison between Revelation 1:8 and Revelation 21:22 which also uses, "pantokrátor," in contrast to Jesus the man:


Revelation 21:22 And I saw no temple in it, for the Lord God, the Almighty (Pantokrátor), and the Lamb, are its temple.  (NAS)

 

Again, the conjunction, "and," separates the, "Almighty," from the, “Lamb,” (Jesus Christ).  Further, ALL of the following verses use the Greek, "pantokrátor," to refer to the Father God as the Almighty:

 

2 Corinthians 6:18 "And I will be a Father to you, and you shall be sons and daughters to me," says the Lord Almighty (Pantokrátor).   (NAS)

 

Revelation 4:8 And the four living creatures, each one of them having six wings, are full of eyes around and within; and day and night they do not cease to say, "Holy, holy, holy, {is} the Lord God, the Almighty (Pantokrátor), who was and who is and who is to come."   (NAS)

 

NOTE: Revelation 4:8 corresponds to Revelation 8:8 and is positive proof that it is God the Father who is both, “Almighty,” and He, who was and who is and who is to come."  Below is a comparison of 1:8 and 4:8.

 

Revelation 1:8 "I am the Alpha and the Omega," says the Lord God, "who is and who was and who is to come, the Almighty (Pantokrátor)."

 

Revelation 4:8 "Holy, holy, holy, {is} the Lord God, the Almighty (Pantokrátor), who was and who is and who is to come."  

 

The text of the fourth chapter of Revelation ONLY mentions, “God,” and Jesus is never mentioned at all until chapter five.  Then in Revelation chapter five, every passage that speaks of Jesus portrays him ONLY as MORTAL man, and NEVER as “God.”

 

Revelation 5:5 “…the Lion that is from the tribe of Judah.”  NAS

 

Revelation 5:6 “… a Lamb standing, as if slain…”  NAS

 

Revelation 5:7 And he (Jesus) came, and he (Jesus) took it out of the right hand of Him (God the Father) who sat on the throne.  NAS

 

Revelation 5:9 “…for You (Jesus) were slain, and purchased for God with Your (Jesus’) blood men from every tribe and tongue and people and nation. NASU

 

Revelation 5:10 "You (Jesus) have made them to be a kingdom and priests to our God…” NASU

 

The United Pentecostal Church doctrine of Jesus as, “God,” borders the ridiculous.  In Revelation 5:5, Jesus is described as being from the tribe of Judah.  United Pentecostal Church doctrine would have us believe that the Almighty God has a, “tribe” from which He originates! 

 

In Revelation 5:6, Jesus is standing as if slain; can God die?  Is God Almighty, Creator of heaven and earth, standing as a, “Lamb?” 

 

Is God Almighty about to be sacrificed, and if so, to whom is He being sacrificed?  To Himself?  This is the sequential order of United Pentecostal Church and Trinitarian doctrine that affixes Deity to a man.

 

In Revelation 5:7, Jesus takes the scroll out of the right hand of the One (God) who sits upon the throne.  If Jesus is God, then whose right hand is this? If we follow the ‘Jesus is God’ logic, then Jesus would have to be a mortal Deity, and He would have to use his left hand, to take the scroll out of the “right hand” of Himself!  It’s ludicrous I know, and yes, I am being somewhat sarcastic, but my heart is only to unveil the truth, not to hurt anyone!

 

In the next set of verses, I have color-coded the blue words to indicate words that refer to God Almighty and the red words to words that refer to the MAN Christ Jesus as the appointed Christ (anointed one),. 

 

Blue = Deity & Red = Humanity

 

Revelation 11:15-17 And the seventh angel sounded; and there arose loud voices in heaven, saying, "The kingdom of the world has become the kingdom of our Lord (referring to God Almighty), AND of His Christ (referring to Jesus the man, the Lamb); and He (“our Lord,” referring to God Almighty) will reign forever and ever."  And the twenty-four elders, who sit on their thrones before God, fell on their faces and worshiped God, saying, "We give Thee thanks, O Lord God, the Almighty, who art and who wast, BECAUSE Thou hast taken Thy great power and hast begun to reign.”  (NAS)

 

Revelation 15:1-4 Then the seventh angel sounded; and there were loud voices in heaven, saying, " The kingdom of the world has become the kingdom of our Lord and of His Christ; and He will reign forever and ever."  And the twenty-four elders, who sit on their thrones before God, fell on their faces and worshiped God, saying, "We give You thanks, O Lord God, the Almighty, who are and who were, because You have taken Your great power and have begun to reign.”  NASU

 

NOTE:  Some say that because they sing the song of the Lamb, Jesus is therefore the Almighty.  But we must not forget they also sang the song of Moses; yet we know that does not make Moses the Almighty.  God spoke His words through Moses and Jesus both, but God alone is the Almighty.

 

Revelation 16:7 And I heard the altar saying, "Yes, O Lord God, the Almighty, true and righteous are Thy judgments."   (NAS)

 

Revelation 16:14 For they are spirits of demons, performing signs, which go out to the kings of the whole world, to gather them together for the war of the great day of God, the Almighty.   (NAS)

 

Revelation 19:6 And I heard, as it were, the voice of a great multitude and as the sound of many waters and as the sound of mighty peals of thunder, saying, "Hallelujah!  For the Lord our God, the Almighty, reigns.   (NAS)

 

Revelation 19:15 And from his mouth comes a sharp sword, so that with it he may smite the nations; and he will rule them with a rod of iron; and he treads the wine press of the fierce wrath of God, the Almighty.   (NAS)

 

Revelation 21:22 And I saw no temple in it, for the Lord God, the Almighty, and the Lamb, are its temple.   (NAS)

 

King James Version Errors in Revelation 1:11

 

It is helpful to list the verses in Revelation that use the term, "Alpha" and "Omega."  For those unfamiliar with Greek, these words are merely the beginning and ending letters of the Greek alphabet; (similar to us saying "A" to "Z").  The terms do not, of themselves, connote deity, and certainly don't align with the concept of the Trinity; neither does Alpha & Omega support the Jesus is God doctrine of the United Pentecostal Churches. 

 

Alpha and omega represent the beginning and the end of something; therefore, these words have applications to God or man, depending upon the context and how the terms are used.

Revelation 1:8 I am Alpha and Omega, the beginning and the ending, saith the Lord, which is, and which was, and which is to come, the Almighty.   (King James Version) 

 

NOTE:  This verse (1:8) refers to the Father, because He is the One who began and will end this creation, as we humans know it.  He alone is the, "Almighty" (or 'pantokrator').

 

Revelation 1:11 Saying, “I am Alpha and Omega, the first and the last: and, what thou seest, write in a book, and send it unto the seven churches which are in Asia; unto Ephesus, and unto Smyrna, and unto Pergamos, and unto Thyatira, and unto Sardis, and unto Philadelphia, and unto Laodicea.”  (King James Version

 

NOTE: the King James Version translators added the words, “Alpha and Omega” to the text of Revelation 1:11.  They based their spurious translation upon the corrupted Latin Vulgate Text (a late date manuscript), and conveniently inserted the words, “Alpha and Omega” to the text of Revelation 1:11 to conform the remainder of John’s apocalypse to the ecclesiastical desires of the Roman Catholic Church leaders. 

 

The following Bible translations all omit the words "Alpha and Omega" in Revelation 1:11a, (1:11a = the first half of the verse only), because the best and most authentic Greek manuscripts do not include these words.

 

American Standard Version - saying, What thou seest, write in a book and send it to the seven churches…”

 

New American Standard Bible - saying, "Write in a book what you see, and send it to the seven churches…”

 

New American Standard Bible - Updated Edition - saying, " Write in a book what you see, and send it to the seven churches…”

 

New International Version - which said: "Write on a scroll what you see and send it to the seven churches…”

 

Darby Bible - saying, What thou seest write in a book, and send to the seven assemblies

 

Phillip’s New Testament - saying, "Write down in a book what you see, and send it to the seven Churches…”

 

Douay Rheims Version – Saying, “What thou seest, write in a book and send to the seven churches which are in Asia…”

 

Weymouth New Testament Translation - It said, "Write forthwith in a roll an account of what you see, and send it to the seven Churches…”

 

Murdoch New Testament – “That which thou seest, write in a book, and send to the seven churches…”

 

Rotherham’s Emphasized Bible – saying, “What thou seest, write in a scroll, and send unto the Seven Assemblies…”

 

Revised Standard Version - saying, "Write what you see in a book and send it to the seven churches…”

 

All of these aforementioned Bible versions omit Alpha and Omega from Revelation 1:11 throwing the King James Version down the toilet.  Revelation 1:11 is Jesus the glorified son of man talking to John, as is further evidenced in Revelation 1:18 below:

 

Revelation 1:18 “I {Jesus} am the Living One; I was dead, and behold I am alive for ever and ever!  And I hold the keys of death and Hades.”  (NIV) 

 

NOTE: The Almighty cannot die, thus this is Jesus, the one who died.  The King James Version added Alpha and Omega to Revelation 1:11 to set a precedent in the beginning of the Book of Revelation; if they falsely proved Jesus was the Alpha and Omega, they felt it would be acceptable, since their bias believed he was Deity anyhow.  To them, it probably didn’t even seem like it was done deceitfully or with malice.  That is how Satan packages evil; put it in a nice, socially, and religiously acceptable Bible verse, and buy into the lie hook, line and sinker!  But the old devil did not get away with his trickery, because in the last days, God the Father, who IS the ONLY God and the ONLY Almighty, put in place HIS scripture teachers to expose this long-held tradition.  The truth shall set you free!

 

Revelation 21:6 And he said unto me, It is done.  I { God the Father} am Alpha and Omega, the beginning and the end.  I will give unto him that is athirst of the fountain of the water of life freely. (KJV) 

 

NOTE:  This is the Father God speaking, for the very next verse says:

 

Revelation 21:7 He that overcometh shall inherit all things; and I will be his God, and he shall be my son.  (KJV) 

 

NOTE:  Jesus, as a man, overcame.  God the Father does not need to overcome anything, because He is Sovereign, and Almighty.  Jesus claimed to overcome:

 

Revelation 3:21 (Jesus is speaking here) 'He who overcomes, I will grant to him to sit down with me on my throne, as I also overcame and sat down with my Father on HIS throne.'  (NAS) 

 

Comment:  If there is such a thing as 3 persons of God, as the Trinity claims, and all three persons of God are co-equal (as has been asserted by Trinitarian theologians), how does one explain Revelation 3:21?  

 

Is the second person of the Trinity less equal to the Father because he has to "overcome?"  

 

 Where in scripture do we see the Father saying, "as I also overcame and sat down with My son and the Holy Spirit on their thrones?" 

 

How many thrones will we see when we get to heaven? 

 

Will there be one throne for each person of the Trinity?  Or will it simply be one throne, which belongs to God, and is shared by inheritance with His son Jesus?

 

Revelation 22:13 I am Alpha and Omega, the beginning and the end, the first and the last.   (KJV) 

 

Revelation 21:13 is Jesus speaking, as the one who is the beginning and end of God's creation for redemption.  Literally, the Greek reads as follows:

 

Revelation 21:13"I, the alpha and omega, the foremost in order of importance (prootos), and the final (of place or time), the chief in rank (archeé), and the conclusion of the act (telos)."

 

Jesus is the foremost human person in rank (delegated authority) in the kingdom of his God and Father.  Jesus is of first importance, because his blood redeemed mankind to God.  Jesus is chief in rank in the kingdom of God, appointed to that position by his Father.  Jesus is the concluding act to God's plan, when all things have become (in their final sense), subject to him, that God might be all in all (see 1 Corinthians 15:27-28):

 

·         1 Corinthians 15:27-28 For He has put all things in subjection under His feet. But when He says, "All things are put in subjection," it is evident that He is excepted who put all things in subjection to Him.  And when all things are subjected to Him, then the Son Himself also will be subjected to the One who subjected all things to Him, that God may be all in all.  (NAS)

 

Just a few thoughts to assist in helping my friends, the brothers and sisters in the body of Jesus Christ; I hope this helps you understand the words alpha and omega. 

 

God bless you all, each and every one!  With much love in truth,

 

Craigo

 

 


 

 

For more information, read the related study:

 

The Alpha and The Omega: Contrasting God and Jesus in Revelation Chapters 1 through 5

 

 


 

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