1 Timothy 2:5

 

 The Man Christ Jesus

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(Comparing the Athanasian and Nicean Creeds to the Scriptures)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1 Timothy 2:5  For there is one God, and one mediator also between God and men,  the man Christ Jesus  (NAS)

 

 


 

 

 

Introduction

 

 

 

The Man Christ Jesus: our example

 

The man Christ Jesus is the mediator between God and man.  His life on this earth was a model and an example for how every Christian should live their life:

 

·        1 Tim 2:5-6  For there is one God, and one mediator also between God and men, the man Christ Jesus, who gave Himself as a ransom for all, the testimony borne at the proper time.  (NAS)

 

·         John 13:15  “For I gave you an example that you also should do as I did to you.”  (NAS)

 

·         Phil 2:5  Have this attitude in yourselves which was also in Christ Jesus.  (NAS)

 

·        Heb 3:1, 14  Therefore, holy brethren, partakers of a heavenly calling, consider Jesus, the Apostle and High Priest of our confession...For we have become partakers of Christ, if we hold fast the beginning of our assurance firm until the end.  (NAS)

 

·        1 Pet 2:21-23  For you have been called for this purpose, since Christ also suffered for you, leaving you an example for you to follow in His steps, who committed no sin, nor was any deceit found in His mouth; and while being reviled, He did not revile in return; while suffering, He uttered no threats, but kept entrusting Himself to Him who judges righteously.  (NAS)

 

Many scriptures illustrate that Jesus is our example to follow.  Understanding Jesus as a man is key to following in his footsteps.  Unfortunately, the Christian church has perverted the teaching about Jesus, and made him equal with God.  Were this truly the case, how could we follow in his footsteps?  If we view Jesus as a “God-man,” we cannot make sense of Scripture verses like the ones above.

 

We are to be humble servants, caring for one another.  Jesus washed his disciples’ feet, and told them they are not greater than their master.  We are called to humility; foot washing represents a willingness to do the most mundane tasks to meet the needs of our brethren, regardless of our position or social status.  We are not our own; we have been bought with a price.  We belong to God, even as Jesus belongs to God.  We must consider Jesus, the Apostle and High Priest of our confession,” and, as he did, we too must be, “entrusting” ourselves to “Him (God) who judges righteously.”

 

If Jesus were not a man like us, then the commandments to follow his example would be impossible.  Some Christians say the reason Jesus overcame temptation, and never sinned, was because of his “divinity.”  “As God,” they say, “Jesus overcame the devil.”  This view does not stand up to the test of Scripture however:

 

·        Heb 4:14-15 Since then we have a great high priest who has passed through the heavens, Jesus the Son of God, let us hold fast our confession.  For we do not have a high priest who cannot sympathize with our weaknesses, but One who has been tempted in all things as we are, yet without sin.  (NAS)

 

Jesus can sympathize with our weakness, because he was tempted like we are.  Jesus was tempted in the areas of weakness.  Weakness does not equal sin; weakness here points to the frailty of man.  The Greek word for “weakness” is defined by Strong’s Dictionary as follows:

 

·        “weakness” - 769  astheneia (as-then'-i-ah); from 772; feebleness (of mind or body); by implication, malady; morally, frailty: KJV-- disease, infirmity, sickness, weakness.  772  asthenes (as-then-ace'); from 1 (as a negative particle) and the base of 4599; strengthless (in various applications, literal, figurative and moral): KJV-- more feeble, impotent, sick, without strength, weak (-er, -ness, thing).

 

Astheneia is where we get the English word “anesthetize.”  When someone is prepared for surgery, they are anesthetized; their body is made weak, or strengthless, as they succumb to the medicinal anesthetic.  Jesus had as body of flesh like us, because he was a man.  His body was subject to weakness and strengthlessness.

 

Jesus experienced “feebleness (of mind or body).”  He was not some super-hero with divine powers which gave him a supernatural ability to resist temptation.  Rather, he chose to resist sin, and to follow God, and so proved to be a true example we can follow. 

 

God cannot be tempted like Jesus was:

 

·        James 1:13-15  Let no one say when he is tempted, “I am being tempted by God”; for God cannot be tempted by evil, and He Himself does not tempt anyone.  But each one is tempted when he is carried away and enticed by his own lust.  Then when lust has conceived, it gives birth to sin; and when sin is accomplished, it brings forth death.  (NAS)

 

Jesus, the man, chose to do his Father’s will.  He chose to do the things that were pleasing in His sight.  Jesus chose to do God’s will, even when it was contrary to his own desires:

 

·        John 8:29  And He who sent Me is with Me; He has not left Me alone, for I always do the things that are pleasing to Him.”  (NAS)

 

·        Matt 26:39, 42  Going a little farther, he fell with his face to the ground and prayed, “My Father, if it is possible, may this cup be taken from me. Yet not as I will, but as you will...He went away a second time and prayed, “My Father, if it is not possible for this cup to be taken away unless I drink it, may your will be done.”  (NIV)

 

·        Isa 7:14-15  Therefore the Lord himself will give you a sign: The virgin will be with child and will give birth to a son, and will call him Immanuel.  He will eat curds and honey when he knows enough to reject the wrong and choose the right.  (NIV)

 

Jesus always did what pleased God; we don’t.  We have already sinned, and will continue to do so.  However, we can have, as our goal in life, to maintain the same attitude Jesus had.  It can be our desire to always be pleasing to God like Jesus was.  In having this attitude, we continually press towards a heavenly goal:

 

·        Hosea 6:3  “So let us know, let us press on to know the LORD.  His going forth is as certain as the dawn; and He will come to us like the rain, like the spring rain watering the earth.”  (NAS)

 

·        Phil 3:12-16  Not that I have already obtained it or have already become perfect, but I press on in order that I may lay hold of that for which also I was laid hold of by Christ Jesus.  Brethren, I do not regard myself as having laid hold of it yet; but one thing I do forgetting what lies behind and reaching forward to what lies ahead, I press on toward the goal for the prize of the upward call of God in Christ Jesus.  Let us therefore, as many as are perfect, have this attitude; and if in anything you have a different attitude, God will reveal that also to you; however, let us keep living by that same standard to which we have attained.  (NAS)

 

We have not obtained perfection here on earth, but we lay hold onto Jesus’ example of being a servant to God and man; to living a life which is pleasing to our Father in heaven.  Our goal is to reach forward daily, doing the will of God.  We become humble foot washing servants, meeting the needs of those we come into contact with. 

 

When we fail, or when we sin, we repent, ask God’s forgiveness, and press on.  We forget the past failures, and coming short of God’s glory, and reach forward to be more like His son Jesus.  The man Christ Jesus...he is our prize; his life is the goal of our instruction.  We seek to have the attitude in us that was in Jesus.

 

·        Rom 15:3-6  For even Christ did not please Himself; but as it is written, “The reproaches of those who reproached Thee fell upon Me.”  For whatever was written in earlier times was written for our instruction, that through perseverance and the encouragement of the Scriptures we might have hope.  Now may the God who gives perseverance and encouragement grant you to be of the same mind with one another according to Christ Jesus; that with one accord you may with one voice glorify the God and Father of our Lord Jesus Christ.  (NAS)

 

We ask God to give us the perseverance and encouragement to “be of the same mind with one another according to Christ Jesus.”  Christ did not please himself, and we should not seek to please ourselves.  We must acknowledge that we are selfish, lazy, and apathetic.  Then we must repent; we must change our lifestyle, so it reflects what is in our heart.  Our desire must not be to look out merely for our own interests, but for the interests and well being of others.

 

It takes more than our human will power to become what God wants; but choosing to do His will is the first place we must start.  Too many Christians cop-out the responsibility they have to serve and love others, saying, “Unless God does it in me, I just can’t.”  They go on to lead weak, undesirable, and unfruitful lives.  They struggle with sin, flesh and the devil, and never learn the joy of sacrificing to disciple others.

 

Once the decision is made to do what is pleasing to God, and to make the life of the man Christ Jesus the goal of our instruction, then, and only then, will God be at work in us:

 

·        Phil 2:12-18  So then, my beloved, just as you have always obeyed, not as in my presence only, but now much more in my absence, work out your salvation with fear and trembling; for it is God who is at work in you, both to will and to work for His good pleasure.  Do all things without grumbling or disputing; that you may prove yourselves to be blameless and innocent, children of God above reproach in the midst of a crooked and perverse generation, among whom you appear as lights in the world, holding fast the word of life, so that in the day of Christ I may have cause to glory because I did not run in vain nor toil in vain.  But even if I am being poured out as a drink offering upon the sacrifice and service of your faith, I rejoice and share my joy with you all.  And you too, I urge you, rejoice in the same way and share your joy with me.  (NAS)

 

We must work out our own salvation with fear and trembling for God to be at work in us, both to “will” (do His will) and to “work” for His good pleasure (serving others).  We must not complain about this, but be lights to the world.  As Paul wrote, we are to be like the drink offering; our lives “poured out” with “sacrifice” and “service.”  It will cost us time, energy, resources, sleep...it will cost us everything.  However, once we taste of the blessing it is to give, the sacrifice will seem minimal in comparison to the fruit it bears in the lives of others.

 

Jesus understood this joy.  He was a man who delighted in doing the will of God.  Jesus had a “joy” which didn’t come from being giddy, but came from knowing he had fulfilled that which the Father gave him to do.  Consider this Scripture, and reflect on what Jesus’ true joy was:

 

·        Heb 12:1-3  Therefore, since we have so great a cloud of witnesses surrounding us, let us also lay aside every encumbrance, and the sin which so easily entangles us, and let us run with endurance the race that is set before us, fixing our eyes on Jesus, the author and perfecter of faith, who for the joy set before Him endured the cross, despising the shame, and has sat down at the right hand of the throne of God.  For consider Him who has endured such hostility by sinners against Himself, so that you may not grow weary and lose heart.  (NAS)

 

Jesus had the kind of “joy” set before him that made him willing to endure the cross, and despise the shame, and the hostility of sinners against him.  The “joy” which Jesus had was not man’s joy; it was the joy of the Lord God.  His joy knew that he would lead many souls to righteousness by offering himself as a sacrifice for sin.

 

Our joy must follow Jesus’ example.  We must find the joy that is only fulfilled in seeing others reconciled to God.  Our lives must be a living sacrifice.  We must find the joy of giving our lives for God to others, in order that they might be saved:

 

·        Rom 12:1-2  I urge you therefore, brethren, by the mercies of God, to present your bodies a living and holy sacrifice, acceptable to God, which is your spiritual service of worship.  And do not be conformed to this world, but be transformed by the renewing of your mind, that you may prove what the will of God is, that which is good and acceptable and perfect.  (NAS)

 

Jesus offered himself as a living sacrifice to God, and died.  We offer ourselves as a living sacrifice to God, and die to self.

 

·        Rom 8:5-6, 11-14  Those who live according to the sinful nature have their minds set on what that nature desires; but those who live in accordance with the Spirit have their minds set on what the Spirit desires.  The mind of sinful man is death, but the mind controlled by the Spirit is life and peace...And if the Spirit of him who raised Jesus from the dead is living in you, he who raised Christ from the dead will also give life to your mortal bodies through his Spirit, who lives in you.  Therefore, brothers, we have an obligation-- but it is not to the sinful nature, to live according to it.  For if you live according to the sinful nature, you will die; but if by the Spirit you put to death the misdeeds of the body, you will live, because those who are led by the Spirit of God are sons of God.  (NIV)

 

These verses stress the importance of setting our minds to live in accordance with the desire of God’s Spirit, just as the man Jesus did.  It is our responsibility to live a life that is crucified to the desires of our flesh.  We can do this as the same Spirit, which raised Christ from the dead, gives us the power to live according to the will of God.  The Spirit of God gives us the “life” we need to live out His will as we choose a life of sacrificing our mortal bodies to serve others.  Sacrifice involves suffering; suffering involves human weakness.

 

·        2 Cor 12:9-10  And He has said to me, “My grace is sufficient for you, for power is perfected in weakness.”  Most gladly, therefore, I will rather boast about my weaknesses, that the power of Christ may dwell in me.  Therefore I am well content with weaknesses, with insults, with distresses, with persecutions, with difficulties, for Christ's sake; for when I am weak, then I am strong.  (NAS)

 

Jesus learned that the power of God worked through him in his human weakness.  Jesus knew he could do nothing in his own power.  When Jesus was weak, it meant he was yielded to God.  When we are weak for Christ’s sake, the same anointing that Jesus experienced can work in us.  We are made complete in Jesus, because he is our pattern as man.


 


 

 

 

PART I:  DEFINING THE CREEDS

 

 

 

Introduction to the Nicean and Athanasian Creeds

 

The three most common and prominent creeds of the Christian Church are the Apostles’ Creed, the Nicean Creed and the Athanasian Creed.  In this study we will focus primarily on the Athanasian Creed, with some background and mention of the Nicean Creed. 

 

Athanasius, bishop of Alexandria in the 4th century, stubbornly insisted that God the Father and God the Son were and shall remain eternally one and of the same substance.  He co-wrote the Nicean creed, but not the creed that bears his name.  The Athanasian Creed was of later development.

 

Arch. B. D. Alexander gives the following summary of the origin of the creeds in an article he wrote in The International Standard Bible Encyclopedia:

 

The Nicene Creed…was authorized at the Council of Nice in 325 AD, and completed by the Council of Constantinople in 381, when the clauses which follow the mention of the Holy Ghost were added. The opinions of Arius at the beginning of the 4th century created such unrest as to call forth not only the admonition of bishops but also the intervention of the emperor Constantine, who, as a professed Christian, had become the patron of the church. The efforts of the emperor, however, had no effect in allaying the dissensions of the church at Alexandria, which, upon the banishment of Arius, spread throughout eastern Christendom. It was decided, therefore, to convoke a general council of bishops in which the Catholic doctrine should be once and for all formally declared. This, the first ecumenical council, met at Nicaea in Bithynia in 325 AD…Arius; being only a presbyter, had no seat in the conclave, but was allowed to express his opinions. His chief opponent was Athanasius.

 

The controversy turned upon the nature of the Son and His relation to the Father. The word homoousios ("of one substance with"), used in the course of the argument with a view of controverting the extreme orthodox position, became the battleground between the parties…But the majority finally adopted the former expression as the term best suited to discriminate their view of the relation of the Father and Son from the Arian view. The assent of the emperor was gained and the words "being of one substance with the Father" were incorporated into the creed. The clauses descriptive of the Holy Spirit were added or confirmed at a later council (382), and were designed to refute the Macedonian heresy which denied His equality with the Father and Son, and reduced the Holy Spirit to a level with the angels…

 

The Athanasian Creed differs entirely in its origin and history from those we have just considered. It is not a gradual growth like the Apostles' Creed, nor is it the outcome of synodical authority like the Nicene Creed. "When the composition appears for the first time as a document of authority it is cited in its completeness and as the work of the Father whose name it has since, in the most part, borne, although it was not brought to light for many centuries after his death" (Lumby, History of the Creeds). Without going into the full and intricate evidence which has been brought forward by scholars to prove that it is incorrectly attributed to Athanasius, it is sufficient to observe that both authorship and date are uncertain. Dr. Swainson proves in the most conclusive manner that the existence of this creed cannot be traced before the age of Charlemagne, and that its origin may probably be ascribed to the then existing demand for a more detailed exposition of the faith than was to be found in the Apostles' Creed. It is nowhere mentioned at synods before the end of the 8th century, whose special business it was to discuss the very matters which were afterward embodied within it in such detail…

 

… The imposture, if there was any, consisted not in the origin of the creed but in the ascription of it to a name and a date with which it had no connection. This was done no doubt to secure for it credit and authority, and was supposed to be justified by its special doctrinal import… If the Apostles' Creed determined the nature of God and the Nicene Creed defined the character and relation of the Son and the Holy Spirit, the Athanasian Creed may be regarded as establishing the great doctrine of the Trinity.

 

ARCH. B. D. ALEXANDER (from International Standard Bible Encylopaedia, Electronic Database Copyright (C) 1996 by Biblesoft)

 

 

It is clearly seen that the Athanasian Creed was not written at the time of the first century believers, but was written several centuries later.  Even the Nicean Creed was not written until 300 years after the time of Jesus and the apostles.  The devil used these creeds to pervert our understanding of who Jesus is.  They intentionally obscured and denied the scriptural teaching of Jesus as a man, teaching instead that God was syncrenized; that is to say, one God in three distinct persons of God.  There was one person of God the Father, one person of “God” the son (Jesus), and one person of God, the Holy Spirit. This syncrenized concept of God was called the “Trinity.”  It is essentially polytheism.

 

We will first quote from the Athanasian Creed to determine what it says about Jesus Christ.  Most Christian theologians today derive their doctrines about Christ from the concepts taught in the Athanasian Creed.  These concepts portray Jesus as a “God-man” who is somehow “fully” and completely God.  Thus, the human example becomes lost in this dualism of ancient tradition:

 

The Athanasian Creed:

 

“Whosoever will be saved: before all things it is necessary that he hold the Catholic Faith: which Faith except everyone do keep whole and undefiled: without doubt he shall perish everlastingly.  And the Catholic faith is this: that we worship one God in a Trinity, and Trinity in unity, neither confounding the Persons, nor dividing the Substance.  For there is one person of the Father, another of the Son, and another of the Holy Ghost.  But the Godhead of the Father, of the Son, and of the Holy Ghost is all One: the glory equal, the Majesty coeternal.  Such as the Father is, such is the Son, and such is the Holy Ghost.  The Father uncreated, the Son uncreated, and the Holy Ghost uncreated.  The Father incomprehensible, the Son incomprehensible, and the Holy Ghost incomprehensible.  The Father eternal, the Son eternal, and the Holy Ghost eternal.  And yet they are not three eternals, but one eternal.  As also there are not three uncreated, nor three incomprehensibles, but one uncreated and one incomprehensible.  So likewise the Father is Almighty, the Son Almighty, and the Holy Ghost Almighty.  And yet they are not three Almighties, but one Almighty.  So the Father is God, the Son is God, and the Holy Ghost is God, and yet they are not three Gods, but One God.  So likewise the Father is Lord, the Son Lord and the Holy Ghost Lord.  And yet not three Lords, but one Lord.  For like as we are compelled by Christian verity to acknowledge every person by Himself to be God and Lord, so are we forbidden by the Catholic Religion to say, there are three Gods or three Lords.  The Father is made of none: neither created, nor begotten.  The Son is of the Father alone: not made, nor created, but begotten.  The Holy Ghost is of the Father and of the Son: neither made, nor created, nor begotten, but proceeding.  So there is one Father, not three Fathers; one Son, not three Sons; one Holy Ghost, not three Holy Ghosts.  And in this Trinity none is before or after another; none is greater or less than another.  But the whole three persons are coeternal together and coequal.  So that in all things, as aforementioned: the Unity in Trinity, and the Trinity in Unity, is to be worshipped.  He therefore that will be saved, must thus think of the Trinity. 

 

Furthermore it is necessary to everlasting salvation, that he also believe rightly the Incarnation of our Lord Jesus Christ.  For the right Faith is, that we believe and confess that our Lord Jesus Christ, the Son of God, is God and Man.  God of the Substance of the Father, begotten before the worlds; and Man of the substance of His mother, born in the world.  Perfect God and perfect Man, of a reasonable soul and human flesh subsisting.  Equal to the Father as touching His Godhead, and inferior to the Father as touching His manhood.  Who, although He be God and Man, yet He is not two, but one Christ; One, not by conversion of the Godhead into flesh, but by taking of the Manhood into God.  One altogether; not by confusion of Substance, but by Unity of Person.  For as the reasonable soul and flesh is one man, so God and Man is one Christ; who suffered for our salvation, descended into hell, rose again the third day from the dead.  He ascended into heaven, he sitteth on the right hand of God the Father Almighty.  From whence he shall come to judge the quick and the dead.  At whose coming all men shall rise again with their bodies; and shall give account for their own works.  And they that have done good shall go into life everlasting; and they that have done evil, into everlasting fire.  This is the Catholic Faith:  which except a man believe faithfully, he cannot be saved. 

 

The Athanasian Creed is confusing, contradictory, illogical, and contrary to scripture.  It causes confusion as to the nature of God, and the nature of Jesus Christ.  This creed redefines Jesus as “God and Man.”  If Jesus is God (as the creed states), then we no longer have a man’s example to follow.  We no longer have a Jesus who was tempted like we are, because he has been turned into the “God-man.”


 

Defining Christ in the Athanasian Creed

 

The following list identifies the main false concepts about Jesus taught in the Athanasian Creed:

 

1.      Christ is one of three distinct persons in the Trinity.

2.      Christ is the exact same substance as the Father and the Holy Ghost

3.      Christ has equal glory, and co-eternal majesty as the Father and the Holy Ghost.

4.      Christ is intrinsically considered to be the same as the Father and the Holy Ghost.

5.      The Son of God is uncreated, like God the Father and the Holy Ghost.

6.      We are unable to grasp the nature of Christ (“incomprehensible”).

7.      The Son of God had no beginning with an infinite duration (eternal) like his Father.

8.      The Son of God has absolute power over all; like God the Father he is Almighty.

9.      Christ and the Father are distinct persons, but they are also one God.

10.  Christ did not come before or after the Father and the Holy Ghost.

11.  Christ is “God” like the Father and the Holy Ghost are “God.

12.  Christ is both God and man; God by reason of the Father’s substance; man by reason of his mother’s substance.

13.  Christ is “begotten before the worlds.” (This is the weirdest concept of all!)

14.  Christ is “perfect God” and “perfect Man.

15.  Christ exists with a “reasonable soul” and human flesh.

16.  Christ is equal to God the Father being of the same Godhead.  He is inferior because he is man.

17.  The Son of God is God and man, but he is not two persons, but “one Christ.”

18.  Jesus is “one Christ” because the Trinity took “manhood” into itself.

19.  Christ is “one altogether” with the Father and Holy Ghost in actual “substance” and in “Unity of person.”

20.  God (the Trinity) and Man (Christ) is “One Christ.”

 

Are you confused yet?  If you believe even one aspect of this creed, you would have to be!  Can a serious Christian say to himself, “The Athanasian Creed defines the Jesus I choose to follow, and learn from his example as man”?  Modern day Christian apologists and theologians actually believe and teach the doctrines found in the Athanasian Creed as though they were truth!  Later, we will refute each main point of this creed, as well as the Nicean Creed.

 

The Nicean Creed:

 

“I believe in one God the Father Almighty, Maker of heaven and earth, and of all things visible and invisible.

 

And in one Lord Jesus Christ, the only-begotten Son of, begotten of His Father before all the worlds, God of God, Light of Light, Very God of Very God, Begotten, not made, Being of one substance with the Father, By whom were all things made:  Who for us men, and for our salvation, came down from heaven, And was Incarnate by the Holy Ghost of the virgin Mary, And was made man; And was crucified also for us under Pontius Pilate.  He suffered and was buried; And the third day he rose again according to the Scriptures, And ascended into heaven, And sitteth on the right hand of the Father.  And he shall come again with glory to judge both the quick and the dead: Whose kingdom shall have no end.

 

And I believe in the Holy Ghost, The Lord and Giver of Life, Who proceedeth from the Father and the Son, Who with the Father and the Son together is worshipped and glorified, Who spake by the Prophets.  And I believe one Holy Catholic and Apostolic Church.  I acknowledge one Baptism for the remission of sins.  And I look for the Resurrection of the dead, And the Life of the world to come.  Amen.

 

The following is a breakdown of the main concepts in the Nicean Creed regarding the nature of Christ.  The number sequence will be continued from the list above for later refutation purposes:

 

21.  Christ is completely God without qualification (“very God of very God” & “God of  God”).

22.  Christ, as God, the Maker of all things, was Incarnated by the third person of the Trinity (the Holy Ghost).

23.  After God was made into a man, God was then killed (crucified).


 


 

 

 

Part II:  Refuting the creeds

 

 

 

1.  Christ is one of three distinct persons in the Trinity.

    

Creed:  “we worship one God in a Trinity, and Trinity in unity.  For there is one person of the Father, another of the Son, and another of the Holy Ghost.”

 

Refutation: God is one, He is not three.  There are not three persons in one Godhead:

 

·        Deut 6:4  “Hear, O Israel! The LORD is our God, the LORD is one!  (NAS)

 

·        Deut 4:35  “To you it was shown that you might know that the LORD, He is God; there is no other besides Him.”  (NAS)

 

·        Ps 86:10  For Thou art great and doest wondrous deeds; Thou alone art God.  (NAS)

 

·        Isa 43:10  “You are My witnesses,” declares the LORD, “And My servant whom I have chosen, in order that you may know and believe me, and understand that I am He. Before me there was no God formed, and there will be none after me.”  (NAS)

 

·        James 2:19  You believe that God is one. You do well; the demons also believe, and shudder.  (NAS)

 

·        Mark 12:29  Jesus answered, “The foremost is, 'Hear, O Israel!  The Lord our God is one Lord.”(NAS)

 

·        Mark 12:32  And the scribe said to Him, “Right, Teacher, you have truly stated that He is One; and there is no one else besides Him.”  (NAS)

 

·        1 Tim 2:5  For there is one God, and one mediator also between God and men, the man Christ Jesus.  (NAS)

 

·        Gal 3:20  Now a mediator is not for one party only whereas God is only one. (NAS)

 

·        Other scriptures which affirm that God is one and not three:  Eph. 2:18; 4:4-6; Deu. 32:39; Ro. 3:29-30; 8:33; 1 Cor. 6:17; 8:4,6; 12:9, 13; 15:28; Gal. 3:20; Luke 1:49; 10:16; 12:5; James 4:12; Matt. 19:17; Heb. 2:11; 5:7; Col. 3:10; 1 Peter 1:17; 1 John 2:20

 

 

2.  Christ is the exact same substance as the Father and the Holy Ghost

 

Creed:  “neither confounding the Persons, nor dividing the Substance”

 

Refutation:  Jesus is not the same substance as the father and the Holy Spirit.  Jesus cannot be of the same substance as the Father, because the Father is spirit (which cannot be seen), and Jesus had flesh and bones (which was seen by many).  The term “Holy Ghost” (Holy Spirit) refers to God’s actual essence...spirit, not flesh (matter).

 

Jesus, the man, had a body of flesh, which could be seen:

 

·        Luke 24:39  “See My hands and My feet, that it is I Myself; touch Me and see, for a spirit does not have flesh and bones as you see that I have.”  (NAS)

 

·        Acts 2:31-32  He looked ahead and spoke of the resurrection of the Christ, that He was neither abandoned to Hades, nor did His flesh suffer decay.  “This Jesus God raised up again, to which we are all witnesses.”  (NAS)

 

·        Rom 1:3  Concerning His Son, who was born of a descendant of David according to the flesh.  (NAS)

 

·        Rom 9:5  Whose are the fathers, and from whom is the Christ according to the flesh, who is over all, God blessed forever.  Amen.  (NAS)

 

·        I Jn 4:2-3  By this you know the Spirit of God: every spirit that confesses that Jesus Christ has come in the flesh is from God; and every spirit that does not confess Jesus is not from God; and this is the spirit of the antichrist, of which you have heard that it is coming, and now it is already in the world.  (NAS)

 

·        I Jn 5:6  This is the one who came by water and blood, Jesus Christ; not with the water only, but with the water and with the blood.  (NAS)

 

·        1 Pet 3:18  For Christ also died for sins once for all, the just for the unjust, in order that He might bring us to God, having been put to death in the flesh, but made alive in the spirit.  (NAS)

 

·        Heb 2:14  Since then the children share in flesh and blood, He Himself likewise also partook of the same, that through death He might render powerless him who had the power of death, that is, the devil.  (NAS)

 

·        Acts 5:28  Saying, "We gave you strict orders not to continue teaching in this name, and behold, you have filled Jerusalem with your teaching, and intend to bring this man's blood upon us."  (NAS)

 

·        Other scriptures which show Jesus with a flesh and blood body; a different “substance than the Father: 1 John 1:1-2, 7; John 1:14; 19:34; Ro. 3:25; 5:9; 1 Cor. 15:39, 45, 50; 10:16; 11:27; 2 John 7; 2 Cor. 5:16; Eph. 1:7; 2:13-15; 1 Peter 1:2, 19; 4:1; Matt. 27:24; Heb. 5;7; 9:12-14; 10:19-20; Acts 20:28; Col. 1:14, 20, 22; Rev. 1:5; 5:9

 

God the Father is spirit; He does not have a body of flesh and blood:

 

·        John 4:23-24  “But an hour is coming, and now is, when the true worshipers shall worship the Father in spirit and truth; for such people the Father seeks to be His worshipers.  God is spirit, and those who worship Him must worship in spirit and truth.”  (NAS)

 

·        1Thes 4:8 Consequently, he who rejects this is not rejecting man but the God who gives His Holy Spirit to you.  (NAS)

 

·        Exod 33:20  But He said, “You cannot see My face, for no man can see Me and live!”  (NAS)

 

·        Matt 10:20  For it is not you who speak, but it is the Spirit of your Father who speaks in you.”  (NAS)

 

·        1 Tim 1:17  Now to the King eternal, immortal, invisible, the only God, be honor and glory forever and ever.  Amen.  (NAS)

 

Jesus’ flesh & blood body (substance) contrasted with God’s spirit:

 

·        Matt 16:15-17  He said to them, “But who do you say that I am?”  And Simon Peter answered and said, “Thou art the Christ, the Son of the living God.”  And Jesus answered and said to him, “Blessed are you, Simon Barjona, because flesh and blood did not reveal this to you, but My Father who is in heaven.”  (NAS)

 

·        John 5:36-37  “But the witness which I have is greater than that of John; for the works which the Father has given Me to accomplish, the very works that I do, bear witness of Me, that the Father has sent Me.  And the Father who sent Me, He has borne witness of Me. You have neither heard His voice at any time, nor seen His form.”  (NAS)

 

·        Luke 4:18  The Spirit of the Lord is upon Me, because He anointed me to preach the gospel to the poor. He has sent me to proclaim release to the captives, and recovery of sight to the blind, to set free those who are downtrodden.”  (NAS)

 

·        I Jn 4:2  By this you know the Spirit of God: every spirit that confesses that Jesus Christ has come in the flesh is from God.  (NAS)

 

·        Other scriptures which say God is a spirit, or which cannot be seen:  John 1:18; Ro. 1:20; 8:14; 1 Cor. 2:11-14; 3:16; 6:11; 2 Cor. 3:3, 17; Eph. 4:4, 30; 1 Tim. 6:16; Heb. 9:14; 11:27; Col. 1:15; Deu. 4:12; Phil. 3:3; 1 Pet. 4;14;

 

The fact that Jesus had a body of flesh and blood and bones made him of a different “substance” than the Father.  Of course, Jesus had a human spirit, but his human spirit was different than God’s Spirit.  Jesus’ human spirit was finite, and gave life to his human body.  Jesus gave up his human spirit when he died on the cross.  This differs from the Spirit of God, which is infinite and immortal.  Scriptures showing that Jesus has a human spirit:

 

·        Matt 27:50  And Jesus cried out again with a loud voice, and yielded up His spirit.  (NAS)

 

·        John 19:30  When Jesus therefore had received the sour wine, He said, “It is finished!”  And He bowed His head, and gave up His spirit.  (NAS)

 

·        Luke 23:46  And Jesus, crying out with a loud voice, said, “Father, into Thy hands I commit My spirit.” And having said this, He breathed His last.  (NAS) 

NOTE:  How could Jesus’ spirit be the same “substance as his Father’s Spirit if he yielded it to the Father, then died?

 

·        Other scripturte verses which mention Jesus’ human spirit as distinct, and different than God’s Spirit:  John 11:33; 13:21; Luke 1:80; Mark 2:8; 8:12

 

The Spirit of God the Father dwelt within Jesus, just as He dwells in us.  However, this does not make Jesus the same “substance” as the Father.  In fact, the Father’s Spirit indwelling the man Jesus shows a clear distinction between the two!

 

Scriptures that show the Father’s Spirit dwelling within Jesus:

 

·        2 Cor 5:18-19  Now all these things are from God, who reconciled us to Himself through Christ, and gave us the ministry of reconciliation, namely, that God was in Christ reconciling the world to Himself, not counting their trespasses against them, and He has committed to us the word of reconciliation.  (NAS)

 

·        Eph 4:32  And be kind to one another, tender-hearted, forgiving each other, just as God in Christ also has forgiven you.  (NAS)

 

·        John 10:38  “But if I do them, though you do not believe Me, believe the works, that you may know and understand that the Father is in Me, and I in the Father.”  (NAS)

 

·        John 14:10-11  “Do you not believe that I am in the Father, and the Father is in Me?  The words that I say to you I do not speak on My own initiative, but the Father abiding in Me does His works.  Believe Me that I am in the Father, and the Father in Me; otherwise believe on account of the works themselves.”  (NAS)

 

·        John 17:21, 23  “That all of them may be one, Father, just as you are in me and I am in you. May they also be in us so that the world may believe that you have sent me...I in them and you in me.  May they be brought to complete unity to let the world know that you sent me and have loved them even as you have loved me.”  (NIV)

 

 

3.  Christ has equal glory, and co-eternal majesty as the Father and the Holy Ghost.

    

Creed:  “But the Godhead of the Father, of the Son, and of the Holy Ghost is all One; the glory equal, the majesty co-eternal.” 

 

Refutation: Jesus does not have equal glory with the Father.  Christ cannot be said to have equal glory & co-equal majesty with the Father, because he has no glory apart from God.

 

Jesus has no glory apart from the Father:

 

·        John 8:54  Jesus answered, “If I glorify Myself, My glory is nothing; it is My Father who glorifies Me, of whom you say, 'He is our God'”  (NAS)

 

·        John 7:39  By this he meant the Spirit, whom those who believed in him were later to receive. Up to that time the Spirit had not been given, since Jesus had not yet been glorified.  (NIV)

 

·        Rom 15:6  That with one accord you may with one voice glorify the God and Father of our Lord Jesus Christ.  (NAS)

 

·        Heb 5:5  So also Christ did not glorify Himself so as to become a high priest, but He who said to Him, “Thou art My Son, today I have begotten Thee.”  (NAS)

 

·        Other Scriptures showing Jesus’ glory came from God:  John 12:16, 23; 16:14; 13:31-32: 17:1, 7; Acts 3:13; 1 Peter 4:11; Matt. 5:16;

 

Yahweh (God) will not give His glory to another:

 

·        Isa 42:8  “I am the LORD, that is My name; I will not give My glory to another, nor My praise to graven images.  (NAS)

 

·        Isa 48:11  “For My own sake, for My own sake, I will act; for how can My name be profaned?  And My glory I will not give to another.”  (NAS)

 

·        Rev 21:23  The city had no need of the sun or of the moon to shine in it, for the glory of God illuminated it.  The Lamb is its light.  (NKJ)

 

Everyone, including Jesus was created for Yahweh’s glory; Jesus received his glory from God; he didn’t have co-equal glory:

 

·        John 12:28  “Father, glorify Thy name.”  There came therefore a voice out of heaven: “I have both glorified it, and will glorify it again.”  (NAS)

 

·        2 Pet 1:16-17  For we did not follow cleverly devised tales when we made known to you the power and coming of our Lord Jesus Christ, but we were eyewitnesses of His majesty.  For when He received honor and glory from God the Father, such an utterance as this was made to Him by the Majestic Glory, "This is My beloved Son with whom I am well-pleased" (NAS)

 

·        Dan 7:13-14  “I kept looking in the night visions, and behold, with the clouds of heaven One like a Son of Man was coming, and He came up to the Ancient of Days and was presented before Him.  And to Him was given dominion, glory and a kingdom, that all the peoples, nations, and men of every language might serve Him.  His dominion is an everlasting dominion which will not pass away; and His kingdom is one which will not be destroyed.”  (NAS)

 

·        Matt 6:13  And do not lead us into temptation, but deliver us from the evil one.  For Yours is the kingdom and the power and the glory forever.  Amen.  (NKJ)

 

·        Matt 16:27  “For the Son of Man will come in the glory of His Father with His angels, and then He will reward each according to his works.”  (NKJ)

 

·        1 Pet 1:21  Who through Him are believers in God, who raised Him from the dead and gave Him glory, so that your faith and hope are in God.  (NAS)

 

How could Satan offer Jesus the glory if Jesus already had it?

 

·        Matt 4:8-10  Again, the devil took Him to a very high mountain, and showed Him all the kingdoms of the world, and their glory; and he said to Him, “All these things will I give You, if You fall down and worship me.”  Then Jesus said to him, “Begone, Satan! For it is written, ‘You shall worship the Lord your God, and serve Him only.’”  (NAS)

 

·        Other scriptures which say all glory originates with God:  Psalms 145:10-12; Mark 8:38; John 5:19-20; 41-44; 7:16-18; 11:40-41; Ro. 6:4; 11:36; 15:7; 16:27; 1 Cor. 10:31; 1:20; 2 Cor. 4:6, 15; Eph. 1:17; Phil. 1:11; 2:11; Rev. 4:11; 11:13; 14:7; 15:8; 19:1

 

 

4.  Christ is intrinsically considered to be the same as the Father and the Holy Ghost.

    

Creed:  “Such is the Father, such is the Son, such is the Holy Ghost.” 

 

Refutation: Christ cannot be “such” as the Father

 

The Father begat the son, thus cannot be “such” as Jesus:

 

·        Acts 13:33  That God has fulfilled this {promise} to our children in that He raised up Jesus, as it is also written in the second Psalm, ‘Thou art My Son; today I have begotten Thee.’  (NAS)

 

·        Other related scriptures: John 1:14; 3:16, 18; 1 Peter 1:3

 

The Holy Spirit conceived Jesus and cannot be the same as him:

 

·        Matt 1:18  Now the birth of Jesus Christ was as follows.  When His mother Mary had been betrothed to Joseph, before they came together she was found to be with child by the Holy Spirit.  (NAS)

 

·        Matt 1:20  But when he had considered this, behold, an angel of the Lord appeared to him in a dream, saying, “Joseph, son of David, do not be afraid to take Mary as your wife; for that which has been conceived in her is of the Holy Spirit.”  (NAS)

 

Jesus’ day of birth was his beginning; God the father has no beginning:

 

·        Heb 1:5  For to which of the angels did He ever say, “Thou art My Son, today I have begotten Thee"? And again, “I will be a Father to Him And He shall be a Son to Me”?  (NAS)

 

·        Gal 4:4  But when the fullness of the time came, God sent forth His Son, born of a woman, born under the Law.  (NAS)

 

·        Isa 64:8  But now, O LORD, Thou art our Father, we are the clay, and Thou our potter; and all of us are the work of Thy hand.  (NAS)

 

·        Heb 2:11, 13-14, 17  For both He who sanctifies and those who are sanctified are all from one Father  for which reason He is not ashamed to call them brethren...And again, "I will put My trust in Him." And again, "Behold, I and the children whom God has given Me."  Since then the children share in flesh and blood, He Himself likewise also partook of the same, that through death He might render powerless him who had the power of death, that is, the devil...Therefore, He had to be made like His brethren in all things, that He might become a merciful and faithful high priest in things pertaining to God, to make propitiation for the sins of the people.  (NAS)

 

·        Other related scriptures: Heb. 5:5; Gen. 1:1; James 1:17; Psalms 63:16;

 

Jesus prayed to the Father, so he can’t be “such” as Him:

 

·        Matt 6:6  But you, when you pray, go into your inner room, and when you have shut your door, pray to your Father who is in secret, and your Father who sees in secret will repay you.”  (NAS)

 

·        Matt 26:39  And He went a little beyond them, and fell on His face and prayed, saying, “My Father, if it is possible, let this cup pass from Me; yet not as I will, but as Thou wilt.”  (NAS)

 

·        Other related scriptures: Matt. 26:42, 53; John 17:1-3, 5, 11, 21, 24-25


 

The Father knows all things; Jesus does not:

 

·        Mark 13:32  “But of that day or hour no one knows, not even the angels in heaven, nor the Son, but the Father alone.”  (NAS)

 

·        Ps 147:5  Great is our Lord, and abundant in strength; His understanding is infinite.  (NAS)

 

·        John 5:19-20  Jesus therefore answered and was saying to them, “Truly, truly, I say to you, the Son can do nothing of Himself, unless it is something He sees the Father doing; for whatever the Father does, these things the Son also does in like manner.  For the Father loves the Son, and shows Him all things that He Himself is doing; and greater works than these will He show Him, that you may marvel.”  (NAS)

 

·        John 8:28  Jesus therefore said, “When you lift up the Son of Man, then you will know that I am He, and I do nothing on My own initiative, but I speak these things as the Father taught Me.”  (NAS)

 

·        Other related scriptures: Luke 16:15; Matt. 11:27; 24:36; Luke 10:22; John 12:49-50

 

Jesus was crucified; God the Father was not:

 

·        John 19:16-18  So he then delivered Him to them to be crucified.  They took Jesus therefore, and He went out, bearing His own cross, to the place called the Place of a Skull, which is called in Hebrew, Golgotha.  There they crucified Him, and with Him two other men, one on either side, and Jesus in between.  (NAS)

 

·        Gal 1:1  Paul, an apostle (not sent from men, nor through the agency of man, but through Jesus Christ, and God the Father, who raised Him from the dead).  (NAS)

 

Our fellowship is distinguished between the Father and the son:

 

·        I Jn 1:3  What we have seen and heard we proclaim to you also, that you also may have fellowship with us; and indeed our fellowship is with the Father, and with His Son Jesus Christ.  (NAS)

 

·        Other related scriptures:  1 Cor. 8:6

 

The Father is said to be the “God” of Jesus Christ:

 

·        John 20:17  Jesus said to her, “Stop clinging to Me, for I have not yet ascended to the Father; but go to My brethren, and say to them, ‘I ascend to My Father and your Father, and My God and your God.’”  (NAS)

 

·        1 Cor 11:3  But I want you to understand that Christ is the head of every man, and the man is the head of a woman, and God is the head of Christ.  (NAS)

 

·        Rev 3:12  ‘He who overcomes, I will make him a pillar in the temple of My God, and he will not go out from it anymore; and I will write upon him the name of My God, and the name of the city of My God, the new Jerusalem, which comes down out of heaven from My God, and My new name.  (NAS)

 

·        Rom 15:6  That with one accord you may with one voice glorify the God and Father of our Lord Jesus Christ.  (NAS)

 

·        Rev 1:6  And He has made us to be a kingdom, priests to His God and Father; to Him be the glory and the dominion forever and ever.  Amen.  (NAS)

 

·        John 8:40  “But as it is, you are seeking to kill Me, a man who has told you the truth, which I heard from God; this Abraham did not do.”  (NAS)

 

·        1 Cor 15:23-24, 27-28  But each in his own order: Christ the first fruits, after that those who are Christ's at His coming, then comes the end, when He delivers up the kingdom to the God and Father, when He has abolished all rule and all authority and power...For He has put all things in subjection under His feet.  But when He says, “All things are put in subjection,” it is evident that He is excepted who put all things in subjection to Him.  And when all things are subjected to Him, then the Son Himself also will be subjected to the One who subjected all things to Him, that God may be all in all.  (NAS)

 

·        2 Cor 1:3  Blessed be the God and Father of our Lord Jesus Christ, the Father of mercies and God of all comfort.  (NAS)

 

Jesus had a human will, separate from the Father’s will:

 

·        Matt 26:39, 42  He went a little farther and fell on His face, and prayed, saying, “O My Father, if it is possible, let this cup pass from Me; nevertheless, not as I will, but as You will...Again, a second time, He went away and prayed, saying, “O My Father, if this cup cannot pass away from Me unless I drink it, Your will be done.”  (NKJ)

 

·        John 8:29  “The one who sent me is with me; he has not left me alone, for I always do what pleases him.”  (NIV)

 

·        Heb 10:7, 9  “Then I said, ‘Behold, I have come (in the roll of the book it is written of me) to do Thy will, O God.’”...then He said, “Behold, I have come to do Thy will.” He takes away the first in order to establish the second.  (NAS)

 

The Father is God; Jesus is the mediator:

 

·        1 Tim 2:5  For there is one God, and one mediator also between God and men, the man Christ Jesus.  (NAS)

 

·        Heb 9:14-15  How much more will the blood of Christ, who through the eternal Spirit offered Himself without blemish to God, cleanse your conscience from dead works to serve the living God?  And for this reason He is the mediator of a new covenant, in order that since a death has taken place for the redemption of the transgressions that were committed under the first covenant, those who have been called may receive the promise of the eternal inheritance.  (NAS)

 

·        Heb 12:23-24  To the general assembly and church of the first-born who are enrolled in heaven, and to God, the Judge of all, and to the spirits of righteous men made perfect, and to Jesus, the mediator of a new covenant, and to the sprinkled blood, which speaks better than the blood of Abel.  (NAS)

 

The Father is greater than Jesus:

 

·        John 10:29  My Father, who has given {them} to Me, is greater than all; and no one is able to snatch them out of the Father's hand.”  (NAS)

 

·        John 14:28  “You heard that I said to you, ‘I go away, and I will come to you.’  If you loved Me, you would have rejoiced, because I go to the Father; for the Father is greater than I.”  (NAS)

 

·        John 8:42  Jesus said to them, “If God were your Father, you would love Me; for I proceeded forth and have come from God, for I have not even come on My own initiative, but He sent Me.”  (NAS)

 

Jesus grew weary; God is never weary:

 

·        Luke 8:23  But as they were sailing along He fell asleep; and a fierce gale of wind descended upon the lake, and they began to be swamped and to be in danger.  (NAS)

 

·        Isa 40:28-29  Do you not know?  Have you not heard?  The everlasting God, the LORD, the Creator of the ends of the earth does not become weary or tired.  His understanding is inscrutable.  He gives strength to the weary, and to him who lacks might He increases power.  (NAS)

 

 

5.  The Son of God is uncreated, like God the Father and the Holy Ghost.

   

Creed:  “The Father uncreated, the Son uncreated, and the Holy Ghost uncreated.” 

 

Refutation: Jesus was not “uncreated” because God conceived him.

 

Jesus was created in the womb of Mary:

 

·        Matt 1:20  But when he had considered this, behold, an angel of the Lord appeared to him in a dream, saying, “Joseph, son of David, do not be afraid to take Mary as your wife; for that which has been conceived in her is of the Holy Spirit.”  (NAS)

 

·        Luke 1:31-32, 35  “And behold, you will conceive in your womb, and bear a son, and you shall name Him Jesus.  He will be great, and will be called the Son of the Most High; and the Lord God will give Him the throne of His father David...And the angel answered and said to her, “The Holy Spirit will come upon you, and the power of the Most High will overshadow you; and for that reason the holy offspring shall be called the Son of God.”  (NAS)

 

Jesus had a Father (God); God has no father:

 

·        Mal 2:10  “Do we not all have one father?  Has not one God created us?”  (NAS)

 

·        John 20:17  Jesus said to her, “Stop clinging to Me, for I have not yet ascended to the Father; but go to My brethren, and say to them, I ascend to My Father and your Father, and My God and your God.’”  (NAS)

 

·        Heb 12:9  Furthermore, we had earthly fathers to discipline us, and we respected them; shall we not much rather be subject to the Father of spirits, and live?  (NAS)

 

·        Jer 32:27  Behold, I am the LORD, the God of all flesh; is anything too difficult for Me?”  (NAS)

 

·        Rom 8:3  For what the Law could not do, weak as it was through the flesh, God did: sending His own Son in the likeness of sinful flesh and as an offering for sin, He condemned sin in the flesh.  (NAS)

 

God created Adam, and Jesus is called the last ‘Adam’:

 

·        Gen 5:2  Male and female created he them, and blessed them, and called their name Adam, in the day when they were created.  (ASV)

 

·        1 Tim 2:13  For it was Adam who was first created, and then Eve.  (NAS)

 

·        1 Cor 15:45  So also it is written, “The first man, Adam, became a living soul.”  The last Adam became a life-giving spirit.  (NAS)

 

·        Rom 5:14  Nevertheless death reigned from Adam until Moses, even over those who had not sinned in the likeness of the offense of Adam, who is a type of Him who was to come.  (NAS)

 

God created ALL of the sons of men; Jesus was the ‘son of man’ too:

 

·        Ps 89:46-47  How long, O LORD?  Wilt Thou hide thyself forever?  Will Thy wrath burn like fire?  Remember what my span of life is; for what vanity Thou hast created all the sons of men!  (NAS)

 

·        Matt 16:13-16  Now when Jesus came into the district of Caesarea Philippi, He began asking His disciples, saying, “Who do people say that the Son of Man is?”  And they said, “Some say John the Baptist; and others, Elijah; but still others, Jeremiah, or one of the prophets.”  He said to them, “But who do you say that I am?”  And Simon Peter answered and said, “Thou art the Christ, the Son of the living God.”  (NAS)

 

God created all ‘things’; Jesus was called a “good thing”

 

·        Eph 3:9  And to bring to light what is the administration of the mystery which for ages has been hidden in God, who created all things.  (NAS)

 

·        Rev 4:11  “Worthy art Thou, our Lord and our God, to receive glory and honor and power; for Thou didst create all things, and because of Thy will they existed, and were created.”  (NAS)

 

·        Rev 10:6  And swore by Him who lives forever and ever, who created heaven and the things in it...(NAS)

 

·        John 1:45-46  Philip found Nathanael and said to him, “We have found Him of whom Moses in the Law and also the Prophets wrote, Jesus of Nazareth, the son of Joseph.”  And Nathanael said to him, “Can any good thing come out of Nazareth?" Philip said to him," Come and see.”  (NAS)

 

 

6.  We are unable to grasp the nature of Christ (“incomprehensible”).

    

Creed:  “The Father incomprehensible, the Son incomprehensible, and the Holy Ghost incomprehensible.” 

 

Refutation:  Jesus can be comprehended (understood and known); only the infinite God is ‘incomprehensible.

 

·        John 10:14  “I am the good shepherd; and I know My own, and My own know Me.”  (NAS)

 

·        Phil 3:10  That I may know Him, and the power of His resurrection and the fellowship of His sufferings, being conformed to His death.  (NAS)

 

·        I Jn 2:1-3  My little children, I am writing these things to you that you may not sin.  And if anyone sins, we have an Advocate with the Father, Jesus Christ the righteous; and He Himself is the propitiation for our sins; and not for ours only, but also for those of the whole world.  And by this we know that we have come to know Him, if we keep His commandments.  (NAS)

 

·        I Jn 5:20  And we know that the Son of God has come, and has given us understanding.....(NAS)

 

·        Eph 3:17-19  So that Christ may dwell in your hearts through faith; and that you, being rooted and grounded in love, may be able to comprehend with all the saints what is the breadth and length and height and depth, and to know the love of Christ which surpasses knowledge...  (NAS)

 

·        Eph 4:13  Until we all attain to the unity of the faith, and of the knowledge of the Son of God, to a mature man, to the measure of the stature which belongs to the fulness of Christ.  (NAS)

 

·        2 Pet 1:8  For if these qualities are yours and are increasing, they render you neither useless nor unfruitful in the true knowledge of our Lord Jesus Christ.  (NAS)

 

Only God the Father is incomprehensible (beyond understanding):

 

·        Job 11:7-8  “Can you discover the depths of God?  Can you discover the limits of the Almighty?  They are high as the heavens, what can you do?  Deeper than Sheol, what can you know?”  (NAS)

 

·        Eccl 3:11  He has made everything appropriate in its time.  He has also set eternity in their heart, yet so that man will not find out the work which God has done from the beginning even to the end.  (NAS)

 

·        Isa 40:28  Do you not know?  Have you not heard?  The everlasting God, the LORD, the Creator of the ends of the earth does not become weary or tired.  His understanding is inscrutable.  (NAS)

 

·        Rom 11:33-34  O the depth of the riches both of the wisdom and knowledge of God!  How unsearchable are his judgments, and his ways past finding out!  For who hath known the mind of the Lord? or who hath been his counsellor?  (KJV)

 

·        Ps 147:5  Great is our Lord, and of great power: his understanding is infinite.  (KJV)

 

·        Job 37:5  “God thunders with His voice wondrously, doing great things which we cannot comprehend.”  (NAS)

 

 

7.  The Son of God had no beginning with an infinite duration (eternal) like his Father.

    

Creed:  “The Father eternal, the Son eternal, and the Holy Ghost eternal”

     

Refutation: Jesus is not eternal; he had a day of birth  (beginning)

 

Only God the Father is eternal (without beginning):

 

·        Isa 57:15  For thus says the high and exalted One who lives forever...  (NAS)

 

·        Isa 43:12-13  “It is I who have declared and saved and proclaimed, and there was no strange god among you; so you are My witnesses," declares the LORD,  And I am God.  Even from eternity I am He; and there is none who can deliver out of My hand; I act and who can reverse it?”  (NAS)

 

·        Gen 1:1  In the beginning God created the heavens and the earth.  (NAS)

 

·        Ps 90:1-2  Lord, Thou hast been our dwelling place in all generations.  Before the mountains were born, or Thou didst give birth to the earth and the world, even from everlasting to everlasting, Thou art God.  (NAS)

 

Jesus has a beginning (earthly genealogy) and a day of birth:

 

·        Matt 1:1, 16  The book of the genealogy of Jesus Christ, the son of David, the son of Abraham...and to Jacob was born Joseph the husband of Mary, by whom was born Jesus, who is called Christ.  (NAS)

 

·        Matt 1:18-21  Now the birth of Jesus Christ was as follows.  When His mother Mary had been betrothed to Joseph, before they came together she was found to be with child by the Holy Spirit.  And Joseph her husband, being a righteous man, and not wanting to disgrace her, desired to put her away secretly.  But when he had considered this, behold, an angel of the Lord appeared to him in a dream, saying, “Joseph, son of David, do not be afraid to take Mary as your wife; for that which has been conceived in her is of the Holy Spirit.  And she will bear a Son; and you shall call His name Jesus, for it is He who will save His people from their sins.”  (NAS)

 

·        Matt 1:25-2:2  And kept her a virgin until she gave birth to a Son; and he called His name Jesus.  Now after Jesus was born in Bethlehem of Judea in the days of Herod the king, behold, magi from the east arrived in Jerusalem, saying, “Where is He who has been born King of the Jews?  For we saw His star in the east, and have come to worship Him.”  (NAS)

 

·        Gal 4:4  But when the fullness of the time had come, God sent forth His Son, born of a woman, born under the law.  (NKJ)

 

·        Luke 1:35  And the angel answered and said to her, “The Holy Spirit will come upon you, and the power of the Most High will overshadow you; and for that reason the holy offspring shall be called the Son of God.  (NAS)

 

·        Luke 1:46-48  And Mary said: “My soul exalts the Lord, and my spirit has rejoiced in God my Savior.  For He has had regard for the humble state of His bondslave; for behold, from this time on all generations will count me blessed.  (NAS) 

 

NOTE:  The words, “from this time on,” clearly show that Jesus had a beginning, and did not exist eternally as the creeds state.

 

Difficult verse:  Some claim Jesus was (is) eternal (without beginning) because of Isaiah 9:6 which states that the Messiah’s name is called, “Everlasting Father”:

 

·        Isa 9:6  For a child will be born to us, a son will be given to us; and the government will rest on His shoulders; and His name will be called Wonderful Counselor, Mighty God, Eternal Father, Prince of Peace.  (NAS)

 

Note two things:

 

·        First, “a child will be born.”  This proves Jesus would be born at a future time, thus invalidating the argument that he is eternal. 

 

·        Second, note that “His name” shall be called...Eternal Father.  Not Jesus himself, but His name.  The name Jesus is the same name as Yahweh of the Old Testament, with salvation added (literally ‘Yeshua’; Yah saves).  So Jesus’ name was the same as his Eternal Father, but not Jesus himself.

 

 

8.  The Son of God has absolute power over all; like God the Father he is Almighty.

 

Creed:  “So likewise the Father is Almighty, the Son Almighty, and the Holy Ghost Almighty”

    

Refutation: Jesus is not the Almighty; the Father is more powerful.  Jesus admitted he did not have all power, or any power without God; he was in subjection to His Father’s authority

 

God the Father is greater than Jesus:

 

·        John 14:28  “...I go to the Father; for the Father is greater than I.”  (NAS)

 

·        John 5:19  Jesus therefore answered and was saying to them, “Truly, truly, I say to you, the Son can do nothing of Himself, unless it is something He sees the Father doing; for whatever the Father does, these things the Son also does in like manner.”  (NAS)

 

·        John 5:30-32  I can do nothing on My own initiative.  As I hear, I judge; and My judgment is just, because I do not seek My own will, but the will of Him who sent Me.  If I alonebear witness of Myself, My testimony is not true.  There is another who bears witness of Me, and I know that the testimony which He bears of Me is true.”  (NAS)

 

Jesus is subject to the almighty God:

 

·        1 Cor 15:27-28  For He has put all things in subjection under His feet.  But when He says, “All things are put in subjection,” it is evident that He is excepted who put all things in subjection to Him.  And when all things are subjected to Him, then the Son Himself also will be subjected to the One who subjected all things to Him, that God may be all in all.  (NAS)

 

 

 

 

9.  Christ and the Father are distinct persons, but they are also one God.

    

Creed:  “so the Father is God, the Son is God, and the Holy Ghost is God, and yet they are not three Gods, but One God”

 

 Refutation: Logically God is one; He is not three persons.  Also,  logically and scripturally, three does not equal one

 

There is only one God, not three ‘persons’ of God:

 

·        Mark 12:29  Jesus answered him, “The first of all the commandments is: ‘Hear, O Israel, the Lord our God, the Lord is one.”  (NKJ)

 

NOTE:  God is one; he is not three-in-one 

 

·        Mark 12:32  And the scribe said to Him, “Right, Teacher, you have truly stated that He is One; and there is no one else besides Him.”  (NAS) 

 

NOTE:  The scribe even acknowledged that Jesus was stating that God is “one.”

 

·        James 2:19  You believe that God is one.  You do well; the demons also believe, and shudder.  (NAS) 

 

NOTE:  If you believe that “God is one,” you are doing well.

 

·        Deut 6:4  “Hear, O Israel!  The LORD is our God, the LORD is one!”  (NAS)

 

·        1 Tim 2:5  For there is one God, and one mediator also between God and men, the man Christ Jesus.  (NAS)

 

·        Josh 22:22  The Mighty One, God, the LORD, the Mighty One, God, the LORD!  He knows, and may Israel itself know.  If it was in rebellion, or if in an unfaithful act against the LORD do not Thou save us this day!  (NAS)

 

NOTE:  God is called, “the Mighty One,” not the Mighty ‘three-in-one!’

 

·        Job 6:9-10  “Would that God were willing to crush me; that He would loose His hand and cut me off!  But it is still my consolation, and I rejoice in unsparing pain, that I have not denied the words of the Holy One.”  (NAS)

 

·        Ps 50:1  The Mighty One, God, the LORD, has spoken, and summoned the earth from the rising of the sun to its setting.  (NAS)

 

·        Ps 71:22  I will also praise Thee with a harp, even Thy truth, O my God; to Thee I will sing praises with the lyre, O Thou Holy One of Israel.  (NAS)

 

·        Prov 9:10  The fear of the LORD is the beginning of wisdom, and the knowledge of the Holy One is understanding.  (NAS)

 

·        Isa 43:15  I am the LORD, your Holy One, the Creator of Israel, your King.”  (NAS)

 

NOTE:  Some say that the three persons of the Trinity created the earth and its inhabitants.  They quote Gen. 1:26 which says, ‘Then God said, “Let Us make man in Our image, according to Our likeness...” The problem with this interpretation of Gen. 1:26 is that the Scripture doe not say who the “Us” is.  And the next verse, Gen. 1:27 reads, “And God created man in His own image, in the image of God He created him; male and female He created them.”  Gen. 1:27 uses singular pronouns for God, and Gen. 1:27 agrees with Isaiah 43:15, which calls Him, “the LORD, your Holy One, the Creator.”  It is one God as Creator, not three-in-one Gods. 

 

·        Isa 40:26  Lift up your eyes on high and see who has created these stars, the One who leads forth their host by number, He calls them all by name; because of the greatness of His might and the strength of His power not one of them is missing.  (NAS)

 

·        Isa 57:15  For thus says the high and exalted One who lives forever, whose name is Holy, “I dwell on a high and holy place, and also with the contrite and lowly of spirit in order to revive the spirit of the lowly and to revive the heart of the contrite.”  (NAS)

 

·        Matt 23:8-9  “But do not be called Rabbi; for One is your Teacher, and you are all brothers.  And do not call anyone on earth your father; for One is your Father, He who is in heaven.  (NAS) 

 

NOTE:  Only “One” is our Teacher and Father in heaven, not ‘three-in-one.’  This proves that the Father and the Holy Spirit are titles for one God, not two different persons, because in Luke 12:12 it says, “for the Holy Spirit will teach you in that very hour what you ought to say,” and again, in John 14:26 Jesus says, “But the Helper, the Holy Spirit, whom the Father will send in My name, He will teach you all things, and bring to your remembrance all that I said to you.”  (NAS)

 

·        Luke 1:49  For the Mighty One has done great things for me; and holy is His name.  (NAS)

 

·        James 4:12  There is only one Lawgiver and Judge, the One who is able to save and to destroy; but who are you who judge your neighbor?  (NAS)

 

NOTE:  There is only One Judge: God.  Jesus said he did not come into the world to be the judge, “And if anyone hears My sayings, and does not keep them, I do not judge him; for I did not come to judge the world, but to save the world.” John 12:47

 

·        1 Pet 1:17  And if you address as Father the One who impartially judges according to each man's work, conduct yourselves in fear during the time of your stay upon earth.  (NAS)

 

·        Rev 4:2  Immediately I was in the Spirit; and behold, a throne was standing in heaven, and One sitting on the throne.  (NAS) 

 

NOTE:  If God were three persons, why aren’t there three thrones?

 

The son (Jesus) is not “God” because he has a “God”:

 

·        Matt 27:46  And about the ninth hour Jesus cried out with a loud voice, saying, “Eli, Eli, lama sabachthani?” that is, “My God, My God, why hast Thou forsaken Me?”  (NAS)

 

·        Mark 15:34  And at the ninth hour Jesus cried out with a loud voice, “Eloi, Eloi, lama sabachthani?” which is translated, “My God, My God, why hast Thou forsaken Me?”  (NAS)

 

·        John 20:17  Jesus said to her, “Stop clinging to Me, for I have not yet ascended to the Father; but go to My brethren, and say to them, ‘I ascend to My Father and your Father, and My God and your God.’”  (NAS)

 

·        Rev 3:2  ‘Wake up, and strengthen the things that remain, which were about to die; for I have not found your deeds completed in the sight of My God.’  (NAS)

 

·        Rev 3:12  ‘He who overcomes, I will make him a pillar in the temple of My God, and he will not go out from it anymore; and I will write upon him the name of My God, and the name of the city of My God, the new Jerusalem, which comes down out of heaven from My God, and My new name.  (NAS)

 

·        John 8:40  “But as it is, you are seeking to kill Me, a man who has told you the truth, which I heard from God; this Abraham did not do.”  (NAS)

 

God the Father and Jesus are shown as distinctly different:

 

·        Matt 19:16-17  And behold, one came to Him and said, “Teacher, what good thing shall I do that I may obtain eternal life?”  And He said to him, “Why are you asking Me about what is good?  There is only One who is good; but if you wish to enter into life, keep the commandments.”  (NAS) 

 

NOTE:  Jesus himself makes a clear distinction between himself and God.  He says that God is the only “One” who is good, thus denying he is also a ‘God.’

 

·        Rom 15:5-6  Now may the God who gives perseverance and encouragement grant you to be of the same mind with one another according to Christ Jesus; that with one accord you may with one voice glorify the God and Father of our Lord Jesus Christ.  (NAS) 

 

NOTE:  God is called, “the God and Father of our Lord Jesus.”  Thus, a clear distinction between God and Jesus is made; the Father IS the “God” of our Lord Jesus Christ.

 

·        1 Tim 2:5  For there is one God, and one mediator also between God and men, the man Christ Jesus.  (NAS)

 

·        Heb 5:7-8  In the days of His flesh, He offered up both prayers and supplications with loud crying and tears to the One able to save Him from death, and He was heard because of His piety.  Although He was a Son, He learned obedience from the things which He suffered.  (NAS) 

 

NOTE:  Jesus cannot be God, for he calls out to the “one” God who was able to save him.  Also, Jesus “learned obedience” to this One God.

 

·        John 3:1-2  Now there was a man of the Pharisees, named Nicodemus, a ruler of the Jews; this man came to Him by night, and said to Him, “Rabbi, we know that You have come from God as a teacher; for no one can do these signs that You do unless God is with him.”  (NAS)

 

NOTE:  Nicodemus recognized Jesus as being a teacher “from God,” and saw the distinction between God and Jesus by saying, “for no one can do these signs that You do unless God is with him.” 

 

·        1 Cor 15:24  Then comes the end, when He delivers up the kingdom to the God and Father, when He has abolished all rule and all authority and power.  (NAS) 

 

NOTE:  Jesus delivers up his kingdom to “the God,” and therefore Jesus cannot be “the” God.

 

·        2 Cor 1:3  Blessed be the God and Father of our Lord Jesus Christ, the Father of mercies and God of all comfort.  (NAS)

 

·        2 Cor 11:31  The God and Father of the Lord Jesus, He who is blessed forever, knows that I am not lying.  (NAS)

 

·        Eph 1:3  Blessed be the God and Father of our Lord Jesus Christ, who has blessed us with every spiritual blessing in the heavenly places in Christ.  (NAS)

 

·        1 Pet 1:3  Blessed be the God and Father of our Lord Jesus Christ, who according to His great mercy has caused us to be born again to a living hope through the resurrection of Jesus Christ from the dead.  (NAS)

 

NOTE:  The “God and Father” of Jesus also raised Jesus from the dead; therefore Jesus could not be God, because God cannot die (see 1 Tim. 1:17; Ro. 6:9-10).

 

 

10.  Christ did not come before or after the Father and the Holy Ghost.

      

Creed:  “and in this Trinity none is before or after the other; none is greater or less than another”

 

Refutation: Jesus came after God; no one came before God.

(see also # 7)

 

No one comes before God (not even Jesus):

 

·        Isa 43:10  “You are my witnesses,” declares the LORD, “and my servant whom I have chosen, so that you may know and believe me and understand that I am he.  Before me no god was formed, nor will there be one after me.”  (NIV)

 

·        Ps 90:1-4  Lord, Thou hast been our dwelling place in all generations.  Before the mountains were born, or Thou didst give birth to the earth and the world, even from everlasting to everlasting, Thou art God.  Thou dost turn man back into dust, and dost say, "Return, O children of men."  For a thousand years in Thy sight are like yesterday when it passes by, or as a watch in the night.  (NAS)

 

·        Ps 103:13-19  Just as a father has compassion on his children, so the LORD has compassion on those who fear Him.  For He himself knows our frame; He is mindful that we are but dust.  As for man, his days are like grass; as a flower of the field, so he flourishes.  When the wind has passed over it, it is no more; and its place acknowledges it no longer.  But the lovingkindness of the LORD is from everlasting to everlasting on those who fear Him, and His righteousness to children's children, to those who keep His covenant, and who remember His precepts to do them.  The LORD has established His throne in the heavens; and His sovereignty rules over all.  (NAS)

 

·        1 Chr 16:36  Blessed be the LORD, the God of Israel, from everlasting even to everlasting.  Then all the people said, "Amen," and praised the LORD.  (NAS)

 

·        Ps 93:2  Thy throne is established from of old; Thou art from everlasting.  (NAS)

 

·        Hab 1:12  Art Thou not from everlasting, O LORD, my God, my Holy One?  We will not die. Thou, O LORD, hast appointed them to judge; and Thou, O Rock, hast established them to correct.  (NAS)

 

God is the Father of all humanity, including Jesus:

 

·        Isa 64:8  Yet, O LORD, you are our Father.  We are the clay, you are the potter; we are all the work of your hand.  (NIV)

 

·        Deut 32:6-7  “Do you thus repay the LORD, O foolish and unwise people?  Is not He your Father who has bought you?  He has made you and established you.  Remember the days of old, consider the years of all generations.  Ask your father, and he will inform you, your elders, and they will tell you.”  (NAS)

 

·        Isa 63:16  For Thou art our Father, though Abraham does not know us, and Israel does not recognize us.  Thou, O LORD, art our Father, our Redeemer from of old is Thy name.  (NAS)

 

·        John 20:17  Jesus said to her, “Stop clinging to Me, for I have not yet ascended to the Father; but go to My brethren, and say to them, ‘I ascend to My Father and your Father, and My God and your God.’”  (NAS)

 

·        2 Cor 1:3  Blessed be the God and Father of our Lord Jesus Christ, the Father of mercies and God of all comfort.  (NAS)

 

·        Eph 4:6  One God and Father of all who is over all and through all and in all.  (NAS)

 

·        II Jn 1:3  Grace, mercy and peace will be with us, from God the Father and from Jesus Christ, the Son of the Father, in truth and love.  (NAS)

 

·        I Jn 5:1  Whoever believes that Jesus is the Christ is born of God; and whoever loves the Father loves the child born of Him.  (NAS)

 

 

11. Christ is “God” like the Father and the Holy Ghost are “God.”

      

Creed:  “For like as we are compelled by Christian verity to acknowledge every person by Himself to be God and Lord”

 

Refutation: The Father (Yahweh) alone is God.

 

Yahweh alone is God, not “every person” of the Trinity:

 

·        Isa 43:12-13  “It is I who have declared and saved and proclaimed, and there was no strange {god} among you; so you are My witnesses,” declares the LORD, “And I am God.  Even from eternity I am He; and there is none who can deliver out of My hand; I act and who can reverse it?”  (NAS)

 

·        Isa 46:9  “Remember the former things long past, for I am God, and there is no other; {I am} God, and there is no one like me.”  (NAS)

 

·        Isa 45:21-22  “Declare and set forth {your case;} indeed, let them consult together.  Who has announced this from of old?  Who has long since declared it?  Is it not I, the LORD? And there is no other God besides me, a righteous God and a Savior; there is none except me.  Turn to me, and be saved, all the ends of the earth; for I am God, and there is no other.”  (NAS)

 

·        Ps 46:10-11  “Cease {striving} and know that I am God; I will be exalted among the nations, I will be exalted in the earth.”  The LORD of hosts is with us; the God of Jacob is our stronghold.  Selah.  (NAS)

 

·        Ps 50:6-7  And the heavens declare His righteousness, for God himself is judge.  Selah.  “Hear, O My people, and I will speak; O Israel, I will testify against you; I am God, your God.”  (NAS)

 

·        Exod 9:14  “For this time I will send all My plagues on you and your servants and your people, so that you may know that there is no one like Me in all the earth.”  (NAS)

 

·        Hosea 11:9-10  “I will not execute My fierce anger; I will not destroy Ephraim again.  For I am God and not man, the Holy One in your midst, and I will not come in wrath.  They will walk after the LORD, He will roar like a lion; indeed He will roar, and {His} sons will come trembling from the west.”  (NAS)

 

·        Exod 20:2-3  I am the LORD your God, who brought you out of the land of Egypt, out of the house of slavery.  You shall have no other gods before Me.”  (NAS)

 

 

12.  Christ is both God and man; God by reason of the Father’s substance; man by reason of his mother’s substance.

 

Creed:  “For the right faith is, that we believe and confess that our Lord Jesus Christ, the Son of God, is God and Man.  God of the Substance of the Father, begotten before the worlds; and Man of the substance of His mother, born into the world”

 

Refutation: Jesus is a man, he is not both ‘God and man.’  The man Jesus cannot be the same substance as the Father who is “Spirit”; Jesus had a body of flesh, blood & bones (also sweat and water).   (See also # 2)

 

Jesus is a man, not “God and man”:

 

·        Rom 5:15  But the free gift is not like the transgression.  For if by the transgression of the one the many died, much more did the grace of God and the gift by the grace of the one Man, Jesus Christ, abound to the many.  (NAS)

 

·        Acts 17:30-31  “Therefore having overlooked the times of ignorance, God is now declaring to men that all everywhere should repent, because He has fixed a day in which He will judge the world in righteousness through a Man whom He has appointed, having furnished proof to all men by raising Him from the dead.”  (NAS)

 

·        Acts 2:22-23  “Men of Israel, listen to these words: Jesus the Nazarene, a man attested to you by God with miracles and wonders and signs which God performed through Him in your midst, just as you yourselves know--this  Man, delivered up by the predetermined plan and foreknowledge of God, you nailed to a cross by the hands of godless men and put Him to death.  (NAS)

 

·        John 19:5  Jesus therefore came out, wearing the crown of thorns and the purple robe. And Pilate said to them, “Behold, the Man!”  (NAS)

 

·        John 1:29-30  The next day John saw Jesus coming toward him, and said, “Behold!  The Lamb of God who takes away the sin of the world!  This is He of whom I said, ‘After me comes a Man who is preferred before me, for He was before (Literally: ‘superior to’) me.’  (NKJ) 

 

NOTE:  Jesus was a man who came after John the baptist; therefore Jesus could not be “God.”

 

·        Matt 27:19  And while he was sitting on the judgment seat, his wife sent to him, saying, “Have nothing to do with that righteous Man; for last night I suffered greatly in a dream because of Him.”  (NAS)

 

·        Matt 8:26-27  And He said to them, “Why are you timid, you men of little faith?”  Then He arose, and rebuked the winds and the sea; and it became perfectly calm.  And the men marveled, saying, “What kind of a man is this, that even the winds and the sea obey Him?”  (NAS)

 

·        John 8:39-40  They answered and said to Him, “Abraham is our father.”  Jesus said to them, “If you are Abraham's children, do the deeds of Abraham.  But as it is, you are seeking to kill Me, a man who has told you the truth, which I heard from God; this Abraham did not do.”  (NAS)

 

Jesus is a man who died; God cannot die:

 

·        John 19:11-12  Jesus answered, “You would have no authority over Me, unless it had been given you from above; for this reason he who delivered Me up to you has the greater sin.”  As a result of this Pilate made efforts to release Him, but the Jews cried out, saying, “If you release this Man, you are no friend of Caesar; everyone who makes himself out to be a king opposes Caesar.”  (NAS)

 

·        Mark 15:39  And when the centurion, who was standing right in front of Him, saw the way He breathed His last, he said, “Truly this man was the Son of God!”  (NAS)

 

·        Acts 2:22-23  “Men of Israel, listen to these words: Jesus the Nazarene, a man attested to you by God with miracles and wonders and signs which God performed through Him in your midst, just as you yourselves know - this Man, delivered up by the predetermined plan and foreknowledge of God, you nailed to a cross by the hands of godless men and put {Him} to death.  (NAS)

 

 

 

Jesus is not God, but God’s Spirit was IN Christ:

 

·        John 4:24  God is spirit, and those who worship Him must worship in spirit and truth.” (NAS)

 

·        2 Cor 5:18-21  Now all these things are from God, who reconciled us to Himself through Christ, and gave us the ministry of reconciliation, namely, that God was in Christ reconciling the world to Himself, not counting their trespasses against them, and He has committed to us the word of reconciliation.  Therefore, we are ambassadors for Christ, as though God were entreating through us; we beg you on behalf of Christ, be reconciled to God.  He made Him who knew no sin to be sin on our behalf, that we might become the righteousness of God in Him.  (NAS)

 

·        John 14:10-11  “Do you not believe that I am in the Father, and the Father is in Me?  The words that I say to you I do not speak on My own initiative, but the Father abiding in Me does His works.  Believe Me that I am in the Father, and the Father in Me; otherwise believe on account of the works themselves.” (NAS)

 

Jesus did the Father’s works, not his own:

 

·        John 5:19-20  Jesus therefore answered and was saying to them, “Truly, truly, I say to you, the Son can do nothing of Himself, unless it is something He sees the Father doing; for whatever the Father does, these things the Son also does in like manner.  For the Father loves the Son, and shows Him all things that He Himself is doing; and greater works than these will He show Him, that you may marvel.  (NAS)

 

·        John 5:43  I have come in My Father's name, and you do not receive Me; if another shall come in his own name, you will receive him.”  (NAS)

 

·        John 5:36-37  “But the witness which I have is greater than that of John; for the works which the Father has given Me to accomplish, the very works that I do, bear witness of Me, that the Father has sent Me.  And the Father who sent Me, He has borne witness of Me.  You have neither heard His voice at any time, nor seen His form.”  (NAS)

 

·        John 14:24  “He who does not love Me does not keep My words; and the word which you hear is not Mine, but the Father's who sent Me.”  (NAS)

 

Jesus is the “image” of the invisible God.  We see God revealed through the man Jesus:

 

·        Col 1:13-15  For He delivered us from the domain of darkness, and transferred us to the kingdom of His beloved Son, in whom we have redemption, the forgiveness of sins.  And He is the image of the invisible God, the first-born of all creation.  (NAS)

 

·        John 14:7-9  “If you had known Me, you would have known My Father also; from now on you know Him, and have seen Him.  Philip said to Him, “Lord, show us the Father, and it is enough for us.”  Jesus said to him, “Have I been so long with you, and yet you have not come to know Me, Philip?  He who has seen Me has seen the Father; how do you say, ‘Show us the Father’?”  (NAS)

 

·        2 Cor 4:6  For God, who said, “Light shall shine out of darkness,” is the One who has shone in our hearts to give the light of the knowledge of the glory of God in the face of Christ.  (NAS)

 

Jesus was a man who received authority from God:

 

·        Matt 9:6  “But in order that you may know that the Son of Man has authority on earth to forgive sins”-- then He said to the paralytic-- “Rise, take up your bed, and go home.”  (NAS)

 

·        Matt 9:8  But when the multitudes saw this, they were filled with awe, and glorified God, who had given such authority to men.  (NAS)

 

·        Matt 28:18  And Jesus came up and spoke to them, saying, “All authority has been given to Me in heaven and on earth.  (NAS)

 

·        Luke 4:32  And they were amazed at His teaching, for His message was with authority.  (NAS)

 

·        Luke 4:36  And amazement came upon them all, and they began discussing with one another saying, “What is this message?  For with authority and power He commands the unclean spirits, and they come out.”  (NAS)

 

·        John 5:26-27  “For just as the Father has life in Himself, even so He gave to the Son also to have life in Himself; and He gave Him authority to execute judgment, because He is the Son of Man.”  (NAS)

 

·        John 17:1-3  Jesus spoke these words, lifted up His eyes to heaven, and said: “Father, the hour has come.  Glorify Your Son, that Your Son also may glorify You, as You have given Him authority over all flesh, that He should give eternal life to as many as You have given Him.  And this is eternal life, that they may know You, the only true God, and Jesus Christ whom You have sent.”  (NKJ)

 

·        John 19:10-11  Pilate therefore said to Him, “You do not speak to me?  Do You not know that I have authority to release You, and I have authority to crucify You?”  Jesus answered, “You would have no authority over Me, unless it had been given you from above; for this reason he who delivered Me up to you has the greater sin.”  (NAS)

 

·        Rom 13:1  Let every person be in subjection to the governing authorities.  For there is no authority except from God, and those which exist are established by God.  (NAS)

 

·        Rev 2:26-27  ‘And he who overcomes, and he who keeps My deeds until the end, to him I will give authority over the nations; and he shall rule them with a rod of iron, as the vessels of the potter are broken to pieces, as I also have received authority from My Father.  (NAS)

 

·        Matt 8:8-10  But the centurion answered and said, “Lord, I am not worthy for You to come under my roof, but just say the word, and my servant will be healed.  For I, too, am a man under authority, with soldiers under me; and I say to this one, ‘Go!’ and he goes, and to another, ‘Come!’ and he comes, and to my slave, ‘Do this!’ and he does it.”  Now when Jesus heard this, He marveled, and said to those who were following, “Truly I say to you, I have not found such great faith with anyone in Israel.”  (NAS)

 

NOTE:  The centurion recognized Jesus as “a man” under authority from God; he did not recognize Jesus as “God.”

 

 

13.  Christ is “begotten before the worlds.” (This is the weirdest concept of all!)

      

Creed:  “we believe and confess that our Lord Jesus Christ...is...begotten before the worlds”

 

Refutation: Jesus cannot be begotten before the world existed.  If Mary was his mother; “begotten” means “to bring forth offspring”

 

Jesus was born (begotten) on a particular day:

 

·        Acts 13:32-33  “And we preach to you the good news of the promise made to the fathers, that God has fulfilled this promise to our children in that He raised up Jesus, as it is also written in the second Psalm, ‘Thou art My Son; today I have begotten Thee.’  (NAS)

 

·        Matt 1:18  Now the birth of Jesus Christ was as follows.  When His mother Mary had been betrothed to Joseph, before they came together she was found to be with child by the Holy Spirit.  (NAS)

 

·        Luke 1:30-37  And the angel said to her, “Do not be afraid, Mary; for you have found favor with God.  And behold, you will conceive in your womb, and bear a son, and you shall name Him Jesus.  He will be great, and will be called the Son of the Most High; and the Lord God will give Him the throne of His father David; and He will reign over the house of Jacob forever; and His kingdom will have no end.”  And Mary said to the angel, “How can this be, since I am a virgin?”  And the angel answered and said to her, “The Holy Spirit will come upon you, and the power of the Most High will overshadow you; and for that reason the holy offspring shall be called the Son of God.  And behold, even your relative Elizabeth has also conceived a son in her old age; and she who was called barren is now in her sixth month.  For nothing will be impossible with God.”  (NAS)

 

·        Matt 2:1-4  Now after Jesus was born in Bethlehem of Judea in the days of Herod the king, behold, magi from the east arrived in Jerusalem, saying, “Where is He who has been born King of the Jews?  For we saw His star in the east, and have come to worship Him.”  And when Herod the king heard it, he was troubled, and all Jerusalem with him.  And gathering together all the chief priests and scribes of the people, he began to inquire of them where the Christ was to be born.  (NAS) 

 

NOTE:  Jesus was born in Bethlehem, “in the days of Herod the king.”  This proves Jesus was not “begotten before the worlds” as the creeds say.

 

·        Luke 2:10-12  And the angel said to them, “Do not be afraid; for behold, I bring you good news of a great joy which shall be for all the people; for today in the city of David there has been born for you a Savior, who is Christ the Lord.  And this will be a sign for you: you will find a baby wrapped in cloths, and lying in a manger.”  (NAS)

 

NOTE:  The angel told the magi that Jesus had been born, “today in the city of David.”  Does this sound like Jesus existed from all eternity?  Does this sound like Jesus was “begotten before the world?”  No!  Of course not.

 

·        John 18:37  Pilate therefore said to Him, “Are You a king then?”  Jesus answered, “You say rightly that I am a king.  For this cause I was born, and for this cause I have come into the world, that I should bear witness to the truth. Everyone who is of the truth hears My voice.”  (NKJ)

 

·        Gal 4:4  But when the fulness of the time came, God sent forth His Son, born of a woman, born under the Law.  (NAS)

 

·        Rom 1:1-3  Paul, a bond-servant of Christ Jesus, called as an apostle, set apart for the gospel of God, which He promised beforehand through His prophets in the holy Scriptures, concerning His Son, who was born of a descendant of David according to the flesh.  (NAS)

 

·        I Jn 5:1  Whoever believes that Jesus is the Christ is born of God; and whoever loves the Father loves the child born of Him.  (NAS)

 

Jesus has earthly genealogy:

 

·        Matt 1:1, 16-17  The book of the genealogy of Jesus Christ, the son of David, the son of Abraham...and to Jacob was born Joseph the husband of Mary, by whom was born Jesus, who is called Christ.  Therefore all the generations from Abraham to David are fourteen generations; and from David to the deportation to Babylon fourteen generations; and from the deportation to Babylon to the time of Christ fourteen generations.  (NAS)

 

·        Luke 1:46-48  And Mary said: “My soul exalts the Lord, and my spirit has rejoiced in God my Savior.  For He has had regard for the humble state of His bondslave; for behold, from this time on all generations will count me blessed.”  (NAS)

 

NOTE:  Mary says, “from this time on all generations will count me blessed.”  This proves that Jesus did not exist, or was not begotten, at any time previous to this.

 

·        Luke 3:23-38  And when He began His ministry, Jesus Himself was about thirty years of age, being supposedly the son of Joseph, the son of Eli...  (NAS) 

 

NOTE:  How could Jesus be “begotten before the worlds” (as the creeds say), when he was only thirty years old?

 

·        Luke 2:2-5  This was the first census taken while Quirinius was governor of Syria.  And all were proceeding to register for the census, everyone to his own city.  And Joseph also went up from Galilee, from the city of Nazareth, to Judea, to the city of David, which is called Bethlehem, because he was of the house and family of David, in order to register, along with Mary, who was engaged to him, and was with child.  (NAS) 

 

NOTE:  Joseph had to register his family for the census by the government before Jesus was even born!!

 

 

14.  Christ is “perfect God” and “perfect Man.”

    

  Creed:  “Perfect God and perfect Man”

 

Refutation: Jesus is a perfected man; he was never perfect God.  Jesus is not God at all.  God could not be perfect” man; this is Greek syncretism (i.e. hypostasis; joining two natures into one Being).

 

“Perfect man” would not need to be tempted:

 

·        Heb 4:15  For we do not have a high priest who is unable to sympathize with our weaknesses, but we have one who has been tempted in every way, just as we are-- yet was without sin.  (NIV)

 

·        Matt 4:1  Then Jesus was led up by the Spirit into the wilderness to be tempted by the devil.  (NAS)

 

·        Luke 4:1-2  And Jesus, full of the Holy Spirit, returned from the Jordan and was led about by the Spirit in the wilderness for forty days, being tempted by the devil.  And He ate nothing during those days; and when they had ended, He became hungry.  (NAS)

 

·        Heb 2:17-18    Therefore, He had to be made like His brethren in all things, that He might become a merciful and faithful high priest in things pertaining to God, to make propitiation for the sins of the people.  For since He Himself was tempted in that which He has suffered, He is able to come to the aid of those who are tempted.  (NAS)

 

Jesus was not perfect man; he was a man who was perfected.  Jesus “learned” obedience:

 

·        Heb 5:7-9  During the days of Jesus' life on earth, he offered up prayers and petitions with loud cries and tears to the one who could save him from death, and he was heard because of his reverent submission.  Although he was a son, he learned obedience from what he suffered and, once made perfect, he became the source of eternal salvation for all who obey him.  (NIV)

 

Jesus was never “perfect God”; he increased in wisdom.  Jesus grew in favor with God; he was not “perfect God”:

 

·        Luke 2:51-52  And He went down with them, and came to Nazareth; and He continued in subjection to them; and His mother treasured all these things in her heart.  And Jesus kept increasing in wisdom and stature, and in favor with God and men.  (NAS)

 

Jesus is not perfect God; he is not God at all.  Jesus has a God, so he cannot be “perfect God”:

 

·        Matt 27:46  And about the ninth hour Jesus cried out with a loud voice, saying," Eli, Eli, lama sabachthani? "that is," My God, My God, why hast Thou forsaken Me?"  (NAS)

 

·        John 20:17  Jesus said to her, "Stop clinging to Me, for I have not yet ascended to the Father; but go to My brethren, and say to them, 'I ascend to My Father and your Father, and My God and your God.'"  (NAS)

 

·        Rev 3:12  'He who overcomes, I will make him a pillar in the temple of My God, and he will not go out from it anymore; and I will write upon him the name of My God, and the name of the city of My God, the new Jerusalem, which comes down out of heaven from My God, and My new name.  (NAS)

 

·        Rom 15:6  That with one accord you may with one voice glorify the God and Father of our Lord Jesus Christ.  (NAS)

 

·        2 Cor 1:3  Blessed be the God and Father of our Lord Jesus Christ, the Father of mercies and God of all comfort.  (NAS)

 

·        2 Cor 11:31  The God and Father of the Lord Jesus, He who is blessed forever, knows that I am not lying.  (NAS)

 

·        Eph 1:3  Blessed be the God and Father of our Lord Jesus Christ, who has blessed us with every spiritual blessing in the heavenly places in Christ.  (NAS)

 

·        1 Pet 1:3  Blessed be the God and Father of our Lord Jesus Christ, who according to His great mercy has caused us to be born again to a living hope through the resurrection of Jesus Christ from the dead.  (NAS)

 

 

15.  Christ exists with a “reasonable soul” and human flesh.

      

Creed:  “of a reasonable soul and human flesh subsisting”

      

Refutation: Jesus had a human spirit, not just a soul and flesh.  Jesus has a “reasonable” soul, and had a body of  flesh; the creed falls short by failing to mention Jesus had a human spirit.

 

Jesus did not just have a body of flesh and a soul; he also has a human spirit:

 

·        Mark 2:8  But immediately, when Jesus perceived in His spirit that they reasoned thus within themselves, He said to them, "Why do you reason about these things in your hearts?  (NKJ)

 

·        Mark 8:12  And sighing deeply in His spirit, He said, “Why does this generation seek for a sign? Truly I say to you, no sign shall be given to this generation.”  (NAS)

 

·        John 11:33  When Jesus therefore saw her weeping, and the Jews who came with her, also weeping, He was deeply moved in spirit, and was troubled.  (NAS)

 

·        John 13:21  When Jesus had said this, He became troubled in spirit, and testified, and said, “Truly, truly, I say to you, that one of you will betray Me.”  (NAS)

 

·        Matt 27:50  And Jesus cried out again with a loud voice, and yielded up His spirit.  (NKJ)

 

·        Luke 23:46  And when Jesus had cried out with a loud voice, He said, “Father, ‘into Your hands I commit My spirit.’”  Having said this, He breathed His last.  (NKJ)

 

·        John 19:30  When he had received the drink, Jesus said, “It is finished.”  With that, he bowed his head and gave up his spirit.  (NIV)

 

 

16.  Christ is equal to God the Father being of the same Godhead.  He is inferior because he is man.

      

Creed:  “but the whole three persons are co-eternal together and co-equal...Equal to the Father as touching His Godhead, and inferior to the Father as touching His manhood”

 

Refutation: Jesus is always subject to God; never God’s equal.  Jesus is never equal to the Father in any sense; because Jesus is a man, he will always be subject to the Father.

 

Jesus is not equal to the Father in any sense, ever:

 

·        John 10:25  Jesus answered them, “I told you, and you do not believe; the works that I do in My Father's name, these bear witness of Me.”  (NAS)

 

·        John 10:29  My Father, who has given them to Me, is greater than all; and no one is able to snatch them out of the Father's hand.”  (NAS)

 

·        John 10:32  Jesus answered them, “I showed you many good works from the Father; for which of them are you stoning Me?”  (NAS)

 

 

·        John 10:37-38  “If I do not do the works of My Father, do not believe Me; but if I do them, though you do not believe Me, believe the works, that you may know and understand that the Father is in Me, and I in the Father.”  (NAS)

 

·        Rev 2:26-27  ‘And he who overcomes, and he who keeps My deeds until the end, to him I will give authority over the nations; and he shall rule them with a rod of iron, as the vessels of the potter are broken to pieces, as I also have received authority from My Father.’  (NAS)

 

·        Acts 17:30-31  “Therefore having overlooked the times of ignorance, God is now declaring to men that all everywhere should repent, because He has fixed a day in which He will judge the world in righteousness through a Man whom He has appointed, having furnished proof to all men by raising Him from the dead.”  (NAS)

 

·        1 Cor 15:24, 28  Then comes the end, when He delivers up the kingdom to the God and Father, when He has abolished all rule and all authority and power...And when all things are subjected to Him, then the Son Himself also will be subjected to the One who subjected all things to Him, that God may be all in all.  (NAS)

 

·        Acts 2:36  “Therefore let all the house of Israel know for certain that God has made Him both Lord and Christ-- this Jesus whom you crucified.”  (NAS)

 

·        Acts 7:55-56  But being full of the Holy Spirit, he gazed intently into heaven and saw the glory of God, and Jesus standing at the right hand of God; and he said, “Behold, I see the heavens opened up and the Son of Man standing at the right hand of God.”  (NAS)

 

·        Acts 10:38  “You know of Jesus of Nazareth, how God anointed Him with the Holy Spirit and with power, and how He went about doing good, and healing all who were oppressed by the devil; for God was with Him.”  (NAS)

 

·        1 Tim 2:5  For there is one God, and one mediator also between God and men, the man Christ Jesus.  (NAS)

 

·        John 20:17  Jesus said to her, “Stop clinging to Me, for I have not yet ascended to the Father; but go to My brethren, and say to them, ‘I ascend to My Father and your Father, and My God and your God.’”  (NAS)

 

·        Rev 3:12  ‘He who overcomes, I will make him a pillar in the temple of My God, and he will not go out from it anymore; and I will write upon him the name of My God, and the name of the city of My God, the new Jerusalem, which comes down out of heaven from My God, and My new name.  (NAS)

 

NOTE:  Phil. 2:6 does not say Jesus has equality with God!

 

Point-by-point explanation of Phil. 2:5-11:

 

3        Do nothing from selfishness or empty conceit, but with humility of mind let each of you regard one another as more important than himself;

4        do not merely look out for your own personal interests, but also for the interests of others.

5        Have this attitude in yourselves which was also in Christ Jesus,

6        who, although He existed in the form of God, did not regard equality with God a thing to be grasped,

7        but emptied Himself, taking the form of a bond-servant, and being made in the likeness of men.

8        And being found in appearance as a man, He humbled Himself by becoming obedient to the point of death, even death on a cross.

9        Therefore also God highly exalted Him, and bestowed on Him the name which is above every name,

10    that at the name of Jesus every knee should bow, of those who are in heaven, and on earth, and under the earth,

11    and that every tongue should confess that Jesus Christ is Lord, to the glory of God the Father.  (NAS)

 

Many Christians point to Phil. 2:6 to affirm that Jesus is somehow equal to the Father.  Their argument goes something like this: Jesus existed in the “form of God,” but he did not regard “equality with God” a thing to be grasped by his human nature.”

 

Jesus could never grasp “equality” with God; we have provided ample Scripture to prove this.  We must, however, answer the claim made from Scripture.  In explaining Phil. 2:6 in light of the overall context of the passage, we will find that Jesus as a man is what is fully in view here.

 

The narrative begins in verses 3-5, which is an exhortation to the church in Philippi.  Paul writes and tells them to do nothing from “selfishness” or “empty conceit.”   Instead, he gives the solution, which is to “regard one another as more important than yourselves.”  Then Paul tells them something very important as it relates to the man Jesus: he commands them saying, “do not merely look out for your own personal interests, but also for the interests of others.”  Why is this command so important?  Verse 5 gives the answer: “Have this attitude in yourselves which was also in Christ Jesus.”

 

Jesus had an attitude in him that looked out for the interests of others.  Jesus was not selfish, or conceited.  His humility was demonstrated in the selfless life of giving to others.  This is what the context of Philippians chapter two is all about.  Jesus always did the will of God from his heart:

 

·        Eph 6:6  Not by way of eye service, as men-pleasers, but as slaves of Christ, doing the will of God from the heart.  (NAS)

 

In Phil. 2:6 we find that most English translations of the Bible have erroneously, and with bias towards their doctrinal view, made the text appear as though Jesus were “equal” with God: “who, although He existed in the form of God, did not regard equality with God a thing to be grasped.”  A careful examination of the Greek text will resolve this error, and give us more insight as to it’s meaning.

 

“who, although He existed in the form of God”

 

·        “existed” = Strong’s Dictionary says: 5225  huparcho (hoop-ar'-kho); it means, “to begin under (quietly), i.e. come into existence (be present or at hand).”  Huparcho comes from the Greek “hupo” meaning, “under,” and from, “archo,” a primary verb meaning, “to be first” (in political rank or power).  Jesus existed underneath God’s rule, and God made him “first in rank” in the kingdom of heaven.  Of all of God’s people, Jesus would have the preeminent ruling position.

 

·        “form” = 1. morphe ^3444^ denotes "the special or characteristic form or feature" of a person or thing; it is used with particular significance in the NT, only of Christ, in <Phil. 2:6,7>, in the phrases "being in the form of God," and "taking the form of a servant." (from Vine's Expository Dictionary of Biblical Words)

(Copyright (C) 1985, Thomas Nelson Publishers)

 

·        “form” = Strong’s Dictionary says that morphe (mor-fay') means, figuratively, “nature.”  This Greek word morphe is derived in it’s origin from a root word which means, “to get as a section or allotment; a division or share.”

 

·        In combining the comments from Vine’s and Strong’s, and examining the context of Phil. 2:6, we conclude that Jesus, who is first in rank of all of God’s kingdom, existed in the special, or characteristic feature (nature) of God by what he received from God as an allotment, a division, or a share.  Jesus is not “equal” to the Almighty God, but has been given delegated authority and rank, and that by allotment from God.  Allotment means to assign as a share, or a portion; thus Jesus could not be equal to God.

 

 

 

 

 “did not regard equality with God a thing to be grasped”

 

·        regard” = Strong’s Dictionary says that the Greek word hegeomai (hayg-eh'-om-ahee) 2233 is used in the middle voice (for one’s own self interests).  The word means, “to lead,” but is used figuratively in Phil. 2:6 to mean, “to deem, i.e. consider.”  This same word is used earlier in the context in Phil. 2:3, “...let each of you regard (hegeomai) one another as more important than himself.”

 

·        The common use of hegeomai in all New Testament texts implies the esteeming of someone, or something as being in a leading position, or of primary or official importance.  Therefore the use of this word in Phil. 2:6 shows that Jesus did not command or lead the church by regarding his position of superior rank (which came by official authority given to him by God) with an attitude of self-serving motives.

 

·        equality = 2470  isos (ee'-sos); probably from 1492 (through the idea of seeming); similar (in amount and kind): KJV-- + agree, as much, equal, like.

 

·        EQUAL, EQUALITY = A. Adjective.  isos ^2470^, "the same in size, number, quality," etc., is translated "equal" in <John 5:18; Phil. 2:6>; in the latter the word is in the neuter plural, lit., "equalities"; "in the RV the words are translated `on an equality with God,' instead of `equal with God,' as in the KJV. The change is of great importance to the right interpretation of the whole passage. The rendering `equal with God,' is evidently derived from the Latin Version.... It was apparently due at first to the fact that the Latin language had no adequate mode of representing the exact form and meaning of the Greek. The neuter plural denotes the various modes or states in which it was possible for the nature of Deity to exist and manifest itself as Divine."  (from Vine's Expository Dictionary of Biblical Words)  (Copyright (C) 1985, Thomas Nelson Publishers)

 

·        The Greek word “isos” refers to the mode in which God manifested Himself in His son, the man Christ Jesus.  Jesus began his existence as first rank (like a general in the Army) in God’s kingdom.  This rank was by allotment from God; it was delegated authority from the Almighty.  Jesus did not regard, or esteem his position as the leader of God’s kingdom on earth as something which would further his own self-interests.  Rather, Jesus used the mode God had given to him as an opportunity to serve others, and in so doing, became an example to all of us.

 

·        grasped = 2. harpagmos ^725^, akin to harpazo, "to seize, carry off by force," is found in <Phil. 2:6>, (from Vine's Expository Dictionary of Biblical Words) (Copyright (C) 1985, Thomas Nelson Publishers).

 

·        The Greek word ‘harpagmos’ is used only once in the New Testament.  It is found in the middle voice here in Phil. 2:6, indicating for one’s own self interest.  Thus, the meaning of the phrase here indicates the Jesus, existing as first in rank in God’s kingdom, and that by allotment, did not regard the “equalities” (literal) of delegated authority and privileges as something to be “seized” (harpagmos) for his own self-interests.

 

“but emptied himself, taking on the form of a bond-servant”

 

·        “emptied himself” = The word “emptied” is the Greek word “kenoo.”  It means “to make empty, to empty,” and should be translated, “should be of none effect.”  Strong’s Dictionary says the word kenoo (2758), when used figuratively, as in Phil. 2:7, means, “to abase, or neutralize.”  Essentially what Jesus did was make himself void and abased, in order that he might be a servant to others.

 

·        “the form of a bond-servant” = The Greek word “morphe” is used here for “form.”  Jesus neutralized his own privileges.  He made himself empty.  His own life was emptied for others, so that his own life’s privileges were of no personal effect.  Jesus took upon himself the special characteristic features of a bondservant.  The Greek word for “servant” is “doulos.”  The word doulos means “a slave.”  It is frequently translated as “servant” in the New Testament.  John 13:15-16 uses doulos for Jesus’ role:

 

·        John 13:15-16  “For I gave you an example that you also should do as I did to you.  Truly, truly, I say to you, a slave (doulos) is not greater than his master; neither is one who is sent greater than the one who sent him.  (NAS)

 

·        Much could be said of Jesus’ example as a servant.  God serves no man.  Jesus was a man, who acted as a servant to others.  How else could he become our example?  The Roman centurion who met Jesus knew Jesus was a man under authority, just as he was.

 

·        Matt 8:5-10  And when He had entered Capernaum, a centurion came to Him, entreating Him, and saying, “Lord, my servant is lying paralyzed at home, suffering great pain.”  And He said to him, “I will come and heal him.”  But the centurion answered and said, “Lord, I am not worthy for You to come under my roof, but just say the word, and my servant will be healed.  For I, too, am a man under authority, with soldiers under me; and I say to this one, ‘Go!’ and he goes, and to another, ‘Come!’ and he comes, and to my slave, ‘Do this!’ and he does it.”  Now when Jesus heard this, He marveled, and said to those who were following, “Truly I say to you, I have not found such great faith with anyone in Israel.”  (NAS)

 

“being made in the likeness of men”

 

·        “being made” = The Greek word for “made” (1096) is “ginomai.”  It means, “to cause to be,” or “to come into being.”  The word is used in relation to the events involved in the conception of Jesus in Mary’s womb:

 

·        Matt 1:20-23  But when he had considered this, behold, an angel of the Lord appeared to him in a dream, saying, "Joseph, son of David, do not be afraid to take Mary as your wife; for that which has been conceived in her is of the Holy Spirit.  “And she will bear a Son; and you shall call His name Jesus, for it is He who will save His people from their sins.”  Now all this took place (Greek = ginomai; came into being) that what was spoken by the Lord through the prophet might be fulfilled, saying, “Behold, the virgin shall be with child, and shall bear a Son, and they shall call His name Immanuel,” which translated means, “God with us.”  (NAS)

 

·        The use of ginomai here is ample proof that Jesus was “made” (i.e. - caused to come into being or existence) at a particular time.  The same word “ginomai” is used of Jesus’ conception in Luke 1:38 as well:

 

·        Luke 1:31-38  “And behold, you will conceive in your womb, and bear a son, and you shall name Him Jesus.  He will be great, and will be called the Son of the Most High; and the Lord God will give Him the throne of His father David; and He will reign over the house of Jacob forever; and His kingdom will have no end.”  And Mary said to the angel, “How can this be, since I am a virgin?”  And the angel answered and said to her, “The Holy Spirit will come upon you, and the power of the Most High will overshadow you; and for that reason the holy offspring shall be called the Son of God.  And behold, even your relative Elizabeth has also conceived a son in her old age; and she who was called barren is now in her sixth month.  For nothing will be impossible with God.”  And Mary said, “Behold, the bondslave of the Lord; be it done (ginomai; let it come into being) to me according to your word.” And the angel departed from her.  (NAS)

 

·        This is further proof that Jesus “came into being” (ginomai) at a specific point in time.  He was NOT God made into man, as so many believe these days.

 

·        “in the likeness of men” = The Greek word for “likeness” is “homolama.”  It means, “a form; resemblance.”  The Greek word for “men” is “anthropos” (444).  Anthropos is the most common Greek word used in the NT for human beings.  Jesus resembled a man, because he WAS a man! (1 Tim. 2:5)  Homolama(3667) is used of Adam.  Adam was a type of Christ.  Adam was a man.

 

·        Rom 5:14  Nevertheless death reigned from Adam until Moses, even over those who had not sinned in the likeness (homolama) of the offense of Adam, who is a type of Him who was to come.  (NAS)

 

·        The word homolama is also used again in Ro. 8:3:

 

·        Rom 8:3   For what the Law could not do, weak as it was through the flesh, God did sending His own Son in the likeness (homolama) of sinful flesh and as an offering for sin, He condemned sin in the flesh.  (NAS)

 

SUMMARY OF PHIL. 2:6-7:

 

Jesus existed under God’s authority, and shared His Father’s name.  Jesus was first in rank in God’s kingdom, having been given a measured allotment by the Father to share in His special and characteristic nature (that is, Jesus acted on behalf of God while upon the earth, after he was anointed to do so).

 

As a judge or an official authority, Jesus did not regard or consider his “equalities” with God as something to be seized for his own self-interest.  By “equalities” it is meant that the man Jesus, God’s only begotten son, was given authority by God to reveal various modes or states in which it was possible for the nature of Deity to exist and manifest itself as Divine in him.

 

Jesus made his own needs as void, and abased himself.  He took on the special characteristics of a slave...a servant.  Jesus was a servant by choice.  Jesus came into being, or existence as a man, resembling other men who were in the likeness of sinful flesh.

 

Final Comments regarding this Philippians 2 passage: 

 

Phil 2:8-11  And being found in appearance as a man, He humbled Himself by becoming obedient to the point of death, even death on a cross.  Therefore also God highly exalted Him, and bestowed on Him the name which is above every name, that at the name of Jesus every knee should bow, of those who are in heaven, and on earth, and under the earth, and that every tongue should confess that Jesus Christ is Lord, to the glory of God the Father.  (NAS)

 

1.      If Jesus is equal to the Father in relationship (as the creed states), whom does he become “obedient” to?

 

2.      Being “equal” to the Father and the Holy Spirit, how then does Jesus suffer “death” on a cross?  If all three are equal, all three must die.

 

3.      If Jesus is equal to the Father, and every knee bows to him, and every tongue confesses he is Lord, why is all of this done, “to the glory of GOD THE FATHER?”

 

Other sections which show Jesus inferior to the Father:

 

·        See # 3:  Jesus does not have equal glory with the Father       

 

·        See # 4:  Christ cannot be “such” as the Father             

 

·        See # 8:  Jesus is not almighty; the Father is more powerful

 

·        See # 12:  Jesus is a man; he is not both ‘God and man’           

 

 

 

 

17.  The Son of God is God and man, but he is not two persons, but “one Christ.”

 

      

Creed:  “Who, although He be God and Man, yet He is not two, but one Christ”

 

Refutation: Jesus is not “two” (God and man); he is one man.  God is one, period.  Jesus is distinctly separate from God; Jesus is a man; God is deity

 

·        2 Cor 1:3  Blessed be the God and Father of our Lord Jesus Christ, the Father of mercies and God of all comfort.  (NAS)

 

·        Rev 1:1  The Revelation of Jesus Christ, which God gave Him to show to His bond-servants, the things which must shortly take place; and He sent and communicated it by His angel to His bond-servant John.  (NAS)

 

·        1 Cor 8:6  Yet for us there is but one God, the Father, from whom all things came and for whom we live; and there is but one Lord, Jesus Christ, through whom all things came and through whom we live.  (NIV)

 

·        I Jn 1:3  What we have seen and heard we proclaim to you also, that you also may have fellowship with us; and indeed our fellowship is with the Father, and with His Son Jesus Christ.  (NAS)

 

·        Rom 15:6  That with one accord you may with one voice glorify the God and Father of our Lord Jesus Christ.  (NAS)

 

 

18.  Jesus is “one Christ” because the Trinity took “manhood” into itself.

    

Creed:  “One, not by conversion of the Godhead into flesh, but by taking manhood into God”

 

Refutation: God cannot become man; God never changes.  Jesus is one in relationship to the Father; there is not a Trinity; God cannot take “man” into Himself because He changes not.

 

·        1 Sam 15:29  And also the Glory of Israel will not lie or change His mind; for He is not a man that He should change His mind.”  (NAS)

 

·        Ps 55:19  God will hear and answer them-- even the one who sits enthroned from of old-- Selah. With whom there is no change....  (NAS)

 

·        Mal 3:6  For I, the LORD, do not change; therefore you, O sons of Jacob, are not consumed.  (NAS)

 

·        Num 23:19  God is not a man, that He should lie, nor a son of man, that He should repent; has He said, and will He not do it?  Or has He spoken, and will He not make it good?”  (NAS)

 

 

19.  Christ is “one altogether” with the Father and Holy Ghost in actual “substance” and in “Unity of person.”

    

Creed:   “One Altogether; not by confusion of Substance, but by Unity of Person.” 

 

Refutation: Jesus is one with God in relationship, not unity of person.  God the Father is Spirit, and holy, and thus, He is the Holy Spirit; Jesus is the son of God, and son of man; Jesus is “one” with God in relationship, not in “unity of person.”

 

·        John 17:11  “And I am no more in the world; and yet they themselves are in the world, and I come to Thee.  Holy Father, keep them in Thy name, the name which Thou hast given Me, that they may be one, even as We are.  (NAS)

 

·        John 17:22-24  “And the glory which Thou hast given Me I have given to them; that they may be one, just as We are one. I in them, and Thou in Me, that they may be perfected in unity, that the world may know that Thou didst send Me, and didst love them, even as Thou didst love Me.  Father, I desire that they also, whom Thou hast given Me, be with Me where I am, in order that they may behold My glory, which Thou hast given Me; for Thou didst love Me before the foundation of the world.”  (NAS)

 

 

20.  God (the Trinity) and Man (Christ) is “One Christ.”

     

Creed:  “For as the reasonable soul and flesh is one man, so God and Man is one Christ”

 

Refutation: God is not one ‘Christ’ (i.e. - anointed one) with Jesus.  The Trinity teaches three distinct persons, which constitute God; God is not three, he is one; there is only one God, and one Lord Jesus Christ. Christ means, “to anoint”; God is not anointed (Christ); rather, He anoints Jesus.

 

·        Acts 10:38  “You know of Jesus of Nazareth, how God anointed Him with the Holy Spirit and with power, and how He went about doing good, and healing all who were oppressed by the devil; for God was with Him.”  (NAS)

 

·        2 Cor 1:21  Now He who establishes us with you in Christ and anointed us is God.  (NAS)

 

·        Heb 1:9  “Thou hast loved righteousness and hated lawlessness; therefore God, Thy God, hath anointed Thee with the oil of gladness above Thy companions.”  (NAS)

 

·        Luke 4:18  The Spirit of the Lord is upon Me, because He anointed me to preach the gospel to the poor. He has sent me to proclaim release to the captives, and recovery of sight to the blind, to set free those who are downtrodden.”  (NAS)

 

·        Acts 4:26-28  “‘The kings of the earth took their stand, and the rulers were gathered together against the Lord and against His Christ.’  For truly against Your holy Servant Jesus, whom You anointed, both Herod and Pontius Pilate, with the Gentiles and the people of Israel, were gathered together to do whatever Your hand and Your purpose determined before to be done.”  (NKJ)

 

 

21.  Christ is completely God without qualification (“very God of very God” and “God of God”).

      

Creed:  “I believe.....in one Lord Jesus Christ.....begotten of the Father before all the worlds, God of God.....very God of very God”

 

Refutation: Jesus has God’s authority as a magistrate; Jesus is not “very God of very God.”  Jesus is not “God” (deity) in any sense; Jesus is the “magistrate” of God, appointed by God with authority.      

 

·        Matt 27:46  And about the ninth hour Jesus cried out with a loud voice, saying, “Eli, Eli, lama sabachthani?” that is, “My God, My God, why hast Thou forsaken Me?”  (NAS)

 

·        Mark 15:34  And at the ninth hour Jesus cried out with a loud voice, “Eloi, Eloi, lama sabachthani?” which is translated, “My God, My God, why hast Thou forsaken Me?”  (NAS)

 

·        Mark 15:34  And at the ninth hour Jesus cried out with a loud voice, “Eloi, Eloi, lama sabachthani?” which is translated, “My God, My God, why hast Thou forsaken Me?”  (NAS)

 

·        John 20:17  Jesus said to her, “Stop clinging to Me, for I have not yet ascended to the Father; but go to My brethren, and say to them, ‘I ascend to My Father and your Father, and My God and your God.’”  (NAS)

 

·        Rev 3:2  Wake up, and strengthen the things that remain, which were about to die; for I have not found your deeds completed in the sight of My God.’  (NAS)

 

·        Rev 3:12  ‘He who overcomes, I will make him a pillar in the temple of My God, and he will not go out from it anymore; and I will write upon him the name of My God, and the name of the city of My God, the new Jerusalem, which comes down out of heaven from My God, and My new name.’  (NAS)

 

·        Eph 1:17  That the God of our Lord Jesus Christ, the Father of glory, may give to you a spirit of wisdom and of revelation in the knowledge of Him.  (NAS)

 

·        John 1:30  “This is He of whom I said, ‘After me comes a Man who is preferred before me, for He was before me.’”  (NKJ)

 

·        John 8:40  “But as it is, you are seeking to kill Me, a man who has told you the truth, which I heard from God; this Abraham did not do.  (NAS)

 

·        Acts 2:22-24  “Men of Israel, listen to these words: Jesus the Nazarene, a man attested to you by God with miracles and wonders and signs which God performed through Him in your midst, just as you yourselves know--this Man  delivered up by the predetermined plan and foreknowledge of God, you nailed to a cross by the hands of godless men and put Him to death.  And God raised Him up again, putting an end to the agony of death, since it was impossible for Him to be held in its power.  (NAS)

 

·        Matt 28:18  And Jesus came up and spoke to them, saying, “All authority has been given to Me in heaven and on earth.”  (NAS)

 

·        Mark 2:10-11  “But in order that you may know that the Son of Man has authority on earth to forgive sins”-- He said to the paralytic--”I say to you, rise, take up your pallet and go home.”  (NAS)

 

·        Luke 4:32  And they were amazed at His teaching, for His message was with authority.  (NAS)

 

·        Luke 4:36  And amazement came upon them all, and they began discussing with one another saying, “What is this message?  For with authority and power He commands the unclean spirits, and they come out.”  (NAS)

 

·        Luke 7:8  For I, too, am a man under authority, with soldiers under me; and I say to this one, ‘Go!’ and he goes; and to another, ‘Come!’ and he comes; and to my slave, ‘Do this!’ and he does it.”  (NAS)

 

·        John 17:1-3  After Jesus said this, he looked toward heaven and prayed: “Father, the time has come.  Glorify your Son, that your Son may glorify you.  For you granted him authority over all people that he might give eternal life to all those you have given him.  Now this is eternal life: that they may know you, the only true God, and Jesus Christ, whom you have sent.  (NIV)

 

·        John 19:11  Jesus answered, “You would have no authority over Me, unless it had been given you from above; for this reason he who delivered Me up to you has the greater sin.”  (NAS)

 

·        Rom 13:1  Let every person be in subjection to the governing authorities.  For there is no authority except from God, and those which exist are established by God.  (NAS)

 

·        1 Cor 15:24  Then comes the end, when He delivers up the kingdom to the God and Father, when He has abolished all rule and all authority and power.  (NAS)

 

·        1 Cor 15:28  And when all things are subjected to Him, then the Son Himself also will be subjected to the One who subjected all things to Him, that God may be all in all.  (NAS)

 

·        Jude 1:25  To the only God our Savior, through Jesus Christ our Lord, be glory, majesty, dominion and authority, before all time and now and forever.  Amen.  (NAS)

 

·        Rev 2:27  And he shall rule them with a rod of iron, as the vessels of the potter are broken to pieces, as I also have received authority from My Father.  (NAS)

 

·        Rev 12:10  And I heard a loud voice in heaven, saying, “Now the salvation, and the power, and the kingdom of our God and the authority of His Christ have come, for the accuser of our brethren has been thrown down, who accuses them before our God day and night.  (NAS)

 

·        Mark 15:39  And when the centurion, who was standing right in front of Him, saw the way He breathed His last, he said, “Truly this man was the Son of God!”  (NAS)

 

 

22.  Christ, as God, the Maker of all things, was Incarnated by the third person of the Trinity (the Holy Ghost).

    

Creed:  “begotten, not made, being of one substance with the Father: by whom were all things made...came down from heaven, and was Incarnate by the Holy Ghost of the virgin Mary”

 

Refutation: Jesus is conceived, therefore he cannot be the Maker (Creator) of all things.  One cannot be conceived by God, and at the same time be God (the Creator).  God the Father (Yahweh) is the only Creator.

 

·        Matt 1:20-21  But when he had considered this, behold, an angel of the Lord appeared to him in a dream, saying, “Joseph, son of David, do not be afraid to take Mary as your wife; for that which has been conceived in her is of the Holy Spirit.  And she will bear a Son; and you shall call His name Jesus, for it is He who will save His people from their sins.”  (NAS)

 

·        Luke 2:21  And when eight days were completed before His circumcision, His name was then called Jesus, the name given by the angel before He was conceived in the womb.  (NAS)

 

·        Luke 1:35  And the angel answered and said to her, “The Holy Spirit will come upon you, and the power of the Most High will overshadow you; and for that reason the holy offspring shall be called the Son of God.”  (NAS)

 

·        Isa 40:28  Do you not know?  Have you not heard?  The everlasting God, the LORD, the Creator of the ends of the earth does not become weary or tired.  His understanding is inscrutable.  (NAS)

 

·        Rom 1:25  For they exchanged the truth of God for a lie, and worshiped and served the creature rather than the Creator, who is blessed forever.  Amen.  (NAS)

 

·        1 Pet 4:19  Therefore, let those also who suffer according to the will of God entrust their souls to a faithful Creator in doing what is right.  NAS)

 

·        Gen 1:1  In the beginning God created the heavens and the earth.  (NAS)

 

·        Gen 1:27  And God created man in His own image, in the image of God He created him; male and female He created them.  (NAS)

 

·        Gen 2:3-4  Then God blessed the seventh day and sanctified it, because in it He rested from all His work which God had created and made.  This is the account of the heavens and the earth when they were created, in the day that the LORD God made earth and heaven.  (NAS)

 

·        Gen 5:1-2  This is the book of the generations of Adam.  In the day when God created man, He made him in the likeness of God.  He created them male and female, and He blessed them and named them Man in the day when they were created.  (NAS)

 

·        Ps 148:1-5  Praise the LORD!  Praise the LORD from the heavens; praise Him in the heights!  Praise Him, all His angels; praise Him, all His hosts!  Praise Him, sun and moon; praise Him, all stars of light!  Praise Him, highest heavens, and the waters that are above the heavens!  Let them praise the name of the LORD, for He commanded and they were created.  (NAS)

 

·        Isa 42:5  Thus says God the LORD, who created the heavens and stretched them out, who spread out the earth and its offspring, who gives breath to the people on it, and spirit to those who walk in it.  (NAS)

 

·        Mal 2:10  Do we not all have one father?  Has not one God created us?  Why do we deal treacherously each against his brother so as to profane the covenant of our fathers?”  (NAS)

 

·        Matt 19:4  And He answered and said, “Have you not read, that He who created them from the beginning made them male and female.”  (NAS)

 

·        Mark 13:19  “For those days will be a time of tribulation such as has not occurred since the beginning of the creation which God created, until now, and never shall.”  (NAS)

 

·        Eph 3:9  And to bring to light what is the administration of the mystery which for ages has been hidden in God, who created all things.  (NAS)

 

·        Rev 4:11  “Worthy art Thou, our Lord and our God, to receive glory and honor and power; for Thou didst create all things, and because of Thy will they existed, and were created.”  (NAS)

 

·        Rev 10:5-6  And the angel whom I saw standing on the sea and on the land lifted up his right hand to heaven, and swore by Him who lives forever and ever, who created heaven and the things in it, and the earth and the things in it, and the sea and the things in it, that there shall be delay no longer.  (NAS)

 

 

23.  After God was made into a man He was then killed (crucified).

      

Creed:  “ and was made man and was crucified”

 

Refutation: God is not a man who can die; He is immortal.  God cannot change into a man and die; Jesus is man, and was crucified, and then he died.  God raised the dead man Jesus.

 

·        Num 23:19  God is not a man, that He should lie, nor a son of man, that He should repent; has He said, and will He not do it?  Or has He spoken, and will He not make it good?”  (NAS)

 

·        John 11:49-51  But a certain one of them, Caiaphas, who was high priest that year, said to them, “You know nothing at all, nor do you take into account that it is expedient for you that one man should die for the people, and that the whole nation should not perish.”  Now this he did not say on his own initiative; but being high priest that year, he prophesied that Jesus was going to die for the nation.”  (NAS)

 

·        Acts 2:22-24  “Men of Israel, listen to these words: Jesus the Nazarene, a man attested to you by God with miracles and wonders and signs which God performed through Him in your midst, just as you yourselves know--this Man delivered up by the predetermined plan and foreknowledge of God, you nailed to a cross by the hands of godless men and put Him to death.  And God raised Him up again, putting an end to the agony of death, since it was impossible for Him to be held in its power.”  (NAS)

 

·        Acts 10:38-41  “You know of Jesus of Nazareth, how God anointed Him with the Holy Spirit and with power, and how He went about doing good, and healing all who were oppressed by the devil; for God was with Him.  And we are witnesses of all the things He did both in the land of the Jews and in Jerusalem.  And they also put Him to death by hanging Him on a cross.  God raised Him up on the third day, and granted that He should become visible, not to all the people, but to witnesses who were chosen beforehand by God, that is, to us, who ate and drank with Him after He arose from the dead.”  (NAS)

 

·        Acts 13:28-30  “And though they found no ground for putting Him to death, they asked Pilate that He be executed.  And when they had carried out all that was written concerning Him, they took Him down from the cross and laid Him in a tomb.  But God raised Him from the dead.”  (NAS)

 

·        Rom 10:9  That if you confess with your mouth Jesus as Lord, and believe in your heart that God raised Him from the dead, you shall be saved.  (NAS)

 

·        Gal 1:1  Paul, an apostle (not sent from men, nor through the agency of man, but through Jesus Christ, and God the Father, who raised Him from the dead).  (NAS)

 

·        Eph 1:20  Which He brought about in Christ, when He raised Him from the dead, and seated Him at His right hand in the heavenly places.  (NAS)

 

·        Col 2:12  Having been buried with Him in baptism, in which you were also raised up with Him through faith in the working of God, who raised Him from the dead.  (NAS)

 

·        1 Pet 1:21  Who through Him are believers in God, who raised Him from the dead and gave Him glory, so that your faith and hope are in God.  (NAS)

 

·        1 Tim 1:17  Now to the King eternal, immortal, invisible, the only God, be honor and glory forever and ever.  Amen.  (NAS)




 

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