Part Six: Was it "Divine Blood" that Jesus Offered in Sacrifice on the Cross?


By Craig Bluemel



This series is about the true identity of the man, Jesus of Nazareth: of his human weakness, temptations, and obedience to Yahweh his Father, as he was perfected through suffering.




The Roman Catholic Church Creates a Sinless God-Man Named Jesus


The doctrine of the blood atonement of Jesus Christ is perhaps one of the most important topics to understand in all scripture.  Our very salvation is related to the sacrificial offering that Jesus made, and yet so few in the Christian church have an accurate comprehension what it involves.  Only recently, when I dedicated extensive research time to the topic, did I fully realize the implications of what Jesus did.


If you think that Jesus simply died for your sins and that that’s the sum total of his atonement, you understand only a fraction of what he paid when giving his soul as an offering.  A good portion of the Christian church today believes that when Jesus died upon the cross at Calvary, the blood he spilled was divine blood—not human, mortal blood.  The rationale behind the notion that Jesus’ blood is ‘sinless’ goes something like this:


1.    In order for God to accept it as the ransom price for the sins of mankind, the offering had to being completely pure and undefiled.  By ‘pure and undefiled’, it is said to mean that Jesus’ gave his ‘sinless’ blood and that it was the intrinsic ‘sinlessness’ of the liquid coursing thru his fleshly body that made his sacrificial offering acceptable to God. 


3.    While Jesus’ blood atonement is without blemish, and his sacrificial offering is undefiled, it was not deemed ‘acceptable to God’ on the basis that Jesus gave his ‘sinless blood.’  I will show this is clearly not the case, and later will give the exact reasons why God the Father counted His only begotten son’s offering as acceptable.


2.     Old-line, mainstream Christendom holds that the standard of purity and holiness that is required in order for Jesus’ blood to be of such value it could redeem all of mankind is divinity.  In other words, no human life can be compared with that of the Divine, because only Deity has intrinsic moral goodness.


3.     Therefore, based upon this deduction, most of Christianity today believes that Jesus Christ paid the ransom price AS GOD in order to satisfy the debt that mankind owed for sin.  Fueled by Trinitarian theology, most Christians believe that as the second Person of the Triune Godhead, Jesus left his throne in heaven, and for 33 ½ years he ‘laid aside his divine privileges,’ came to earth, and God became a man.  It is alleged that only as ‘God in human flesh’ would Jesus be able to identify with man’s suffering and give his ‘divine life blood’ as the ransom price worthy to redeem.


Many Christians nowadays have abandoned the traditional teachings of the Christian church and are rediscovering the Jesus of Nazareth of scripture.  No longer do they view him as ‘God in human form’ but as a man, conceived by God in the womb of the virgin Mary, born of a woman, and born under the law.  Jesus was made in the likeness of sinful flesh, and God prepared a body for him to house his human soul and spirit unlike that of any other human.


The idea the Jesus died as ‘God in human flesh’ stems in origin from the theology and creeds of the Roman Catholic Church.  The concept of a ‘sinless deity’ however predates the Roman Catholic Church and Christianity, and is found in other religions that worship men in the form of a god, including the Pharaohs of ancient Egypt.  Before the formation of the Roman Catholic Church, the Imperial Roman cult held that any Roman Caesar was to be venerated as a living incarnation of the gods. 


In fact, the Imperial cult enacted a form of Emperor worship that was in place for many years.  This veneration of the Caesars also held as integral to its belief that as a living god, the supreme ruler of Rome could do no wrong, ascribing god-like moral goodness and ‘sinless’ infallibility to the Roman emperor.  Emperor Caesar Augustus was the last of the emperors of Rome to whom such, a nefarious form of worship was given.


When Emperor Constantine ascended to the throne of Rome, he feigned a conversion to the Christian faith by claiming to have seen a cross in the sky.  It turns out however that Constantine’s conversion was in reality a ploy, which he had hoped would achieve empirical unity for his crumbling and divided empire.  Constantine issued the decree that called for the formation and employment of a state ‘Christian’ religion, which is the historical beginning of the Roman Catholic (Universal) Church. 


Constantine’s status as the last of Rome’s alleged ‘sinless deity’ emperors was conceded by him into the hands of religious corruption (i.e. the early ‘church fathers’) in exchange for unilateral support for his dynasty.  The wicked men first in line as sinister religious prefects soon thereafter established the papacy of the unholy Roman Catholic Church.  The birth of the Roman papacy took unto itself the ‘god-like’ status of its first pope.  Therefore, the ‘sinless’ stature that once belonged to brutal Roman emperors, was given into the hands of vicious Roman popes.  The papacy’s brutal history stands on record for a testament to the veracity of what is said here.


The papal authority was assigned ‘ex-cathedra’ status, which meant he could speak infallibly (i.e. directly from God) on matters of church dogma.  The pope still maintains this elitist position in the Vatican today, and just as it was in the days of Constantine, the Jesus Christ of the Roman Catholic Church creeds is deified and assigned a position of ‘equality’ alongside the other two ‘persons of God’ in the pagan Godhead known as the Trinity.  in effect, by assigning deity to Jesus of Nazareth, the Roman Catholic Church was also assigning to him the ‘sinless God-Man’ status that Christians today still embrace.


Like anything that was once pure, and now has become corrupted, the nature of the man Jesus of Nazareth has been tainted with a perception of sinlessness.  Those Christians who have finally found the Jesus of the scriptures by releasing their hold on the security of his ‘deity’ status are now forced to reexamine his nature as a man, made like his brethren, born under the law. 


Jesus Knew No Sin for 3 ½ Years, Not for 33 ½ Years


The Bible does not teach a doctrine supporting the lifelong sinlessness of Jesus of Nazareth.  In fact, were he to have actually been ‘sinless’ during his first 30 years as a carpenter in Nazareth, certainly people would have taken note and readily supported his public ministry for the final 3 ½ years of his life before Jesus was crucified. 


However, we find in the Gospels that siblings and his local neighbors in Nazareth, who had known him for most of his life, referred to him only as ‘Jesus, son of Joseph and Mary, whom we know.’  No one commented with words such as ‘I always knew there was something special about that boy Jesus.’  Nothing about him gave away his identity as the son of God until AFTER Jesus was water baptized by John the Baptist in the Jordan River.  Even then, Jesus was oftentimes rejected by his own kinsmen.


&              Luke 3:23 Now Jesus Himself began His ministry at about thirty years of age, being (as was supposed) the son of Joseph.  New King James Version


&              John 1:45 Philip found Nathaniel and said to him, “We have found Him of whom Moses in the law, and also the prophets, wrote — Jesus of Nazareth, the son of Joseph.”  New King James Version


&              John 6:41-45 The Jews then complained about Him, because He said, “I am the bread which came down from heaven.”  42 And they said, “Is not this Jesus, the son of Joseph, whose father and mother we know?  How is it then that he says, 'I have come down from heaven'?”  43 Jesus therefore answered and said to them,  "Do not murmur among yourselves.  44 No one can come to me unless the Father who sent me draws him; and I will raise him up at the last day.  45 It is written in the prophets, 'And they shall all be taught by God.’  Therefore, everyone who has heard and learned from the Father comes to me.  New King James Version


After Jesus was born, nobody except Mary and Joseph, Elizabeth (Mary’s blood relative) and Elizabeth’s husband Zacharias maintained active knowledge that he was truly the Son of God.  Even though he had brothers and sisters that were offspring of Joseph and Mary, they did not know that he was the Son of God.  His siblings considered Jesus as one of themselves, and this is evidenced when they come to get him in Galilee, to prevent him form going mad, as they saw it, and losing his mind over this Messiah business!


&              Mark 3:21 And when those who belonged to Him (His kinsmen) heard it, they went out to take Him by force, for they kept saying, ‘He is out of His mind (beside Himself, deranged)!’  Amplified Bible


Aside from a few people that could be witnesses to attest to his birth and/or arrival as Israel’s Messiah, Jesus was known only as the son of Joseph and Mary until his inaugural water baptism, when God would speak to him from heaven, calling Jesus, ‘My Beloved son, in whom I approve (approbate).’ During his early ministry, when he was in Nazareth, nobody there acknowledged Jesus as being outstanding or recognizably different, and this is brought out in detail in Mark’s gospel.


&              Mark 6:1-6 Then He went out from there and came to His own country, and His disciples followed Him. 2 And when the Sabbath had come, He began to teach in the synagogue. And many hearing Him were astonished, saying, “Where did this man get these things? And what wisdom is this which is given to Him, that such mighty works are performed by His hands!  3 Is this not the carpenter, the Son of Mary , and brother of James, Joses, Judas, and Simon? And are not His sisters here with us?" So they were offended at Him.  4 But Jesus said to them, "A prophet is not without honor except in his own country, among his own relatives, and in his own house."   5 Now He could do no mighty work there, except that He laid His hands on a few sick people and healed them.  6 And He marveled because of their unbelief. Then He went about the villages in a circuit, teaching. New King James Version


Notice in Mark’s gospel, that by this time, Jesus is known as the ‘son of Mary’ instead of as ‘the son of Joseph.’  The reason for this is due to the fact Joseph, his stepfather, was deceased and only Mary survived as a living earthly parent.  But Jesus still has his real Father, who will NEVER die!  Joseph had to decrease, that God the Father might increase in the life of His only begotten son.


As mentioned earlier, it was not until after his baptism and temptation, that Jesus began to publicly proclaim, that the time is fulfilled (for his Messianic ministry).  This marks the commencement of 3 ½ years of required obedience to God his Father, which would keep Jesus free from sin as preparation for the sacrificial offering of his fleshly body for sin.


&              Mark 1:4-15 14 Now after John was put in prison, Jesus came to Galilee, preaching the gospel of the kingdom of God, 15 and saying, "The time is fulfilled, and the kingdom of God is at hand. Repent, and believe in the gospel."  New King James Version


What did Jesus mean, ‘My time is fulfilled?’  This event is described by the apostle Paul in his letter to the Galatian church as the ‘fulness of time’ (Galatians 4:4) and by Jesus himself when he begins preaching his gospel saying ‘The time is fulfilled and the kingdom of God is at hand,’ (Mark 1:15).


&              Galatians 4:1-5 Now I say that the heir, as long as he is a child, does not differ at all from a slave, though he is master of all, 2 but is under guardians and stewards until the time appointed by the Father. 3 Even so we, when we were children, were in bondage under the elements of the world. But when the fullness of the time had come, God sent forth His Son, born of a woman, born under the law, 5 to redeem those who were under the law, that we might receive the adoption as sons.


The ‘fulness’ of time is using the same Greek word pleroo as is used by Jesus in Mark 3:15, when he says ‘the time is fulfilled.’  This is the time when Jesus goes thru a metamorphosis in his relationship with God, and begins to communicate audibly with the Father.  Not until age thirty does God actually speak to Jesus and reveal Himself as the Father of Jesus, even though Jesus is undoubtedly aware of his origin.


Notice in Galatians 4:1-2 it says that, ‘the heir, as long as he is a child, does not differ at all from a slave, though he is master of all, but is under guardians and stewards until the time appointed by the Father.’  The heir is Christ, who as a child was under guardians and stewards named Joseph and Mary.  As the heir to God’s promise to Abraham, and as a child growing up, Jesus would not have differed much from those who are slaves or servants in a great household until the time of his appointment as son. 


Isaiah the prophet, in his messianic prophecy about Jesus, depicts him as a man that his fellow Jews ‘did not esteem’ or ‘recognize’ (see Isaiah 53).  This means that Jesus grew in wisdom and stature and in favor with God and men, not as sinless man.  Jesus learned obedience from what things he suffered, and learning obedience involves mistakes and corrected mistakes. 


&              Hebrews 5:8 Although He was God’s Son, yet He learned obedience from the sufferings which He endured; 9 and so, having been made perfect, He became to all who obey Him the source and giver of eternal salvation.  Weymouth New Testament Translation


Even John the Baptist, who was a blood relative and cousin to Jesus, did not recognize or know him as Yahweh’s Anointed until the day he saw the spirit descending upon Jesus in the form of a dove at his water baptism.


&              Matthew 3:13-17 Then Jesus came from Galilee to John at the Jordan to be baptized by him.  14 And John tried to prevent Him, saying, "I need to be baptized by You, and are You coming to me?" 15 But Jesus answered and said to him, “Permit {áfes = forgive; let it be sent off} it to be so now, for thus it is fitting for us to fulfill all righteousness.”  Then he allowed Him. 16 When He had been baptized, Jesus came up immediately from the water; and behold, the heavens were opened to Him, and He saw the Spirit of God descending like a dove and alighting upon Him.  17 And suddenly a voice came from heaven, saying, “This is My beloved Son, in whom I am well pleased." New King James Version + Author’s notes inserted in scripture text in {bracketed} words for clarification of identity & continuity




The passage above proves beyond doubt that Jesus was water baptized to remit (forgive) his past sins, as few as they were, so that it would ‘fulfill all righteousness.’  Pay close attention to what is described here, because the Greek text reveals some very shocking mistranslation of words in modern Bible versions of Matthew 3:13-17, particularly verse 15, when Jesus says to John the Baptist, “Permit {áfes = forgive; let it be sent off} it to be so now, for thus it is fitting for us to fulfill all righteousness.”


As indicated, the Greek word Jesus uses for ‘Permit it’ is ‘áfes’ and it means ‘forgive; let it be sent away.’  The same word ‘áfes’ is used of forgiveness by Jesus over and over again during his ministry, as in the examples below, which first list the Greek text, followed by the English version, with áfes’ highlighted in red to indicate its rendering.:


&              Luke 23:34 Ho dé Ieesoús élegen Páter áfes autoís = Then Jesus said, "Father, forgive them…”


&              Luke 17:3 Proséchete heautoís Eán hamártee ho adelfós sou epitímeeson autoó kaí eán metanoeésee áfes autoó = Take heed to yourselves. If your brother sins against you, rebuke him; and if he repents, forgive him. 


&              Luke 17:4 Kaí eán heptákis teés heeméras hamarteésee eis sé kaí heptákis epistrépsee prós sé légoon Metanooó afeéseis autoó = And if he sins against you seven times in a day, and seven times in a day returns to you, saying, 'I repent,' you shall forgive him." 


&              Luke 11:4 Kaí áfes heemín tás hamartías heemoón kaí gár autoí afíomen pantí ofeílonti heemín = And forgive us our sins, For we also forgive everyone who is indebted to us.


&              Matthew 6:12 Kaí áfes heemín tá ofeileémata heemoón hoos kaí heemeís afeékamen toís ofeilétais heemoón = And forgive us our debts, as we forgive our debtors. From these examples, it is easy to see that Jesus is saying to John the Baptist at his water baptism, ‘Forgive me (thru baptism).’  If that was not proof enough that Jesus had sins forgiven, then consider the remainder of the text, and the words he uses, which are even stronger proof.  Below is Matthew 3:15, with inserts to show where key Greek words appear and what they mean by definition.


&              Matthew 3:15 “Permit {NT:863; áfes = forgive} it to be so now, for thus it is fitting (NT:4241; prépon = proper, to be becoming, seemly, fit, to stand out, to be conspicuous, to be eminent)  for us to fulfill NT: (NT:4137; pleeroósai = to perfect, to make complete in every particular; to carry through to the end, to accomplish, carry out) all righteousness.” ‘Then he allowed (NT:863; afíeesin = forgave) Him.’


If we render Matthew 3:15 according to the Greek definitions that best suit it, it reads as follows:


&              Matthew 3:15 {Jesus said to John the Baptist} “Forgive me at this present moment, because it is proper and fitting for us to stand out as obvious in every particular, {in order } to thoroughly accomplish all righteousness (right standing before God).”  Then he forgave him.  The Appropriate Translation


The Greek word for ‘it is fitting’ in Matthew 3:15 is prépon and it means literally ‘it is suitable, proper, and should stand out as conspicuous (eminent, obvious, noticeable).  The same word is used of Jesus twice in the Book of Hebrews (Hebrews 2:10 & 7:26 below).


&              Hebrews 2:10 For it was fitting (prépon) for Him, for whom are all things, and through whom are all things, in bringing many sons to glory, to perfect the author of their salvation through sufferings.  New American Standard Bible - Updated Edition


&              Hebrews 7:26-28 For it was fitting (prépon) for us to have such a high priest, holy, innocent, undefiled, separated from sinners and exalted above the heavens; 27 who does not need daily, like those high priests, to offer up sacrifices, first for His own sins and then for the sins of the people, because this He did once for all when He offered up Himself.  28 For the Law appoints men as high priests who are weak, but the word of the oath, which came after the Law, appoints a Son, made perfect forever.  New American Standard Bible - Updated Edition


Jesus is a sympathetic High Priest ‘made perfect’ forever, when he offered himself once for all.  This means he did not have to repeat the sacrifice daily, as the former Levitical priests did, because as our High Priest, his one time offering of himself was considered sufficient by God the Father to forgive Jesus’ own past sin (as High Priest, who offers up sacrifice for himself), and the sins of all in the future who believe in God thru him.  In this way, Jesus was perfected forever, and became the source of our perfection too.  Isn’t it a relief to know you don’t have to be ‘sinless’ to follow Jesus’ example?  Just be obedient, and allow God to perfect you.


There is even more proof that Jesus had his sins forgiven at his water baptism, seen in the words of the phrase at the end of Matthew 3:15b, which read, ‘Then he allowed (afíeesin) Him.’  Below are some important verses in the gospel record that show Jesus uses this word (NT:863 afíeesin) as strong proof of forgiveness.


&              Luke 7:47-50 Therefore I say to you, her sins, which are many, are forgiven (NT:863 afíeesin), for she loved much. But to whom little is forgiven (NT:863 afíetai), the same loves little."  48 Then He said to her, "Your sins are forgiven (afíeoontai)."  49 And those who sat at the table with Him began to say to themselves, "Who is this who even forgives (afíeesin)  sins?" 50 Then He said to the woman, "Your faith has saved you. Go in peace."  New King James Version


So we see that when Jesus had his sins forgiven at the water baptism of John the Baptist, then God the Father opened up the heavens and spoke audibly to him, and said “You are My beloved son.  In you I am well pleased.’  The Greek word for ‘well pleased’ is Eudókeo NT:2106 eudókeo; from NT:2095 and NT:1380; to think well of, i.e. approve (an act); specially, to approbate (a person or thing). 


The word approbate is not used much today, but it differs from approve, denoting not only the act of the mind, but an expression of the act.  Once Jesus has his sins forgiven, God the Father is expressing His approbation of Jesus.  In other words, God is manifesting a liking, or degree of satisfaction at what Jesus has done. 


God the Father’s expression of approbation is done officially, as of one's fitness for a public trust (action in favor of what is approved).  By His words, God was expressing official action and entrustment of His authority to Jesus.  To approbate is tantamount to the commendation of a book licensed or permitted to be published by authority, as was formerly the case in England. 


The Greek word eudókeo itself is defined in Bible dictionaries as to be well-pleased, to think it good. It means to think well of something by understanding not only what is right and good, as in dokéō, but stressing the willingness and freedom of an intention or resolve regarding what is good (eudóke).


It is my conclusion that Jesus never once sinned during his 3 ½ year public witness as the son of God because this was necessary for a proper representation of his Father God.  Ironically, or perhaps Providentially, the same Greek word pleeroósai used and rendered ‘fulfilled’ in Matthew 3:15 is also used in Mark 1:15 with Jesus saying, ‘The time is fulfilled, and the kingdom of God is at hand: repent ye, and believe the gospel.’ 


This word pleeroósai is from a root word pleeroo is also the same root as that found in Galatians 4:4, ‘when the fullness of time was come, God sent forth His son…,’ and also the same as in Matthew 5:17, where Jesus says, ‘ Think not that I am come to destroy the law, or the prophets: I am not come to destroy, but to fulfill. In fact, this word is used of Jesus throughout his public ministry as he fulfills various Old Testament prophecies concerning Israel’s Messiah, as in the example below.


&              Matthew 8:16-17 When evening had come, they brought to Him many who were demon-possessed. And He cast out the spirits with a word, and healed all who were sick, 17 that it might be fulfilled which was spoken by Isaiah the prophet, saying: "He Himself took our infirmities and bore our sicknesses."   New King James Version


Paul the apostle to the Gentile church also uses pleroo and forms of it relative to the church, such as found in his letter to the Romans below:


&              Romans 8:3-6 For what the law could not do in that it was weak through the flesh, God did by sending His own Son in the likeness of sinful flesh, on account of sin: He condemned sin in the flesh, 4 that the righteous requirement of the law might be fulfilled in us who do not walk according to the flesh but according to the Spirit. 5 For those who live according to the flesh set their minds on the things of the flesh, but those who live according to the Spirit, the things of the Spirit. 6 For to be carnally minded is death, but to be spiritually minded is life and peace. New King James Version


&              Romans 13:8 Owe no one anything except to love one another, for he who loves another has fulfilled the law.  New King James Version


Hence, we see that love is that which fulfills the law and love is done in purity by those whose minds are set upon the things of the spirit, and not upon the things of the flesh.

Adam decided to live according to his own ability to partake of good and evil; i.e. to eat of the tree of the knowledge of good and evil means to imbibe, reason, differentiate, or discriminate between good and evil without divine help.  


Yet Jesus, though he never sinned during his 3 ½ year ministry, did not ascribe to himself the same inherent ‘moral good’ that belongs only to God, because he did have his sins forgiven at the water baptism of John.


&              Matthew 19:17 So He said to him, ‘Why do you call me good?  No one is good but One, that is, God. But if you want to enter into life, keep the commandments.’  New King James Version


&              Mark 10:18 So Jesus said to him, "Why do you call me good?  No one is good but One, that is, God.  New King James Version


&              Luke 18:19 So Jesus said to him, "Why do you call me good?  No one is good but One, that is, God.  New King James Version


Another commonly misinterpreted passage of scripture in the New Testament that mentions Jesus in the context of his so-called ‘sinlessness’ is 1 Peter 2:22.  This passage set in its context below is not talking about a lifetime of sinlessness for Jesus.  Rather, the context takes placers as Jesus is dying upon the cross.


In the narrative of 1 Peter 2:19-24, during his passion upon the cross, Jesus committed no sin nor was any deceit found in his mouth.  It is important to point this out, especially since Christians are known for misquoting scripture verses out of context to ‘prove’ how ‘right’ they are (instead of trying to find the truth!).  As Jesus suffered, he provided us with an EXAMPLE to follow.  When you read the passage of scripture below, please note that we are to follow his example, and then determine if this applies to suffering for righteousness sake at times, or if we are to be ‘sinless’ all the time.


&              1 Peter 2:19-24 For this is commendable, if because of conscience toward God one endures grief, suffering wrongfully.  20 For what credit is it if, when you are beaten for your faults, you take it patiently?  But when you do good and suffer, if you take it patiently, this is commendable before God.  21 For to this you were called, because Christ also suffered for us, leaving us an example, that you should follow his steps: 22Who committed no sin, nor was deceit found in his mouth23 who, when he was reviled, did not revile in return; when he suffered, he did not threaten, but committed himself to Him {God the Father} who judges righteously; 24 who himself bore our sins in his own body on the tree, that we, having died to sins, might live for righteousness — by whose stripes you were healed. New King James Version


The ‘example’ we are admonished to follow in 1 Peter 2:19-24 is that of Christ WHEN he SUFFERED and did not revile in return, nor was any deceit found in his mouth.  In other words, God is commending Jesus for not reviling in return, and not demanding vengeance upon his enemies, who hated him and crucified him without a cause.  Instead, the example Jesus gives is that of giving his persecutors a blessing from God in Luke 23:34, when he says, ‘Father, forgive them., for they do not know what they are doing.’  This is the period of time that Jesus committed no sin, not his entire lifetime of 33 ½ years. 


&              Luke 23:34 Then Jesus said, "Father, forgive them, for they do not know what they do."  And they divided His garments and cast lots. New King James Version


As I mentioned earlier, it is my opinion that Jesus was sinless for his 3 ½ year ministry, mainly from the evidence of what Jesus himself says concerning his willingness to do only what pleased his Father in heaven.  Furthermore, the passage in 1 Peter 2:22 is the fulfillment of Isaiah’s prophecy in Isaiah 53:9 below; you can see from this prophetic word below that sinlessness was not what caused Jesus to triumph on the cross, but rather, his forgiveness and love displayed toward his accusers.


&              Isaiah 53:9 And they assigned Him a grave with the wicked, and with a rich man in His death, although He had done no {cruel, retribution} violence, neither was any deceit in His mouth. [Matthew 27:57-60; 1 Peter 2:22,23.]  Amplified Bible


The apostle John says that if someone claims to be sinless, the truth is not in them.  In the context, John describes God the Father as being the only One that has ‘no sin.’


&              1 John 1:8-10 If we say that we have no sin, we deceive ourselves, and the truth is not in us. 9 If we confess our sins, He is faithful and just to forgive us our sins and to cleanse us from all unrighteousness. 10 If we say that we have not sinned, we make Him a liar, and His word is not in us. New King James Version


&              1 John 3:1-6 Behold what manner of love the Father has bestowed on us, that we should be called children of God! Therefore the world does not know us, because it did not know Him.  2 Beloved, now we are children of God; and it has not yet been revealed what we shall be, but we know that when He is revealed, we shall be like Him, for we shall see Him as He is.  3 And everyone who has this hope in Him purifies himself, just as He is pure. 4 Whoever commits sin also commits lawlessness, and sin is lawlessness. 5 And you know that He was manifested to take away our sins, and in Him there is no sin.  6 Whoever abides in Him does not sin. Whoever sins has neither seen Him nor known Him.  New King James Version


Jesus had authority from God to use as God directed during his ministry, but not until after his death on the cross, and after God raised him from the dead was Jesus ascended to heaven and given ‘all authority’ in heaven and on earth. 


&              Matthew 28:18-20 And Jesus came and spoke to them, saying, "All authority has been given to Me in heaven and on earth.  19 Go therefore and make disciples of all the nations, baptizing them in the name of the Father and of the Son and of the Holy Spirit,  20 teaching them to observe all things that I have commanded you; and lo, I am with you always, even to the end of the age." Amen. New King James Version



We see that in his final instructions given to his disciples, just before ascending to heaven, Jesus again uses the Greek word cognate of pleeroo (fulfilled; brought to completion) when he opens the understanding they have of the prophetic scriptures concerning him.


&              Luke 24:43-49 And He took it and ate in their presence. 44 The Scriptures Opened Then He said to them, "These are the words which I spoke to you while I was still with you, that all things must be fulfilled which were written in the Law of Moses and the Prophets and the Psalms concerning Me."  45 And He opened their understanding, that they might comprehend the Scriptures. 46 Then He said to them, "Thus it is written, and thus it was necessary for the Christ to suffer and to rise from the dead the third day,  47 and that repentance and remission of sins should be preached in His name to all nations, beginning at Jerusalem.  48 And you are witnesses of these things.  49 Behold, I send the Promise of My Father upon you; but tarry in the city of Jerusalem until you are endued with power from on high."  New King James Version



&              Acts 1:1-11 The former account I made, O Theophilus, of all that Jesus began both to do and teach, 2 until the day in which He was taken up, after He through the Holy Spirit had given commandments to the apostles (messengers) whom He had chosen, 3 to whom He also presented Himself alive after His suffering by many infallible proofs, being seen by them during forty days and speaking of the things pertaining to the kingdom of God. 4 And being assembled together with them, He commanded them not to depart from Jerusalem, but to wait for the Promise of the Father , "which," He said, "you have heard from Me; 5 for John truly baptized with water, but you shall be baptized with the Holy Spirit not many days from now."  6 Therefore, when they had come together, they asked Him, saying, "Lord, will You at this time restore the kingdom to Israel?" 7 And He said to them, "It is not for you to know times or seasons which the Father has put in His own authority.  8 But you shall receive power when the Holy Spirit has come upon you; and you shall be witnesses to Me in Jerusalem, and in all Judea and Samaria, and to the end of the earth."  9 Now when He had spoken these things, while they watched, He was taken up, and a cloud received Him out of their sight. 10 And while they looked steadfastly toward heaven as He went up, behold, two men stood by them in white apparel, 11 who also said, "Men of Galilee, why do you stand gazing up into heaven? This same Jesus, who was taken up from you into heaven, will so come in like manner as you saw Him go into heaven." New King James Version


At his water baptism, we see a very definite change takes place in the relationship between Jesus and God.  Jesus came from Nazareth of Galilee, and was baptized by John in the Jordan. And immediately, coming up from the water, Jesus saw the heavens parting and the Spirit descending upon Him like a dove.   Now God speaks to him in an AUDIBLE voice that came from heaven, "You are My beloved Son, in whom I am well pleased." 


&              Luke 3:21-23, 38 When all the people were baptized, it came to pass that Jesus also was baptized; and while He prayed, the heaven was opened.  22 And the Holy Spirit descended in bodily form like a dove upon Him, and a voice came from heaven which said, "You are My beloved Son; in You I am well pleased." 23 Now Jesus Himself began His ministry at about thirty years of age, being (as was supposed) the son of Joseph, the son of Heli…Luke 3:38 the son of Enosh, the son of Seth, the son of Adam, the son of God. New King James Version


Immediately after he hears this voice, the evil spirit of the devil impels Jesus into the wilderness to be tempted.  When Jesus was tempted in the wilderness, he went without food 40 days and nights first, then afterwards, the devil came to tempt him. The reason Jesus was made to be deprived of food forty days and nights beforehand was to weaken his physical body, which had a genetic edge over his weaker brethren.  After all, Jesus was procreated and conceived by God himself.


&              Luke 1:26-35 Now in the sixth month the angel Gabriel was sent from God to a town in Galilee called Nazareth, 27 to a maiden betrothed to a man of the name of Joseph, a descendant of David. The maiden’s name was Mary. 28 So, Gabriel went into the house and said to her, “Joy be to you, favored one!  The Lord is with you.”  29 She was greatly agitated at his words, and wondered what such a greeting meant.  30 But the angel said, “Do not be frightened, Mary, for you have found favor with God.  31 You will conceive in your womb and bear a son; and you are to call His name JESUS.  32 He will be great and He will be called ‘Son of the Most High.’  And the Lord God will give Him the throne of His forefather David; 33 and He will be King over the House of Jacob for the Ages, and of His Kingdom there will be no end.”  34 “How can this be,” Mary replied, “seeing that I have no husband?”  35 The angel answered, “The Holy Spirit will come upon you, and the power of the Most High will overshadow you; and for this reason your holy offspring will be called ‘the Son of God.”  Weymouth New Testament Translation


God created a body for Jesus to live and do His will in, and this body was comprised of female DNA from Mary, and male DNA procreated by God in the spermatozoa He created in Mary’s ovum. 


&              1 Corinthians 15:38-39 But God gives it a body as He pleases, and to each seed its own body. 39 All flesh is not the same flesh…New King James Version


This is what is meant when Jesus says to God, ‘A body You have prepared for me… to do Your will O God…’


&              Hebrews 10:5, 7-10 Therefore, when He came into the world, He said: "Sacrifice and offering You did not desire, but a body You have prepared for Me…7 Then I said, 'Behold, I have come —  In the volume of the book it is written of Me —  To do Your will, O God.'"   8 Previously saying, "Sacrifice and offering, burnt offerings, and offerings for sin You did not desire, nor had pleasure in them" (which are offered according to the law), 9 then He said, "Behold, I have come to do Your will, O God." He takes away the first that He may establish the second. 10 By that will we have been sanctified through the offering of the body of Jesus Christ once for all.  New King James Version


We are sanctified and made righteous thru the offering up of the body of Christ, because Jesus came to do the will of God.  He ‘came’ at the fulness of time, when his time was ‘fulfilled’ which occurs at his water baptism.  The reason God circumvented the normal human reproductive cycle in making Jesus in Mary’s womb was in order to bypass the genetic defect passed onto all successive generations thru Adam’s male seed.  It is a scientific fact that male DNA and the chromosomal structure of male genes is significantly smaller than that of the female.


Some might argue that Mary would also have a mixture of DNA from other males in her genetic line, but the one aspect of DNA that is never passed on genetically thru the male gene is her mitochondria DNA.  Jesus was conceived by God, a process known only to God, He made use of the aspiration qualities of Mary’s mitochondria, so that Jesus’ human body could develop into the same condition as that of the first Adam by age thirty.  At age thirty, Jesus was mentally, morally and physically equal to Adam, but he still lacked the authority and dominion that Adam possessed and was given.


Romans 5:12 says that sin entered the world thru one man Adam, and that because of that sin, ‘death spread to all men.’  Why would death spread to everyone, just because the first man sinned?  It hardly seems fair, equitable, and justifiable for a loving God to hold others in contempt for the err and disobedience of one man.  However, Romans 5:12b tells us that death spread to all men because all sinned.  Romans 5:14 tells us that death reigned from Adam to Moses, even over those who had not sinned according to the likeness of the transgression of Adam, who is a type of Him who was to come. 


&              Romans 5:12-21(Also, see Genesis 3:1-19) Therefore, just as through one man sin entered the world, and death through sin, and thus death spread to all men, because all sinned; 13 for until the law sin was in the world, but sin is not imputed when there is no law.  14 Nevertheless death reigned from Adam to Moses, even over those who had not sinned according to the likeness of the transgression of Adam, who is a type of Him who was to come.  15 But the free gift is not like the offense.  For if by the one man's offense many died, much more the grace of God and the gift by the grace of the one Man, Jesus Christ, abounded to many.  16 And the gift is not like that which came through the one who sinned.  For the judgment which came from one offense resulted in condemnation, but the free gift which came from many offenses resulted in justification. 17 For if by the one man's offense death reigned through the one, much more those who receive abundance of grace and of the gift of righteousness will reign in life through the One, Jesus Christ.)  18 Therefore, as through one man's offense judgment came to all men, resulting in condemnation, even so through one Man's righteous act the free gift came to all men, resulting in justification of life.  19 For as by one man's disobedience many were made sinners, so also by one Man's obedience many will be made righteous. 20 Moreover the law entered that the offense might abound.  But where sin abounded, grace abounded much more, 21 so that as sin reigned in death, even so grace might reign through righteousness to eternal life through Jesus Christ our Lord. New King James Version (Genesis 5:5; 7:22; Deuteronomy 34:5)


By the time that Yahweh gave the Law to Moses, there was both physical and spiritual death reigning over those who had not sinned according to the likeness of the transgression of Adam, who is a type of Him who was to come.  The deterioration of human flesh thru entropy, or decay, is the result of Adam’s transgression.  Adam’s blatant sin was his choice to disobey Yahweh’s command and exchanged divine truth, along with handing over to Lucifer his full authority, for knowledge of good and evil that brought ‘death’ to all mankind. 


Death then spread both physically and spiritually, because all have sinned.  However, mankind’s sin is considered different in its individual magnitude from that of Adam.  Adam’s sin had the greatest effect and impact because it is basically a death sentence on all mankind.  Thanks a bunch Adam.


&              1 Corinthians 15:17-28 And if Christ is not risen, your faith is futile; you are still in your sins!  18 then also, those who have fallen asleep in Christ have perished.  19 If in this life only we have hope in Christ, we are of all men the most pitiable.  20 But now Christ is risen from the dead, and has become the firstfruits of those who have fallen asleep.  21 For since by man came death, by Man also came the resurrection of the dead.  22 For as in Adam all die, even so in Christ all shall be made alive.  23 But each one in his own order: Christ the firstfruits, afterward those who are Christ's at his coming (parousía)  24 Then comes the end, when he {the man Jesus} delivers the kingdom to God the Father, when he {the man Jesus} puts an end to all rule and all authority and power.  25 For he {the man Jesus} must reign till He {Yahweh God} has put all enemies under his {the man Jesus’} feet.  26 The last enemy that will be destroyed is death.  27 For ‘He {Yahweh God} has put all things under his {the man Jesus} feet.’  But when He {Yahweh God} says "all things are put under him {the man Jesus}," it is evident that He {Yahweh God} who put all things under him {the man Jesus}  is excepted.  28 Now when all things are made subject to him {the man Jesus}, then the Son himself will also be subject to Him {Yahweh God} who put all things under him {the man Jesus}, that God {Yahweh} may be all in all. (New King James Version + Author’s notes inserted in scripture text in {bracketed} words for clarification of identity & continuity)


As in Adam, all humans physically die (an amazing reality that everyone seems to be ignoring these days!), so also, in Christ, all shall be made alive thru his resurrection.  That is, if that same spirit of God that raised Jesus from the dead dwells in you, that same spirit shall give life to your mortal body.  Romans 8 tells us that those who set their minds on the things of the spirit are the ones who find and keep this eternal life, not those whose mind is on the flesh.


When Romans 5:12, 14,17,18,21 describes how death came to those who had not sinned according to the likeness of the transgression of Adam, it is speaking about the nature of Adam’s unique sin versus mankind’s commonality in the sins they commit.  In other words, Adam’s sin was unique because he was the first man and he is the only man since his time that had complete authority over all living things on earth. 


God had given Adam dominion over all living things on the earth.  Adam took his delegated authority from God, and he exchanged the glory of an incorruptible God (non-decaying, non-death-like God) for the corruptible image of man, and four-footed beasts, and other ‘natural’ things. 


&              Romans 1:18-29 For the wrath of God is revealed from heaven against all ungodliness and unrighteousness of men, who suppress the truth in unrighteousness, 19 because what may be known of God is manifest in them, for God has shown it to them.  20 For since the creation of the world His invisible attributes are clearly seen, being understood by the things that are made, even His eternal power and Godhead, so that they are without excuse, 21 because, although they knew God, they did not glorify Him as God, nor were thankful, but became futile in their thoughts, and their foolish hearts were darkened.  22 Professing to be wise, they became fools, 23 and changed the glory of the incorruptible God into an image made like corruptible man — and birds and four-footed animals and creeping things.  24 Therefore God also gave them up to uncleanness, in the lusts of their hearts, to dishonor their bodies among themselves, 25 who exchanged the truth of God for the lie, and worshiped and served the creature rather than the Creator, who is blessed forever.  Amen.  26 For this reason God gave them up to vile passions.  For even their women exchanged the natural use for what is against nature.  27 Likewise also the men, leaving the natural use of the woman, burned in their lust for one another, men with men committing what is shameful, and receiving in themselves the penalty of their error which was due.  28 And even as they did not like to retain God in their knowledge, God gave them over to a debased mind, to do those things which are not fitting; 29 being filled with all unrighteousness… New King James Version


Jesus was born ‘under the law’ as a man living in a fallen world where the Law of Moses existed.  Adam violated the law because he violated the command given to him directly by God.  Death reigned from Adam to Moses because there was no law in place to tell men what sin was or what sin was not.  This is why verse 14 says ‘death reigned from Adam to Moses, even over those who had not sinned according to the likeness of the transgression of Adam, who is a type of Him who was to come.’ 


Death reigned ‘over’ those who did not sin the same way that Adam did, because they had no law to follow.  For this reason, once Jesus died on the cross, he ‘descended’ to the lower parts, and preached liberty to those who were ‘once disobedient in the days of Noah.’  Jesus brought good news to those generations of mankind that died between the time of Adam and Moses’ law. 


&              1 Peter 3:17-20 For it is better that you should suffer for doing right, if such be God’s will, than for doing evil; 18 because Christ also once for all died for sins, the innocent One for the guilty many, in order to bring us to God. He was put to death in the flesh, but made alive in the spirit, 19 in which He also went and proclaimed His Message to the spirits that were in prison, 20  who in ancient times had been disobedient, while God’s longsuffering was patiently waiting in the days of Noah during the building of the Ark, in which a few persons—eight in number—were brought safely through the water.


Adam, the first son of God, is a ‘type’ of Jesus Christ, the last Adam because of the level of authority that he was given at his disposal, to use in managing the elements of the earth.  Adam exchanged his authority and his God-given knowledge for ‘the lie’ that he could become ‘wise like gods’ and know the difference between ‘good and evil.’ 


Therefore, as through one man Adam's offense judgment came to all men, resulting in condemnation, even so through one Man's righteous act the free gift came to all men, resulting in justification of life.  For as by one man’s disobedience many were made sinners, so also by one man’s obedience many will be made righteous


The Greek word for ‘exchanged’ in Romans 1:25 is NT:3337 metallasso from 3326 and 236; to exchange for something different.  Adam exchanged direct in person, and audible communication with Yahweh Elohiym in the Garden of Eden for the lie that he could become ‘wise’ as ‘gods’ (the original Hebrew text of Genesis 3:5 reads ‘wise as gods’ and the An English Translation of the Septuagint 03-01-2004 Edition reflects this rendering.


&              Genesis 3: 5 For God knew that in whatever day you should eat of it, that your eyes would be opened, and you would be as gods, knowing good and evil.”


In Romans 1:26, it says ‘For this reason God gave them up to a reprobate mind…"’

 The Greek word for ‘gave them up’ is paradidomi and it means ‘to surrender, i.e. yield up, entrust, transmit, to betray into the hands of another, to give over, to give into the hands (of another), to give over into (one's) power or use, to deliver to one something to keep, use, take care of, manage.’  Adam betrayed Yahweh God’s trust in him and yielded his authority into the hands of Satan, surrendering to the serpent his God-given dominion over the elements; so, God handed him over to depravity.


The death that reigned from Adam to Moses is speaking about two things; physical death (i.e. entropy, or the 2nd Law of Thermodynamics) and spiritual death (also known as 2nd death).   Death came as a judgment of condemnation to all men because of Adam’s transgression, showing us that Adam’s sin was unlike that of any other human since (see Romans 5:16,18 For the judgment which came from one offense resulted in condemnation…18 Therefore, as through one man's offense judgment came to all men, resulting in condemnation).


&              2 Corinthians 5:18-21 Now all things are of God, who has reconciled us to Himself through Jesus Christ, and has given us the ministry of reconciliation, 19 that is, that God was in Christ reconciling the world to Himself, not imputing their trespasses to them, and has committed to us the word of reconciliation.  20 Now then, we are ambassadors for Christ, as though God were pleading through us: we implore you on Christ's behalf, be reconciled to God.  21 For He made Him who knew no sin to be sin for us, that we might become the righteousness of God in Him. New King James Version


Many Christian church teach that 2 Corinthians 5:21 is proof that Jesus never sinned.  However, the Greek text disputes this allegation, using the words ‘Tón meé gnónta hamartían’ which means Jesus never toyed with sin long enough to become acquainted and familiar with it.  An alternate rendering of this phrase could read, ‘the one that never found out about sin by searching for it.’  If in reality 2 Corinthians 5:21 is speaking of a period when Jesus never experienced sin at all, it is during his ministry and not prior. 


A similar depiction of Jesus is given in Hebrews, when it speaks of Jesus’ temptation apart from dependence sin.  This passage in Hebrews 4:14-16 was explained earlier in the series, so we will simply list the verses below for reading purposes;


&              Hebrews 4:14-16 Seeing then that we have a great High Priest who has passed through the heavens, Jesus the Son of God, let us hold fast our confession. 15 For we do not have a High Priest who cannot sympathize with our weaknesses, but was in all points tempted as we are, yet without {Greek = apart from dependence upon} sin . 16 Let us therefore come boldly to the throne of grace, that we may obtain mercy and find grace to help in time of need. New King James Version + Author’s notes inserted in scripture text in {bracketed} words for clarification of identity & continuity


Christ was considered the same as his brethren who are under the law; the Scripture has confined all under sin, including Christ, UNTIL his role as the seed of Abraham is brought to fruition.  Galatians says Jesus is the one Seed that should come, to whom the promise was made.  The ‘promise’ spoken of here is also known as the promise of the Father or as the gift of the Holy Spirit, which was appointed through special messengers known as apostles by the hand of a mediator who is the glorified Christ Jesus; see 1 Timothy 2:5. 


Galatians chapter Four explains how a mediator Jesus Christ does not mediate for one only, but God is one.  In other words, he does not mediate for only himself as the sympathetic High Priest, but for all who receive adoptions as sons and cry ‘Abba Father.’  Since Jesus is a sympathetic High Priest to both Jew and Gentile, he mediates for all who are of the same faith as that of Abraham.  A Jew in the new covenant is not one outwardly, in the flesh, but inwardly, according to the promise of the spirit.


&              Romans 2:28-29 For he is not a Jew who is one outwardly, nor is circumcision that which is outward in the flesh; 29 but he is a Jew who is one inwardly; and circumcision is that of the heart, in the Spirit, not in the letter; whose praise is not from men but from God.  New King James Version


&              Romans 8:8-9 So then, those who are in the flesh cannot please God. 9 But you are not in the flesh but in the Spirit, if indeed the Spirit of God dwells in you.  Now if anyone does not have the Spirit of Christ, he is not His. New King James Version



&              2 Corinthians 10:3 For though we walk in the flesh, we do not war according to the flesh.  New American Standard Bible - Updated Edition


&              Galatians 2:20 I have been crucified with Christ; it is no longer I who live, but Christ lives in me; and the life which I now live in the flesh I live by faith in the Son of God, who loved me and gave Himself for me. New King James Version


&              Galatians 6:12 As many as desire to make a good showing in the flesh, these would compel you to be circumcised, only that they may not suffer persecution for the cross of Christ. New King James Version


&              Ephesians 2:11 Therefore remember that you, once Gentiles in the flesh — who are called Uncircumcision by what is called the Circumcision made in the flesh by hands —  New King James Version


The is no Bible teaching that affirms the sinlessness of Jesus during his entire lifetime, but this demented view continues to maintain a stranglehold on the minds and hearts of individual believers.  As a result, born-again believers try and try to follow the example of the Master Jesus, and yet deep within, they know they can and will never attain to the same level of ‘sinlessness’ as Jesus. 


In fact, the truth be told, most Christians today equate the biblical idea of perfection with the sinless nature of Jesus Christ.  Ask any one of them the meaning of the command spoken by Jesus of Nazareth in Matthew 5:48, ‘Be ye perfect, even as your Father in heaven is perfect,’ and they will likely reply, ‘It means to be sinless.’


The prophet said in Isaiah 53:7 that Messiah would be led as a lamb to the slaughter because he did not open his mouth in protest.  True to the word of Yahweh God, Jesus did not resist that suffering for which he prepared his entire lifetime.  However, the last 3 ½ years of preparation would prove to be the most difficult for the son of man, because he was being made ready for the offering at this time, and would be required by God to walk in a way pleasing to Him at all times.


Before his baptism, Jesus grew in wisdom and stature and in favor with God and men.  He experienced the same temptations and testing that all godly men encounter.  Nevertheless, to become the spotless, free from defect Lamb of God sacrifice that Yahweh God required, during his 3-½ year public ministry, Jesus would have to walk a sin free life.  To BEGIN his walk free from sin meant Jesus had to be baptized, to accomplish complete righteousness, and by so doing, show his humility in a willingness to have his sins remitted thru John the Baptist.


In his prophecy about Messiah as ‘Immanuel,’ Isaiah describes young Jesus from his birth to about age 12-14 years, when he is still considered as too young to make moral decisions.


&              Isaiah 7:14-16 Therefore the Lord himself shall give you a sign; behold, a virgin shall conceive in the womb, and shall bring forth a son, and you shalt call his name Emmanuel.  15 Curds and honey shall he eat, before he knows either to prefer evil or choose the good.  16 For before the child shall know good or evil, he refuses evil, to choose the good; and the land shall be forsaken which thou art afraid of because of the two kings.  An English Translation of the Septuagint 03-01-2004 Edition (see also Matthew 1:23ff).


The time that elapsed in the literal history of the Kingdom of Judah when Isaiah spoke these words to king Ahaz was roughly 21 years.  The two kings that Ahaz feared are Pekah, king of Israel and Rezin, king of Aram; Pekah died within three years of the prophecy, and Syria was eventually overcome, as was Samaria roughly 21 years later. 


Therefore, in order for Isaiah’s prophetic timetable to be applicable to Jesus of Nazareth, it could be estimated that during the first two decades of the life of Jesus, he was still growing and maturing in his moral development.  Consider how a few different Bible versions translate Isaiah 7:15-16 below:


&              Isaiah 7:15-16 Butter and honey will be his food, when he is old enough to make a decision between evil and good.  16 For before the child is old enough to make a decision between evil and good, the land whose two kings you are now fearing will have become waste.  1985 Bible in Basic English


The Hebrew word rendered in verse 16 above as ‘child’ refers to a young child between ages 3-14 and says ‘before the child is old enough to make a decision between evil and good’ the two kings will be gone.  As stated, Pekah was killed within three years of Isaiah’s words from Yahweh to king Ahaz of Judah.  Verse 15 says ‘WHEN he (the child) is ‘old enough,’ which tells us that undoubtedly Jesus made some mistakes on his path to perfection. 


Earlier in the series, we discussed the adolescent irresponsibility of Jesus during the three-day period of his absence from the caravan.  Joseph and Mary, frantic to find their missing child, returned to Jerusalem from the caravan, while traveling with on their way back to Nazareth from the Passover Feast in Jerusalem.  Finding Jesus in the temple, they were ‘amazed’ and said to him in a stern rebuke, ‘Son, why have you done this to us?’  Most Bible versions misrepresent the this account, which is found in Luke 2:48.


The Greek word for ‘amazed’ in Luke 2:48 ‘amazed’ = Greek word ‘exeplágeesan’ NT:1605 properly, to strike with panic, shock, astonishment; to cast off by a blow; to be struck with amazement, astonished, amazed.’  Suffice to say that Joseph and Mary, after searching Jerusalem high and low for over two days, not including the time they spent one day away from the city on the caravan route, they were struck with an emotional blow to find Jesus in the temple.  Imagine how you would feel if your own child was missing for three days, and then at age 12 you find him off doing his own thing.  I don’t think Jesus had an enjoyable return trip to the caravan and Nazareth.


While Jesus’ actions at age 12 cannot truly be defined as hamartia type sin, (i.e. a missing of the mark), it is nevertheless a wrong doing on his part, which is why he continued in subjection to Mary and Joseph afterward.


Most teachers and Bible scholars are afraid to teach in depth about the water baptism of Jesus, lest they utter what might seem to their church parish or congregation as heresy.  I refer to the fact that John the Baptist preached a baptism of repentance, and he water baptized for the remission (i.e. removal & forgiveness) of sins (hamartia; missing the mark or prize).  As he was baptizing people in the Jordan River, when he saw Jesus coming toward him, John proclaimed, “The Lamb of God who takes away the sin of the world!”  No doubt, that what made John call him ‘the Lamb of God’ was his knowledge of the book of Isaiah and his familiarity with the Messiah’s calling to sacrifice himself for the sins of the world.


The gospel of John is the only place in all of scripture that the term ‘Lamb of God’ occurs (in John 1:29, 36).  The lamb was a symbol of Christ (Genesis 4:4; Exodus 12:3; 29:38; Isaiah 53:7; John 1:36; Revelation 13:8).  In Luke 3:21-23, we read that when all the people were baptized, it happened that Jesus also was baptized; and while He prayed, the heaven was opened and a consecration (i.e. setting apart for sacred service) of Spirit occurred as the Spirit descended upon him in bodily form like a dove and into him.  Then a voice came from heaven which said, “You are My beloved Son; in you I am well pleased.”


Who was this mystery voice that spoke from heaven?  None of the gospel accounts actually describe in detail the origin of the voice, but from the context and tone, we can accurately surmise that it is the voice of God, the ‘Father’ of Jesus of Nazareth.  At age thirty, Jesus begins his ministry known as the son of God by John the Baptist, the leading spiritual influence amongst the Jews.


By combining the idea of God as the Father, Jesus as the ‘Lamb of God’ (i.e. the sacrifice) and as the ‘son of God’ (the sympathetic High Priest), read the epistle from First Peter below:


&              1 Peter 1:17-25 And if you call on the Father, who without partiality judges according to each one's work, conduct yourselves throughout the time of your stay here in fear; 18 knowing that you were not redeemed with corruptible things, like silver or gold, from your aimless conduct received by tradition from your fathers, 19 but with the precious blood of Christ, as of a lamb without blemish and without spot.  20 He indeed was foreordained before the foundation of the world, but was manifest in these last times for you 21 who through Him believe in God, who raised Him from the dead and gave Him glory, so that your faith and hope are in God.  22 Since you have purified your souls in obeying the truth through the Spirit in sincere love of the brethren, love one another fervently with a pure heart, 23 having been born again, not of corruptible seed but incorruptible, through the word of God which lives and abides forever, 24 because "All flesh is as grass, And all the glory of man as the flower of the grass. The grass withers, And its flower falls away, 25 but the word of the LORD endures forever."  Now this is the word which by the gospel was preached to you. New King James Version


The apostle Peter refers to the sacrificial offering that Jesus gave as OF a lamb ‘without blemish and without spot.’  Interestingly, the Levitical daily sacrifice calls for an unblemished lamb.  The Old Testament Hebrew word for this particular lamb, which corresponds most closely to Jesus, is the word kebes.  , the word kebes means a male lamb, ranges in age from the first to the third year. 


It is the kebes lamb that is offered daily at the morning and the evening sacrifice (Exodus 29:38-42), on the Sabbath day (Numbers 28:9), at the feast of the New Moon (28:11), of Trumpets (29:2), of Tabernacles (13-40), of Pentecost (Leviticus 23:18-20), and of the Passover (Exodus 12:5), and on many other occasions (1 Chronicles 29:21; 2 Chronicles 29:21; Leviticus 9:3; 14:10-25).  Jesus was crucified on the Jewish Passover, so typologically speaking, he would have related best to the kebes as a 3 ½ year-old male lamb.


Christ is called the Lamb of God (John 1:29,36), as the great sacrifice of which the former sacrifices were only types (Numbers 6:12; Leviticus 14:12-17; Isaiah 53:7; 1 Corinthians 5:7.  Among the various kinds of animal sacrifices offered up by Levitical priests to atone for the sins of the people were bulls taken from herds of cattle, goats, sheep, and turtledoves.  Why did John the Baptist choose a young sheep called a ‘lamb’ instead of the terms bulls or goats?  In fact, it almost seems peculiar that he said ‘lamb of God’ instead of ‘dove of God’ since the spirit descended upon Jesus at his baptism as a dove.


The lamb typifies that which is innocent and helpless; being young and unfamiliar with its surroundings.  The prophet Isaiah says that Jesus was led like a lamb to the slaughter at the hands of his executioners, while unfairly tried and convicted him.  The lamb did not typify the offering of the High Priest for the sins of the nation, so the type falls short there.


&              Isaiah 53:6-8 All we as sheep have gone astray; every one has gone astray in his way; and Yahweh gave him up for our sins.  7 And he, because of his affliction, opens not his mouth: {1} he was led as a sheep to the slaughter, and as a lamb before the shearer is dumb, so he opens not his mouth.  Who shall declare his generation?  For his life is taken away from the earth: because of the iniquities of my people he was led to death. 8 In his humiliation, his judgment was taken away.  An English Translation of the Septuagint 03-01-2004 Edition


There are two animals that Jesus is likened to in Isaiah 53:7, a sheep to the slaughter, and as a lamb before the shearer is dumb, so he opens not his mouth.  Some Christians think that Jesus must align with the old covenant type in his ‘sinless’ state as a spotless lamb.  However, in Isaiah’s prophecy, the ‘sheep’ led to slaughter is the mentioned sacrifice, and this is a female ewe, not the male lamb.  The Hebrew word for sheep is

Rāhēl (OT:7353) and refers to a feminine noun meaning a ewe, a female sheep. It refers to a female sheep (Genesis 31:38; 32:14[15]). It is used in a simile comparing the bride's teeth to a flock of white, clean ewes (Song of Solomon 6:6). In a more famous simile, the Lord's Suffering Servant is compared to a silent sheep before its shearers (Isaiah 53:7).


The ‘lamb’ mentioned in the same verse of Isaiah 53:7, is the Hebrew word śeh, which is a common noun meaning sheep or lamb. It refers to a young lamb of sheep or a young kid of goats, a part of a larger unit of animals, a flock (see Genesis 22:7).  The lamb was used in the Passover ritual (Exodus 12:3-5).


In closing, we find the reason for Yahweh God’s acceptance of the sacrifice that Jesus offered has nothing to do with actual blood spilled, except that blood represents the taking of a life.  The real sacrifice was in the choice that Jesus made to yield his own soul as an offering for sin, and more to the point, the love and compassion he demonstrated towards his persecutors in the process of death.  The life that he lived for his 3 ½ year inaugural term as God’s son was also factored in as making him a worthy offering, but it was his final acts of obedience and entrusting his soul and spirit into the Hands of God, whom Jesus knew would judge with righteous judgment, that made his offering so pleasing an aroma to Yahweh.


&              Isaiah 53:9-12  And, appointed with lawless men, was his grave, And with the wicked, his tomb, —Though no violence {never treated people badly}, had he done, nor was guile {never intentionally misleading someone by distorting or withholding the truth} in his mouth.  10 Yet, Yahweh, purposed to bruise him, He laid on him sickness: If his soul become an offering for guilt, he shall see a seed, he shall prolong his days; and the purpose of Yahweh, in his hand, shall prosper: 11 Of the travail of his soul, shall he see he shall be satisfied with his knowledge, a setting right when set right himself, shall my Servant win for the many, since of their iniquities, he, takes the burden. 12 Therefore, will I give him a portion in the great, and the strong, shall he apportion as spoil, because he poured out, to death his own soul, and with transgressors, let himself be numbered; yea, he, the sin of many, bare, and for transgressors, interposes (intercedes on behalf of).  Rotherham’s Emphasized Bible + Author’s notes inserted in scripture text in {bracketed} words for clarification of identity & continuity





Philippians 4:18-20 Indeed I have all and abound. I am full, having received from Epaphroditus the things sent from you, a sweet-smelling aroma , an acceptable sacrifice, well pleasing to God.  19 And my God shall supply all your need according to His riches in glory by Christ Jesus. 20 Now to our God and Father be glory forever and ever.  Amen. New King James Version


Ephesians 5:1-2 Therefore be imitators of God as dear children.  2 And walk in love, as Christ also has loved us and given Himself for us, an offering and a sacrifice to God for a sweet-smelling aroma.  New King James Version


2 Corinthians 2:14-17 But thanks be to God, Who in Christ always leads us in triumph as trophies of Christ's victory and through us spreads and makes evident the fragrance of the knowledge of God everywhere, 15 For we are the sweet fragrance of Christ, which exhales unto God, discernible alike among those who are being saved and among those who are perishing: 16 To the latter it is an aroma wafted from death to death, a fatal odor, the smell of doom; to the former, it is an aroma from life to life; a vital fragrance, living and fresh.  And who is qualified (fit and sufficient) for these things? Who is able for such a ministry?  We?  17 For we are not, like so many, [like hucksters making a trade of] peddling God's Word shortchanging and adulterating the divine message; but like men of sincerity and the purest motive, as commissioned and sent by God, we speak His message in Christ the Messiah, in the very sight and presence of God.  Amplified Bible



Craig Bluemel

The Bible Answer Stand Ministry

1 Peter 3:15 Always be ready to give reasonable justification to anyone who asks you for an explanation of the hope that is within you,  but do it considerately and courteously.



SELAH…Pause and reflect




Go directly to these parts of the “Jesus…Our Sympathetic High Priest” Study:

Part 1: Jesus the Anointed One

Part 2: Deity of Christ Doctrine Refuted

Part 3: John the Baptist Prepares the Way

Part 4: Jesus GAVE His Human Soul as an Offering for Guilt

Part 5: The Temptation of Jesus in the Wilderness

Part 6: Was it "Divine Blood" that Jesus Offered in Sacrifice on the Cross?




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